Search results for: mandarin-chinese-words-and-parts-of-speech

Mandarin Chinese Words and Parts of Speech

Author : Chu-Ren Huang
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This monograph is a translation of two seminal works on corpus-based studies of Mandarin Chinese words and parts of speech. The original books were published as two pioneering technical reports by Chinese Knowledge and Information Processing group (CKIP) at Academia Sinica in 1993 and 1996, respectively. Since then, the standard and PoS tagset proposed in the CKIP report have become the de facto standard in Chinese corpora and computational linguistics, in particular in the context of traditional Chinese texts. This new translation represents and develops the principles and theories originating from these pioneering works. The results can be applied to numerous fields; Chinese syntax and semantics, lexicography, machine translation and other language engineering bound applications. Suitable for graduate and scholars in the fields of linguistics and Chinese, Mandarin Chinese Words and Parts of Speech provides a comprehensive survey of the issues around wordhood and PoS.

Parts of Speech in Mandarin

Author : Candice Chi-Hang Cheung
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This book offers a comprehensive survey of the major parts of speech in Mandarin. Seeking to identify the sets of universal and language-specific categories, it compares the range of categories available in Mandarin and the Indo-European languages and establishes six universal categories – nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions – and three language-specific ones, namely classifiers, localizers and sentence-final particles. Incorporating insights from recent research findings and the diachronic development of the language, the book sheds new light on the factors that contribute to the long-standing debate on the categorical status of adjectives, prepositions and localizers in the extant literature. Bringing together the earlier general descriptions and the latest advances, it is broadly accessible to non-native and native speakers of the language and offers an ideal reference source for all students and scholars who are interested in studying the parts of speech in Mandarin.

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese

Author : Richard Xiao
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A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese is an invaluable tool for all learners of Mandarin Chinese, providing a list of the 5,000 words and the 2,000 Chinese characters (simplified) most commonly used in the language. Based on a fifty-million-word corpus composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and news texts in current use, the dictionary provides the user with a detailed frequency-based list, as well as alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes. All entries in the frequency list feature the English equivalent and a sample sentence with English translation. The Dictionary also contains thirty thematically organized lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics such as food, weather, travel and time expressions. A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese enables students of all levels to maximize their study of Mandarin vocabulary in an efficient and engaging way. It is also an excellent resource for teachers of the language. A CD version is available to purchase separately. Designed for use by corpus and computational linguists it provides the full text in a format that researchers can process and turn into suitable lists for their own research work.

Essential Mandarin Chinese Grammar

Author : Vivian Ling
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Essential Mandarin Chinese Grammar is a systematic overview of Mandarin grammar, oriented toward self-study, English-speaking students. Through explanations of common mistakes learners make, useful example sentences and exercises with an answer key, this book provides a detailed introduction to the unique grammar structures of the Mandarin language. Ideal for any student who is interested in taking their skills to the next level, this book makes the difficult task of perfecting grammar efficient, interesting and rewarding. Essential Mandarin Chinese Grammar is a perfect tool to help you form correct and natural-sounding sentences, and determine how to best use the grammar you need for reading or writing Mandarin. Each example and exercise is written in both pinyin and Simplified Chinese Characters to accommodate learners with varying levels of character literacy, including those who have learned only to speak but not read.

A Grammar of the Chinese Colloquial Language Commonly Called the Mandarin Dialect

Author : Joseph Edkins
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Mandarin Chinese

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Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

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Modern Chinese Parts of Speech

Author : Guo Rui
File Size : 48.26 MB
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What is the essence of a part of speech? Why is it difficult to classify parts of speech? What are the bases and criteria for classifying them? How should they be classified? In doing so, how should a conversional word be dealt with? How should nomonalization be treated? These are just some of the questions answered in this book. The classification of parts of speech in Chinese is a tough job due to the language's lack of morphological differences. Based on the analysis of nearly 40,000 Chinese characters, this book proposes that, essentially, a part of speech is not of distributional type and that its intrinsic basis is an expressional function and the semantic type. Essentially, large categories such as substantive words, predicate words and modification words are classes of words classified according to their expressional functions. Basic categories such as nouns, verbs and adjectives are classes that combine semantic types with syntactical functions. In classifying parts of speech, the book pays attention not to identifying a single distributive characteristic that is internally universal and externally exclusive but to clustering the grammatical functions that have the same classification value through the “reflection-representation” relationship among distribution, expressional function and semantic type (distribution reflects expressional function and semantic type, which are, in turn, represented as distribution), thereby identifying the classification criteria. It uses distributional compatibility and the correlation principle to analyze which distributional differences represent differences in parts of speech and which do not. In this way, grammatical functions that have equal classification values are collected into one equivalent function cluster, each of which represents one part of speech. The book uses four strategies to classify parts of speech, namely the homogeneity strategy, the homomorphical strategy, the priority homomorphical strategy and the consolidation strategy. It will be a valuable reference for Chinese linguistic researchers and students as well as Chinese learners.

