Search results for: investigation-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome

Investigation of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Author : Marta C. Cohen
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A scientifically rigorous, multidisciplinary approach to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, for practitioners, researchers and families alike.

The Investigation and Postmortem Examination of Death from the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS

Author : James T. Weston
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Ontario

Author : Robert J. Riordan
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What you need to Know about Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Crib Death Cot Death A comprehensive overview

Author : Dr. Hakim Saboowala
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The term sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was first proposed in 1969 in order to focus attention on a subgroup of infants with similar clinical features whose deaths occurred unexpectedly in the postnatal period. Today the definition of SIDS refers to death in a seemingly healthy infant younger than 1 year of age whose death remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation including a complete autopsy, review of medical and clinical history, and death scene investigation. SIDS is typically associated with a sleep period with death presumed to have occurred during sleep itself or in the transition between sleep and waking. This led to application of the terms “cot” or “crib” death; however, these terms are rarely used today. Furthermore, while the definition is inclusive of infants up to 1 year of age, approximately 95% of SIDS deaths occur in the first six months of life with a peak incidence in infants aged between 2 to 4 months. While there are distinctive features associated with the syndrome there are no diagnostic features that can be attributed to a SIDS death. Indeed, application of the term relies on a process of elimination and when no known cause of death or contributing factors can be determined, the term SIDS is usually applied. Thus, an attempt has been made in this informative E-Booklet to present an ongoing debate, comprehensively, regarding the definition and use of the term SIDS, since no one definition has been universally accepted, but still one certainty persists, and that is that SIDS still remains a diagnosis of exclusion. …Dr. H. K. Saboowala. M.B.(Bom) .M.R.S.H.(London)

The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Program Helps Families But Needs Improvement

Author : United States. General Accounting Office
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Implications for sudden infant death syndrome

Author : James F. Bosma
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The Detective s Guide

Author : Mark Quinn
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Infant Death: Natural causes, accidental death, or homicide? Sudden unexplained infant death (SUID) is the sudden and unexpected death of an infant due to natural or unnatural causes. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of several causes of SUID. However, SIDS, unlike the other SUID causes, is a diagnosis that is reached when all other causes have been eliminated. Although most conditions or diseases usually are diagnosed by the presence of specific symptoms, SIDS is a diagnosis that should be given only after all other possible causes of sudden, unexplained death have been ruled out through a careful case investigation, which includes a thorough examination of the death scene, a complete autopsy, and a review of the infant's medical history. Suffocation, drowning, electrocution, hyperthermia, hypothermia, carbon monoxide poisoning, and homicide are examples of other causes of SUID that can be explained after a careful case investigation. A thorough death scene investigation, as described in this book, is often the only way to make a distinction between SIDS and suffocation as a cause of death. Having knowledge about the many causes of SUID, in addition to SIDS, is critically important for the death scene investigator. At the scene, the investigator will gather evidence as well as information from the parents or caregivers who were with the infant and who may be in a great deal of distress. All of this information is crucial for distinguishing between a natural death, an accidental death, or a homicide. The Detective's Guide: Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Syndrome presents a comprehensive resource manual for law enforcement investigators tasked with the challenging and difficult investigation of infant deaths. This book provides comprehensive reference manuals for an investigator including: Infant Growth Charts Infant Developmental Milestones Information Gathering Templates Witness Interview Questions Water Temperature and Scalding Chart Infant Medical History Template Pregnancy History Questionnaire Feeding History Template Incident Scene Investigation Checklist Evidence/Materials Collection Log Prepare for these critical incidents today by purchasing the Detective's Guide: Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Investigations.

