Search results for: neurosurgery-fundamentals

Neurosurgery Fundamentals

Author : Nitin Agarwal
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The quintessential guide providing a one-stop roadmap to a neurosurgical career! Neurological surgery is a complex, highly selective specialty. For medical students and residents, navigating a huge array of neurosurgical information can be overwhelming. Neurosurgery Fundamentals by Nitin Agarwal is a portable reference enabling swift assimilation of neurosurgical care essentials. The book starts with a roadmap to a career in neurosurgery. It concludes with Advice from the Masters, featuring invaluable resources and insights from prominent neurosurgeons. Comprehensive technical overviews are provided on the neurological exam, neuroanatomy, neuroradiology, neurocritical care, traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, degenerative and deformity spine, neurovascular surgery, neurosurgical oncology, pediatric neurosurgery, functional neurosurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, neurological infectious diseases, and interdisciplinary care. Socioeconomic topics include training, licensure, credentialing, and advocacy. Key Features Fundamental diseases, tests, and operative approaches are summarized. Top Hits feature the most salient questions, aiding in retention of knowledge. High-yield resources are highlighted to augment reader identification. Neurosurgical Pearls offer advice from the masters relevant to each chapter. High-quality illustrations, photographs, and radiographs enrich understanding. Aspiring neurosurgical providers will benefit from the easy-to-digest wealth of information in this concise, yet comprehensive guide.

Youmans Introduction to Neurosurgery

Author : H. Richard Winn
File Size : 33.83 MB
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Youmans Introduction to Neurosurgery: The Fundamentals, authored and edited by world-class scientists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons under the leadership of H. Richard Winn MD, is a one-of-a-kind eBook presenting practical patient information alongside fundamental science. Derived from Youmans Neurological Surgery, 6th Edition-characterized by JAMA as "the Bible of Neurosurgery?- this 54-chapter eBook includes high-quality illustrations, photos, and videos, providing all readers with the background information necessary to make rational clinical decisions for optimal neurosurgical care. A must-have for every neurosurgeon's mobile device! Pin Code to the Expert Consult eBook version included within this retail?pack?purchase. Compatible with PC, Mac?, most mobile devices, and eReaders, Expert Consult allows you to browse, search, and interact with the entire content of this textbook - online?"and"?offline.

Fundamentals of Neurosurgery

Author : Andrei Fernandes Joaquim
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The aim of this book is to provide clinicians and medical students with basic knowledge of the most common neurosurgical disorders. There is a vast array of signs and symptoms that every clinician should recognize as neurosurgical affectations, allowing them to identify when to refer the patient to a neurosurgeon. In this text, the editors intend to bridge the gap between clinical medicine and neurosurgery, making neurosurgical practice understandable to a wider medical public. The book provides a smooth transition from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and neurological examination to neurosurgery, focusing more on the knowledge underlying neurosurgical practice rather than on surgical technique. The core of the book is composed of chapters discussing each of the most important medical conditions that deserve neurosurgical intervention, providing key information on diagnosis, clinical aspects, disease management, surgical procedures and prognosis. Moreover, complementary discussion of the frontiers and advances in neurosurgery are also covered. In this sense, this book has two main goals and intended audiences. First, and primarily, it is intended for clinicians in a wide array of non-surgical medical specialties (such as general practitioners, neurologists, pediatricians, oncologists and others) aiming to give an overview on important characteristics and initial management of the most prevalent disorders treated by neurosurgeons. Second, and to a lesser degree, it is intended to be used as a practical guide for medical students who are initiating their study in neurosurgical sciences. Fundamentals of Neurosurgery – A Guide for Clinicians and Medical Students intends to be a comprehensive guide for all non-neurosurgeons who want to broaden their knowledge of neurosurgery.

Clinical Neurosurgery

Author : Guy M. McKhann
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Volume 51 of Clinical Neurosurgery is the official compendium of the platform presentations at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons held in October, 2003.

