Search results for: modern-exterior-ballistics

Modern Exterior Ballistics

Author : Robert L. McCoy
File Size : 23.83 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 188
Read : 920
Download »
Modern Exterior Ballistics is a comprehensive text covering the basic free flight dynamics of symmetric projectiles. The book provides a historical perspective of early developments in the 19th century, the technology leading to World War I and that through World War II into the modern post-war era. Historical topics include the first ballistic firing tables, early wind tunnel experiments, the development of free flight spark ranges and the first supercomputer, ENIAC, which was designed to compute artillery trajectories for the U.S. Army Ballistic Research Laboratory. The level of the text requires an undergraduate education in mathematics, physics, and mechanical or aerospace engineering. The basic principles of ballistic science are developed from a comprehensive definition of the aerodynamic forces that control the flight dynamics of symmetric projectiles. The author carefully starts with the basic vacuum point mass trajectory, adds the effects of drag, discusses the action of winds, simple flat fire approximations, Coriolis effects and concludes with the classic modified point mass trajectories. Included in the discussion are analytical methods, change of variables from time to distance, numerical solutions and a chapter on the Siacci Method. The Siacci Method provides a historical perspective for computing flat fire trajectories by simple quadrature and is used in the sporting arms industy. The final six chapters of the book present an extensive physical and mathematical analysis of the motion of symmetric projectiles. The linearized equations of angular and swerving motion are derived in detail. The effects of mass asymmetry, in-bore yaw, cross wind and launch in a slipstream are discussed. Special consideration is given to the derivation and explanation of aerodynamic jump. These subjects are then expanded to include a complete chapter on nonlinear aerodynamic forces and moments. The final chapter in the book presents an overview of experimental methods for measuring the flight dynamics of projectiles. The great forte of Modern Exterior Ballistics is the author's effort to provide many fine specific examples of projectile motion illustrating key flight behaviors. The extensive collection of data on projectiles from small arms to artillery used to substantiate calculations and examples is alone a valuable reference. The ultimate joy of the book is the incomparable comprehensive set of flow field shadow graphs illustrating the entire spectrum of projectile flight from subsonic, through transonic and supersonic. The volume is a necessary addition to any undergraduate or graduate course in flight dynamics.

Exterior Ballistics

Author : George Klimi
File Size : 53.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 542
Read : 655
Download »
The noteworthy findings and innovative methods of predicting projectile trajectory, introduced in my books Exterior Ballistics: A New Approach (EBNA), Xlibris, 2010; and Exterior Ballistics with Applications (EBA3e), Xlibris, third edition, December 2011, require a methodical approach and further development. As result, the amateurs and professionals interested in exterior ballistics of firearms, and especially in long-range shooting with small arms, have a new book, Exterior Ballistics: The Remarkable Methods (EBRM), that aims to enrich the foundations of modern exterior ballistics and to lessen the complexity of physics and mathematics techniques in use. Exterior Ballistics: The Remarkable Methods is a book that combines and develops further the methods introduced in EBA3e, EBNA, and in the Exterior Ballistics of Small Arms (EBSA, Xlibris 2009). The foundations of the book are mainly the findings and the innovative ballistics methods presented in EBA3e and EBNA. The remarkable methods of exterior ballistics presented in this new book include: The methods of determining the function of resistance G(v) of a given bullet (i=1) using range tables, or the experimental data measurements of three or four coordinates at the points of projectile impact. The model of "Tangent Law of Trajectory Refraction" and the related set of formulas that we use to study the trajectories of projectiles in nonstandard atmosphere. Series expansion method and the techniques of (second to sixth order) parabolas we employ to predict with great accuracy the projectile trajectory. The exceptional Siacci's methods that we apply as well for the projectile trajectory in nonstandard atmosphere and in inclined shooting combined with the tangent law of trajectory refraction. It is important to note that using the similarity laws of fluid dynamics we have obtained the "tangent law of projectile refraction," which represents a progress with respect to "Newton Snell's law" on projectile refraction. For better understanding of the information presented in the book, the reader should refer to my three preceding books on exterior ballistics, already published by Xlibris, although most of the material is self-contained and clear enough to be accessed and assimilated by a wide range of readers. The system of units used in the book is the International System (SI). For readers that are unfamiliar with the SI system it is not difficult to become accustomed and use the materials presented in the book to benefit from the simple illustrations, exercises, and PC programs that, at the same time, give answers to many problems encountered in practice. My studies and writing work in exterior ballistics intend to find new and simple mathematical models and methods to predict the elements of the projectile trajectory. I believe that I have achieved some good results, which need to be further developed. George Klimi, PhD New York, December 2012 [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

