Search results for: nutrition-and-the-developing-brain

Nutrition and the Developing Brain

Author : Victoria Hall Moran
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Nutrients play a significant role in brain development throughout fetal and postnatal life. This book reviews the evidence from animal and human research, highlighting the influence of specific nutrients on brain function and cognitive development. With a unique, integrative approach to the nutritional, environmental, and genetic influences on brain development, the book examines issues such as single versus multiple limiting nutrients, critical periods of deficiency, and the impact of the child-parent relationship on the architecture of the developing brain. The effect of undernutrition on the developing brain of infants and young children can be devastating and enduring. It can impede behavioural and cognitive development and educability, thereby undermining future work productivity. Chapter authors are experts in this field of research and provide an up-to-date insight into the role of the individual nutrients in brain development and function.

Impact of Fetal Early Postnatal Nutrition on the Developing Brain Implication for Adult Disease

Author : Kathleen C. Page
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Nutrition and Brain Development

Author : Govind A. Dhopeshwarkar
File Size : 24.24 MB
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The effect of nutrition on the vital process of brain development has received increased attention in the last two decades. Using animal models, experimental research scientists have accumulated a wealth of infor mation and epidemiological studies of field workers have brought the animals and human studies together. Most times, there is an agreement on the results of animal and human experiences, but occasionally a voice of uncertainty is heard when results of animal studies are extrapolated to humans. After all, the human brain is far more complex than that of other species, and comparisons are not always accurate. Behavioral sci entists have attempted to correlate the findings of the biochemists and neurochemists to the "working" of the brain. Severe effects of malnutrition on body growth and function can usually be reversed by corrective procedures. But when such effects include the impact on brain development, the outcome can be devas tating. Underdevelopment of the brain caused by malnutrition during early life may not respond to corrective measures in later life. Undoubt edly this is a very controversial issue and the final verdict has not been reached. Unfortunately, even with today's tremendous technological innovations and applications, there are millions of people, including infants and children, who cannot obtain adequate food and are therefore exposed to damaging effects on the orderly development of the central vii PREFACE viii nervous system. Thus, this is a critical issue to many struggling popu lations who can ill afford such deprivation.

Nutrition and Brain Development

Author : Govind A. Dhopeshwarkar
File Size : 76.15 MB
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The effect of nutrition on the vital process of brain development has received increased attention in the last two decades. Using animal models, experimental research scientists have accumulated a wealth of infor mation and epidemiological studies of field workers have brought the animals and human studies together. Most times, there is an agreement on the results of animal and human experiences, but occasionally a voice of uncertainty is heard when results of animal studies are extrapolated to humans. After all, the human brain is far more complex than that of other species, and comparisons are not always accurate. Behavioral sci entists have attempted to correlate the findings of the biochemists and neurochemists to the "working" of the brain. Severe effects of malnutrition on body growth and function can usually be reversed by corrective procedures. But when such effects include the impact on brain development, the outcome can be devas tating. Underdevelopment of the brain caused by malnutrition during early life may not respond to corrective measures in later life. Undoubt edly this is a very controversial issue and the final verdict has not been reached. Unfortunately, even with today's tremendous technological innovations and applications, there are millions of people, including infants and children, who cannot obtain adequate food and are therefore exposed to damaging effects on the orderly development of the central vii PREFACE viii nervous system. Thus, this is a critical issue to many struggling popu lations who can ill afford such deprivation.

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

Author : Ann M. Coulston
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease has been proving itself in the classroom for nearly 10 years and is praised as being accessible, applicable and a valuable textbook. It focuses specifically on the relationship between disease and nutrition, an area of ever increasing interest and concern as health care costs and availability continue to be an issue worldwide. Now reaching beyond just the individual healthcare concern, the potential for nutritional interventions to improve health status is also of heightened interest to public health professionals who are faced with an aging, obese, at-risk-of-diabetes population who may or may not have access to insurance. This textbook is the foundation of understanding how nutrition can be used to improve health status. New to this edition: 100% overall new material. 26 new authors or co-authors and all chapters have been completed updated 4 completely new chapters: Surgery for Severe Obesity Snacking and Energy Balance in Humans Phytochemicals in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Its Related Cancers Bioavailability and Metabolism of Bioactive Compounds from Foods New section on Dietary Bioactive Compounds for Health explores bioactive components present in edible plants of particular interest for the prevention of disease New to the obesity section is a chapter on the management of patients who have undergone surgical treatment for obesity Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries Integration of food issues with nutrition provides a unique perspective to disease prevention/control Material in the book is up-to-date with current research Individual sections of the book can be used for mini-courses or in-depth study Diversity of material makes this text useful for nutritional scientists and also for upper division nutrition course work

Nutrition and Brain Development

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Brain Development

Author : Jacqueline Jumpsen
File Size : 50.48 MB
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This book's objective is to provide a focused overview (morphological, biochemical, and functional) of brain development, to exemplify the role of lipids in the important developmental events, and to develop the concepts explaining why physiological changes in brain lipid composition potentially alter these events.

Parenteral Nutrition in Infancy and Childhood

Author : Hans Bode
File Size : 38.8 MB
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"A tranquil mind puts flesh on a man" English proverb After aperiod of relative neglect, nutrition as a medical science is now an area of great clinical and investigative activ ity. This renewed interest in clinical nutrition derives in large part from observations suggesting that early nutritional depriva tion not only interferes with the maintenance of health, growth and resistance to disease but if present during critical periods of central nervous system development may also cause permanent impairment of intellectual capacity. Studies on brain development during malnutrition have contin ued to demonstrate the vulnerability of the developing brain to nutritional insult. Winick (1968) has emphasized that nutritional deficiency occurring while cells of the central nervous system are actively dividing results in a permanent decrease in central ner vous system cell number. Later nutritional deficiency which re sults in decrease in cell size appears to be recoverable. Perhaps even more important than effects of malnutrition on brain cell number is the effect on brain protein synthesis and myelination. As different regions of the prain grow at different rates and human cerebellar and cerebral cell number increase for the first few months of life, newborn nutritional deficiency may compromise brain development. Dobbing (1973) has focused attention on the vulnerability of the brain to nutritional insult during the brain growth spurt which occurs around the time of birth. In the human, this period extends throughout the third trimester of pregnancy and into the second postnatal year.

The relationship of nutrition to brain development and behavior

Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Nutrition, Brain Development, and Behavior
File Size : 72.99 MB
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Alcohol Nutrition And the Nervous System

Author : Simone Parvez
File Size : 64.84 MB
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