Search results for: numerical-methods-and-optimization

Numerical Methods and Optimization

Author : Sergiy Butenko
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For students in industrial and systems engineering (ISE) and operations research (OR) to understand optimization at an advanced level, they must first grasp the analysis of algorithms, computational complexity, and other concepts and modern developments in numerical methods. Satisfying this prerequisite, Numerical Methods and Optimization: An Intro

Numerical Methods and Optimization in Finance

Author : Manfred Gilli
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Computationally-intensive tools play an increasingly important role in financial decisions. Many financial problems-ranging from asset allocation to risk management and from option pricing to model calibration-can be efficiently handled using modern computational techniques. Numerical Methods and Optimization in Finance presents such computational techniques, with an emphasis on simulation and optimization, particularly so-called heuristics. This book treats quantitative analysis as an essentially computational discipline in which applications are put into software form and tested empirically. This revised edition includes two new chapters, a self-contained tutorial on implementing and using heuristics, and an explanation of software used for testing portfolio-selection models. Postgraduate students, researchers in programs on quantitative and computational finance, and practitioners in banks and other financial companies can benefit from this second edition of Numerical Methods and Optimization in Finance. Introduces numerical methods to readers with economics backgrounds Emphasizes core simulation and optimization problems Includes MATLAB and R code for all applications, with sample code in the text and freely available for download

Numerical Methods Optimization

Author : Anup Goel
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Numerical method is a mathematical tool designed to solve numerical problems. The implementation of a numerical method with an appropriate convergence check in a programming language is called a numerical algorithm. Numerical analysis is the study of algorithms that use numerical approximation for the problems of mathematical analysis. Numerical analysis naturally finds application in all fields of engineering and the physical sciences. Numerical methods are used to approach the solution of the problem and the use of computer improves the accuracy of the solution and working speed. Optimization is the process of finding the conditions that give the maximum or minimum value of a function. For optimization purpose, linear programming technique helps the management in decision making process. This technique is used in almost every functional area of business. This book include flowcharts and programs for various numerical methods by using MATLAB language. My hope is that this book, through its careful explanations of concepts, practical examples and figures bridges the gap between knowledge and proper application of that knowledge.

Numerical Methods and Optimization

Author : Éric Walter
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Initial training in pure and applied sciences tends to present problem-solving as the process of elaborating explicit closed-form solutions from basic principles, and then using these solutions in numerical applications. This approach is only applicable to very limited classes of problems that are simple enough for such closed-form solutions to exist. Unfortunately, most real-life problems are too complex to be amenable to this type of treatment. Numerical Methods – a Consumer Guide presents methods for dealing with them. Shifting the paradigm from formal calculus to numerical computation, the text makes it possible for the reader to · discover how to escape the dictatorship of those particular cases that are simple enough to receive a closed-form solution, and thus gain the ability to solve complex, real-life problems; · understand the principles behind recognized algorithms used in state-of-the-art numerical software; · learn the advantages and limitations of these algorithms, to facilitate the choice of which pre-existing bricks to assemble for solving a given problem; and · acquire methods that allow a critical assessment of numerical results. Numerical Methods – a Consumer Guide will be of interest to engineers and researchers who solve problems numerically with computers or supervise people doing so, and to students of both engineering and applied mathematics.

Numerical Optimization Techniques

Author : Yurij G. Evtushenko
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The book of Professor Evtushenko describes both the theoretical foundations and the range of applications of many important methods for solving nonlinear programs. Particularly emphasized is their use for the solution of optimal control problems for ordinary differential equations. These methods were instrumented in a library of programs for an interactive system (DISO) at the Computing Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences, which can be used to solve a given complicated problem by a combination of appropriate methods in the interactive mode. Many examples show the strong as well the weak points of particular methods and illustrate the advantages gained by their combination. In fact, it is the central aim of the author to pOint out the necessity of using many techniques interactively, in order to solve more dif ficult problems. A noteworthy feature of the book for the Western reader is the frequently unorthodox analysis of many known methods in the great tradition of Russian mathematics. J. Stoer PREFACE Optimization methods are finding ever broader application in sci ence and engineering. Design engineers, automation and control systems specialists, physicists processing experimental data, eco nomists, as well as operations research specialists are beginning to employ them routinely in their work. The applications have in turn furthered vigorous development of computational techniques and engendered new directions of research. Practical implementa tion of many numerical methods of high computational complexity is now possible with the availability of high-speed large-memory digital computers.

