Search results for: japanese-religions-and-globalization

Japanese Religions and Globalization

Author : Ugo Dessì
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This book analyzes the variety of ways through which Japanese religions (Buddhism, Shinto, and new religious movements) contribute to the dynamics of accelerated globalization in recent decades. It looks at how Japanese religions provide material to cultural global flows, thus acting as carriers of globalization, and how they respond to these flows by shaping new glocal identities. The book highlights how, paradoxically, these processes of religious hybridization may be closely intertwined with the promotion of cultural chauvinism. It shows how on the one hand religion in Japan is engaged in border negotiation with global subsystems such as politics, secular education, and science, and how on the other hand, it tries to find new legitimation by addressing pressing global problems such as war, the environmental crisis, and economic disparities left unsolved by the dominant subsystems. A significant contribution to advancing an understanding of modern Japanese religious life, this book is of interest to academics working in the fields of Japanese Studies, Asian history and religion and the sociology of religion.

The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions

Author : Ugo Dessi
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The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions: An Integrated Approach explores how Japanese religions respond to the relativizing effects of globalization, thereby repositioning themselves as global players. Organized around concrete case studies focusing on the engagement of Japanese Buddhism, Shinto, and several new religious movements in areas such as ecology, inter-religious dialogue, and politics, this book shows that the globalization of Japanese religions cannot be explained simply in terms of worldwide institutional expansion. Rather, it is a complex phenomenon conditioned by a set of pervasive factors: changes in consciousness, the perception of affinities and resonances at the systemic and cultural levels, processes of decontextualization, and a wide range of power issues including the re-enactment of cultural chauvinism. The author investigates these dynamics systematically with attention to broader theoretical questions, cross-cultural similarities, the definition of religion and the perils of ethnocentrism, in order to develop his Global Repositioning model, which constitutes an integrated approach to the study of Japanese religions under globalization. An empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed study of the effects of global trends on local religions, this book will appeal to scholars and students with interests in globalization, religious studies, Japanese studies, Hawaii, sociology, anthropology, and ecology.

The Globalization of Japanese Religion

Author : Kyle Robert Nadim Barghout
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The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions

Author : Ugo Dessi
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The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions: An Integrated Approachexplores how Japanese religions respond to the relativizing effects of globalization, thereby repositioning themselves as global players. Organized around concrete case studies focusing on the engagement of Japanese Buddhism, Shinto, and several new religious movements in areas such as ecology, inter-religious dialogue, and politics, this book shows that the globalization of Japanese religions cannot be explained simply in terms of worldwide institutional expansion. Rather, it is a complex phenomenon conditioned by a set of pervasive factors: changes in consciousness, the perception of affinities and resonances at the systemic and cultural levels, processes of decontextualization, and a wide range of power issues including the re-enactment of cultural chauvinism. The author investigates these dynamics systematically with attention to broader theoretical questions, cross-cultural similarities, the definition of religion and the perils of ethnocentrism, in order to develop his Global Repositioning model, which constitutes an integrated approach to the study of Japanese religions under globalization. An empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed study of the effects of global trends on local religions, this book will appeal to scholars and students with interests in globalization, religious studies, Japanese studies, Hawaii, sociology, anthropology, and ecology.