Exterior Ballistics with Applications

Author : Gjergj Klimi
File Size : 74.26 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 870
Read : 522
Download »
Exterior Ballistics with Applications Skydiving, Parachute Fall, Flying Fragments presents a modern approach to introduce the basics of exterior ballistics and its methods from the simple ideal model of projectile motion to the automatic solution of the differential equations of projectile flight using PC programs. The book uses different approaches to solve the differential equations of projectile motion among them the Siacci method and the numerical methods. The results obtained through the integration of differential equations of projectile flight are mostly analytical formulas that describe the projectile trajectory and make the exterior ballistics a comprehensible science. The Differential Equations of Projectile Flight are also integrated numerically using some original PC programs that can be easily modified to be used in similar scenarios or other new ones and give the reader the possibility to solve a great variety of Exterior Ballistics problem. Exterior Ballistics with Applications can be considered as an interdisciplinary applied mathematics and physics manuscript for the vast mathematics and physics models and techniques employed. It is a great source for applications in physics, calculus, differential equations, numerical methods, and PC programming as well. The book is illustrated with about 140 solved examples related to different artillery and infantry firearms that demonstrate the use of formulas and the solution methods of ballistics to find the elements of projectile trajectories. Exterior Ballistics with Applications includes as well two interesting topics that can be considered as applications of exterior ballistics: 1. Skydiving and parachute falling related with the trajectory of a parachutist launched from a horizontally flying airplane with un-deployed parachute, in different meteorological conditions, and in presence of air resistance and wind. 2. The ballistics of projectile fragments that is an important element of Terminal Ballistics necessary to study the effectiveness of fragmentation ammunitions on the personnel and objects, and other problems related with the construction of fragmentation ammunitions, or with Forensic Sciences. Exterior Ballistics with Applications is comprehensive and serves as reference material to provide answers to problems encountered in the practice of motion of unguided projectiles, skydiving and flying fragments of antipersonnel ammunitions.

Elements of Exterior Ballistics

Author : George Klimi
File Size : 45.98 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 833
Read : 1130
Download »
"Elements of Exterior Ballistics: Long Range Shooting" is a concise but comprehensive instructive book on exterior ballistics applied into long-range shooting with small arms. The foundations of the book are innovatively related to the exterior ballistics of point-mass projectile as well as to the new findings and contemporary ballistics methods presented in my preceding books. The book is designed for exterior ballistics professionals, amateurs, and competitive shooters interested in long-range shooting and, in general, in exterior ballistics. Though the exterior ballistics applications are related to long-range shootings with small arms, the reader can easily extend the ballistics techniques to the artillery fire. The book has a large number of illustration examples to demonstrate the exterior ballistics solving techniques and to help the readers understand the ballistics concepts and principles as well as the challenging theoretical and practical applications.

