Search results for: machine-learning-and-human-intelligence

Machine Learning and Human Intelligence

Author : Rosemary Luckin
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Intelligence is at the heart of what makes us human, but the methods we use for identifying, talking about and valuing human intelligence are impoverished. We invest artificial intelligence (AI) with qualities it does not have and, in so doing, risk losing the capacity for education to pass on the emotional, collaborative, sensory and self-effective aspects of human intelligence that define us. To address this, Rosemary Luckin--leading expert in the application of AI in education - proposes a framework for understanding the complexity of human intelligence. She identifies the comparative limitation of AI when analyzed using the same framework, and offers clear-sighted recommendations for how educators can draw on what AI does best to nurture and expand our human capabilities.

A Human s Guide to Machine Intelligence

Author : Kartik Hosanagar
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A Wharton professor and tech entrepreneur examines how algorithms and artificial intelligence are starting to run every aspect of our lives, and how we can shape the way they impact us Through the technology embedded in almost every major tech platform and every web-enabled device, algorithms and the artificial intelligence that underlies them make a staggering number of everyday decisions for us, from what products we buy, to where we decide to eat, to how we consume our news, to whom we date, and how we find a job. We've even delegated life-and-death decisions to algorithms--decisions once made by doctors, pilots, and judges. In his new book, Kartik Hosanagar surveys the brave new world of algorithmic decision-making and reveals the potentially dangerous biases they can give rise to as they increasingly run our lives. He makes the compelling case that we need to arm ourselves with a better, deeper, more nuanced understanding of the phenomenon of algorithmic thinking. And he gives us a route in, pointing out that algorithms often think a lot like their creators--that is, like you and me. Hosanagar draws on his experiences designing algorithms professionally--as well as on history, computer science, and psychology--to explore how algorithms work and why they occasionally go rogue, what drives our trust in them, and the many ramifications of algorithmic decision-making. He examines episodes like Microsoft's chatbot Tay, which was designed to converse on social media like a teenage girl, but instead turned sexist and racist; the fatal accidents of self-driving cars; and even our own common, and often frustrating, experiences on services like Netflix and Amazon. A Human's Guide to Machine Intelligence is an entertaining and provocative look at one of the most important developments of our time and a practical user's guide to this first wave of practical artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence versus Human Intelligence

Author : Christian Lexcellent
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This book showcases the fascinating but problematic relationship between human intelligence and artificial intelligence: AI is often discussed in the media, as if bodiless intelligence could exist, without a consciousness, without an unconscious, without thoughts. Using a wealth of anecdotes, data from academic literature, and original research, this short book examines in what circumstances robots can replace humans, and demonstrates that by operating beyond direct human control, strong artificial intelligence may pose serious problems, paving the way for all manner of extrapolations, for example implanting silicon chips in the brains of a privileged caste, and exposing the significant gap still present between the proponents of "singularity" and certain philosophers. With insights from mathematics, cognitive neuroscience and philosophy, it enables readers to understand and continue this open debate on AI, which presents concrete ethical problems for which meaningful answers are still in their infancy.

Bridging Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence

Author : Mark V. Albert
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Theory and Novel Applications of Machine Learning

Author : Er Meng Joo
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Even since computers were invented, many researchers have been trying to understand how human beings learn and many interesting paradigms and approaches towards emulating human learning abilities have been proposed. The ability of learning is one of the central features of human intelligence, which makes it an important ingredient in both traditional Artificial Intelligence (AI) and emerging Cognitive Science. Machine Learning (ML) draws upon ideas from a diverse set of disciplines, including AI, Probability and Statistics, Computational Complexity, Information Theory, Psychology and Neurobiology, Control Theory and Philosophy. ML involves broad topics including Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks (NNs), Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs), Probability and Statistics, Decision Trees, etc. Real-world applications of ML are widespread such as Pattern Recognition, Data Mining, Gaming, Bio-science, Telecommunications, Control and Robotics applications. This books reports the latest developments and futuristic trends in ML.

The Promise of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Brian Cantwell Smith
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An argument that—despite dramatic advances in the field—artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. In this provocative book, Brian Cantwell Smith argues that artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. Second wave AI, machine learning, even visions of third-wave AI: none will lead to human-level intelligence and judgment, which have been honed over millennia. Recent advances in AI may be of epochal significance, but human intelligence is of a different order than even the most powerful calculative ability enabled by new computational capacities. Smith calls this AI ability “reckoning,” and argues that it does not lead to full human judgment—dispassionate, deliberative thought grounded in ethical commitment and responsible action. Taking judgment as the ultimate goal of intelligence, Smith examines the history of AI from its first-wave origins (“good old-fashioned AI,” or GOFAI) to such celebrated second-wave approaches as machine learning, paying particular attention to recent advances that have led to excitement, anxiety, and debate. He considers each AI technology's underlying assumptions, the conceptions of intelligence targeted at each stage, and the successes achieved so far. Smith unpacks the notion of intelligence itself—what sort humans have, and what sort AI aims at. Smith worries that, impressed by AI's reckoning prowess, we will shift our expectations of human intelligence. What we should do, he argues, is learn to use AI for the reckoning tasks at which it excels while we strengthen our commitment to judgment, ethics, and the world.

