Search results for: natural-language-processing-for-the-semantic-web

Natural Language Processing for the Semantic Web

Author : Diana Maynard
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This book introduces core natural language processing (NLP) technologies to non-experts in an easily accessible way, as a series of building blocks that lead the user to understand key technologies, why they are required, and how to integrate them into Semantic Web applications. Natural language processing and Semantic Web technologies have different, but complementary roles in data management. Combining these two technologies enables structured and unstructured data to merge seamlessly. Semantic Web technologies aim to convert unstructured data to meaningful representations, which benefit enormously from the use of NLP technologies, thereby enabling applications such as connecting text to Linked Open Data, connecting texts to each other, semantic searching, information visualization, and modeling of user behavior in online networks. The first half of this book describes the basic NLP processing tools: tokenization, part-of-speech tagging, and morphological analysis, in addition to the main tools required for an information extraction system (named entity recognition and relation extraction) which build on these components. The second half of the book explains how Semantic Web and NLP technologies can enhance each other, for example via semantic annotation, ontology linking, and population. These chapters also discuss sentiment analysis, a key component in making sense of textual data, and the difficulties of performing NLP on social media, as well as some proposed solutions. The book finishes by investigating some applications of these tools, focusing on semantic search and visualization, modeling user behavior, and an outlook on the future.

Natural Language Processing as a Foundation of the Semantic Web

Author : Yorick Wilks
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Looks at how Natural language Processing underpins the Semantic Web, including its initial construction from unstructured sources like the World Wide Web.

Natural Language Processing and Information Systems

Author : Farid Meziane
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2004, held in Salford, UK in June 2004. The 29 revised full papers and 13 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 65 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on natural language, conversational systems, intelligent querying, linguistic aspects of modeling, information retrieval, natural language text understanding, knowledge bases, knowledge management and content management.

The Semantic Web ESWC 2014 Satellite Events

Author : Valentina Presutti
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Satellite Events of the 11th International Conference on the Semantic Web, ESWC 2014, held in Anissaras, Crete, Greece, in May 2014. The volume contains 20 poster and 43 demonstration papers, selected from 113 submissions, as well as 12 best workshop papers selected from 60 papers presented at the workshop at ESWC 2014. Best two papers from AI Mashup Challenge are also included. The papers cover various aspects of the Semantic Web.

Semantic Similarity from Natural Language and Ontology Analysis

Author : Sébastien Harispe
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Artificial Intelligence federates numerous scientific fields in the aim of developing machines able to assist human operators performing complex treatments---most of which demand high cognitive skills (e.g. learning or decision processes). Central to this quest is to give machines the ability to estimate the likeness or similarity between things in the way human beings estimate the similarity between stimuli. In this context, this book focuses on semantic measures: approaches designed for comparing semantic entities such as units of language, e.g. words, sentences, or concepts and instances defined into knowledge bases. The aim of these measures is to assess the similarity or relatedness of such semantic entities by taking into account their semantics, i.e. their meaning---intuitively, the words tea and coffee, which both refer to stimulating beverage, will be estimated to be more semantically similar than the words toffee (confection) and coffee, despite that the last pair has a higher syntactic similarity. The two state-of-the-art approaches for estimating and quantifying semantic similarities/relatedness of semantic entities are presented in detail: the first one relies on corpora analysis and is based on Natural Language Processing techniques and semantic models while the second is based on more or less formal, computer-readable and workable forms of knowledge such as semantic networks, thesauri or ontologies. Semantic measures are widely used today to compare units of language, concepts, instances or even resources indexed by them (e.g., documents, genes). They are central elements of a large variety of Natural Language Processing applications and knowledge-based treatments, and have therefore naturally been subject to intensive and interdisciplinary research efforts during last decades. Beyond a simple inventory and categorization of existing measures, the aim of this monograph is to convey novices as well as researchers of these domains toward a better understanding of semantic similarity estimation and more generally semantic measures. To this end, we propose an in-depth characterization of existing proposals by discussing their features, the assumptions on which they are based and empirical results regarding their performance in particular applications. By answering these questions and by providing a detailed discussion on the foundations of semantic measures, our aim is to give the reader key knowledge required to: (i) select the more relevant methods according to a particular usage context, (ii) understand the challenges offered to this field of study, (iii) distinguish room of improvements for state-of-the-art approaches and (iv) stimulate creativity toward the development of new approaches. In this aim, several definitions, theoretical and practical details, as well as concrete applications are presented

