Search results for: neuropsychology-of-everyday-functioning

Neuropsychology of Everyday Functioning

Author : Thomas D. Marcotte
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While neuropsychological testing can accurately detect cognitive deficits in persons with brain injury, the ability to reliably predict how these individuals will function in everyday life has remained elusive. This authoritative volume brings together well-known experts to present recent advances in the neuropsychological assessment of key real-world capacities: the ability to live independently, work, manage medications, and drive a car. For each of these domains, contributors describe cutting-edge tests, procedures, and interpretive strategies and examine salient theoretical and methodological issues. Chapters also review approaches for evaluating specific populations, including older adults and patients with traumatic brain injury, depression, dementia, schizophrenia, and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.

The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life Issues in Development and Rehabilitation

Author : David E. Tupper
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of our trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic disorders from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diagnostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered little valid information on which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post Second Wodd War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler-Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.

The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life Assessment and Basic Competencies

Author : David E. Tupper
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diag nostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered us little valid information upon which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post-Second World War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.

Neuropsychological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric and Neuromedical Disorders

Author : Igor Grant
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This is a major revision of a standard reference work for neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists. About one-half of the book contains entirely new work by new contributors. New topics not covered in the previous editions include consideration of common sources of neurocognitive morbidity, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and exposure to heavy metals; psychiatric and behavioral disorders associated wtih traumatic brain injury; neuropsychology in relation to everyday functioning; the effects of cognitive impairment on driving skills, and adherence to medical treatments. The Third Edition aims to reflect the enormous developments in neuropsychology in terms of research, clinical applications, and growth of the discipline during the past decade. At one time focused on mapping the cognitive and related consequences of brain injuries, research in neuropsychology has now expanded to much broader considerations of the effects of systemic disease, infection, medications, and inflammatory processes on neurocognition and emotion. The Third Edition attemtps to capture these developments while continuing to adhere to the objective of presenting them in a concise manner in a single volume.

The Prediction of Everyday Functioning After Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Laura Kay Seibert
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Assessment of Neuropsychological Functions in Psychiatric Disorders

Author : Avraham Calev
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Assessment of Neuropsychological Functions in Psychiatric Disorders covers findings on all major psychiatric disorders. This book looks at neuropsychological assessment, phenomenology, and rehabilitation of psychiatric patients.

Neuropsychology for Psychologists Health Care Professionals and Attorneys Third Edition

Author : Robert J. Sbordone
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Extensively revised and expanded, this third edition of Neuropsychology for Psychologists, Health Care Professionals, and Attorneys provides a clear, concise, and comprehensive discussion of neuropsychology, outlining its purpose, use, and historical development. It covers the anatomy of the brain, a wide variety of neurobehavioral disorders, comprehensive neuropsychological examinations, ecological validity, and the strengths and limitations of many widely used neuropsychological and diagnostic tests. Maintaining a high degree of detail and sophistication, this book enables an in-depth comprehension of the topic even by those with no prior knowledge in this area. Beginning with a definition and overview of neuropsychology and the role of the neuropsychologist, this third edition expands the section on neuroanatomy to describe subcortical and ganglionic structures, cerebellum and white fiber tracts, and the pathophysiology of neurobehabehavioral disorders. It covers mild and severe traumatic brain injuries, postconcussion syndrome, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), frontal lobe disorders, executive dysfunction, and seizure disorders. The authors introduce new findings on age-related cognitive changes, neuropsychological and physiological correlates of PTSD, Alzheimer's and late onset dementia. New chapters include malingering of neuropsychological deficits and deception, the limitations of neuropsychological tests, and how to critique the interpretation of neuropsychological test data and reports. Emphasizing a systematic approach to neuropsychological testing and assessment, this book evaluates a wide range of neuropsychological and neurodiagnostic tests in terms of their strengths, limitations, validity, and reliability. It critically examines different methods of test scoring and interpretation discussing the ecological validity of neuropsychological testing and the extent to which neuropsychological tests can detect neurobehavioral deficits and brain damage. The author provides numerous illustrative case studies and six sample medico-legal reports along with three appendices offering a glossary of terms, a list of widely prescribed medications, and a quick-reference summary of the tests detailed in the book.

Patient Safety in Rehabilitation Medicine An Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics E Book

Author : Adrian Cristian
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As the number of individuals undergoing rehabilitation medicine in a variety of rehabilitation settings increases, more and more patient safety concerns are being raised. Regulatory and accreditation organizations are scrutinizing the safety of patients in both hospital and rehabilitation settings and the general public and payors are demanding that patient safety is at the top of the agenda for institutions providing care. As leaders in the practice of rehabilitation medicine, physiatrists need to be educated on this important topic. The goal of this issue is to provide the reader with a foundation on the topic of patient safety as it applies to the practice of rehabilitation medicine as well as a set of tools that can be used to improve the safety of rehabilitation patients.

