Search results for: mathematics-and-plausible-reasoning

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Induction and analogy in mathematics

Author : G. Polya
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Here the author of How to Solve It explains how to become a "good guesser." Marked by G. Polya's simple, energetic prose and use of clever examples from a wide range of human activities, this two-volume work explores techniques of guessing, inductive reasoning, and reasoning by analogy, and the role they play in the most rigorous of deductive disciplines.

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Patterns of plausible inference

Author : George Pólya
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Here the author of How to Solve It explains how to become a "good guesser." Marked by G. Polya's simple, energetic prose and use of clever examples from a wide range of human activities, this two-volume work explores techniques of guessing, inductive reasoning, and reasoning by analogy, and the role they play in the most rigorous of deductive disciplines.

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning

Author : George Pólya
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"Here the author of How to Solve It explains how to become a "good guesser." Marked by G. Polya's simple, energetic prose and use of clever examples from a wide range of human activities, this two-volume work explores techniques of guessing, inductive reasoning, and reasoning by analogy, and the role they play in the most rigorous of deductive disciplines."--Book cover.

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Volume 1

Author : G. Polya
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A guide to the practical art of plausible reasoning, this book has relevance in every field of intellectual activity. Professor Polya, a world-famous mathematician from Stanford University, uses mathematics to show how hunches and guesses play an important part in even the most rigorously deductive science. He explains how solutions to problems can be guessed at; good guessing is often more important than rigorous deduction in finding correct solutions. Vol. I, on Induction and Analogy in Mathematics, covers a wide variety of mathematical problems, revealing the trains of thought that lead to solutions, pointing out false bypaths, discussing techniques of searching for proofs. Problems and examples challenge curiosity, judgment, and power of invention.

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Patterns of plausible inference

Author : George Pólya
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Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Induction and analogy in mathematics

Author : George Pólya
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Patterns of Plausible Inference Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning II

Author : G Polya
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Induction and Analogy in Mathematics

Author : George Pólya
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Mathematics by Experiment

Author : Jonathan Borwein
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This revised and updated second edition maintains the content and spirit of the first edition and includes a new chapter, "Recent Experiences", that provides examples of experimental mathematics that have come to light since the publication of the first edition in 2003. For more examples and insights, Experimentation in Mathematics: Computational P

Plausible Reasoning

Author : Nicholas Rescher
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Collected Papers

Author : George Pólya
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How Chinese Teach Mathematics