Semantic Web Enabled Software Engineering

Author : J.Z. Pan
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Over the last decade, ontology has become an important modeling component in software engineering. Semantic Web Enabled Software Engineering presents some critical findings on opening a new direction of the research of Software Engineering, by exploiting Semantic Web technologies. Most of these findings are from selected papers from the Semantic Web Enabled Software Engineering (SWESE) series of workshops starting from 2005. Edited by two leading researchers, this advanced text presents a unifying and contemporary perspective on the field. The book integrates in one volume a unified perspective on concepts and theories of connecting Software Engineering and Semantic Web. It presents state-of-the-art techniques on how to use Semantic Web technologies in Software Engineering and introduces techniques on how to design ontologies for Software Engineering.

Semantic Web Engineering in the Knowledge Society

Author : Cardoso, Jorge
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"This book lays the foundations for understanding the concepts and technologies behind the Semantic Web"--Provided by publisher.

The Semantic Web and Web Science

Author : Dongyan Zhao
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed papers of the 8th Chinese Conference on The Semantic Web and Web Science, CSWS 2014, held in Wuhan, China, in August 2014. The 22 research papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as ontology reasoning and learning; semantic data generation and management; and semantic technology and applications.

The Semantic Web

Author : Karl Aberer
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the joined 6th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2007, and the 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference, ASWC 2007. The papers address all current issues in the field of the semantic Web, ranging from theoretical and foundational aspects to various applied topics such as management of semantic Web data, ontologies, semantic Web architecture, social semantic Web, as well as applications of the semantic Web.

Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

Author : Takashi Washio
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ThePaci?c-AsiaConferenceonKnowledgeDiscoveryandDataMining(PAKDD) has been held every year since 1997. PAKDD 2008, the 12th in the series, was heldatOsaka,JapanduringMay20–23,2008.PAKDDisaleadinginternational conference in the area of data mining. It provides an international forum for - searchers and industry practitioners to share their new ideas, original research results, and practical development experiences from all KDD-related areas - cluding data mining, data warehousing, machine learning, databases, statistics, knowledge acquisition, automatic scienti?c discovery, data visualization, causal induction, and knowledge-based systems. This year we received a total of 312 research papers from 34 countries and regions in Asia, Australia, North America, South America, Europe, and Africa. Every submitted paper was rigorously reviewed by two or three reviewers, d- cussed by the reviewers under the supervision of an Area Chair, and judged by the Program Committee Chairs. When there was a disagreement, the Area Chair and/or the Program Committee Chairs provided an additional review. Thus, many submissions were reviewed by four experts. The Program Comm- tee members were deeply involved in a highly selective process. As a result, only approximately11.9%ofthe312submissionswereacceptedaslongpapers,12.8% of them were accepted as regular papers, and 11.5% of them were accepted as short papers.

The Semantic Web

Author : John Domingue
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these are split between Asia (18) and Europe (17), with an additional 2 from the USA.

Semantic Web

Author : Christopher J. O. Baker
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This book introduces advanced semantic web technologies, illustrating their utility and highlighting their implementation in biological, medical, and clinical scenarios. It covers topics ranging from database, ontology, and visualization to semantic web services and workflows. The volume also details the factors impacting on the establishment of the semantic web in life science and the legal challenges that will impact on its proliferation.

Semantic Web for Business Cases and Applications

Author : Garcia, Roberto
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"This book provides simple costs and benefits analysis showing that the Semantic Web is prepared for e-business"--Provided by publisher.

Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web

Author : Alexander Maedche
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Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web explores techniques for applying knowledge discovery techniques to different web data sources (such as HTML documents, dictionaries, etc.), in order to support the task of engineering and maintaining ontologies. The approach of ontology learning proposed in Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web includes a number of complementary disciplines that feed in different types of unstructured and semi-structured data. This data is necessary in order to support a semi-automatic ontology engineering process. Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web is designed for researchers and developers of semantic web applications. It also serves as an excellent supplemental reference to advanced level courses in ontologies and the semantic web.