Clinical Neuropsychology

Author : Mark E. Maruish
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With the emergence of clinical neuropsychology as one of the fastest growing specialties in psychology comes the need for current and future practitioners to stay abreast of the most recent research. A number of professional journals more than adequately meet this need. But, there is also a need to stay up to date on the current thinking about important problems. Drawing upon the expertise of leaders in the field, the editors' intent in this book was to provide the practitioner with a source for discussions of topics that are vital to their ongoing development as clinical neuropsychologists but that generally are not addressed in the literature to any great degree.

Neuropsychology of Cardiovascular Disease

Author : Shari R. Waldstein
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Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and many other countries, confers substantial risk for cerebrovascular events, such as stroke and vascular dementia. The neuropsychological sequelae of such conditions are well documented and can have a devastating impact on individuals' quality of life. However, prior to the development of overt cerebrovascular complications, persons with cardiovascular disease or its risk factors may display mild to severe neuropsychological difficulties. Medical and surgical treatments for cardiovascular disease have also been found to affect neuropsychological function. This landmark volume offers the first comprehensive overview of the neuropsychological consequences of cardiovascular disease, tracking its natural history, epidemiology, and treatments. It encourages researchers and clinicians to consider all relevant facets of vascular disease processes in their evaluation, study, and treatment of affected patients and indicates a need for primary and secondary prevention efforts. Neuropsychology of Cardiovascular Disease will be welcomed as an invaluable resource by neuropsychologists, specialists in behavioral medicine, neurologists, cardiologists, epidemiologists, gerontologists, and many other health professionals whose work brings them into contact with these challenging patients.

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

Author : Nancy A. Pachana
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Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Dominic A. Carone, Ph.D.
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This authoritative volume is the first book specifically devoted to symptom validity assessment with individuals with a known or suspected history of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). It brings together leading experts in MTBI, symptom validity assessment, and malingering to provide a thorough and practical guide to the challenging task of assessing the validity of patient presentations after an MTBI. The book describes techniques that can drastically alter case conceptualization, treatment, and equitable allocation of resources. In addition to covering the most important symptom validity assessment methods, this timely volume provides guidance to clinicians on professional and research issues, and information on symptom validity testing in varied populations. The book covers MTBI assessment in such specific settings and populations as clinical, forensic, sports, children, gerontological, and military. It also addresses professional issues such as providing feedback to patients about symptom validity, ethical issues, and diagnostic schemas. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury will provide neuropsychologists, referring health care providers, courts, disability insurance companies, the military, and athletic teams/leagues with the in-depth, current information that is critical for the accurate and ethical evaluation of MTBI. Key Features: Provides in-depth, expert coverage of one of the most critical topics for clinical neuropsychologists Includes contributions from the leading authorities on both MTBI/post-concussive syndrome and malingering/symptom validity Covers assessment in such contexts as civil forensics, sports, military/veterans, and gerontological settings

Neuropsychology for Health Care Professionals and Attorneys

Author : Robert J. Sbordone
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Regardless of your specialty - physician, psychologist, nurse, rehabilitation specialist, or attorney -post-traumatic stress disorder cases and brain injury cases are arguably the most difficult to understand, treat, and evaluate. All of the tools you need are in the new Neuropsychology for Health Care Professionals and Attorneys, Second Edition. It contains An easy-to-understand description of the neuroanatomy of the brain Four chapters devoted to neurobehavioral disorders such as amnesia, attentional deficits, delirium, dementia, disorders of executive functions of the brain, electrical injury, hypoxic encephalopathy, neurotoxic encephalopathy, learning disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), post-concussive syndrome, seizure disorders, and others A detailed description of neuropsychological assessment, including a critique of approximately 80 neuropsychological tests: their intended use, purpose, administration, sensitivity to brain damage, reliability, validity, strengths, and limitations How factors such as medical illness, medication, psychiatric disorders, stress, anxiety, culture, language, suboptimal motivation, and pre-existing neurological disorders can alter test performance Ways to determine whether the neuropsychological test results are consistent with brain damage or due to non-neurological factors A discussion of how the use of test norms can result in the misdiagnosis of brain damage A critical review of actual neuropsychological reports A glossary of neuropsychological and neurological terms

Coping with Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony

Author : Jay Ziskin
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Psychiatry

Author : Allan Tasman
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Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

