Search results for: jet-fuel-toxicology

Jet Fuel Toxicology

Author : Mark L. Witten
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Currently serving as a resource for the National Center for Toxological Research in their work with the Gulf Coast oil spill, this book presents current research conducted primarily by the airforce on the toxic effects of JP-8 jet fuel on the pulmonary, immune, dermal, and nervous systems. In all, the book considers 13 toxicology studies

Toxicologic Assessment of Jet Propulsion Fuel 8

Author : National Research Council
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This report provides a critical review of toxicologic, epidemiologic, and other relevant data on jet-propulsion fuel 8, a type of fuel in wide use by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), and an evaluation of the scientific basis of DOD’s interim permissible exposure level of 350 mg/m3

Jet Fuel Toxicology

Author : Mark L. Witten
File Size : 90.58 MB
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Currently serving as a resource for the National Center for Toxological Research in their work with the Gulf Coast oil spill, this book presents current research conducted primarily by the airforce on the toxic effects of JP-8 jet fuel on the pulmonary, immune, dermal, and nervous systems. In all, the book considers 13 toxicology studies

Toxicological Profile for Jet Fuels JP 4 and JP 7

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A Proposed Methodology for Combustion Toxicology Testing of Combined Halon Replacement Agent jet Fuel Interaction

Author : Charles J. Kibert
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An international consensus to remove chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) compounds from production and U.S. national policy to implement the resulting protocols has motivated the U.S. Air Force to embark on a program to find a suitable replacement for halon 1211, currently used to extinguish flight line fires. This research addressed the feasibility of conducting a combustion toxicology (CT) program to assess the toxic products of the combustion interaction of JP-8 and the group 1 or so-called "near term" candidate replacement agents for halon 1211: HCFCs -123, -124, and 124b. A laboratory scale experiment benchmarked on large scale testing of a 150 ft2 pool fire was developed on the basis of Froude scaling of the full scale and investigation into the use of animal behavior methods as an indicator of human incapacitation was conducted. The result is a new method which may potentially be utilized for future toxicity studies of the combustion interaction of current and future U.S. Air Force fuels with various fire extinguishants.

Toxicology of the Skin

Author : Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere
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This key volume of the Target Organ Toxicology Series provides a fresh and modern approach to the subject of skin toxicology from the perspective of how the skin forms a barrier that protects the body from the external environment and how chemicals and drugs interact with the barrier properties of the skin. Any defects or perturbations to this barr

Forensic Toxicology

Author : Kalipatnapu N. Rao
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Modern technology using state-of-the-art equipment can now identify almost any toxin relevant to a legal issue. Techniques include gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the combination of these methods. Forensic Toxicology: Medico-legal Case Studies demonstrates how the science of forensic toxicology acts a

Occupational Industrial and Environmental Toxicology

Author : Michael I. Greenberg
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This unique text's format makes it easy to diagnose and treat occupational toxicology patients, whether they know the substance of their exposure or not. Organized by occupation, industry, and environment, it covers what agents are plausible for exposure, systemic effects, and suggested treatments. Covers everything needed to understand, diagnose, treat and refer patients of toxic exposure.Provides a chemical agent cross-referencing system.Contains photographs from the Bettmann archives of historical photographs.Addition of new Associate Editor: Gayla McCluskey, CIH - President of the American Industrial Hygiene Association. Revises and updates all chapters with the latest information.Features 25 new chapters.Includes new contributors and new illustrations.

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
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Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and authoritative resource that provides the latest literature on this complex subject with a primary focus on three core components—parent, placenta, and fetus—and the continuous changes that occur in each. Enriched with relevant references describing every aspect of reproductive toxicology, this revised and updated resource addresses the totality of the subject, discussing a broad range of topics, including nanoparticles and radiation, gases and solvents, smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, and metals, amongst others. With a special focus on placental toxicity, this book is the only available reference to connect the three key risk stages, also including discussions on reproductive and developmental toxicity in domestic animals, fish, and wildlife. Completely revised and updated to include the most recent developments in the field, the book is an essential resource for advanced students and researchers in toxicology, as well as biologists, pharmacologists, and teratologists from academia, industry, and regulatory agencies. Provides a complete, up-to-date, integrated source of information on the key risk stages during reproduction and development Includes new chapters covering significant developments, such as dose-response assessment for developmental toxicity, juvenile toxicity, and neural tube defects, as well as emerging science, such as stem cell application, toxicoproteomics, metabolomics, endocrine disruption, surveillance and regulatory considerations, and risk assessment Offers diverse and unique in vitro and in vivo toxicity models for reproductive and developmental toxicity testing in a user-friendly format that assists in comparative analysis

Comprehensive Toxicology

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An explosive increase in the knowledge of the effects of chemical and physical agents on biological systems has led to an increased understanding of normal cellular functions and the consequences of their perturbations. The 14-volume Second Edition of Comprehensive Toxicology has been revised and updated to reflect new advances in toxicology research, including content by some of the leading researchers in the field. It remains the premier resource for toxicologists in academia, medicine, and corporations. Comprehensive Toxicology Second Edition provides a unique organ-systems structure that allows the user to explore the toxic effects of various substances on each human system, aiding in providing diagnoses and proving essential in situations where the toxic substance is unknown but its effects on a system are obvious. Comprehensive Toxicology Second Edition is the most complete and valuable toxicology work available to researchers today. Contents updated and revised to reflect developments in toxicology research Organized with a unique organ-system approach Features full color throughout Available electronically on sciencedirect.com, as well as in a limited-edition print version

Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology Third Edition

Author : Robert V. House
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Continuing the tradition set by the first and second editions, each a bestseller in its own right, the third edition of Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology provides reviews of environmental agents, updated to reflect the latest information on how these agents influence immune system function and health. For the first time in the book's history, an entire section covers the phylogeny and ontogeny of the immune system, spanning levels of biological complexity from earthworms to marine mammals.