The Semantic Web for Knowledge and Data Management

Author : Ma, Zongmin
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Provides a single record of technologies and practices of the Semantic approach to the management, organization, interpretation, retrieval, and use of Web-based data.

Natural Language Processing and Information Systems

Author : Andrés Montoyo
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NLDB 2005, the 10th International Conference on Applications of Natural L- guage to Information Systems, was held on June 15–17, 2005 at the University of Alicante, Spain. Since the ?rst NLDB conference in 1995 the main goal has been to provide a forum to discuss and disseminate research on the integration of natural language resources in information system engineering. The development and convergence of computing, telecommunications and information systems has already led to a revolution in the way that we work, communicate with each other, buy goods and use services, and even in the way that weentertainandeducate ourselves.The revolutioncontinues,andoneof its results is that large volumes of information will increasingly be held in a form which is more natural for users than the data presentation formats typical of computer systems of the past. Natural language processing (NLP) is crucial in solving these problems, and language technologies will make an indispensable contribution to the success of information systems. We hope that NLDB 2005 was a modest contribution to this goal. NLDB 2005 contributed to advancing the goals and the high international standing of these conferences, largely due to its Program Committee, composed of renowned researchers in the ?eld of natural language processing and inf- mation system engineering. Papers were reviewed by three reviewers from the Program Committee. This clearly contributed to the signi?cant number of - pers submitted(95).Twenty-ninewereacceptedasregularpapers,while18were accepted as short papers.

The Semantic Web Research and Applications

Author : York Sure
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 3rd European Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2006, held in Budva, Montenegro in June 2006. The 48 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 181 submitted papers. The papers are organized in topical sections on ontology alignment, engineering, evaluation, evolution and learning, rules and reasoning, searching and quering, semantic annotation, semantic web minig and personalisation, semantic web services, semantic wiki and blogging, as well as trus and policies.

Information Retrieval in Biomedicine Natural Language Processing for Knowledge Integration

Author : Prince, Violaine
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"This book provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in biomedicine information retrieval as it pertains to linguistic granularity"--Provided by publisher.

The Semantic Web ISWC 2011

Author : Lora Aroyo
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The two-volume set LNCS 7031 and 7032 constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2011, held in Bonn, Germany, in October 2011. Part I, LNCS 7031, contains 50 research papers which were carefully reviewed and selected from 264 submissions. The 17 semantic web in-use track papers contained in part II, LNCS 7032, were selected from 75 submissions. This volume also contains 15 doctoral consortium papers, selected from 31 submissions. The topics covered are: ontologies and semantics; database, IR, and AI technologies for the semantic web; management of semantic web data; reasoning over semantic web data; search, query, integration, and analysis on the semantic web; robust and scalable knowledge management and reasoning on the web; interacting with semantic web data; ontology modularity, mapping, merging and alignment; languages, tools, and methodologies for representing and managing semantic web data; ontology, methodology, evaluation, reuse, extraction and evolution; evaluation of semantic web technologies or data; specific ontologies and ontology pattern for the semantic web; new formalisms for semantic web; user interfaces to the semantic web; cleaning, assurance, and provenance of semantic web data; services, and processes; social semantic web, evaluation of semantic web technology; semantic web population from the human web.

The Semantic Web ISWC 2006

Author : Isabel Cruz (PhD.)
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2006, held in Athens, GA, USA in November 2006. The 52 revised full academic papers and 14 revised application papers presented together with the abstracts of 3 invited talks and 12 selected doctoral consortium articles were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 215 submitted papers to the academic track and 42 to the applications track. The research papers address all current issues in the field of the semantic Web, ranging from theoretical aspects to various applied topics. The application track a??Semantic Web In Usea?? contains papers on applications in government, public health, public service, academic, and industrial source - such as new technologies for building applications, and methodological and feasibility aspects of building industrial applications that incorporate semantic Web technology. Short descriptions of the top five winning applications submitted to the Semantic Web Challenge competition conclude the volume.