Search results for: opening-the-black-box

Opening the Black Box of U S Presidential Rhetoric

Author : Mihai Tudor Mihailescu
File Size : 59.65 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 156
Read : 894
Download »

Opening the Black Box

Author : Metin Gurcan
File Size : 69.32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 721
Read : 1138
Download »
As any other modern militaries of the world, Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) is a complex organization relying on human force and other resources provided by society, being strictly founded on both an institutional setting and a framework of values, norms and rituals, and producing security with means and ways available to achieve the strategic objectives of Turkey. This inherent complexity reflecting the structure-culture-action nexus often means that scholars study modern militaries of the world with separated disciplines: Political Science, International Relations, Sociology, Anthropology, History, Administrative Sciences, Economics and Security Studies. With this book, the author’s hope is to make these connections explicit to better understand the military change both within the Turkish military and the Turkish Civil-Military Relations (CMR) before and after failed military uprising on July 15, 2016. To better understand TAF’s change before and after July 15, this book, which has benefited a lot from the author’s PhD research, seeks to follow a pragmatic multi-method approach at different levels of analysis (i.e. data and method triangulation) and eclectic theoretical design which borrows theoretical elements from both institutionalist literature and literature on military sociology. In the book, relying on both his 20 yearlong insider experience within the Turkish military (both on the field and at the strategic corridors of the Turkish General Staff) and academic career, the author provides two snapshots, one about the pre-July 15 TAF and the Turkish CMR and other post-July 15 TAF and the Turkish CMR. It is worth noting that these snapshots have been enriched by empirical and qualitative scholarly insights seeking to examine the TAF as a security organization, TAF as a social institution and officership as a profession. In these snapshots, one would also find scholarly insights about the evolution of Turkish CMR over the last decade with a specific focus on the impact of the July 15 Military Uprising on the institutional identity of the Turkish military and the nature of the Turkish CMR.

Opening the Black Box

Author : Rebekka Sputtek
File Size : 81.17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 618
Read : 757
Download »
Rebekka Sputtek sheds light upon the question of how the personality and emotional traits of executives influence their decision making and leadership behavior. While recent strategic management research has started to recognize the relevance of an executive's personality traits as antecedents of organizational outcomes, this stream has called for a more fine-grained clarification of the psychological processes underlying executive decision making. In order to contribute to the understanding of these processes, a holistic model integrating the role of an expedient set of personality variables and anger in executive’s decision making comprehensiveness as well as authenticity of transformational leadership is developed.

Opening the Black Box

Author : Helene Grandvoinnet
File Size : 87.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 377
Read : 1163
Download »
Opening the Black Box: Contextual Drivers of Social Accountability fills an important knowledge gap by providing guidance on how to assess contextual drivers of social accountability effectiveness. This publication aims to more strategically support citizen engagement at the country level and for a specific issue or problem. The report proposes a novel framing of social accountability as the interplay of constitutive elements: citizen action and state action, supported by three enabling levers: civic mobilization, interface and information. For each of these constitutive elements, the report identifies 'drivers' of contextual effectiveness which take into account a broad range of contextual factors (e.g., social, political and intervention-based, including information and communication technologies). Opening the Black Box offers detailed guidance on how to assess each driver. It also applies the framework at two levels. At the country level, the report looks at 'archetypes' of challenging country contexts, such as regimes with no formal space or full support for citizen-state engagement and fragile and conflict-affected situations. The report also illustrates the use of the framework to analyze specific social accountability interventions through four case studies: Sierra Leone, Pakistan, Yemen, and the Kyrgyz Republic.

Opening the black box and closing it behind you

Author : Robin Williams
File Size : 23.42 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 832
Read : 676
Download »

Opening the Black Box of Editorship

Author : Y. Baruch
File Size : 76.45 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 565
Read : 736
Download »
Understanding the roles of editors, and the processes of editorship in knowledge dissemination, are highly relevant issues for most scholars. Written by leading scholars with strong editorial experience, this book will serve as a guide for editors and scholars wishing to become editors in management and behavioural sciences.

Opening the Black Box

Author : Mario Forni
File Size : 84.84 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 888
Read : 903
Download »

Opening the Black Box

Author : Gavin J. D. Smith
File Size : 34.22 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 663
Read : 429
Download »
Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras are a prominent, if increasingly familiar, feature of urbanism. They symbolize the faith that spatial authorities place in technical interventions for the treatment of social problems. CCTV was principally introduced to sterilize municipalities, to govern conducts and to protect properties. Vast expenditure has been committed to these technologies without a clear sense of how precisely they influence things. CCTV cameras might appear inanimate, but Opening the Black Box shows them to be vital mediums within relational circulations of supervision. The book principally excavates the social relations entwining the everyday application of CCTV. It takes the reader on a journey from living beneath the camera, to working behind the lens. Attention focuses on the labour exerted by camera operators as they source and process distanced spectacles. These workers are paid to scan monitor screens in search of disorderly vistas, visualizing stimuli according to its perceived riskiness and/or allurement. But the projection of this gaze can draw an unsettling reflection. It can mean enduring behavioural extremities as an impotent witness. It can also entail making spontaneous decisions that determine the course of justice. Opening the Black Box, therefore, contemplates the seductive and traumatic dimensions of monitoring telemediated ‘riskscapes’ through the prism of camera circuitry. It probes the positioning of camera operators as ‘vicarious’ custodians of a precarious social order and engages their subjective experiences. It reveals the work of watching to be an ambiguous practice: as much about managing external disturbances on the street as managing internal disruptions in the self.