Religious Responses to Globalization in Japan

Author : Christal Whelan
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Abstract: This ethnography examines the impacts of globalization on the emergence, orientation, and transformation of a Japanese New Religion - the God Light Association (GLA) - over the thirty-seven years of its existence. From a popular shamanistic and neo-Buddhist religion where "speaking in tongues" was a central practice, GLA became an increasingly 'rational' and psychologically oriented religion. This shift marked the change in leadership from GLA's founder, Takahashi Shinji, to his daughter, Takahashi Keiko, who sought to attract a growing middle class. These changes reflect a whole generation of "New New Religions" that arose or reached their peak of growth in an era of unprecedented religious pluralism since the mid-1970s. Data for the study include participant observation at GLA's seminars and lectures, weekly attendance at the GLA Kyoto branch study group, archival research, and twenty-four in-depth interviews with members in the elicitation of conversion narratives. The author supplements the case study with comparative field data, based on eighteen months of fieldwork in Japan from 2003-2005, from five additional contemporaneous Japanese New Religions. Japanese new religious movements have arisen in the past 200 years during Japan's transformation from a feudal to a modern society and reflect its encounter with modernity and the West. They function as laboratories for the sampling of new identities, the domestication of alien cultural forms, and the preservation of Japaneseness. They are prime sites for the construction of an alternate modernity---the aspiration to combine the material benefits of modernity with indigenous cultural and religious traditions. This thesis argues that the Japanese New Religions are partially a response to globalization but also to pressures from within Japanese society. The Takahashi's marginalization as members of a socially disadvantaged group of burakumin or "outcastes" increasingly mirrored the anomie of mainstream Japanese. While the existence of New Religions represents a critique of established Buddhism and Shintoism, they are still expected to conform to Japan's broader aesthetic mode of organizing the world. The study demonstrates how this "aesthetic of darkness" was replicated throughout history in various media, and how GLA constructed a counter-aesthetic of light that reflects its modernizing content.

Japanese Religions and Globalization

Author : Ugo Dessì
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This book analyzes the variety of ways through which Japanese religions (Buddhism, Shintō, and new religious movements) contribute to the dynamics of accelerated globalization in recent decades. It looks at how Japanese religions provide material to cultural global flows, thus acting as carriers of globalization, and how they respond to these flows by shaping new glocal identities. The book highlights how, paradoxically, these processes of religious hybridization may be closely intertwined with the promotion of cultural chauvinism. It shows how on the one hand religion in Japan is engaged in border negotiation with global subsystems such as politics, secular education, and science, and how on the other hand, it tries to find new legitimation by addressing pressing global problems such as war, the environmental crisis, and economic disparities left unsolved by the dominant subsystems. A significant contribution to advancing an understanding of modern Japanese religious life, this book is of interest to academics working in the fields of Japanese Studies, Asian history and religion and the sociology of religion.

Globalization and Religion

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Japan and Its Others

Author : J. R. Clammer
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This book explores Japan's relationship with Asia and the world, examines contemporary Japanese thinking about Japan's "others" and how this impacts on local discourses about uniqueness, modernity, internal minorities and "postmodern" conceptions of Japanese culture, religion and psychic make-up. Taking local knowledge seriously, the author pursues the "centrality of the emotions" as a viable avenue for understanding Japanese society and enriches the scope of cultural studies and sociology of Japanese capitalism by presenting a comparative and non-Western perspective.

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions

Author : Erica Baffelli
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Providing an overview of current cutting-edge research in the field of Japanese religions, this Handbook is the most up-to-date guide to contemporary scholarship in the field. As well as charting innovative research taking place, this book also points to new directions for future research, covering both the modern and pre-modern periods. Edited by Erica Baffelli, Andrea Castiglioni, and Fabio Rambelli, The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions includes essays by international scholars from the USA, Europe, Japan, and New Zealand. Topics and themes include gender, politics, the arts, economy, media, globalization, and colonialism. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions is an essential reference point for upper-level students and scholars of Japanese religions as well as Japanese Studies more broadly

Religion Globalization and Culture

Author : Peter Beyer
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The topic of religion and globalization is complex, susceptible to a great variety of approaches. This book combines contributions from many authors who examine a wide range of subjects ranging from overall theoretical considerations to detailed regional perspectives. No single understanding of either religion or globalization is privileged.

