Search results for: neuropsychology-of-everyday-functioning

Neuropsychology of Everyday Functioning

Author : Thomas D. Marcotte
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While neuropsychological testing can accurately detect cognitive deficits in persons with brain injury, the ability to reliably predict how these individuals will function in everyday life has remained elusive. This authoritative volume brings together well-known experts to present recent advances in the neuropsychological assessment of key real-world capacities: the ability to live independently, work, manage medications, and drive a car. For each of these domains, contributors describe cutting-edge tests, procedures, and interpretive strategies and examine salient theoretical and methodological issues. Chapters also review approaches for evaluating specific populations, including older adults and patients with traumatic brain injury, depression, dementia, schizophrenia, and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.

The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life Assessment and Basic Competencies

Author : David E. Tupper
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diag nostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered us little valid information upon which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post-Second World War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.

The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life Assessment and Basic Competencies

Author : David E. Tupper
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diag nostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered us little valid information upon which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post-Second World War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.

The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life Issues in Development and Rehabilitation

Author : David E. Tupper
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of our trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic disorders from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diagnostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered little valid information on which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post Second Wodd War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler-Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.

The Everyday Functioning of Individuals with Cognitive Difficulties and Their Families

Author : Stephanie Petty
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Neuropsychology for Psychologists Health Care Professionals and Attorneys Third Edition

Author : Robert J. Sbordone
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Extensively revised and expanded, this third edition of Neuropsychology for Psychologists, Health Care Professionals, and Attorneys provides a clear, concise, and comprehensive discussion of neuropsychology, outlining its purpose, use, and historical development. It covers the anatomy of the brain, a wide variety of neurobehavioral disorders, comprehensive neuropsychological examinations, ecological validity, and the strengths and limitations of many widely used neuropsychological and diagnostic tests. Maintaining a high degree of detail and sophistication, this book enables an in-depth comprehension of the topic even by those with no prior knowledge in this area. Beginning with a definition and overview of neuropsychology and the role of the neuropsychologist, this third edition expands the section on neuroanatomy to describe subcortical and ganglionic structures, cerebellum and white fiber tracts, and the pathophysiology of neurobehabehavioral disorders. It covers mild and severe traumatic brain injuries, postconcussion syndrome, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), frontal lobe disorders, executive dysfunction, and seizure disorders. The authors introduce new findings on age-related cognitive changes, neuropsychological and physiological correlates of PTSD, Alzheimer's and late onset dementia. New chapters include malingering of neuropsychological deficits and deception, the limitations of neuropsychological tests, and how to critique the interpretation of neuropsychological test data and reports. Emphasizing a systematic approach to neuropsychological testing and assessment, this book evaluates a wide range of neuropsychological and neurodiagnostic tests in terms of their strengths, limitations, validity, and reliability. It critically examines different methods of test scoring and interpretation discussing the ecological validity of neuropsychological testing and the extent to which neuropsychological tests can detect neurobehavioral deficits and brain damage. The author provides numerous illustrative case studies and six sample medico-legal reports along with three appendices offering a glossary of terms, a list of widely prescribed medications, and a quick-reference summary of the tests detailed in the book.

Neuropsychology of Cognitive Decline

Author : Holly A. Tuokko
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Presenting best practices for assessment and intervention with older adults experiencing cognitive decline, this book draws on cutting-edge research and extensive clinical experience. The authors' integrative approach skillfully interweaves neuropsychological and developmental knowledge. The volume provides guidelines for evaluating and differentiating among normal aging, subjective cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment, and different types of dementia. It identifies risk and protective factors that may influence an individual's trajectory and describes how to create a sound case conceptualization. Evidence-based strategies for pharmacological, cognitive, behavioral, and psychological intervention with patients and their caregivers are illustrated with vivid case examples.ÿ ÿ

The Use of Neuropsychological Tests of Memory to Evaluate Everyday Functioning in Alzheimer s Patients

Author : John David Daniels
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Neuropsychological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric and Neuromedical Disorders

Author : Igor Grant
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This is a major revision of a standard reference work for neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists. About one-half of the book contains entirely new work by new contributors. New topics not covered in the previous editions include consideration of common sources of neurocognitive morbidity, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and exposure to heavy metals; psychiatric and behavioral disorders associated wtih traumatic brain injury; neuropsychology in relation to everyday functioning; the effects of cognitive impairment on driving skills, and adherence to medical treatments. The Third Edition aims to reflect the enormous developments in neuropsychology in terms of research, clinical applications, and growth of the discipline during the past decade. At one time focused on mapping the cognitive and related consequences of brain injuries, research in neuropsychology has now expanded to much broader considerations of the effects of systemic disease, infection, medications, and inflammatory processes on neurocognition and emotion. The Third Edition attemtps to capture these developments while continuing to adhere to the objective of presenting them in a concise manner in a single volume.