Fundamentals of Medical Imaging

Author : Paul Suetens
File Size : 24.57 MB
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This book explains the mathematical and physical principles of medical imaging and image processing. Beginning with an introduction to digital image processing, it goes on to cover the most important imaging modalities in use today: radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonic imaging and nuclear medicine imaging. Each chapter includes a short history of the imaging modality, physics of the signal and its interaction with tissue, image formation or reconstruction process, image quality, different types of equipment, examples of clinical applications, biological effects, safety issues, and future expectations. The remainder of the book deals with image analysis and visualization for diagnosis, therapy, and surgery after images are available. A CD packaged with the book includes the text, all the images in color, and some animated images. Both students and beginning biomedical engineers will welcome this well-balanced, copiously illustrated treatment of medical imaging.

CyberKnife NeuroRadiosurgery

Author : Alfredo Conti
File Size : 76.81 MB
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This book is a practical guide on image-guided robotic (CyberKnife®) radiosurgery of the brain and the spine. The volume introduces the radiosurgical community to the potential of image-guidance in the treatment of neurosurgical diseases including neuro-oncological, vascular and functional disorders. Principles of image-guided radiosurgery, including physics and radiobiology are considered. Each chapter provides a critical review of the literature and analyses of several aspects to offer an assessment of single and hypofractionated treatments. Based on the authors experience, tables or summaries presenting the treatment approaches and associated risks are included as well. Providing a practical guide to define the selection of dose, fractionation schemes, isodose line, margins, imaging, constraints to the structures at risk will support safe practice of neuroradiosurgery. This book aims to shed new light on the treatment of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the central nervous system using the CyberKnife® image-guided robotic radiosurgery system. It will be adopted by neurosurgery residents and neurosurgery consultants as well as residents in radiation oncology and radiation oncologists; medical physicists involved in radiosurgery procedures may also benefit from this book.

Fundamentals of Neuroanesthesia

Author : Keith J. Ruskin
File Size : 53.58 MB
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Neurosurgical procedures are becoming more common and are taking place in the operating room and in interventional suites. Procedures that used to be performed only at major academic institutions are also being done in small community hospitals, and anesthesiologists in private practice are being asked to care for these patients. In many cases, treatment options are controversial or rapidly evolving. Close cooperation between the anesthesiologist and neurosurgeon is essential to achieve optimal outcomes and early recognition of any adverse events so appropriate therapy can be implemented. Fundamentals of Neuroanesthesia is a comprehensive guide to neuroanesthesia that discusses neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, and neurosurgical procedures and offers practical approaches and solutions to administering neuroanesthesia and providing perioperative care for neurosurgical patients. Chapters emphasize clinical management of neurosurgical problems that may be encountered in community practice as well as major academic medical centers. Highlighted key points, figures, algorithms, and management procedures supplement the text. This book is a must-have volume for general anesthesiologists, anesthesiology fellows, and subspecialists.

Training in Neurosurgery in the Countries of the EU

Author : H.-J. Reulen
File Size : 37.99 MB
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Agreed standards and guidelines are the heart and soul of improving the differing training systems and to harmonize neurosurgical training in the European countries. Such standards and guidelines have been laid down in the European Training Charter of the European Union of Medical Specialists and recently novellated. This book, written by experienced neurosurgeons, offers all those concerned with neurosurgical training - trainers and trainees - practical advice to implement the above mentioned standards and recommendations. It has been written as a manual: "How to do it”. It describes the tasks of a chairman (programme director), the tasks of the teaching staff, the organisation of a training curriculum, a rotation plan or a morbidity and mortality conference, the periodic progress evaluation, the course of an external audit and many more important topics. It contains a lot of practical tips, check lists and useful examples. Well educated young colleagues offer "safe neurosurgery” to our patients.