Toxicology Advisory Services for the Armed Forces Via the Committee on Toxicology and Toxicology Information Center

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The US. Department of Defense (DOD) has, for many years, faced the logistical problem of using a variety of fuels for its aircraft, ground vehicles, and other equipment, such as cooking stoves and tent heaters. In the 1980s,DOD decided to initiate a 20 year (yr) fuel conversion process, in which most fuel requiring equipment would be converted to exclusive use of jet propulsion fuel-8 (JP-8). With DOD and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces using an estimated 5 billion gallons of JP-8 each year, there is wide spread exposure of DOD and NATO military personnel to JP-8. In 1996, a previous subcommittee of the National Research Council's Committee on Toxicology (COT)1 judged that the Navy's interim 8-hr time weighted-average permissible exposure level (PEL) of 350 mg/m3 for JP-4,JP- 5, and JP-8 was adequate to protect the health of Navy personnel occupationally exposed to vapors from those fuels, based on the data available at that time; however, it identified a number of data gaps and recommended that the PEL for the three jet-fuel vapors be considered interim until further research had been completed.

Comparative Neurobehavioral Toxicity Assessment of Three Hydrocarbon Fuels

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There is increasing evidence that repeated human occupational exposure to low concentrations of fuels can result in significant changes in neurobehavioral capacity. Recent evidence indicates that repeated exposure of rodents to jet fuel vapor/aerosol can induce significant changes in physiological function. To evaluate the neurobehavioral consequences of repeated fuel vapor exposures, groups of 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, for 6 consecutive weeks, to JP-8 (1 mg/L) jet fuel, JP-5 jet fuel, or diesel fuel vapor in whole body inhalation chambers. Three groups of 16 control rats each were similarly exposed to room air. Following whole body exposures, rats were rested for 65 days then were evaluated for neurobehavioral changes on%a battery often performance tests selected from the Neurobehavioral Toxicity Assessment Battery (NTAB). Following sacrifice, rats were assayed for changes in brain or serum neurotransmitter levels, and for functional or anatomical changes in the lungs, liver and testes. Results of this investigation are compared to data reported previously for fuel industry workers exposed to jet fuel vapors for up to 32 years.

TOX TIPS Toxicology Testing in Progress

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Includes notices of research projects submitted to the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange concerning toxicological testing.

Patty s Toxicology

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Neurobehavioral toxicology of petroleum and shale derived jet propulsion fuel no 5 JP5

Author :
File Size : 79.49 MB
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Gulf War and Health

Author : Institute of Medicine
File Size : 70.91 MB
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The third in a series of congressionally mandated reports on Gulf War veterans’ health, this volume evaluates the long-term, human health effects associated with exposure to selected environmental agents, pollutants, and synthetic chemical compounds believed to have been present during the Gulf War. The committee specifically evaluated the literature on hydrogen sulfide, combustion products, hydrazine and red fuming nitric acid. Both the epidemiologic and toxicologic literature were reviewed.

Victoire remport e le 27 au 28 juin 1743 sur les Anglais et autres troupes alli es de la reine de Hongrie par l arm e du roi command e par Mgr le mar chal de Noailles

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Clinical Environmental Health and Toxic Exposures

Author : John Burke Sullivan
File Size : 39.60 MB
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Now in its revised and updated Second Edition, this volume is the most comprehensive and authoritative text in the rapidly evolving field of environmental toxicology. The book provides the objective information that health professionals need to prevent environmental health problems, plan for emergencies, and evaluate toxic exposures in patients.Coverage includes safety, regulatory, and legal issues; clinical toxicology of specific organ systems; emergency medical response to hazardous materials releases; and hazards of specific industries and locations. Nearly half of the book examines all known toxins and environmental health hazards. A Brandon-Hill recommended title.

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals

Author : National Research Council
File Size : 65.85 MB
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Extremely hazardous substances (EHSs)² can be released accidentally as a result of chemical spills, industrial explosions, fires, or accidents involving railroad cars and trucks transporting EHSs. Workers and residents in communities surrounding industrial facilities where EHSs are manufactured, used, or stored and in communities along the nation's railways and highways are potentially at risk of being exposed to airborne EHSs during accidental releases or intentional releases by terrorists. Pursuant to the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has identified approximately 400 EHSs on the basis of acute lethality data in rodents. As part of its efforts to develop acute exposure guideline levels for EHSs, EPA and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) in 1991 requested that the National Research Council (NRC) develop guidelines for establishing such levels. In response to that request, the NRC published Guidelines for Developing Community Emergency Exposure Levels for Hazardous Substances in 1993. Subsequently, Standard Operating Procedures for Developing Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances was published in 2001, providing updated procedures, methodologies, and other guidelines used by the National Advisory Committee (NAC) on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances and the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs) in developing the AEGL values. In 1998, EPA and DOD requested that the NRC independently review the AEGLs developed by NAC. In response to that request, the NRC organized within its Committee on Toxicology (COT) the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels, which prepared this report. Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals is the tenth volume of the series and documents for N,N-dimethylformamide, jet propellant fuels 5 and 8, methyl ethyl ketone, perchloromethyl mercaptan, phosphorus oxychloride, phosphorus trichloride, and sulfuryl chloride.