Neuropsychological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric and Neuromedical Disorders

Author : Igor Grant
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This is a major revision of a standard reference work for neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists. About one-half of the book contains entirely new work by new contributors. New topics not covered in the previous editions include consideration of common sources of neurocognitive morbidity, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and exposure to heavy metals; psychiatric and behavioral disorders associated wtih traumatic brain injury; neuropsychology in relation to everyday functioning; the effects of cognitive impairment on driving skills, and adherence to medical treatments.The Third Edition aims to reflect the enormous developments in neuropsychology in terms of research, clinical applications, and growth of the discipline during the past decade. At one time focused on mapping the cognitive and related consequences of brain injuries, research in neuropsychology has now expanded to much broader considerations of the effects of systemic disease, infection, medications, and inflammatory processes on neurocognition and emotion. The Third Edition attemtps to capture these developments while continuing to adhere to the objective of presenting them in a concise manner in a single volume.

The Relationship of Neuropsychological Tests to Everyday Functioning for People with Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Peter J. Gernert-Dott
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Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology

Author : Thomas D. Parsons
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This ambitious and accessible guide reviews innovative technologies enhancing the field of neuropsychological testing. Starting with the premise that standard batteries—some nearly a century old—lag behind in our era of neuroimaging, genomic studies, psychophysiology, and informatics, it presents digital measures offering more efficient administration, more accurate data, and wider clinical applications. Ecological validity and evidence-based science are key themes in these advances, from virtual environments and assessment of social cognition to the shift toward situational reliability and away from lab-created constructs. These chapters also demonstrate how high-tech assessment tools can complement or supplement traditional pencil-and-paper measures without replacing them outright. This book covers in depth: · The evolution of neuropsychological testing over the past century. · Current applications of computer-based neuropsychological assessments. · The strengths and limitations of simulation technology. · The use of teleneuropsychology in reaching remote clients. · The potential of gaming technologies in neurocognitive rehabilitation. · How technology can transform test data into information useful across specialties. Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology brings neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, and rehabilitation specialists into the vanguard of assessment measures and processes that will translate into more accurate testing, collaborations between disciplines, and valid and useful outcomes.

Positive Neuropsychology

Author : John J. Randolph
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Psychology and many of its subfields have seen a significant shift over the past 10-12 years toward a focus on hope, positive attributes, and character strengths through the positive psychology movement. This book provides a blueprint for a burgeoning subfield in neuropsychology—positive neuropsychology. It proposes an alternative, evidence-based perspective on neuropsychology that incorporates positive psychology principles and a focus on promotion of cognitive health. It synthesizes existing research and provides novel perspectives on promotion of cognitive health in clinical, nonclinical, and academic settings. This work is a resource and reference for neuropsychologists, allied professionals, and students who see the critical role neuropsychologists can play in maintaining, promoting, and being mindful of cognitive health. TARGETED MARKET SEGMENTS Neuropsychologists, health psychologists, geriatricians, rehabilitation specialists, clinical psychologists

Coping with Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony Special topics

Author : Jay Ziskin
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Neuropsychology

Author : Sandra Koffler
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Compiled reviews of the recent literature are a long established tradition in the laboratory and clinical sciences, and bring to their professions a useful and timely summary of the advances that have been made in the field. Neuropsychology has matured as a science and profession to support a like effort to summarize, across domains, the direction and momentum in the field. The authors are authorities in the subjects they review and provide for the investigator, practitioner and student an overview of the important developments in neuropsychology that cannot be realized from perusal of the journals alone. Interest in the reviews are likely to go beyond the discipline of neuropsychology, and will extend to all with an interest in science of brain-behavior relationships, in the study of disease and injury as they affect brain function, and in the rehabilitation of the individual who has suffered insult to brain. Chapters cover the pragmatic application of tests and test findings to improve our understanding of the behavior of individuals who present with neurocognitive disorders. Where there is interest in efficiently acquiring a sound perspective of the important advances and the future direction of neuropsychology, Neuropsychology: A Review of Science and Practice will provide the means for so doing as no other publication can offer.