Exterior Ballistics with Applications

Author : George Klimi
File Size : 46.84 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 164
Read : 511
Download »
Exterior Ballistics with Applications – Skydiving, Parachute Fall, Flying Fragments presents a modern approach to introduce the basics of exterior ballistics and its methods from the simple ideal model of projectile motion to the automatic solution of the differential equations of projectile flight using PC programs. The book uses different approaches to solve the differential equations of projectile motion — among them the Siacci method and the numerical methods. The results obtained through the integration of differential equations of projectile flight are mostly analytical formulas that describe the projectile trajectory and make the exterior ballistics a comprehensible science. The Differential Equations of Projectile Flight are also integrated numerically using some original PC programs that can be easily modified to be used in similar scenarios or other new ones and give the reader the possibility to solve a great variety of Exterior Ballistics problem. Exterior Ballistics with Applications can be considered as an interdisciplinary applied mathematics and physics manuscript for the vast mathematics and physics models and techniques employed. It is a great source for applications in physics, calculus, differential equations, numerical methods, and PC programming as well. The book is illustrated with about 140 solved examples related to different artillery and infantry firearms that demonstrate the use of formulas and the solution methods of ballistics to find the elements of projectile trajectories. Exterior Ballistics with Applications includes as well two interesting topics that can be considered as applications of exterior ballistics: 1. Skydiving and parachute falling related with the trajectory of a parachutist launched from a horizontally flying airplane with un-deployed parachute, in different meteorological conditions, and in presence of air resistance and wind. 2. The ballistics of projectile fragments that is an important element of Terminal Ballistics necessary to study the effectiveness of fragmentation ammunitions on the personnel and objects, and other problems related with the construction of fragmentation ammunitions, or with Forensic Sciences. Exterior Ballistics with Applications is comprehensive and serves as reference material to provide answers to problems encountered in the practice of motion of unguided projectiles, skydiving and flying fragments of antipersonnel ammunitions.

Exterior Ballistics with Applications

Author : Gjergj Klimi
File Size : 23.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 739
Read : 1290
Download »
Exterior Ballistics with Applications Skydiving, Parachute Fall, Flying Fragments presents a modern approach to introduce the basics of exterior ballistics and its methods from the simple ideal model of projectile motion to the automatic solution of the differential equations of projectile flight using PC programs. The book uses different approaches to solve the differential equations of projectile motion among them the Siacci method and the numerical methods. The results obtained through the integration of differential equations of projectile flight are mostly analytical formulas that describe the projectile trajectory and make the exterior ballistics a comprehensible science. The Differential Equations of Projectile Flight are also integrated numerically using some original PC programs that can be easily modified to be used in similar scenarios or other new ones and give the reader the possibility to solve a great variety of Exterior Ballistics problem. Exterior Ballistics with Applications can be considered as an interdisciplinary applied mathematics and physics manuscript for the vast mathematics and physics models and techniques employed. It is a great source for applications in physics, calculus, differential equations, numerical methods, and PC programming as well. The book is illustrated with about 140 solved examples related to different artillery and infantry firearms that demonstrate the use of formulas and the solution methods of ballistics to find the elements of projectile trajectories. Exterior Ballistics with Applications includes as well two interesting topics that can be considered as applications of exterior ballistics: 1. Skydiving and parachute falling related with the trajectory of a parachutist launched from a horizontally flying airplane with un-deployed parachute, in different meteorological conditions, and in presence of air resistance and wind. 2. The ballistics of projectile fragments that is an important element of Terminal Ballistics necessary to study the effectiveness of fragmentation ammunitions on the personnel and objects, and other problems related with the construction of fragmentation ammunitions, or with Forensic Sciences. Exterior Ballistics with Applications is comprehensive and serves as reference material to provide answers to problems encountered in the practice of motion of unguided projectiles, skydiving and flying fragments of antipersonnel ammunitions.

The Science of Small Arms Ballistics

Author : Alvah Buckmore, Jr.
File Size : 56.29 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 358
Read : 1060
Download »
The science of small arms ballistics is seriously underdeveloped and underappreciated. This unique and different book is a comprehensive study that fills a legitimate need for a work that covers the engineering and theory of small arms ballistics. The author shares his extensive research on working out the science of small arm ballistics mathematically and explains his theories, such as the field-effect and the field-effect over trajectory and time, along with new theories on interior, exterior, and terminal ballistics. Each equation describes a mathematical relationship, such as transfer of energy, and has an engineering application to help solve a design problem. Some equations, such as the calculation of bullet length with a given muzzle velocity and rate of twist, represent manipulations of those equations. Some other equations represent a set of mathematical instructions to resolve a technical problem, such as the computation of trajectory or depth of penetration of living tissue in real-time.