Author : Lianghuo Fan
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This unique book represents another concerted research effort concerning Chinese mathematics education, with contributions from the world's leading scholars and most active researchers. The book presents the latest original research work with a particular focus on the "teaching" side of Chinese mathematics education to a wide international audience. There are mainly three sections in the book. The first section introduces readers to a historical and contemporary perspective, respectively, on traditional mathematical teaching in ancient China and on how modern Chinese mathematics teachers teach and pursue their pre-service training and in-service professional development. The second section presents studies investigating a wide range of issues at both the macro- and micro-levels on how Chinese mathematics teachers teach mathematics. The third section focuses on Chinese mathematics teachers, investigating issues about their knowledge, belief, teacher training and professional development. Like its predecessor, How Chinese Learn Mathematics: Perspectives from Insiders, this book is a must for educational researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers who are interested in knowing more about mathematics teaching, teachers, teacher education and professional development concerning Chinese teachers and learners. Contents:Focusing on Chinese Mathematics Teaching, Teachers and Teacher Education: An IntroductionHistorical and Contemporary Perspectives:The Wisdom of Traditional Mathematical Teaching in China (DAI Qin and CHEUNG Ka Luen) How Chinese Teachers Teach Mathematics and Pursue Professional Development: Perspectives from ContemporaryInternational Research (FAN Lianghuo, MIAO Zhenzhen and MOK Ah Chee Ida) Understanding the Chinese Ways of Teaching Mathematics: Mathematics Teaching in a Chinese Classroom: A Hybrid-Model Analysis of Opportunities for Students' Learning (HUANG Rongjin, MILLER L Diane and TZUR Ron)Achieving Coherence in the Mathematics Classroom: Toward a Framework for Examining Instructional Coherence (WANG Tao, CAI Jinfa and HWANG Stephen) Elementary School Teachers' Instruction in Measurement: Cases of Classroom Teaching of Spatial Measurement in Taiwan (HUANG Hsin-Mei E) Pedagogical and Curriculum Potentials of Homework: A Case Study about Geometric Proofs in Shanghai (FANG Yanping) Teaching Calculation of Time Intervals: Comparing Mathematics Competence of Students in Macau, Hong Kong and the Netherlands (LI Titus Siu Pang) Teaching Number Sense via Interactive Multimedia in a Primary School in Taiwan (YANG Der-Ching, CHEN Pei-Chieh, TSAI Yi Fang and HSIEH Tien-Yu)Teaching Geometrical Theorems in Grade 8 Using the “Shen Tou” Method: A Case Study in Shanghai (DING Liping, JONES Keith and ZHANG Dianzhou) Implementation of Objectives Based on the Curriculum Standards: A Case of Teaching Using Letter to Represent Number at a Chinese Primary School in Chinese Mainland (HUANG Xingfeng, YANG Jinglei and LI Shiqi) Chinese Project-based Classroom Practices: Promoting Students' Engagement in Mathematical Activities (XU Binyan and ZHU Guangtian)A Large-Scale Video Survey on Taiwanese Fourth-Grade Classrooms of Mathematical Teaching Behaviors (LEE Yuan-Shun and LIN Fou-Lai) Features of Exemplary Lessons under the Curriculum Reform in Chinese Mainland: A Study of Thirteen Elementary Mathematics Lessons (MA Yunpeng and ZHAO Dongchen) Qingpu Mathematics Teaching Reform and Its Impact on Student Learning (GU Lingyuan, YANG Yudong and HE Zhenzhen)Chinese Mathematics Teachers, Teacher Education and Teacher Professional Development:Beliefs, Knowledge and Teaching: A Series of Studies about Chinese Mathematics Teachers (ZHANG Qiaoping and WONG Ngai-Ying)What Makes a Master Teacher? A Study of Thirty-One Mathematics Master Teachers in Chinese Mainland (FAN Lianghuo, ZHU Yan and TANG Caibin)Chinese Teachers' Mathematics Beliefs in the Context of Curriculum Reform (CHEN Qian and LEUNG Koon Shing Frederick) "Same Content Different Designs" Activities and Their Impact on Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Professional Development: The Case of Nadine (YUAN Zhiqiang and LI Xuhui)Exploration into Chinese Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Concept Map (JIN Haiyue, LU Jun and ZHONG Zhihua) Assisting Teachers in Maintaining High-Level Cognitive Demands of Mathematical Tasks in Classroom Practices: A Training Course in Taiwan (LIN Pi-Jen and TSAI Wen-Huan) The Relationships between Religious Beliefs and Teaching among Mathematics Teachers in Chinese Mainland, Taiwan and Hong Kong (LEU Yuh-Chyn, CHAN Yip-Cheung and WONG Ngai-Ying)Epilogue: Why the Interest in the Chinese Learner? (FAN Lianghuo, WONG Ngai-Ying, CAI Jinfa and LI Shiqi) Readership: Researchers, educators, lecturers, and graduate students in mathematics and education. Keywords:Mathematics;Mathematics Teaching and Learning;Mathematics Education;Chinese Education;China Study;Asian EducationKey Features:Concerted research effort. The book is well-planned, structured, and organizedUnique treatment of the topic: comprehensive and in-depth coverage on teaching, teacher, and teacher education for a wide range of international readersProminent authors and contributors: Many of them are the world's leading scholars or most active researchers

Location of Zeros

Author : George Pólya
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Springer Handbook of Model Based Science

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
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This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Cross Disciplinary Advances in Human Computer Interaction User Modeling Social Computing and Adaptive Interfaces

Author : Zaphiris, Panayiotis
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"This book develops new models and methodologies for describing user behavior, analyzing their needs and expectations and thus successfully designing user friendly systems"--Provided by publisher.

