Search results for: on-the-foundations-of-computing

On the Foundations of Computing

Author : Giuseppe Primiero
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Computing, today more than ever before, is a multi-faceted discipline which collates several methodologies, areas of interest, and approaches: mathematics, engineering, programming, and applications. Given its enormous impact on everyday life, it is essential that its debated origins are understood, and that its different foundations are explained. On the Foundations of Computing offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the birth and evolution of computing, and it presents some of the most important technical results and philosophical problems of the discipline, combining both historical and systematic analyses. The debates this text surveys are among the latest and most urgent ones: the crisis of foundations in mathematics and the birth of the decision problem, the nature of algorithms, the debates on computational artefacts and malfunctioning, and the analysis of computational experiments. By covering these topics, On the Foundations of Computing provides a much-needed resource to contextualize these foundational issues. For practitioners, researchers, and students alike, a historical and philosophical approach such as what this volume offers becomes essential to understand the past of the discipline and to figure out the challenges of its future.

Foundations of Computing

Author : Pradeep K. Sinhs
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This Thoughtfully Organized Book Has Been Designed To Provide Its Readers With A Sound Foundation Of Computers And Information Technology. The Number Of Chapters, Chapter Topics, And The Contents Of Each Chapter Have Been Carefully Chosen To Introduce The Readers To All Important Concepts Through A Single Book. Each Chapter Addresses The Fundamental Concepts, Popular Technologies, And Current State-Of-The-Art Topics. Complete With Numerous Illustrations And Examples, Chapter Summaries, End-Of-Chapter Questions, And A Glossary Of Important Terms, Foundations Of Computing Is Designed To Serve As An Ideal Textbook For Various Courses Offered In Computer Science, Information Technology, And Other Related Areas. You Will Find Sufficient Coverage Of All Major Topics In The Field, Including Several New And Advanced Topics, Such As:Software Engineering,Object-Oriented Programming,Network, Distributed, And Real-Time Operating Systems,Unix, Windows, And Linux Operating Systems,Relational, Object-Oriented, And Multimedia Databases,Data Warehousing And Data Mining,Information Security In Computer Systems,Multimedia Computing Systems And Applications,Wireless Networks,The Internet,And Many More&..

Foundations of Computing

Author : Jozef Gruska
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Exam Prep for Foundations of Computing and Programming

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Foundations of Computer Science

Author : Behrouz A. Forouzan
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This text successfully addresses the need to provide students with an overview of the many disciplines within computer science. Behrouz Forouzan has developed a five-part approach to introduce students to different aspects of the discipline without overwhelming them with technical detail.

Origins and Foundations of Computing

Author : Friedrich L. Bauer
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The Heinz Nixdorf Museum Forum (HNF) is the world’s largest c- puter museum and is dedicated to portraying the past, present and future of information technology. In the “Year of Informatics 2006” the HNF was particularly keen to examine the history of this still quite young discipline. The short-lived nature of information technologies means that individuals, inventions, devices, institutes and companies“age” more rapidly than in many other specialties. And in the nature of things the group of computer pioneers from the early days is growing smaller all the time. To supplement a planned new exhibit on “Software and Inform- ics” at the HNF, the idea arose of recording the history of informatics in an accompanying publication. Mysearchforsuitablesourcesandauthorsveryquickly cameupwith the right answer, the very rst name in Germany: Friedrich L. Bauer, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at the TU in Munich, one of the - thers of informatics in Germany and for decades the indefatigable author of the“Historical Notes” column of the journal Informatik Spektrum. Friedrich L. Bauer was already the author of two works on the history of informatics, published in different decades and in different books. Both of them are notable for their knowledgeable, extremely comp- hensive and yet compact style. My obvious course was to motivate this author to amalgamate, supplement and illustrate his previous work.

Foundations of Computation Theory

Author : Akeo Adachi
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Exam Prep for Foundations of Computing and Programming

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Foundations of Computing and Decision Sciences

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All subareas of Computing and Decision Sciences, in particular: computational complexity theory, parallel computations, combinatorics, consistency control, scheduling theory, distributed algorithms and systems, networking, databases, artificial intellingence (especially knowledge engineering, reasoning and learning models, search methods, speech recognition and synthesis), human-computer communication), ... decision analysis, ... decision support systems, production and project scheduling.

Computationalism

Author : Matthias Scheutz
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A new computationalist view of the mind that takes into account real-world issues of embodiment, interaction, physical implementation, and semantics.

Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook

Author : Mikhail J. Atallah
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Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook is a comprehensive collection of algorithms and data structures that also covers many theoretical issues. It offers a balanced perspective that reflects the needs of practitioners, including emphasis on applications within discussions on theoretical issues. Chapters include information on finite precision issues as well as discussion of specific algorithms where algorithmic techniques are of special importance, including graph drawing, robotics, forming a VLSI chip, vision and image processing, data compression, and cryptography. The book also presents some advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing. • applications areas where algorithms and data structuring techniques are of special importance • graph drawing • robot algorithms • VLSI layout • vision and image processing algorithms • scheduling • electronic cash • data compression • dynamic graph algorithms • on-line algorithms • multidimensional data structures • cryptography • advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing

Foundations of Dependable Computing

Author : Gary M. Koob
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Foundations of Dependable Computing: Paradigms for Dependable Applications, presents a variety of specific approaches to achieving dependability at the application level. Driven by the higher level fault models of Models and Frameworks for Dependable Systems, and built on the lower level abstractions implemented in a third companion book subtitled System Implementation, these approaches demonstrate how dependability may be tuned to the requirements of an application, the fault environment, and the characteristics of the target platform. Three classes of paradigms are considered: protocol-based paradigms for distributed applications, algorithm-based paradigms for parallel applications, and approaches to exploiting application semantics in embedded real-time control systems. The companion volume subtitled Models and Frameworks for Dependable Systems presents two comprehensive frameworks for reasoning about system dependability, thereby establishing a context for understanding the roles played by specific approaches presented in this book's two companion volumes. It then explores the range of models and analysis methods necessary to design, validate and analyze dependable systems. Another companion book (published by Kluwer) subtitled System Implementation, explores the system infrastructure needed to support the various paradigms of Paradigms for Dependable Applications. Approaches to implementing support mechanisms and to incorporating additional appropriate levels of fault detection and fault tolerance at the processor, network, and operating system level are presented. A primary concern at these levels is balancing cost and performance against coverage and overall dependability. As these chapters demonstrate, low overhead, practical solutions are attainable and not necessarily incompatible with performance considerations. The section on innovative compiler support, in particular, demonstrates how the benefits of application specificity may be obtained while reducing hardware cost and run-time overhead.

Foundations of Computer Science

Author : Wilfried Brauer
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Content Description #Dedicated to Wilfried Brauer.#Includes bibliographical references and index.

Foundations of Information Technology in the Era of Network and Mobile Computing

Author : Ricardo Baeza-Yates
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Foundations of Information Technology in the Era of Network and Mobile Computing is presented in two distinct but interrelated tracks: -Algorithms, Complexity and Models of Computation; -Logic, Semantics, Specification and Verification. This volume contains 45 original and significant contributions addressing these foundational questions, as well as 4 papers by outstanding invited speakers. These papers were presented at the 2nd IFIP International Conference on Theoretical Computer Science (TCS 2002), which was held in conjunction with the 17th World Computer Congress, sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), and which convened in Montréal, Québec, Canada in August 2002.

Foundations of Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing

Author : Patricia Melin
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This book comprises a selection of papers from IFSA 2007 on new methods and theories that contribute to the foundations of fuzzy logic and soft computing. Coverage includes the application of fuzzy logic and soft computing in flexible querying, philosophical and human-scientific aspects of soft computing, search engine and information processing and retrieval, as well as intelligent agents and knowledge ant colony.

Foundations of Secure Computation

Author : Friedrich L. Bauer
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The final quarter of the 20th century has seen the establishment of a global computational infrastructure. This and the advent of programming languages such as Java, supporting mobile distributed computing, has posed a significant challenge to computer sciences. The infrastructure can support commerce, medicine and government, but only if communications and computing can be secured against catastrophic failure and malicious interference.

Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures

Author : Portugal) ETAPS 98 (1998 : Lisbon
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on the Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures, FoSSaCS'98, held as part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS'98, in Lisbon, Portugal, in March/April 1998. The 19 revised full papers presented in the book were carefully selected from a total of 44 submissions. Among the topics covered are formal specification, automata theory, term rewriting and rewriting systems, process algebras, formal language theory, type theory, event structures, and iteration theory.

Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures

Author : Wolfgang Thomas
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures, FOSSACS '99, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands in March 1999 as part of ETAPS'99. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully selected from a total of 40 submissions. Also included are three invited papers. The central issues of the papers are theories and methods which suport the specification, transformation, verification and analysis of programs and software systems.

The Journal of Computing Systems

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The Science of Computing

Author : Matti Tedre
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The identity of computing has been fiercely debated throughout its short history. Why is it still so hard to define computing as an academic discipline? Is computing a scientific, mathematical, or engineering discipline? By describing the mathematical, engineering, and scientific traditions of computing, The Science of Computing: Shaping a Discipline presents a rich picture of computing from the viewpoints of the field’s champions. The book helps readers understand the debates about computing as a discipline. It explains the context of computing’s central debates and portrays a broad perspective of the discipline. The book first looks at computing as a formal, theoretical discipline that is in many ways similar to mathematics, yet different in crucial ways. It traces a number of discussions about the theoretical nature of computing from the field’s intellectual origins in mathematical logic to modern views of the role of theory in computing. The book then explores the debates about computing as an engineering discipline, from the central technical innovations to the birth of the modern technical paradigm of computing to computing’s arrival as a new technical profession to software engineering gradually becoming an academic discipline. It presents arguments for and against the view of computing as engineering within the context of software production and analyzes the clash between the theoretical and practical mindsets. The book concludes with the view of computing as a science in its own right—not just as a tool for other sciences. It covers the early identity debates of computing, various views of computing as a science, and some famous characterizations of the discipline. It also addresses the experimental computer science debate, the view of computing as a natural science, and the algorithmization of sciences.