A Course in Exterior Ballistics

Author : United States. Army. Ordnance Department
File Size : 53.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 111
Read : 1317
Download »

Exterior Ballistics for Airborne Applications

Author :
File Size : 40.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 988
Read : 569
Download »
Methods of exterior ballistics applicable to utilization in modern airborne fire control system design are documented herein. The fundamentals of exterior ballistics are included, along with a description of currently used ballistic and aerodynamic notations, a discussion of the limitations of the semi-empirical aerodynamic force and moment system, and methods of preparing aerodynamic data for use in trajectory computation. Tutorial material is provided to give the reader an understanding of windage jump caused by the complicated angular motion of a spinning projectile, The Siacci method is described and means for improving its accuracy are developed, Six-degree-of- freedom equations are derived in several different formulations for exploratory studies and digital computer computations, and the development of approximate equations for rapid evaluation of trajectory tables is included. Methods for calculating trajectory initial conditions are provided for shell fired from a turreted, gatling gun in a maneuvering aircraft, and the problems of ballistic and kinematic prediction are discussed briefly. The material covered herein should provide personnel in the Air Force and in industry with sufficient knowledge of exterior ballistics for advanced fire control system design.

Infantry

Author :
File Size : 49.13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 676
Read : 456
Download »

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

Author : Michael G. Haag
File Size : 77.2 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 107
Read : 350
Download »
Shooting Incident Reconstruction, Third Edition, offers a thorough explanation of matters from simple to complex to help the reader understand the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes. Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, along with the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur. Written by the world's most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts, the book addresses the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. It covers the full range of related topics including: the range from which a firearm was discharged; the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident; the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge; and the position of a victim at the moment of impact. The probable flight path of a projectile and the manner in which a firearm was discharged are also discussed. Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts, supported by over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs. This book will be of value to practicing forensic scientists (firearm and toolmark examiners), ballistics experts, crime scene personnel, police departments, forensic consultants (generalists), attorneys and judges, medical examiners (coroners), and forensic pathologists. New chapters on special reconstructive properties and value of shootings involving sub-machine guns or pseudo automatic firearms, rate of fire with special attention on shot-to-shot time intervals, human factors in shooting incidents Updated and revised glossary terms to fit with new technology and the emergence of standardization of terms by groups such as the Organization of Scientific Advisory Committees Provides clear practice standards and ethical guidelines for those involved in reconstructing shooting scenes

The Modern Rifle V1 Practical Exterior Ballistics for Hunters and Marksmen 1917

Author : Jesse Randolph Bevis
File Size : 39.84 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 398
Read : 281
Download »
This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

Ballistics

Author : Donald E. Carlucci
File Size : 27.41 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 891
Read : 426
Download »
Even the earliest weapon developers faced the need to understand how and why guns and ammunition work in order to improve their effectiveness. As weapons became more sophisticated, the field of ballistics naturally divided into three main areas of specialization: interior, exterior, and terminal ballistics. Providing unique coverage of all three ar

Exterior Ballistics

Author : Royal Rodney Ingersoll
File Size : 68.26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 387
Read : 220
Download »