Diaspora and Belief

Author : J. R. Clammer
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In The Burgeoning Study Of Globalization The Study Of Religion Has Been Sorely Neglected. Yet Despite The Inroads Of Modernization, The Societies Of South, Southeast And East Asia Remain Deeply Permeated By Religion. Issues Of Identity, Cultural Politics And Citizenship Are All Fundamentally Influenced By Religious Affiliation. This Volume Explores The Relationship Between Globalization And Religion In Contemporary Post-Colonial Asia - A Situation In Which New Found Political And Cultural Autonomy, Far From Leading To The Widespread Secularization Predicted By Many A Generation Ago, Has Stimulated The Flourishing Of Both Traditional And New Forms Of Religious Expression. This Study Examines The Interplay Between History, The Contemporary Consumer Capitalism And Its Attendant Forms Of Popular Culture That Are Making Inroads All Over Asia, And The Deeply Held Religious Beliefs And Institutional Memberships On Which Many National, Regional And Local Identities Still Fundamentally Depend And Which Set Up The Complex Social, Cultural And Personal Negotiations And Revisionings That Arise When Tradition Meets Globalization. In A World Of Increasing Religious Polarization Signaled By The Putative Clash Of Civilizations , The Exploration Of These Dynamics Is Empirically And Politically Important And Also Holds Many Implications For The Field Of Cultural Studies As A Whole, East And West.

Experiencing Globalization

Author : Derrick M. Nault
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Today, in an age of globalization, religion represents a potent force in the lives of billions of people worldwide. Yet when social theorists examine the impact of globalization on contemporary religious movements, they tend to focus on issues such as Islamic fundamentalism and threats to US or global security. This collection of essays takes a different approach, analyzing – with special reference to Asia – religion through lived experience. The key issues covered in the volume include: how religious impulses contribute to globalization; how religious groups and organizations repackage traditional beliefs for transcultural appeal; how religious adherents cope with external threats to identity; how new technologies are reshaping the nature of religious beliefs and images; and how local and global religious influences blend and/or clash. Far from religion being a subject of peripheral concern to globalization, the contributors demonstrate that from the most basic level of our interactions with the natural environment to the socio-political behavior of the “great religions” – and even to the profusion of folk and pop culture phenomena – the influence of religion upon globalization, and vice versa, is apparent at all levels.

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions

Author : Erica Baffelli
File Size : 34.85 MB
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Providing an overview of current cutting-edge research in the field of Japanese religions, this Handbook is the most up-to-date guide to contemporary scholarship in the field. As well as charting innovative research taking place, this book also points to new directions for future research, covering both the modern and pre-modern periods. Edited by Erica Baffelli, Andrea Castiglioni, and Fabio Rambelli, The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions includes essays by international scholars from the USA, Europe, Japan, and New Zealand. Topics and themes include gender, politics, the arts, economy, media, globalization, and colonialism. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions is an essential reference point for upper-level students and scholars of Japanese religions as well as Japanese Studies more broadly.

New Age Religion and Globalization

Author : Mikael Rothstein
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New globalized religions take two forms. Unlike new religions such as Transcendental Meditation, the former Unification Church and The Family - which are just a few of the recent religions to form networks of essentially identical communities around the world - the New Age beliefs discussed in this volume have spread without the benefit of any organisation or unified culture, and their more diffuse nature resists easy categorisation. While some of the chapters in this publication consider aspects of the general nature of New Age religion - spiritual imperialism versus cultural diversity, the overlap of globalisation and westernisation, the sources of New Age revelation and whether another age will follow - the remaining chapters are case studies which examine particular New Age beliefs, including the healing movement, the spiritualization of money, and the UFO, Gnostic and goddess myths. The book will appeal not only to scholars of the history of religions and sociology of religion, but also to those with an interest in New Age religious beliefs.

New Religions and Globalization

Author : Armin W. Geertz
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Globalization is a predominant theme in contemporary educational and political circles. Research on globalization has become a political priority because the world has become a 'single place' where local events may have worldwide political, economic and military consequences. Oftentimes, however, cultural and religious consequences are ignored - although recent waves of violence seem to be religiously fuelled.