Radiosurgery and Pathological Fundamentals

Author : György T. Szeifert
File Size : 61.35 MB
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Because of the huge clinical experience that has been accumulated in radiosurgery, it seems timely to explore and process out systematically pathological fundamentals on the effect of focused irradiation. The better understanding of radiobiology will enhance the outcomes of radiosurgical procedures. Renowned experts from all over the world discuss the baselines of pathology and radiobiology, medical physical principles, dose prescription guidelines, current radiosurgical techniques, advanced computer technology and recent imaging methods in radiosurgery. In this unique volume the most pioneering feature is the parallel discussion of clinical radiosurgical results with fundamental pathological findings following high-dose focused irradiation. Topics range from benign and malignant brain tumors, vascular malformations, functional disorders, ocular and spinal radiosurgery, interstitial brachytherapy to experimental efforts. This publication gives neurosurgeons, radiosurgeons, radiologists, pathologists, medical physicists, neurologists, oncologists, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists as well as nuclear medicine and medical information technology experts an excellent understanding of the latest development of pathological fundamentals and new trends in radiosurgery.

Fundamentals of Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery

Author : E. Sander Connolly
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"The editors... know the needs of residents at a `grass-root level'... An easily accessible source of information for residents in training." Journal of Neurosurgery The only portable handbook on operative techniques in neurosurgery, this step-by-step guide offers unparalleled coverage of every major operative procedure seen in daily practice. Concise chapters hold key clinical information on indications, preoperative planning, intraoperative technique, postoperative care, and complications, with insights and advice from renowned experts representing every main specialty in the field. A reliable companion to Greenberg's Handbook, the second edition of Fundamentals of Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery is a must-have resource for those in training or for anyone who provides mentorship or support in the field of neurosurgery. An award-winning international medical and scientific publisher, Thieme has demonstrated its commitment to the highest standard of quality in the state-of-the-art content and presentation of all of its products. Thieme's trademark blue and silver covers have become synonymous with excellence in publishing.

Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals

Author : Joseph D. Bronzino
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Known as the bible of biomedical engineering, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition, sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it has served as a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals, the first volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in physiological systems, biomechanics, biomaterials, bioelectric phenomena, and neuroengineering. More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including cardiac biomechanics, the mechanics of blood vessels, cochlear mechanics, biodegradable biomaterials, soft tissue replacements, cellular biomechanics, neural engineering, electrical stimulation for paraplegia, and visual prostheses. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.

Essentials of Neurosurgical Anesthesia Critical Care

Author : Ansgar M. Brambrink
File Size : 86.32 MB
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This comprehensive, evidence-based book is intended to serve as a reference for medical practitioners involved in the perioperative care of neurosurgical patients. Fundamental aspects of neuroanesthesiology and neurocritical care are thoroughly examined across 101 chapters, outlining key elements that are crucial to a care provider’s knowledge of the practice. These elements include specific diagnostic procedures and treatment options, concepts and applicable details of the available neurosurgical interventions and techniques, and mechanisms necessary to provide top of the line care for patients. Each chapter features definitive and distinct areas of this multi-specialty discipline, and is designed to guide the reader from problem to solution in situations that can arise in the clinical setting. Essentials of Neurosurgical Anesthesia & Critical Care, 2nd edition is a problem-oriented approach textbook that will aid a wide variety of readers in handling day-to-day issues and developments relevant to the perioperative care of neurosurgical patients.

Anatomical Basis of Cranial Neurosurgery

Author : Wolfgang Seeger
File Size : 66.74 MB
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This didactic book clearly and systematically describes the anatomical-surgical fundamentals of cranial neurosurgery, relating them to norm variants, imaging modalities and interdisciplinary aspects. All illustrations, hand drawn in ink by the first author, are simple and self-explanatory. The book reflects the first author’s lifetime experience as an academic neurosurgeon and teacher, as well as the second author’s theoretical and practical knowledge of neurosurgical subspecialties such as epilepsy surgery. In addition to its core audience in neurosurgery, it provides all connected disciplines, in particular neuroradiology, neurology, neuropathology, ENT surgery, maxillofacial surgery and eye surgery, with unique anatomical insights into the neurosurgeon’s perspective.