Relationships Between Neuropsychological Performance and Ratings of Everyday Functioning in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Bruce E. Leininger
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The Prediction of Everyday Functioning After Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Laura Kay Seibert
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The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry

Author : C. Edward Coffey
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For most of human history, life expectancy was remarkably stable at about 30-40 years. Within the past 150 years, however, medical advances have virtually doubled that number. The worlds elderly population is growing at 2.4% per year, faster than the rest of the population, with disproportionate increases expected to continue as newer and better treatments are found that minimize the disabilities associated with advanced age. Key to improving the health and quality of life of the elderly is understanding and treating the brain diseases and behavioral disorders that become highly prevalent with age. Geriatric neuropsychiatry is an integrative specialty that draws from many diverse fields, including psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience, and geriatrics. It provides expertise on how to distinguish normal age-related changes from those of disease and disordered brain function. Edited by two eminent practitioners and educators, this wide-ranging textbooks 41 chapters are divided into five major sections: ? Introduction to Geriatric NeuropsychiatryIntroduces the field, including the epidemiology of aging and its array of interacting and accumulating disadvantages, the neurobiology of aging, and the neurobiological basis of behavior? Neuropsychiatric Assessment of the ElderlyDescribes how to ensure early, accurate diagnoses, using both the fundamental cognitive skills evaluation and the more in-depth neuropsychological evaluation; age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) and its biological bases; anatomic imaging of age-related changes in brain morphology; and the latest imaging techniques that allow visualization of brain function in vivo? Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders in the ElderlyCovers everything from affective and anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and psychoses that start late in life to sleep disorders, delirium, pain, contemporary personality psychology, mental retardation, and aggression? Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Neurological Disease in the ElderlyFocuses on diseases such as nondegenerative dementing disorders, Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases, hyperkinetic movement disorders, stroke, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury, concluding with medical illnesses and therapies? Principles of Neuropsychiatric Treatment of the ElderlyDiscusses the effect of age in geriatric neuropsychopharmacology, psychopharmacology, ECT, psychosocial therapies, neuropsychiatry in nursing homes, genetic interventions, rehabilitation, ethical issues, and competency and related forensic issues Exhaustively researched and annotated, the American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry, Second Edition provides a definitive core reference for psychiatry and neurology residents, particularly those pursuing a specialty in geriatrics, and for graduate students in psychology, neuropsychology, and related fields.

BRIDGING NEUROPHYSIOLOGY AND CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY THROUGH THE RDOC

Author : Andreia Geraldo
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Introduction: Neuropsychological practices have been focused on promoting a deeper understanding of cognitive functioning and its relation to behavior and everyday functioning through a greater sophistication of the neuropsychological assessment process. A recent review of these advances has stated the importance of early detection of brain changes as a way of improving knowledge on brain-behavior relationships.Objectives: Our goal was to explore the advances in neuropsychological assessment under the aegis of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework, focusing on the use of neuropsychological tasks with EEG to extract Event Related Potentials (ERP) and examine the neural correlates of psychopathological and neurological conditions.Methods: The RDoC Cognitive Systems Domain was reviewed considering the neuropsychological tests and neurophysiological correlates proposed by the framework. Potential applications were explored given the functional relevance of RDoC constructs to mental health disorders.Results: The RDoC framework adds value to neuropsychology by establishing neurophysiological correlates relevant to the early detection of psychopathological and neurological conditions, which may be obtained from consensually used neuropsychological tasks. Changes in specific neural correlates of persons with certain psychopathological and neurological conditions may be detected even in the absence of deficits in neuropsychological tasks.Conclusions: Considering the already established validity of the classical neuropsychological tasks, future advances in neuropsychological assessment might benefit from the integration of multiple levels of analysis to provide a more detailed neuropsychological characterization and early diagnoses.

Current Diagnosis and Treatment Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Author : Ian Maitin
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Maximize your patients' independence, quality of life, mobility, and functional improvement with this evidence-based guide to physical medicine and rehabilitation LANGE Valuable to practicing physicians, residents, medical students, as well as recertifying psychiatrists Includes timely chapters on sports, trauma, cardiac, and spinal rehabilitation Covers therapeutic exercise and treatment modalities for pain and dysfunction Presents a practical approach to the physical medicine and rehabilitation patient, including common pathologies and complications Focuses on the clinical aspects of physical medicine and rehabilitation with an emphasis on evidence-based medicine Lays down a foundation of anatomy, kinesiology, and biomechanics before progressing to therapeutic exercise and modalities Reviews diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed by physicians such as electrodiagnostics, musculoskeletal ultrasound, and spine and joint injections Concludes with a comprehensive review of major primary care issues