Opening the Black Box

Author : Jang-Ho Choi
File Size : 49.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 261
Read : 1220
Download »
Many studies in strategic human resource management (SHRM) focus on the relationship between the use of high performance work systems (HPWS) and firm performance. A handful of theoretical models treat employee attitudes as a mediator in this relationship. However, almost all empirical SHRM works to date have ignored the mediating hypothesis and have examined only the direct relationship between HPWS and firm outcomes. Further, the focus has been on use of practices, with little attention given to their perceived effectiveness.

Opening Up the Black Box of Marine Phototroph heterotroph Interactions

Author : Alicja Dabrowska (Researcher in life sciences)
File Size : 27.48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 242
Read : 1043
Download »

Education and Training Programs and Poverty

Author : Nathan Glazer
File Size : 86.82 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 306
Read : 1309
Download »

Opening the Black Box of Contract Renegotiations

Author :
File Size : 53.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 223
Read : 337
Download »

Implementation and the Policy Process

Author : Dennis J. Palumbo
File Size : 28.88 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 674
Read : 821
Download »
This book presents an overview of why implementation research has contributed to a major reconsideration of the process of policy formation and offers conceptual frameworks that employ implementation research to develop a fuller understanding of the entire policy process. The contributors caution the error of assuming that implementation is the main factor in policy making and that once implementation is taken care of, policies will be effective. They attempt to place implementation in the broader policymaking process and show its relationship to the other parts of the policy cycle. Additionally, several of the contributors develop explanatory models that cut across the research dichotomies of the prevailing top-down and bottom-up approaches and establish an agenda for future research.

Opening the Black Box

Author : Bryan Maret Maxwell
File Size : 48.96 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 887
Read : 806
Download »

Opening the Black Box

Author : Nancy J. Nersessian
File Size : 53.45 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 483
Read : 334
Download »

Opening the Black Box of Energy Security

Author :
File Size : 62.77 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 163
Read : 851
Download »

Opening the Black Box Real Time Speech Perturbation Experiments Reloaded

Author : Bahne Hendrik Bahners
File Size : 48.83 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 811
Read : 1073
Download »

Opening the black Box of Simulations

Author : Iris Lorscheid
File Size : 37.24 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 213
Read : 309
Download »

Opening the Black Box of Eating Out Food Waste in China

Author : Yingying Jin
File Size : 42.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 610
Read : 1149
Download »

Opening the Black Box

Author : Richard Lee Davis
File Size : 85.60 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 114
Read : 845
Download »
The goal of this dissertation was to better understand how working on projects in makerspaces might affect the development of students' skills and knowledge. However, because makerspaces support an enormous variety of activities, it was necessary to restrict the focus to a specific type of activity and a specific set of outcomes. The activity was building mechanistic systems through the engineering design process, and the outcomes of interest were the development of mechanistic problem-solving skills and the construction of mechanistic understanding. In the first study, high-school students took part in a year-long digital fabrication course in a makerspace. Over the course of the study, they worked on two long-term projects using the engineering design process. Both of the projects involved designing a single object that consisted of many interacting parts, and completing the projects required progressive refinement over the course of multiple iterations of the engineering design cycle. In the second project in the course, the students worked together to design and build a mechanistic system, the Rube Goldberg machine. After taking part in the course, the students received significantly higher scores on a set a hands-on problems involving mechanisms, and a fine-grained analysis of their problem-solving approaches indicated that they had become significantly more like expert mechanical engineers. This study suggested that designing and developing complex systems over multiple iterations of the engineering design process supported the development of mechanistic problem-solving skills in the high-school students. The second study was designed to learn more about how building a mechanistic system through the engineering design process might support the construction of mechanistic knowledge. This study used a 2x2 factorial design to understand the impact of different aspects of the engineering design process--problem-centered making and reflection--on specific dimensions of mechanistic understanding. Students in this study were tasked with building a LEGO pendulum clock, and they all had access to a webpage containing text, diagrams, and videos about how pendulum clocks worked. The two factors in this study were problem-centered making [building the clock with step-by-step instructions vs. having to figure out how to build the clock using information on the webpage] and reflection [self-explaining the text on the webpage vs. not self-explaining]. Crossing these factors resulted in four groups: Read, Build, Explain, and Build+Explain. By comparing these groups on a set of posttest questions designed to measure different dimensions of mechanistic understanding, it was possible to learn more about how each of these activities supported learning about the pendulum-clock mechanism. The first finding was that problem-centered making and self-explaining each supported learning about distinct dimensions of mechanistic knowledge. The students who self-explained learned more about what the purposes of the parts in the clock, and scored higher on a set of questions designed to assess declarative knowledge about the clock. The students who worked on the building problem (as opposed to the students who simply rebuilt the clock using instructions) learned more about the structural organization of the parts in the clock. However, neither of these activities was superior at supporting the construction of causal knowledge about the parts in the clock. The second finding was that the students in the Build+Explain group who engaged in both activities learned significantly more about the causal relations between components in the clock than any of the other groups. Additionally, this group of students were significantly more likely to transfer their knowledge to infer how an analogous, novel mechanism worked. These findings suggested that the combination of problem-centered making and reflection was most effective at supporting the construction of complete, transferable knowledge about a mechanism. Together, the studies in this dissertation suggest that building mechanisms through a problem-centered, reflective process may support the development of mechanistic problem-solving skills as well as the construction of mechanistic understanding. This work has implications for researchers who are interested in how people learn about mechanisms, and for practitioners who are interested in supporting students in learning about how things work. Future work is needed to better understand the mechanisms through which skill and knowledge develop during the process of problem-centered, reflective making. These findings point to future directions for research, including the investigation of educational engineering design processes and the use of virtual, problem-centered, reflective making activities to support learning about a larger number of mechanistic systems.