Truth in Virtue of Meaning

A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

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Author: Gillian Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199232673

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 7882

The analytic/synthetic distinction looks simple. It is a distinction between two different kinds of sentence. Synthetic sentences are true in part because of the way the world is, and in part because of what they mean. Analytic sentences - like all bachelors are unmarried and triangles have three sides - are different. They are true in virtue of meaning, so no matter what the world is like, as long as the sentence means what it does, it will be true. This distinction seems powerful because analytic sentences seem to be knowable in a special way. One can know that all bachelors are unmarried, for example, just by thinking about what it means. But many twentieth-century philosophers, with Quine in the lead, argued that there were no analytic sentences, that the idea of analyticity didn't even make sense, and that the analytic/synthetic distinction was therefore an illusion. Others couldn't see how there could fail to be a distinction, however ingenious the arguments of Quine and his supporters. But since the heyday of the debate, things have changed in the philosophy of language. Tools have been refined, confusions cleared up, and most significantly, many philosophers now accept a view of language - semantic externalism - on which it is possible to see how the distinction could fail. One might be tempted to think that ultimately the distinction has fallen for reasons other than those proposed in the original debate. In Truth in Virtue of Meaning, Gillian Russell argues that it hasn't. Using the tools of contemporary philosophy of language, she outlines a view of analytic sentences which is compatible with semantic externalism and defends that view against the old Quinean arguments. She then goes on to draw out the surprising epistemological consequences of her approach.

Group Communication

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Author: Peter Hartley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134833318

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5105

Group Communication introduces applications of small group dynamics. Hartley shows how an understanding of how groups work and interact can improve the chances of successful team communication and cooperation. Group Communication includes: * critical reviews of group research * explanation of the difficulties and practicalities of observing groups * analysis of major group processes, including conformity and decision-making * analysis and case studies of the management team, student seminar/project groups and self-help groups * practical recommendation for group communication * references and suggestions for further reading and research.

The Dark Side of Software Engineering

Evil on Computing Projects

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Author: Johann Rost,Robert L. Glass

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470922877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 2803

Betrayal! Corruption! Software engineering? Industry experts Johann Rost and Robert L. Glass explore the seamy underbelly of software engineering in this timely report on and analysis of the prevalance of subversion, lying, hacking, and espionage on every level of software project management. Based on the authors' original research and augmented by frank discussion and insights from other well-respected figures, The Dark Side of Software Engineering goes where other management studies fear to tread -- a corporate environment where schedules are fabricated, trust is betrayed, millions of dollars are lost, and there is a serious need for the kind of corrective action that this book ultimately proposes.

Mid-career entrepreneur

how to start a business and be your own boss

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Author: Joseph R. Mancuso

Publisher: Dearborn Trade Pub

ISBN: 9780793107193

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 8007

Many former corporate executives become entrepreneurs in order to be their own bosses. This book explores the experience of starting a business in mid-career from three different angles: starting a new business from scratch, buying a franchise, and acquiring a business that someone else has started.

Implementation

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Author: Anita Pankake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317920627

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 2653

This book shows school leaders how to put programs and change efforts into action; facilitate and coordinate tasks; monitor progress; and support those responsible for carrying out projects and plans.

Work

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Author: Lars Fredrik Svendsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317488598

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 3205

Work is one of the most universal features of human life; virtually everybody spends some part of their life at work. It is often associated with tedium and boredom; in conflict with the things we would otherwise love to do. Thinking of work primarily as a burden - an activity we would rather be without - is a thought that was shared by the philosophers in ancient Greece, who generally regarded work as a terrible curse. And yet, research shows that it prolongs life and is generally good for people's physical and mental health. This is perhaps why work is increasingly recognized as a crucial source of meaning and social identity. And our attitudes to work have been changing significantly in the last decades, with an increased demand for meaning and self-realization in the workplace.In this book, Lars Svendsen argues that we need to complete this reorientation of our feelings about work and collapse the differences between leisure and work. Work, like the poor, is always with us. But to overcome the sense of being burnt out, we must think of work as not only productive but recreative - in other words, a lot more like leisure.