New Approaches to the Pathogenesis of Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Author : Anna M. Lavezzi
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death among infants in the first year of age. The more known definition of SIDS is the sudden unexpected death of an infant less than 1 year of age, with onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy and review of the circumstances of death and the clinical history. Despite the success of the “Back to Sleep” campaigns to reduce the risks introduced worldwide, the frequency of SIDS (striking one infant every 750-1,000 live births) has not significantly declined in the last years. Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death Syndrome (SIUDS), referring to fetuses that die unexpectedly, particularly in the last weeks of gestation, without any cause even after a complete autopsy, including examination of the placental disk, umbilical cord and fetal membranes, has a six-eightfold greater incidence than that of SIDS. Even if the pathogenetic mechanism of these deaths has not yet been determined, the neuropathology seems to be a consistent substrate in both SIUDS and SIDS. Subtle common developmental abnormalities of brainstem nuclei checking the vital functions have been highlighted, frequently related to environmental risk factors, such as cigarette smoke, air and water pollution, pesticides, food contamination, etc. Exogenous toxic factors can in fact interact in complex ways with the genetic constitution of the infant leading to polymorphisms and/or mutations of specific genes (as polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter gene 5-HTT, the regulator of the synaptic serotonin concentration, and of the PHOX2B, the key gene in the Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome). These interactions can directly injure the development of the autonomic nervous system, frequently resulting in hypoplasia of the vital brainstem centers, and consequently in sudden death. It is very important to continue studying these syndromes and in particular identify all possible congenital alterations and their correlation with the exposure to environmental risk factors, in order to reduce their incidence and mitigate the surrounding social concern. The goal of this research topic is to propose new approaches to explain the pathogenesis of both SIUDS and SIDS and consequently new prevention strategies to decrease the incidence of these unexpected and very devastating events for families. Expert authors in the Topic field are encouraged to submit original research articles aimed to widen the current knowledge on the pathological substrates of these deaths, also considering the correlations with possible risk factors. Submissions of hypotheses, opinions and commentaries are also welcome. This Research Topic would lead to development of targeted risk-lowering strategies to reduce the incidence of both SIUDS and SIDS. Furthermore, the adoption of appropriate preventive measures could also lead to improve the quality of life in adults, promoting active and healthy aging.

A Stereological Investigation of Structural Parameters in Brainstem Cardiorespiratory Nuclei in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS

Author : Amanda Parsons
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Author : Peggy J. Parks
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Author Peggy J. Parks carefully and sensitively explores sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in detail, covering causes, diagnosis, and current medical research. She offers young readers and researchers an effective means of understanding this syndrome.

Sudden Death in Infancy Childhood and Adolescence

Author : Roger W. Byard
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An essential source of reference for pathologists, clinicians and lawyers dealing with sudden death.

Handbook of Forensic Medicine

Author : Burkhard Madea
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Forensic Medicine encompasses all areas in which medicine and law interact. This book covers diverse aspects of forensic medicine including forensic pathology, traumatology and violent death, sudden and unexpected death, clinical forensic medicine, toxicology, traffic medicine, identification, haemogenetics and medical law. A knowledge of all these subdisciplines is necessary in order to solve routine as well as more unusual cases. Taking a comprehensive approach the book m.oves beyond a focus on forensic pathology to include clinical forensic medicine and forensic toxicology. All aspects of forensic medicine are covered to meet the specialist needs of daily casework. Aspects of routine analysis and quality control are addressed in each chapter. The book provides coverage of the latest developments in forensic molecular biology, forensic toxicology, molecular pathology and immunohistochemistry. A must-have reference for every specialist in the field this book is set to become the bench-mark for the international forensic medical community.

Paediatric Forensic Medicine and Pathology Second Edition

Author : Anthony Busuttil
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Child abuse and suspicious child deaths are very complicated matters for clinicians, pathologists, law enforcement officials and legal professionals to investigate. Meanwhile, the evidence base for forensic pathology, especially in paediatrics, is steadily growing. In Paediatric Forensic Medicine and Pathology, two internationally acclaimed editors have brought together a first class author team who provide an up-to-date, comprehensive, and thorough review of the contemporary problems encountered in practice today. Individual chapters explore the emerging role of imaging in the diagnosis of non-accidental injury and compare recent evidence contrasting sudden infant death and SIDS; the head and neck injury chapter carefully explores the 'shaken baby syndrome' and similar patterns of injury that have recently gained widespread media attention. Special emphasis is given to interview and assessment procedures, and useful clinical forms are included throughout the book. Whether in a clinical, laboratory, or legal setting, readers dealing with forensic inquiries or who are in preparation for court will find the comprehensive background and evidence base necessary to support their investigations. Paediatric Forensic Medicine and Pathology is an invaluable resource for forensic pathologists, paediatric pathologists, and paediatricians, as well as all practitioners in the judicial and legal, criminal investigation and social services systems that have to deal with such cases.

