A Discourse on Inequality

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A Discourse on Inequality

A Discourse on Inequality

  • Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher: Open Road Media
  • ISBN: 150403547X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 80
  • View: 8443
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A fascinating examination of the relationship between civilization and inequality from one of history’s greatest minds The first man to erect a fence around a piece of land and declare it his own founded civil society—and doomed mankind to millennia of war and famine. The dawn of modern civilization, argues Jean-Jacques Rousseau in this essential treatise on human nature, was also the beginning of inequality. One of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment, Rousseau based his work in compassion for his fellow man. The great crime of despotism, he believed, was the raising of the cruel above the weak. In this landmark text, he spells out the antidote for man’s ills: a compassionate revolution to pull up the fences and restore the balance of mankind. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

Lectures on Inequality, Poverty and Welfare

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Lectures on Inequality, Poverty and Welfare

Lectures on Inequality, Poverty and Welfare

  • Author: Antonio Villar
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319455621
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 171
  • View: 9547
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These lectures aim to help readers understand the logics and nature of the main indicators of inequality and poverty, with special attention to their social welfare underpinnings. The key approach consists in linking inequality and poverty measurement with welfare evaluation. As concern for inequality and poverty stems from ethical considerations, the measurement of those aspects necessarily involves some value judgments. Those value judgments can be linked, directly or indirectly, to welfare assessments on the distribution of personal and social opportunities. Inequality and poverty are thus considered to be partial aspects of the welfare evaluation of the opportunities in a given society. The volume includes two applications that illustrate how the models can be implemented. They refer to inequality of opportunity and poverty in education, using PISA data.

The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Inequality

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The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Inequality

The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Inequality

  • Author: Davide Furceri,Mr.Prakash Loungani,Ms.Aleksandra Zdzienicka
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1475568487
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 43
  • View: 7100
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This paper provides new evidence of the effect of monetary policy shocks on income inequality. Using a measure of unanticipated changes in policy rates for a panel of 32 advanced and emerging market countries over the period 1990-2013, the paper finds that contractionary (expansionary) monetary actions increase (reduce) income inequality. The effect, however, varies over time, depending on the type of the shocks (tightening versus expansionary monetary policy) and the state of the business cycle, and across countries depending on the share of labor income and redistribution policies. In particular, we find that the effect is larger for positive monetary policy shocks, especially during expansions. Looking across countries, we find that the effect is larger in countries with higher labor share of income and smaller redistribution policies. Finally, while an unexpected increase in policy rates increases inequality, changes in policy rates driven by an increase in growth are associated with lower inequality.

Discourse on Inequality

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Discourse on Inequality

Discourse on Inequality

On the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men

  • Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher: The Floating Press
  • ISBN: 177541695X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 117
  • View: 5408
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The searing indictment of man-made inequality in all its many forms that Rousseau offers in Discourse on Inequality is a must-read for philosophy buffs and supporters of social justice. This artfully composed argument sets forth the core elements of Rousseau's philosophical views, including his unique take on Hobbes' concept of nature and natural law.

Discourse on Inequality in France and Britain

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Discourse on Inequality in France and Britain

Discourse on Inequality in France and Britain

  • Author: John Edwards,Jean-Paul Révauger
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429858523
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9175
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Published in 1998, this volume consists of 16 edited papers presented at an Anglo-French conference on inequality in France in March 1997. The purpose of this book is to bring together ideas and perceptions of inequality in the two countries across several areas including multi-ethnicity, education, social work, housing and health, presented by experts in these fields and in cultural studies. The purpose is not comparative in the traditional sense, but rather to analyze the different meanings amd conceptions that apply to inequality in France and Britain and to demostrate how these differences affect policies as well as what is considered to be legitimate grounds for policy intervention. This approach to social policy in Europe pays attention to the cultural meanings of concepts like inequality and demonstrates that comparative social policy can only be properly productive when it acknowledges that key words like poverty, inequality, citizenship, social rights and insertion/exclusion carry with them quite different ideological, moral and social meanings in two countries such as Britain and France.

Lucas Vs. Lucas: On Inequality and Growth

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Lucas Vs. Lucas: On Inequality and Growth

Lucas Vs. Lucas: On Inequality and Growth

  • Author: Juan Carlos Cordoba,Geneviève Verdier
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business cycles
  • Page: 39
  • View: 6295
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Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving the lives of poor people by finding different ways of distributing current production is nothing compared to the apparently limitless potential of increasing production." In this paper we evaluate this claim using an extended version of Lucas' (1987) welfare-evaluation framework. Surprisingly, we find that the welfare costs of inequality outweigh the benefits of growth in most cases. These calculations support the case for a research agenda that treats not only growth but also inequality as a priority.

Rethinking and Unthinking Development

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Rethinking and Unthinking Development

Rethinking and Unthinking Development

Perspectives on Inequality and Poverty in South Africa and Zimbabwe

  • Author: Busani Mpofu,Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1789201772
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3960
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Development has remained elusive in Africa. Through theoretical contributions and case studies focusing on Southern Africa’s former white settler states, South Africa and Zimbabwe, this volume responds to the current need to rethink (and unthink) development in the region. The authors explore how Africa can adapt Western development models suited to its political, economic, social and cultural circumstances, while rejecting development practices and discourses based on exploitative capitalist and colonial tendencies. Beyond the legacies of colonialism, the volume also explores other factors impacting development, including regional politics, corruption, poor policies on empowerment and indigenization, and socio-economic and cultural barriers.

Beliefs About Inequality

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Beliefs About Inequality

Beliefs About Inequality

Americans' Views of What Is and What Ought to Be

  • Author: James R. Kluegel,Eliot R. Smith
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 0202303276
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 332
  • View: 3091
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Motivated by the desire to explain how Americans perceive and evaluate inequality and related programs and policies, the authors conducted a national survey of beliefs about social and economic inequality in America. Here they present the results of their research on the structure, determinants, and certain political and personal consequences of these beliefs. The presentations serve two major goals; to describe and explain the central features of Americans' images of inequality. Beliefs About Inequality begins with a focus on people's perceptions of the most basic elements of inequality: the availability of opportunity in society, the causes of economic achievements, and the benefits and costs of equality and inequality. The book's analysis of the public's beliefs on these key issues is based on fundamental theories of social psychology and lays the groundwork for understanding how Americans evaluate inequality-related policies. The authors discuss the ultimate determinants of beliefs and the implications of their findings for social policies related to inequality. They propose that attitudes toward economic inequality and related policy are influenced by three major aspects of the current American social, economic, and political environment: a stable "dominant ideology" about economic inequality; individuals' social and economic status; and specific beliefs and attitudes, often reflecting "social liberalism" shaped by recent political debates and events. "a superb piece of scholarship, combining substantive ambition and theoretical depth with analytical clarity and sophistication."--Public Opinion Quarterly James R. Kluegel is chairman of the Department of Sociology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is the author of Evaluating Contemporary Juvenile Justice. Eliot R. Smith is professor of psychology at Indiana University. He is the author of Social Psychology.

Pulling Apart

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Pulling Apart

Pulling Apart

Facts and Figures on Inequality in Kenya

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Economic development
  • Page: 70
  • View: 8204
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Thinking about Inequality

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Thinking about Inequality

Thinking about Inequality

Personal Judgment and Income Distributions

  • Author: Yoram Amiel,Frank Cowell
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521466967
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 181
  • View: 3373
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A non-technical analysis of inequality and income distribution, first published in 1999.