Numerical Analysis and Optimization

Author : Grégoire Allaire
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This work familiarises students with mathematical models (PDEs) and methods of numerical solution and optimisation. Including numerous exercises and examples, this is an ideal text for advanced students in Applied Mathematics, Engineering, Physical Science and Computer Science.

Numerical Methods for Non linear Optimization

Author : Conference on Numerical Methods for Non-Linear Optimization
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Numerical Methods for Differential Equations Optimization and Technological Problems

Author : Sergey Repin
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This book contains the results in numerical analysis and optimization presented at the ECCOMAS thematic conference “Computational Analysis and Optimization” (CAO 2011) held in Jyväskylä, Finland, June 9–11, 2011. Both the conference and this volume are dedicated to Professor Pekka Neittaanmäki on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. It consists of five parts that are closely related to his scientific activities and interests: Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Problems; Reliable Methods for Computer Simulation; Analysis of Noised and Uncertain Data; Optimization Methods; Mathematical Models Generated by Modern Technological Problems. The book also includes a short biography of Professor Neittaanmäki.

Numerical Methods and Optimization

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Numerical Analysis and Optimization

Author : Mehiddin Al-Baali
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Presenting the latest findings in the field of numerical analysis and optimization, this volume balances pure research with practical applications of the subject. Accompanied by detailed tables, figures, and examinations of useful software tools, this volume will equip the reader to perform detailed and layered analysis of complex datasets. Many real-world complex problems can be formulated as optimization tasks. Such problems can be characterized as large scale, unconstrained, constrained, non-convex, non-differentiable, and discontinuous, and therefore require adequate computational methods, algorithms, and software tools. These same tools are often employed by researchers working in current IT hot topics such as big data, optimization and other complex numerical algorithms on the cloud, devising special techniques for supercomputing systems. The list of topics covered include, but are not limited to: numerical analysis, numerical optimization, numerical linear algebra, numerical differential equations, optimal control, approximation theory, applied mathematics, algorithms and software developments, derivative free optimization methods and programming models. The volume also examines challenging applications to various types of computational optimization methods which usually occur in statistics, econometrics, finance, physics, medicine, biology, engineering and industrial sciences.

Numerical Methods for Unconstrained Optimization and Nonlinear Equations

Author : J. E. Dennis, Jr.
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This book has become the standard for a complete, state-of-the-art description of the methods for unconstrained optimization and systems of nonlinear equations. Originally published in 1983, it provides information needed to understand both the theory and the practice of these methods and provides pseudocode for the problems. The algorithms covered are all based on Newton's method or "quasi-Newton" methods, and the heart of the book is the material on computational methods for multidimensional unconstrained optimization and nonlinear equation problems. The republication of this book by SIAM is driven by a continuing demand for specific and sound advice on how to solve real problems. The level of presentation is consistent throughout, with a good mix of examples and theory, making it a valuable text at both the graduate and undergraduate level. It has been praised as excellent for courses with approximately the same name as the book title and would also be useful as a supplemental text for a nonlinear programming or a numerical analysis course. Many exercises are provided to illustrate and develop the ideas in the text. A large appendix provides a mechanism for class projects and a reference for readers who want the details of the algorithms. Practitioners may use this book for self-study and reference. For complete understanding, readers should have a background in calculus and linear algebra. The book does contain background material in multivariable calculus and numerical linear algebra.

Analysis Modelling Optimization and Numerical Techniques

Author : Gerard Olivar Tost
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This book highlights recent compelling research results and trends in various aspects of contemporary mathematics, emphasizing applicabilitions to real-world situations. The chapters present exciting new findings and developments in situations where mathematical rigor is combined with common sense. A multi-disciplinary approach, both within each chapter and in the volume as a whole, leads to practical insights that may result in a more synthetic understanding of specific global issues as well as their possible solutions. The volume will be of interest not only to experts in mathematics, but also to graduate students, scientists, and practitioners from other fields including physics, biology, geology, management, and medicine.