Neuropsychology of Cancer and Oncology

Author : Dr. Dale L. Johnson, PhD
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"This book, in both its direct and indirect inferences, points to the need for disease-specific neurocognitive methods in broadly occurring CNS and non-CNS cancers... All in all, this is a beautifully conceptualized book that should be on the bookshelves of many specialists who work in the very challenging field of Oncology."--Carol L. Armstrong, PhD, Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology Interest in the neurocognitive and sensory impairments resulting from many cancers and their interventions has grown considerably over the past decades as an important aspect of quality of life issues for cancer patients and survivors. The Neuropsychology of Cancer and Oncology features current findings on the neuropsychological effects of these cancers and their treatments along with the most promising neuropsychological and behavioral health interventions available to mitigate these deficits. This edited volume, part of the Contemporary Neuropsychology series, bridges the gap between the knowledge of neuropsychologists, who are grounded in the biological and physiological bases of cognition and behavior but not in pathology, and that of oncologists, who often lack expertise in the neuropsychological aspects of cancer. This text first addresses the biological components and medical care of these cancers, and issues relating to bioimaging. It then discusses the neurological impact of these cancers as they affect different functions, such as memory, learning, and sensory-motor ability, as well as discusses the effects of childhood cancers on neurological development. State-of-the-art neuropsychological and behavioral health interventions are considered, including neuropsychological/cognitive rehabilitation and habituation, pharmacological interventions, and collaborative medical practices. This text is a unique and timely resource for clinical neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, neurologists, oncologists, oncology nurses, and neurorehabilitation professionals. Key Features: Bridges the gap of knowledge between neuropsychologists and oncologists Explores the most current research on the neuropsychological effects of various cancers and their treatments Provides state-of-the-art information on promising neuropsychological and behavioralñhealth interventions for impairments created by cancers and their treatments Represents a collaboration between some of the foremost scholars and practitioners in neuropsychology and oncology

Essentials of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Author : Barbara A. Wilson
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For people with disabilities caused by nonprogressive brain injury, challenges in everyday living can be multifaceted and overwhelming. This book presents key principles of holistic neuropsychological rehabilitation, helping practitioners stay on track through complex terrain. Leading authorities Barbara A. Wilson and Shai Betteridge provide a framework for effective intervention based on a collaborative understanding of clients' strengths and needs. They describe essential strategies for assessing and remediating the impact of cognitive and psychosocial problems in everyday life. Detailed case examples illustrate the process of building partnerships with families, setting meaningful goals, developing skills and supports, and addressing emotional and mental health concerns. Innovative uses of technology are highlighted. Several reproducible clinical tools can be downloaded and printed in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.

Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Author : Barbara A. Wilson
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The aim of neuropsychological rehabilitation is to enable people with cognitive, emotional, or behavioural deficits to achieve their maximum potential in the domains of psychological, social, leisure, vocational or everyday functioning. Describing the holistic programme devised and adopted at the world famous Oliver Zangwill Centre and embracing a broad theoretical base, incorporating a variety of frameworks, theories and models, this book proposes an integrated approach to brain injury rehabilitation by an interdisciplinary team. The coverage explains the underlying principles involved, describes the group therapies employed, highlights a selection of real case examples and reviews the outcomes measured and achieved. This book is essential reading for clinical neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, psychiatrists, neurologists, physiotherapists, social workers and nurses.

Ecological Validity of Neuropsychological Testing

Author : Robert J. Sbordone
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Ecological validity, the functional and predictive relationship between a patient's performance on a set of neuropsychological tests and their behavior in a variety of real-world settings, is emerging as a powerful tool. Since neuropsychological data were not designed to be ecologically valid, attempts to use the data in such a manner have been filled with pitfalls. The authors present a strong argument for reevaluating existing tests and/or developing new measurements. Special attention is given to specific functions such as the cognitive constructs of attention, perception, working memory, language, and executive function. Additional consideration is given to the assessment of special populations: children, minorities, substance abusers, elderly, and emotionally disturbed neurological populations. One area in which neuropsychology can lend tremendous assistance is in predicting a client's ability to resume activities of daily living, but more important, when a client can return to work. Ecological Validity of Neuropsychological Testing covers this issue extensively and details the role of vocational rehabilitation and the lack of exposure many within neuropsychology have to these specific needs of their clients.

Geriatric Neuropsychology

Author : Deborah K. Attix
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This major clinical reference and text is the first volume to systematically address the entire process of neuropsychological assessment and intervention with older adults. The expert editors and contributors detail the current state of knowledge about frequently encountered conditions ranging from mild cognitive impairment to progressive, stable, and reversible dementias. Evidence-based assessment and intervention strategies are described, and specific guidance is provided for linking neuropsychological evaluation to individualized treatment planning. Demonstrating an array of cognitive training, compensatory, and psychotherapeutic approaches, the volume shows how these can successfully be used to improve patients' functioning and quality of life.