Natural Capital

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Natural Capital

Natural Capital

Valuing the Planet

  • Author: Dieter Helm
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300210981
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 296
  • View: 4065
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Hard-hitting recommendations for what must be done to manage global natural capital and reverse environmental destruction

Natural Capital and Human Economic Survival, Second Edition

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Natural Capital and Human Economic Survival, Second Edition

Natural Capital and Human Economic Survival, Second Edition

  • Author: Thomas Prugh,Herman Daly,Robert Goodland,John H Cumberland,Richard B Norgaard
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781420048322
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 4588
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Most people love nature and consider themselves environmentalists, but nature isn't just pretty and lovable, it is indispensable to our survival and economic activity. That is the most compelling reason for environmental protection. The conventional economic wisdom views land (natural capital) as a small part of the economy, along with capital, labor, technology and so on. The authors argue that this is backwards: that the economy nests within the environment (land) and not the other way around. The authors give a brief history of the origins of conventional economic wisdom and critique it from a the standpoint of ecological economics. They explain what natural capital -our life support system - is and does, and describe the severe strains that have been put on it. They conclude with some policy options, such as green taxes and suggestions for personal action that would conserve natural capital and thus make conserve resources for present and future generations. Natural Capital and Human Economic Survival is written for environmentalists, environmental studies majors and anyone concerned about the flaws of mainstream economics - how it has led us into unsustainable ways of living - and who would like to learn about alternatives that are more sustainable.

Restoring Natural Capital

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Restoring Natural Capital

Restoring Natural Capital

Science, Business, and Practice

  • Author: James Aronson,Suzanne J. Milton,James N. Blignaut
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 1597267791
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 400
  • View: 7881
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How can environmental degradation be stopped? How can it be reversed? And how can the damage already done be repaired? The authors of this volume argue that a two-pronged approach is needed: reducing demand for ecosystem goods and services and better management of them, coupled with an increase in supply through environmental restoration. Restoring Natural Capital brings together economists and ecologists, theoreticians, practitioners, policy makers, and scientists from the developed and developing worlds to consider the costs and benefits of repairing ecosystem goods and services in natural and socioecological systems. It examines the business and practice of restoring natural capital, and seeks to establish common ground between economists and ecologists with respect to the restoration of degraded ecosystems and landscapes and the still broader task of restoring natural capital. The book focuses on developing strategies that can achieve the best outcomes in the shortest amount of time as it: • considers conceptual and theoretical issues from both an economic and ecological perspective • examines specific strategies to foster the restoration of natural capital and offers a synthesis and a vision of the way forward Nineteen case studies from around the world illustrate challenges and achievements in setting targets, refining approaches to finding and implementing restoration projects, and using restoration of natural capital as an economic opportunity. Throughout, contributors make the case that the restoration of natural capital requires close collaboration among scientists from across disciplines as well as local people, and when successfully executed represents a practical, realistic, and essential tool for achieving lasting sustainable development.

Learning, Natural Capital and Sustainable Development

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Learning, Natural Capital and Sustainable Development

Learning, Natural Capital and Sustainable Development

Options for an Uncertain World

  • Author: John Foster,Stephen Gough
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317998731
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 138
  • View: 323
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This special issue of the journal Environmental Education Research addresses a topical area of importance - human behaviour towards the environment. The book explores the economic metaphor of 'natural capital' in this context arguing that the currently dominant model of sustainable development, underpinned by a particular understanding of this metaphor, is impeding progress towards genuine sustainability, and secondly that it will continue to do so until the metaphor can be reworked in both thought and practice. This book explores an alternative economic model of natural capital value, based on recent 'real options' thinking which reworks the natural capital idea and provides a framework for articulating two major and closely-related shifts of emphasis.