Investigating Infant Deaths

Author : Bobbi Jo O'Neal
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It stands to reason that the most difficult cases to investigate are those in which the individual’s death was sudden, unexpected, and unexplained. Very few deaths occur where the deceased has no significant medical history, no trauma, no significant autopsy findings, and very little social history in which to investigate. Infant deaths almost always fit this category, making them consistently the most complicated and challenging deaths to investigate. Investigating Infant Deaths draws on the expertise of a forensic nurse and member of the CDC core team for the Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Investigation Reporting Form to provide medicolegal death investigators and law enforcement personnel with investigative techniques applicable to sudden unexpected infant deaths. Beginning with a general state-of-the-field, the author defines the role of the investigator and explains the benefits of “double-teaming” an investigation. The book emphasizes the importance of timing and gives crucial tips for examining the incident scene and performing an initial post-mortem external exam. Specific instruction regarding the “art” of interviewing the grieving parents and how to follow up with families gives investigators an important edge when autopsy findings are slim. Additional chapters cover how to use a doll re-enactment and how to review medical records, social service records, and criminal histories. It also illustrates how to set up task forces including State Child Fatality Teams and an Investigative Child Death Review at the local level. Case studies are used throughout the book to give investigators real-life examples of the techniques at work. Presenting a workable approach that may facilitate a re-evaluation of current protocols, Investigating Infant Deaths provides the tools for continued improvement that will ensure all infant deaths are investigated thoroughly and thereby help prevent future premature infant deaths from occurring.

Forensic Nursing Science E Book

Author : Virginia A. Lynch
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Written and edited by the most respected authorities in forensic nursing and forensic sciences, this new edition provides the tools and concepts you need to collect evidence that is admissible in court, determine the significance of that evidence, and provide accurate, reliable testimony while administering high-quality patient care. Now in full color throughout, it remains the most comprehensive, highly illustrated text of its kind. Provides a comprehensive, updated guide to forensic nursing science, paying special attention to the International Association of Forensic Nurses’s (IAFN) goals for forensic nursing. Retains a focus on assessment skills and the collection and preservation of evidence, following the established guidelines of the forensic sciences. Prepares you to provide testimony as a fact witness or a forensic nursing expert. Includes an illustrated case study in almost every chapter, helping you relate the information to clinical practice. Highlights important recommendations for interventions in Best Practice boxes, including the evidence base for each. Summarizes important points in Key Point boxes, so you can quickly review the most important concepts in each chapter. Explores the evolving role of forensic nurses in today’s health care facilities and the community. Edited by Virginia Lynch, founding member and first President of the International Association of Forensic Nurses and Janet Barber Duval, both well-respected pioneers and educators in the field. Contains 300 full-color illustrations integrated throughout the text, so you can view evidence quickly and easily, as it is likely to appear in practice. Presents information on courtroom testimony and depositions in one reorganized, streamlined chapter, giving you a full, organized treatment of this extremely important topic. Includes twelve new chapters: Digital Evidence, Medical Evidence Recovery at the Death Scene, Asphyxia, Electrical and Thermal Injury, Intrafamilial Homicide and Unexplained Childhood Death, Human Trafficking, Credential Development for Forensic Nurses, Gangs and Hate Crimes, Ethics Issues in Forensic Nursing, Forensic Physics and Fracture Analysis, Sexual Deviant Behaviors and Crime and Forensic Epidemiology. Contains heavily revised information on Prehospital Evidence, Forensic Investigation in the Hospital, and Human Abuse and Deaths in Custody. Features critical thinking questions with every case study, so you can thoroughly consider the implications of each clinical scenario. Evolve site will include appendices and additional documentation materials.

What is SIDS

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Recall Bias in a Case control Study of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Author : Carolyn Dawson Drews
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Results of the Aberdeen Area Infant Mortality Study for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Author :
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act Extension 1978

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Human Resources. Subcommittee on Child and Human Development
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Progress in Pathology Volume 7

Author : Nigel Kirkham
File Size : 28.10 MB
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Progress in Pathology reviews many aspects of pathology, describing issues of everyday diagnostic relevance and the mechanisms underlying some of these processes. Each volume in the series reviews a wide range of topics and recent advances in pathology of relevance to daily practice, keeping consultants, trainees, laboratory staff and researchers abreast of developments as well as providing candidates for the MRCPath and other examinations with answers to some of the questions they will encounter. Highly illustrated in full colour, topics covered in this volume include: Immunohistochemistry as a diagnostic aid in gynaecological pathology, Drug induced liver injury, Childhood lymphoma, Immune responses to tumours, Post-mortem imaging, Understanding the Human Tissue Act 2004 and much more. Volume 7 of Progress in Pathology will be an essential addition to the shelves and laboratory benches of every practising pathologist.