Search results for: letters-concerning-the-spanish-nation

Letters Concerning the Spanish Nation Written at Madrid During the Years 1760 and 1761

Author : Edward Clarke
File Size : 81.86 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 444
Read : 651
Download »

Letters Concerning the Spanish Nation

Author : Edward Clarke (recteur de Pepperharrow.)
File Size : 40.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 205
Read : 641
Download »

The Critical Review

Author : Tobias George Smollett
File Size : 37.22 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 310
Read : 471
Download »
Each number includes a classified "Monthly catalogue."

Spanish Books in the Europe of the Enlightenment Paris and London

Author : Nicolás Bas Martín
File Size : 77.4 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 134
Read : 478
Download »
In A View from Abroad Nicolás Bas recreates, using a bibliographical approach, the manner in which Spain was regarded in Europe in the Eighteenth century, by consulting booksellers’ catalogues, private book collections and key auctions in Paris and London.

A General Catalogue of Books in All Languages Arts and Sciences that Have Been Printed in Great Britain

Author : William Bent
File Size : 80.42 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 619
Read : 841
Download »

A General Catalogue of Books Printed in Great Britain and Published in London from the Year 1700 to 1786

Author :
File Size : 60.44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 397
Read : 410
Download »

A General Catalogue of Books in All Languages Arts and Sciences Printed in Great Britain and Published in London from the Year MDCC to MDCCLXXXVI

Author : William Bent
File Size : 81.99 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 608
Read : 378
Download »

The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature Volume 2 1660 1800

Author : George Watson
File Size : 37.9 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 890
Read : 155
Download »
More than fifty specialists have contributed to this new edition of volume 2 of The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. The design of the original work has established itself so firmly as a workable solution to the immense problems of analysis, articulation and coordination that it has been retained in all its essentials for the new edition. The task of the new contributors has been to revise and integrate the lists of 1940 and 1957, to add materials of the following decade, to correct and refine the bibliographical details already available, and to re-shape the whole according to a new series of conventions devised to give greater clarity and consistency to the entries.

The Fruits of Endowments

Author : Frederick Robert Augustus Glover
File Size : 88.94 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 303
Read : 1267
Download »

A New and General Biographical Dictionary

Author :
File Size : 74.17 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 941
Read : 801
Download »

The charter laws and catalogue of books of the Library company of Philadelphia

Author : Library company of Philadelphia
File Size : 61.84 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 184
Read : 857
Download »

The History of the Herculean Straits Now Called the Straits of Gibraltar

Author : Thomas James
File Size : 35.55 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 554
Read : 781
Download »

A General Biographical Dictionary

Author : John Gorton
File Size : 81.84 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 869
Read : 622
Download »

Scarce and Valuable Old Books Catalogue of an extensive collection of books which will be sold at auction by Bangs Richards Platt February 17th 1840 etc

Author :
File Size : 23.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 673
Read : 879
Download »

The Naval chronicle ed by J S Clarke S and J Jones

Author :
File Size : 86.83 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 340
Read : 239
Download »

A Catalogue of the Library of Harvard University in Cambridge Massachusetts

Author : Harvard University. Library
File Size : 80.95 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 919
Read : 560
Download »

A Catalogue of the Library of Harvard University in Cambridge Massachusetts Alphabetical catalogue

Author : Harvard University. Library
File Size : 36.87 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 189
Read : 1177
Download »

A catalogue of the library of Harvard university

Author : Harvard university libr
File Size : 22.77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 345
Read : 673
Download »

The Monthly Review

Author : George Edward Griffiths
File Size : 78.57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 378
Read : 1039
Download »

Apogee of Empire

Author : Stanley J. Stein
File Size : 63.30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 390
Read : 297
Download »
Once Europe's supreme maritime power, Spain by the mid-eighteenth century was facing fierce competition from England and France. England, in particular, had successfully mustered the financial resources necessary to confront its Atlantic rivals by mobilizing both aristocracy and merchant bourgeoisie in support of its imperial ambitions. Spain, meanwhile, remained overly dependent on the profits of its New World silver mines to finance both metropolitan and colonial imperatives, and England's naval superiority constantly threatened the vital flow of specie. When Charles III ascended the Spanish throne in 1759, then, after a quarter-century as ruler of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Spain and its colonial empire were seriously imperiled. Two hundred years of Hapsburg rule, followed by a half-century of ineffectual Bourbon "reforms," had done little to modernize Spain's increasingly antiquated political, social, economic, and intellectual institutions. Charles III, recognizing the pressing need to renovate these institutions, set his Italian staff—notably the Marqués de Esquilache, who became Secretary of the Consejo de Hacienda (the Exchequer)—to this formidable task. In Apogee of Empire, Stanley J. Stein and Barbara H. Stein trace the attempt, initially under Esquilache's direction, to reform the Spanish establishment and, later, to modify and modernize the relationship between the metropole and its colonies. Within Spain, Charles and his architects of reform had to be mindful of determining what adjustments could be made that would help Spain confront its enemies without also radically altering the Hapsburg inheritance. As described in impressive detail by the authors, the bitter, seven-year conflict that ensued between reformers and traditionalists ended in a coup in 1766 that forced Charles to send Esquilache back to Italy. After this setback at home, Charles still hoped to effect constructive change in Spain's imperial system, primarily through the incremental implementation of a policy of comercio libre (free-trade). These reforms, made half-heartedly at best, failed as well, and by 1789 Spain would find itself ill prepared for the coming decades of upheaval in Europe and America. An in-depth study of incremental response by an old imperial order to challenges at home and abroad, Apogee of Empire is also a sweeping account of the personalities, places, and policies that helped to shape the modern Atlantic world. -- Kendall W. Brown