Wound Ballistics

Author : Beat P. Kneubuehl
File Size : 86.80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 158
Read : 909
Download »
The definitive interdisciplinary reference work for wound ballistics Fundamentals in Physics, arms and ammunition, ballistics Simulating gunshot wounds: Virtopsy – a virtual autopsy method, combining CT, MRT and surface scanning and Materials that reproduce the interaction of soft tissue, bone and blood vessels with a bullet that penetrates the body. Wound ballistics for Short-range and long-range weapons, fragments, such as those from bombs and hand grenades, gas jets from blanks, gas weapons, etc., “Non-lethal” weapons as used by the police, in military operations or in urban settings Specialist knowledge and reference detailed tables: ballistic tables for typical ammunition, ballistic values for numerous types of ammunition, including older types, materials properties, plus additional, hard-to-find data. Most tables are in both metric and U.S. units., an extensive trilingual glossary of specialized terminology in German, English and French NEW: the latest diagnostic / simulation methods and the latest types of ammunition The practice and application of wound ballistics in: forensic medicine, surgery – especially emergency and war surgery and international conventions Globalized conflict zones, terrorism and crime – these issues affect a wider circle than just the armed forces and medical services abroad. Police officers, surgeons, forensics specialists and criminalists also need to be familiar with ballistics and gunshot wounds and must be able to assess the complex factors involved. The practice and application of wound ballistics in forensic medicine. surgery – especially emergency and war surgery and International conventions. Globalized conflict zones, terrorism and crime – these issues affect a wider circle than just the armed forces and medical services abroad. Police officers, surgeons, forensics specialists and criminalists also need to be familiar with ballistics and gunshot wounds and must be able to assess the complex factors involved.

Exterior Ballistics

Author : Edward James McShane
File Size : 76.85 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 460
Read : 300
Download »

Exterior Ballistics

Author : John Forsyth Meigs
File Size : 73.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 404
Read : 389
Download »

Ballistics

Author : Donald E. Carlucci
File Size : 48.52 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 157
Read : 370
Download »
Providing new chapters, homework problems, case studies, figures, and examples, Ballistics: Theory and Design of Guns and Ammunition, Second Edition encourages superior design and innovative applications in the field of ballistics. It examines the analytical and computational tools used to predict a weapon’s behavior in terms of pressure, stress, and velocity, demonstrating their applications in ammunition and weapons design. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes computer examples in Mathcad (available on the CRC website) Adds a section of color plates, to better help readers visualize the physical concepts of ballistics Contains sections on modern explosives equations of state for detonation physics modeling and on probability of hit Provides a solutions manual for those teaching college and training courses This book covers exterior ballistics, exploring the physics behind trajectories, including linear and nonlinear aeroballistics, and focuses on the effects of projective impact, including details on shock physics, shaped charges, penetration, fragmentation, and wound ballistics. Reviews and integrates the fundamental science and engineering concepts involved in guns and ammunition Uses straightforward, easy-to-read style, and careful development of complex topics Shares insights rooted in the experience of renowned experts, many associated with the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) and International Ballistics Society The field of ballistics comprises three main areas of specialization: interior, exterior, and terminal ballistics. This book explains all three areas, offering a seamless presentation of the complex phenomena that occur during the launch, flight, and impact of a projectile.

Ballistics 2011

Author : Ernest Baker
File Size : 23.88 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 712
Read : 289
Download »
Includes papers that were first presented at a September 2011 conference organized by the National Defense Industrial Association and the International Ballistics Society. This title includes a CD-ROM that displays figures and illustrations in articles in full color along with a title screen and main menu screen.

Computational Ballistics III

Author : C. A. Brebbia
File Size : 75.21 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 827
Read : 1158
Download »
Containing the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Ballistics, this book presents new ideas and advanced developments in the field of study of Computational Ballistics. Ballistic studies include applications as varied as the study of the structural and control behavior of rockets and communication satellites; bird strike effects on commercial aircraft, terrorist attacks and automobile crack worthiness modelling. Many basic problems of ballistics are similar to those in other fields of applications, such as combustion, heat conduction, in-flight structural behaviour, trajectory related issues, contact, impact, penetration, structural response to shock waves and many others.A valuable contribution to its field, this text will be of interest to researchers involved in the different areas of computational ballistics and their relationship between computational methods and experiments. Notable topics include: Systems and Technolog; Combustion and Heat Transfer; Propellants; Fluid Dynamics; Fluid Flow and Aerodynamics; In-Flight Structural Behaviour and Material Response; Guidance and Control; Perforation and Penetration Mechanics; Fluid-structure Interaction; Experimental Mechanics/ballistic and Field Testing; High Rate Loads; Composite Material; Shock and Impact.