Numerical Techniques for Stochastic Optimization

Author : Yuri Ermoliev
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Rapid changes in today's environment emphasize the need for models and meth ods capable of dealing with the uncertainty inherent in virtually all systems re lated to economics, meteorology, demography, ecology, etc. Systems involving interactions between man, nature and technology are subject to disturbances which may be unlike anything which has been experienced in the past. In the technological revolution increases uncertainty-as each new stage particular, perturbs existing knowledge of structures, limitations and constraints. At the same time, many systems are often too complex to allow for precise measure ment of the parameters or the state of the system. Uncertainty, nonstationarity, disequilibrium are pervasivE' characteristics of most modern systems. In order to manage such situations (or to survive in such an environment) we must develop systems which can facilitate oar response to uncertainty and changing conditions. In our individual behavior we often follow guidelines that are conditioned by the need to be prepared for all (likely) eventualities: insur ance, wearing seat·belts, savings versus investments, annual medical check.ups, even keeping an umbrella at the office, etc. One can identify two major types of mechanisms: the short term adaptive adjustments (defensive driving, mar keting, inventory control, etc.) that are made after making some observations of the system's parameters, and the long term anticipative actions (engineer ing design, policy setting, allocation of resources, investment strategies, etc.).

Numerical Methods for Constrained Optimization

Author : Philip E. Gill
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Numerical Methods for Optimal Control Problems with State Constraints

Author : Radoslaw Pytlak
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While optimality conditions for optimal control problems with state constraints have been extensively investigated in the literature the results pertaining to numerical methods are relatively scarce. This book fills the gap by providing a family of new methods. Among others, a novel convergence analysis of optimal control algorithms is introduced. The analysis refers to the topology of relaxed controls only to a limited degree and makes little use of Lagrange multipliers corresponding to state constraints. This approach enables the author to provide global convergence analysis of first order and superlinearly convergent second order methods. Further, the implementation aspects of the methods developed in the book are presented and discussed. The results concerning ordinary differential equations are then extended to control problems described by differential-algebraic equations in a comprehensive way for the first time in the literature.

Numerical Methods and Optimization Techniques

Author : R. W. Daniels
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Advances in Optimization and Numerical Analysis

Author : S. Gomez
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In January 1992, the Sixth Workshop on Optimization and Numerical Analysis was held in the heart of the Mixteco-Zapoteca region, in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, a beautiful and culturally rich site in ancient, colonial and modern Mexican civiliza tion. The Workshop was organized by the Numerical Analysis Department at the Institute of Research in Applied Mathematics of the National University of Mexico in collaboration with the Mathematical Sciences Department at Rice University, as were the previous ones in 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984 and 1989. As were the third, fourth, and fifth workshops, this one was supported by a grant from the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology, and the US National Science Foundation, as part of the joint Scientific and Technical Cooperation Program existing between these two countries. The participation of many of the leading figures in the field resulted in a good representation of the state of the art in Continuous Optimization, and in an over view of several topics including Numerical Methods for Diffusion-Advection PDE problems as well as some Numerical Linear Algebraic Methods to solve related pro blems. This book collects some of the papers given at this Workshop.

Stochastic Optimization

Author : Kurt Marti
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An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Optimization Techniques

Author : Richard W. Daniels
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Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics

Author : Paolo Brandimarte
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A state-of-the-art introduction to the powerful mathematical and statistical tools used in the field of finance The use of mathematical models and numerical techniques is a practice employed by a growing number of applied mathematicians working on applications in finance. Reflecting this development, Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics: A MATLAB?-Based Introduction, Second Edition bridges the gap between financial theory and computational practice while showing readers how to utilize MATLAB?--the powerful numerical computing environment--for financial applications. The author provides an essential foundation in finance and numerical analysis in addition to background material for students from both engineering and economics perspectives. A wide range of topics is covered, including standard numerical analysis methods, Monte Carlo methods to simulate systems affected by significant uncertainty, and optimization methods to find an optimal set of decisions. Among this book's most outstanding features is the integration of MATLAB?, which helps students and practitioners solve relevant problems in finance, such as portfolio management and derivatives pricing. This tutorial is useful in connecting theory with practice in the application of classical numerical methods and advanced methods, while illustrating underlying algorithmic concepts in concrete terms. Newly featured in the Second Edition: * In-depth treatment of Monte Carlo methods with due attention paid to variance reduction strategies * New appendix on AMPL in order to better illustrate the optimization models in Chapters 11 and 12 * New chapter on binomial and trinomial lattices * Additional treatment of partial differential equations with two space dimensions * Expanded treatment within the chapter on financial theory to provide a more thorough background for engineers not familiar with finance * New coverage of advanced optimization methods and applications later in the text Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics: A MATLAB?-Based Introduction, Second Edition presents basic treatments and more specialized literature, and it also uses algebraic languages, such as AMPL, to connect the pencil-and-paper statement of an optimization model with its solution by a software library. Offering computational practice in both financial engineering and economics fields, this book equips practitioners with the necessary techniques to measure and manage risk.