A Course of Mandarin Lessons Based on Idiom

Author : Calvin Wilson Mateer
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Author : Thomas Francis Wade
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Author : Henry Ray
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Learn Chinese In 21 DAYS! This book contains 21 highly-informative chapters on the fundamentals of Mandarin Chinese, the most widely spoken language in the world. It is written to address the needs of travellers, entrepreneurs, and students who want to have a good grasp of the language in no time at all. This book is designed for beginners and intermediate learners of Chinese who prefer to learn at their own pace and convenience. It aims to provide self-learners an excellent foundation of the language by imparting essential grammar features, pronunciation, vocabulary, and key phrases in everyday conversations. The book starts with a few chapters on the basics of the Chinese language - pronunciation, numbers, telling time, months, days, and seasons, telling the year and date, colors, and common greetings. The succeeding chapters cover grammar topics such as parts of speech, word order, forming questions, making comparisons, and other unique features of Mandarin. Each grammar lesson is presented in a straightforward manner and features relevant examples and charts, which were carefully selected and created to enhance the learner's comprehension and appreciation of the language, as well as to shorten learning time considerably. Finally, to fast-track your learning path, the book provides vocabulary listings as well as common phrases for different occasions - introducing yourself, talking about your family, asking for directions, eating out, shopping, booking a hotel, and getting around. Here is what you will find inside: The Basics Of Mandarin Chinese The Four Tones In Mandarin Counting And Numbers Telling Time Months, Days, and Seasons Pronouns Prepositions Adverbs Adjectives Forming Sentences Asking Questions In Mandarin making Comparisons Chinese In Action Useful Phrases Vocabulary And Much, Much More... Get Your Copy Right Now!

Parts of Speech and Dependent Clauses

Author : Eva Helena van Lier
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Author : George Melville Bolling
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Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Society in v. 1-11, 1925-34. After 1934 they appear in Its Bulletin.

Taiwanese Grammar

Author : Philip T. Lin
File Size : 79.27 MB
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Taiwanese Grammar: A Concise Reference is an unprecedented guide delivering clear, straightforward explanations of Taiwanese grammar while offering insightful comparisons to Mandarin. Designed to be both functional and accessible, the text makes searching for topics quick and easy with fully cross-referenced entries and a comprehensive index. Topics covered range broadly from parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.) to grammatical topics (aspect, negation, passive voice, etc.) to special topics (terms of address, pronunciation, time, etc.). This text is ideal for self-study and enables students at all levels to learn Taiwanese by building a solid foundation in grammar. Taiwanese (also known as Hokkien, Fookien, Amoy, Southern Min, or Fukienese) along with its variants is spoken by over 40 million people worldwide and is a member of the Chinese language family. Features of this text include: • Easy-to-use reference guide with cross-referenced entries and a comprehensive index • 1000+ example sentences using everyday vocabulary rendered in Taiwanese, Mandarin Chinese, and English • Character script for Taiwanese in accordance with the official selection of Taiwanese Characters by the Taiwanese Ministry of Education (2007) • Romanization provided for both Taiwanese (Pe̍h-ōe-jī) and Mandarin Chinese (Hànyǔ Pīnyīn) • In-depth guide to pronunciation using English approximations and full explanations on rules for changing tones (tone sandhi) Tags: Taiwanese, learn Taiwanese, learning Taiwanese, Taiwanese language, Taiwanese grammar, Hokkien, learning Hokkien, Amoy, Southern Min, Fukienese, Fookien, Min nan


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Journal of Chinese Linguistics

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The Routledge Encyclopedia of the Chinese Language

Author : Sin-Wai Chan
File Size : 87.35 MB
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of the Chinese Language is an invaluable resource for language learners and linguists of Chinese worldwide, those interested readers of Chinese literature and cultures, and scholars in Chinese studies. Featuring the research on the changing landscape of the Chinese language by a number of eminent academics in the field, this volume will meet the academic, linguistic and pedagogical needs of anyone interested in the Chinese language: from Sinologists to Chinese linguists, as well as teachers and learners of Chinese as a second language. The encyclopedia explores a range of topics: from research on oracle bone and bronze inscriptions, to Chinese language acquisition, to the language of the mass media. This reference offers a guide to shifts over time in thinking about the Chinese language as well as providing an overview of contemporary themes, debates and research interests. The editors and contributors are assisted by an editorial board comprised of the best and most experienced sinologists world-wide. The reference includes an introduction, written by the editor, which places the assembled texts in their historical and intellectual context. The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Language is destined to be valued by scholars and students as a vital research resource.

The Structure of Major Clause Types in Mandarin Chinese

Author : John Shou-kang Tong
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Language and Language Behavior Abstracts

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English Mandarin Chinese Learner s Dictionary Arranged by PoS and Then by Themes Beginner Upper Intermediate II Levels

Author : Multi Linguis
File Size : 61.25 MB
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Multi Linguis offers you a frequency-thematic learner's dictionary of the Mandarin Chinese language. It includes up to 9000 essential words and phrases belonging to the levels from Beginner to Upper Intermediate II (A1 - B2.2 CEFR). The entries are divided into 150 vocabulary themes as well as 6 learning steps. They are arranged by parts of speech and then by themes‚ not by the alphabet. The book is intended to help you revise this language by another way but can also be applied for translating or entertaining. You may use it separately or as an additional tool for any suited educational course. The Multi Linguis Project is based on the Wiktionary corpus and created by one person. The database of the Learner's Dictionaries includes 9 000 lemmas (words and phrases)‚ their translations in many languages as well as transcriptions‚ transliterations and grammar information. All these lemmas are divided into 6 learning steps of 1500 entries each and also 150 vocabulary themes grouped in 30 super themes. They can be arranged by themes‚ steps‚ parts of speech or keywords‚ but never by the alphabet. Different types of dictionaries are offered for the same language. They are designed in an original way to be convenient and efficient. All of them are available in epub format. Multi Linguis is presently able to publish such books for more than 70 languages. It's planned to improve them and increase their number. You can find more dictionaries in this store.