Globalization in the Asian Region

Author : Gloria Davies
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For anyone seeking a diverse range of perspectives on globalisation in the Asia-Pacific region, this collection of highly readable essays is a good place to start. Focusing on individual countries, the chapters examine the specific modalities of global integration and the responses of different sections of society in each country. The authors address questions of major importance for democratic societies, such as: the connection between globalisation and the rise of religious extremism; whether globalisation is in reality a new form of imperial preference; who the winners and losers are. These are complemented by three short case studies dealing with Indonesia s unrealised potential, foreign investment in China and patterns in the movement of people between Hong Kong and the mainland. The essays provide a rich source of thought-provoking analysis of the complex cultural and political responses arising from both opportunities provided by globalisation and its more negative impacts. Melanie Beresford, Macquarie University, Australia Globalization in the Asian Region draws confident ragged lines across disciplines, themes and the conventional boundaries of scholarship. The range of material in the anthology is astounding. The diversity and admixture of political positions and approaches is confronting. Contemporary Asia is thus mapped without overgeneralizing a homogenous whole. Paul James, RMIT University, Australia This collection of thoughtful essays provides a reliable picture of the dynamic and often ironic operation of globalization in Asia today and challenges individuals to believe that as communities we have a choice in how we respond and contribute to globalization. The editors highlight the multifaceted nature of globalization and bring to the fore its supraterritoriality. A dozen detailed studies make good on these claims from analyses of American militancy since 9-11, terrorism, and poverty, to case studies on Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and China. These essays make clear the interactive nature of globalization as various economic, cultural, and political forces pour into Asian societies while the impact of their responses from exports to currency fluctuations to migration flows to transnational religious movements in turn reshape the selfsame globalization process. Timothy Cheek, University of British Columbia, Canada Bringing together contributors from both the university sector and business-centered research institutions, this comprehensive volume offers diverse perspectives on the impacts and consequences of globalization in different parts of the Asian region. Each chapter offers a substantial account of globalization within a particular nation-state or area in the region. Different understandings underpin the chapters. Some contributors perceive globalization as progress in the form of economically driven processes that have made nations mutually dependent in unprecedented and complex ways. Others emphasize the uneven outcomes of globalization, as well as the stakes for economic growth and social order in the global climate of deepening political and religious divisions since September 2001. General and specialist readers alike will gain an appreciation of the myriad emphases placed on globalization within different nations and from various vantage points. The book showcases diverse styles of discourse and serves to greatly broaden the scope of what can be discussed under the rubric of globalization within a single volume.

Globalization

Author : Roland Robertson
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A stimulating appraisal of a crucial contemporary theme, this comprehensive analysis of globalizaton offers a distinctively cultural perspective on the social theory of the contemporary world. This perspective considers the world as a whole, going beyond conventional distinctions between the global and the local and between the universal and the particular. Its cultural approach emphasizes the political and economic significance of shifting conceptions of, and forms of participation in, an increasingly compressed world. At the same time the book shows why culture has become a globally contested issue - why, for example, competing conceptions of 'world order' have political and economic consequences.

The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions

Author : Ugo Dessi
File Size : 77.4 MB
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The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions: An Integrated Approach explores how Japanese religions respond to the relativizing effects of globalization, thereby repositioning themselves as global players. Organized around concrete case studies focusing on the engagement of Japanese Buddhism, Shinto, and several new religious movements in areas such as ecology, inter-religious dialogue, and politics, this book shows that the globalization of Japanese religions cannot be explained simply in terms of worldwide institutional expansion. Rather, it is a complex phenomenon conditioned by a set of pervasive factors: changes in consciousness, the perception of affinities and resonances at the systemic and cultural levels, processes of decontextualization, and a wide range of power issues including the re-enactment of cultural chauvinism. The author investigates these dynamics systematically with attention to broader theoretical questions, cross-cultural similarities, the definition of religion and the perils of ethnocentrism, in order to develop his Global Repositioning model, which constitutes an integrated approach to the study of Japanese religions under globalization. An empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed study of the effects of global trends on local religions, this book will appeal to scholars and students with interests in globalization, religious studies, Japanese studies, Hawaii, sociology, anthropology, and ecology.

Religion and Globalization

Author : John L. Esposito
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This text covers Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, East Asian Religions, and new religious movements. It uses historical coverage of the religious traditions as a framework to help students understand how faiths have evolved to the present day and continue to have an impact on belief, politics and society. (From back cover).

Japanese Civilization in the Modern World

Author : Tadao Umesao
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