Natural Capital

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Natural Capital

Natural Capital

Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

  • Author: Peter Kareiva,Heather Tallis,Taylor H. Ricketts,Gretchen C. Daily,Stephen Polasky
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019162103X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 3194
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In 2005, The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) provided the first global assessment of the world's ecosystems and ecosystem services. It concluded that recent trends in ecosystem change threatened human wellbeing due to declining ecosystem services. This bleak prophecy has galvanized conservation organizations, ecologists, and economists to work toward rigorous valuations of ecosystem services at a spatial scale and with a resolution that can inform public policy. The editors have assembled the world's leading scientists in the fields of conservation, policy analysis, and resource economics to provide the most intensive and best technical analyses of ecosystem services to date. A key idea that guides the science is that the modelling and valuation approaches being developed should use data that are readily available around the world. In addition, the book documents a toolbox of ecosystem service mapping, modeling, and valuation models that both The Nature Conservancy and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) are beginning to apply around the world as they transform conservation from a biodiversity only to a people and ecosystem services agenda. The book addresses land, freshwater, and marine systems at a variety of spatial scales and includes discussion of how to treat both climate change and cultural values when examining tradeoffs among ecosystem services.

How Substitutable is Natural Capital?

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How Substitutable is Natural Capital?

How Substitutable is Natural Capital?

  • Author: Anil Markandya,Suzette Pedroso-Galinato
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Crecimiento economico
  • Page: 20
  • View: 1287
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One of the recurring themes in the sustainability literature has been the legitimacy of using an economic framework to account for natural resources. This paper examines the potential for substituting between different inputs in the generation of income, where the inputs include natural resources such as land and energy resources. A nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function is used to allow flexibility in the estimated elasticities of substitution. Also, with this specification, natural resources and other inputs are combined in different levels of the function, thus allowing for different levels of substitutability. Institutional and economic indicators are also incorporated in the production function estimated. Results show that the elasticities derived from functions involving land resources were generally around one or greater, implying a fairly high degree of substitutability. Furthermore, changes in trade openness and private sector investment have a statistically significant and direct relationship with income generation. No statistically significant relationship between income and any of the institutional indicators was found.

Investing in Natural Capital

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Investing in Natural Capital

Investing in Natural Capital

The Ecological Economics Approach To Sustainability

  • Author: AnnMari Jansson
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 1610912810
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 520
  • View: 9494
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Investing in Natural Capital presents the results of a workshop held following the second biannual conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics. It focuses on the relation of human development to natural capital, and the relation of natural capital to environmental processes.Because we are capable of understanding our impact on the environment and the importance of managing it sustainably, humans play a special role in our ecosystem. The book emphasizes the essential connections between natural ecosystems and human socioeconomic systems, and the importance of insuring that both remain resilient. Specific chapters deal with methodology, case material, and policy questions, and offer a thorough exploration of this provocative and important alternative to conventional economics.

Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services Into Development Policy

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Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services Into Development Policy

Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services Into Development Policy

  • Author: Pushpam Kumar,Paulo A. L. D. Nunes,S. Ersin Esen
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781138693111
  • Category:
  • Page: 312
  • View: 5248
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This book highlights the latest advances in the science and practice of using ecosystem services to inform decisions for economic development in the context of the developing countries The development of the ecosystem services paradigm has enhanced our understanding of natural capital as an indispensable form of capital asset along with produced and human capital. This book addresses what could be the possible pathways to mainstream natural capital assets into development policies and what is currently known about the economic values of ecosystem services. A series of innovative tools to help policy makers and planners account for natural capital and ecosystem services in sectoral and macroeconomic policies have been explored and their application at the national and regional scale has been demonstrated. Several detailed case studies are presented in which the understanding of ecosystem services values has successfully informed decisions, including examples from Chile, South Africa, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Vietnam and the Aral Sea in Central Asia. These provide the critically important insights, lessons learned and means and mechanisms for policy makers to incentivize protection and discourage degradation of ecosystems and the services they provide. Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services into Development Policyis designed to help decision makers at all levels, including governments, businesses, multilevel development banks and individuals, integrate ecosystems and their services into their decision making. from Chile, South Africa, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Vietnam and the Aral Sea in Central Asia. These provide the critically important insights, lessons learned and means and mechanisms for policy makers to incentivize protection and discourage degradation of ecosystems and the services they provide. Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services into Development Policyis designed to help decision makers at all levels, including governments, businesses, multilevel development banks and individuals, integrate ecosystems and their services into their decision making.

Counting Canada's natural capital

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Counting Canada's natural capital

Counting Canada's natural capital

assessing the real value of Canada's boreal ecosystems

  • Author: Mark Anielski,Sara Justine Wilson,Pembina Institute for Appropriate Development,Canadian Boreal Initiative
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 78
  • View: 1653
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