Paradoxes in Scientific Inference

Author : Mark Chang
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Paradoxes are poems of science and philosophy that collectively allow us to address broad multidisciplinary issues within a microcosm. A true paradox is a source of creativity and a concise expression that delivers a profound idea and provokes a wild and endless imagination. The study of paradoxes leads to ultimate clarity and, at the same time, indisputably challenges your mind. Paradoxes in Scientific Inference analyzes paradoxes from many different perspectives: statistics, mathematics, philosophy, science, artificial intelligence, and more. The book elaborates on findings and reaches new and exciting conclusions. It challenges your knowledge, intuition, and conventional wisdom, compelling you to adjust your way of thinking. Ultimately, you will learn effective scientific inference through studying the paradoxes.

Perspectives on Mathematics Education

Author : H. Christiansen
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BACOMET cannot be evaluated solely on the basis of its publications. It is important then that the reader, with only this volume on which to judge both the BACOMET activities and its major outcome to date, should know some thing of what preceded this book's publication. For it is the story of how a group of educators, mainly tutors of student-teachers of mathematics, com mitted themselves to a continuing period of work and self-education. The concept of BACOMET developed during a series of meetings held in 1978-79 between the three editors, Bent Christiansen, Geoffrey Howson and Michael Otte, at which we expressed our concern about the contributions from mathematics education as a discipline to teacher education, both as we observed it and as we participated in it. The short time which was at the teacher-educator's disposal, allied to the limited knowledge and experience of the students on which one had to build, raised puzzling problems concerning priorities and emphases. The recognition that these problems were shared by educators from many different countries was matched by the fact that it would be fruitless to attempt to search for an internationally (or even nationally) acceptable solution to our problems. Different contexts and traditions rule this out.

Rigor and Structure

Author : John P. Burgess
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While we are commonly told that the distinctive method of mathematics is rigorous proof, and that the special topic of mathematics is abstract structure, there has been no agreement among mathematicians, logicians, or philosophers as to just what either of these assertions means. John P. Burgess clarifies the nature of mathematical rigor and of mathematical structure, and above all of the relation between the two, taking into account some of the latest developments in mathematics, including the rise of experimental mathematics on the one hand and computerized formal proofs on the other hand. The main theses of Rigor and Structure are that the features of mathematical practice that a large group of philosophers of mathematics, the structuralists, have attributed to the peculiar nature of mathematical objects are better explained in a different way, as artefacts of the manner in which the ancient ideal of rigor is realized in modern mathematics. Notably, the mathematician must be very careful in deriving new results from the previous literature, but may remain largely indifferent to just how the results in the previous literature were obtained from first principles. Indeed, the working mathematician may remain largely indifferent to just what the first principles are supposed to be, and whether they are set-theoretic or category-theoretic or something else. Along the way to these conclusions, a great many historical developments in mathematics, philosophy, and logic are surveyed. Yet very little in the way of background knowledge on the part of the reader is presupposed.

Modern Mathematics for the Engineer Second Series

Author : Edwin F. Beckenbach
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The second in this two-volume series also contains original papers commissioned from prominent 20th-century mathematicians. A three-part treatment covers mathematical methods, statistical and scheduling studies, and physical phenomena. 1961 edition.

The Unknowable

Author : Gregory J. Chaitin
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This essential companion to Chaitins highly successful The Limits of Mathematics, gives a brilliant historical survey of important work on the foundations of mathematics. The Unknowable is a very readable introduction to Chaitins ideas, and includes software (on the authors website) that will enable users to interact with the authors proofs. "Chaitins new book, The Unknowable, is a welcome addition to his oeuvre. In it he manages to bring his amazingly seminal insights to the attention of a much larger audience His work has deserved such treatment for a long time." JOHN ALLEN PAULOS, AUTHOR OF ONCE UPON A NUMBER