Research and Publishing in Neurosurgery

Author : Yücel Kanpolat
File Size : 46.50 MB
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"Research” and "Publishing” are phrases familiar to all neurosurgeons and neuroscientists. Many young neurosurgeons struggle with them on a trial-and-error basis at first, and there are not structured education programs providing information on standard methods. The European Association of Neurosurgical Societies Research Committee has developed a course on research and publication methods for residents in neurosurgery who have not yet completed training. This supplement includes selected contributions from this course and will serve as an essential handbook providing basic tools to guide research and publication work, presenting time-saving advice, and resulting in the most beneficial contributions in experimental and clinical research.

Operative Cranial Neurosurgical Anatomy

Author : Filippo Gagliardi
File Size : 68.60 MB
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One-of-kind textbook provides comprehensive tutorial on cranial anatomy with step-by-step text and visuals Dissection in the anatomical laboratory is a mandatory component of training for neurosurgeons. Acquisition of highly technical skills is a long and arduous task, requiring knowledge of complex surgical anatomy and basic steps for single surgical approaches. Unlike dense textbooks, Operative Cranial Neurosurgical Anatomy by Filippo Gagliardi, Cristian Gragnaniello, Pietro Mortini, and Anthony Caputy provides readers with a user-friendly tutorial on cranial approaches, clearly delineated through concise written instructions and serial images. Essential procedural aspects are discussed in 53 chapters, starting with sections on pre-surgical training and planning, patient positioning, and basic techniques. Subsequent sections detail cranial approaches; transpetrosal approaches; endonasal, transoral, and transmaxillary procedures; vascular procedures; and ventricular shunts procedures. Surgical technique fundamentals and basic variants, including surgical anatomy and landmarks, are highlighted in 500 figures and illustrations. Key Features Summaries, graphics, and schematic drawings provide immediate access to salient information to utilize during surgical dissections and for surgical preparation A wide spectrum of cranial procedures covered in 23 chapters – from the precaruncular approach to the medial orbit and central skull base – to surgical anatomy of the petrous bone Diverse endonasal procedures including sublabial, transphenoidal, modified lothrop, odontoidectomy, and endoscopic endonasal transmaxillary Vascular procedures such as middle cerebral artery bypass and internal maxillary artery bypass This reader-friendly handbook is a must-have resource for every neurosurgical resident and an excellent refresher for all neurosurgeons. It will help residents and fellows optimize the time and quality of practical training in the cadaver lab, learn fundamental surgical techniques in cranial neurosurgery, and thoroughly prepare for cranial neurosurgical cases.

Functional and Stereotactic Neurosurgery

Author : E.I. Kandel
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Soon after neurosurgery had advanced past the stage of that older neurosurgeons will consider their cra removing lesions on the surface of the brain, it became niotomies quite adequate for the relief of many neu apparent that subcortical diseased tissue could not be rological disorders that Professor Kandel shows so excised safely by the usual surgical techniques because clearly to be amenable to stereotactic intervention, of the risk of damaging overlying normal structures. there are many lesions that undoubtedly can be reached Various means of reaching deep-seated lesions were more easily and with less risk to life and limb by ster devised, most of which attempted to approach the eotactic than by open procedures. pathological tissue through "silent areas" of the brain. This book is not just a description of operative However, these operations often resulted in serious procedures, although it does give clear accounts of neurological deficits. Spiegel and Wycis's modifica surgical techniques. It presents the postoperative histo tion of the Horsley-Clarke apparatus to reach targets ries of patients who have been cured or markedly re deep in the human brain introduced a new approach to lieved of longstanding afflictions; these persons have subcortical surgery. True, as Professor Edward Kandel been followed for 10 to 15 or more years, so that the relates, Russian surgeons had pioneered in the field, results may be considered more or less permanent.

Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery

Author : Mark R. Proctor
File Size : 60.65 MB
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Recognized clinical leaders in neurosurgery and neuroradiology review the cutting-edge techniques and technologies now available and describe how minimally invasive techniques have influenced their subspecialties. On the radiology side, the authors explain the latest developments in magnetic resonance spectroscopy, functional imaging, and brain mapping, with emphasis on the application of image navigation directly in the operating room, using both preoperative and intraoperative systems. On the surgical side, some of the world's leading surgeons in pediatric neurosurgery, cerebrovascular surgery, neurosurgical oncology, spinal and peripheral nerve surgery, and trauma surgery detail how they use the powerful new minimally invasive techniques in the own practices. Among the novel approaches discussed are radiofrequency, radiosurgery, thermal therapy, and minimally invasive techniques that allow "molecular neurosurgery" via gene and viral vectors and local delivery systems.

Training in Neurosurgery

Author : Hans-Jürgen Reulen
File Size : 82.44 MB
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An International Conference on "Neurosurgical Training and Reserach” was held in Munich from October 6 – 9, 1996, under the auspices of the EANS, and organized by H.-J. Reulen and H.-J. Steiger. Experts from different countries and neurosurgical organizations have collected information on the present status of resident training in neurosurgery and the mechanisms involved with the training. Various aspects, the recruitment process, the criteria used for selection, the contents and structure of a program, the continuous quality control, exposition to the art of research, fellowships and subspeciality training, etc. have been covered. The present book contains this material and thus provides a unique and comprehensive source of information on the complex of modern neurosurgical training. " ... The beauty of this work is that it puts in one place the many varied aspects of a neurosurgical training program that one needs to be aware of ... should be required reading for the faculty of any academic training program as well as for others who may have a misconception of what residency training is ... an excellent book for any program director or active faculty member. It should be required reading for all faculty members before the next round of resident interviews ...” Neurosurgery "... well edited, published to a high standard and will naturally be of interest to those specifically involved in the areas of selection and training ... a useful text for aspirants to surgical training posts ...” British Journal of Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery and Medical Ethics

Author : H. August van Alphen
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This supplement of Acta Neurochirurgica contains the proceedings of the Ninth Convention of the Academia Eurasiana Neurochirurgica held in Chateau St. Gerlach, Houthem, The Netherlands, 29 July - 1 August 1998. During this convention a three-day symposium on Neurosurgery and Medical Ethics was held. In this time of tremendous technical advancement in medicine in general and neurosurgery in particular, we are liable to lose sight of the sick patient as a human being, and the odds are that he will be the object rather than the subject of our action in the near future. It is a purpose and a task of the Academia Eurasiana Neurochirurgica to recognize this thread and to pay attention to tradition, morality and ethics in neurological surgery. The theme of this convention and the subject of the symposium met this purpose as no other. In the scientific sessions during the first day, the moral backgrounds of medical ethics in the most important cultures and religions in east and west were elucidated by invited experts in this field. A mutual respectful understanding of each other's conception of and belief in ethical principles is a growing necessity in our multicultural societies in both continents. On the second day, the ethical aspects of different fields of neurological surgery were discussed by members of the Academia. In this context, also the internationally much-discussed and much-criticized regulations on euthanasia in The Netherlands were explained.

Epilepsy An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics E Book

Author : Edward F. Chang
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In this issue of Neurosurgery Clinics, Drs. Chang and Barbaro provide a thorough look at epilepsy, with sections focusing on devices in epilepsy surgery, open loop systems, closed loop systems, and non-stimulation. Topics in this issue include history and overview of stimulation for epilepsy, trigeminal nerve stimulation, anterior thalamus DBS, hippocampal stimulation, neuropace RNS, seizure detection/prediction algorithms, cooling, seizure prediction and its applications, stimulation paradigms, and experimental stimulation.