Artificial Intelligence Human Intelligence An Indissoluble Nexus

Author : Richard J Wallace
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This book presents a novel view of intelligence, and of the relationship between machine intelligence and human beings. From this perspective, machine intelligence is viewed as an artificial aid to human intelligence, and the two are seen to form a 'seamless web'.Having established this new perspective on intelligence, the book highlights some basic deficiencies of unaided human intelligence through case studies to show how human beings are capable of destroying existing intelligence networks as well as how they fail to recognize that such intelligence networks are needed. In many such cases, along with the other aspects of the problem, there is also a failure of discourse: bad arguments and the like dominate the discourse, and crucial aspects of the situation are overlooked or glossed over.The book then lays out a proposal on how to deal with this kind of problem — one that relies heavily on techniques developed in AI. This is done in the form of a new kind of grand challenge for AI, involving software monitors that are applied to discourse on major issues. All this is in keeping with the perspective on intelligence and AI presented in this book.

Artificial Intelligence and Global Society

Author : Puneet Kumar
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In the constant battle between human intelligence and machine intelligence, machines are close to surpassing human intelligence. The unrestrained use of digital technologies in automating processes is one of the prime advantages of the third industrial revolution. As a result, all developed and developing nations have started to digitalize mundane tasks. Thus, digital technologies for information and communication technologies (ICT) have achieved high market space in terms of infrastructure building, employment generation, education sector reforms, funds mobilization, electronic governance, hardware manufacturing, software development, etc. Hence, it is evident that every segment of society has been penetrated by ICT or digitalization. This book attempts to spotlight areas where AI is thriving. FEATURES Impact of digitalization and AI on governance Novel AI practices being followed across the global community in security, healthcare, crime prevention and detection, education, agriculture, sensor networks, etc. Innovative techniques that can be adopted to ensure better quality and better delivery of services to the society Avenues for further research by the research community and student fraternity This book is a guide for university students (especially those from technical backgrounds), industries, NGOs, and policy makers.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Author : Jeff MC Frockman
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If you are interested in learning about artificial intelligence and machine learning or investing in these technological innovations, then ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND MACHINE LEARNING: AI Superpowers and Human+Machine A Visionary Revolution in Finance, Medicine and Business. Find Out Top Influent People of the Era With A Modern Approach, is the book that you have been waiting for. Although artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms have been here with us for long, the ability to apply big data and make mathematical calculations even faster is a recent phenomenon. This book enlightens you on how the two technological developments have been able to speed up the process of economic growth and career advancement. To that end, this book provides an in-depth overview of artificial intelligence and machine learning, highlighting their historical development and application in various fields including finance, business, and medicine. It covers how artificial intelligence interacts with human intelligence, including the possible partnerships between humans and machines and how each influences the other. People can utilize so much from artificial intelligence and machine learning to improve their lives and enhance their productivity. An interesting concept covered in this book is the AI superpowers across the world, and how they impact the development of AI today and possibly in the future. These include Amit Singhal of Uber, Andrew Ng of Baidu, Elon Musk of SpaceX, and Tesla, among others. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are important tools that can promote development through enhanced production in various fields, including finance, medicine, business, and air. This is why you will learn how to invest in artificial intelligence, the possible benefits, and risks associated with the technology. Inside this book, you will find: Understanding of the definition, goals, advantages, and relationship of artificial intelligence and machine learning An overview of the relationship between artificial intelligence and human intelligence An outline of the key technology behind the Human-Machine Interface An overview of AI superpowers and AI key players An understanding of the 10 most influential people and their contribution to AI development And many more...

The Myth of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Erik J. Larson
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“Artificial intelligence has always inspired outlandish visions—that AI is going to destroy us, save us, or at the very least radically transform us. Erik Larson exposes the vast gap between the actual science underlying AI and the dramatic claims being made for it. This is a timely, important, and even essential book.” —John Horgan, author of The End of Science Many futurists insist that AI will soon achieve human levels of intelligence. From there, it will quickly eclipse the most gifted human mind. The Myth of Artificial Intelligence argues that such claims are just that: myths. We are not on the path to developing truly intelligent machines. We don’t even know where that path might be. Erik Larson charts a journey through the landscape of AI, from Alan Turing’s early work to today’s dominant models of machine learning. Since the beginning, AI researchers and enthusiasts have equated the reasoning approaches of AI with those of human intelligence. But this is a profound mistake. Even cutting-edge AI looks nothing like human intelligence. Modern AI is based on inductive reasoning: computers make statistical correlations to determine which answer is likely to be right, allowing software to, say, detect a particular face in an image. But human reasoning is entirely different. Humans do not correlate data sets; we make conjectures sensitive to context—the best guess, given our observations and what we already know about the world. We haven’t a clue how to program this kind of reasoning, known as abduction. Yet it is the heart of common sense. Larson argues that all this AI hype is bad science and bad for science. A culture of invention thrives on exploring unknowns, not overselling existing methods. Inductive AI will continue to improve at narrow tasks, but if we are to make real progress, we must abandon futuristic talk and learn to better appreciate the only true intelligence we know—our own.