Search results for: introduction-to-texture-analysis

Introduction to Texture Analysis

Author : Valerie Randle
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Encompassing the concepts, practice, and application of orientation analysis, Introduction to Texture Analysis is an essential reference source for reserachers in textiles. The author uses an accessible style to share her expertise, providing comprehensive coverage of the theory and practice of the texture techniques now available and discusses their applications in research and industry. The text considers the merits of each technique for specific applications. Case studies expand upon the author's explanations and help illustrate the main principles involved. Topics include applications of diffraction, SEM- and TEM-based techniques, and crystallographic analyses.

Introduction to Texture Analysis

Author : Olaf Engler
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The first edition of Introduction to Texture Analysis: Macrotexture, Microtexture, and Orientation Mapping broke new ground by collating seventy years worth of research in a convenient single-source format. Reflecting emerging methods and the evolution of the field, the second edition continues to provide comprehensive coverage of the concepts, practices, and applications of techniques used to determine and characterize texture. Providing a clear focus on scientific principles, this reference keeps mathematics to a minimum in covering both traditional macrotexture analysis and more modern electron-microscopy-based microtexture analysis. The authors integrate the two techniques and address the subsequent need for a more detailed explanation of philosophy, practice, and analysis associated with texture analysis. The book is organized into three sections: Fundamental Issues addresses terminology associated with orientations and texture, in addition to their representation. It also covers the diffraction of radiation, a phenomenon that is the basis for almost all texture analysis. Macrotexture Analysis covers data acquisition, as well as representation and evaluation related to the well-established methods of macrotexture analysis. Microtexture Analysis provides experimental details of the transmission or scanning electron microscope-based techniques for microtexture analysis. It also describes how microtexture data are evaluated and represented and explores the innovative topics of orientation microscopy and mapping, and advanced issues concerning crystallographic aspects of interfaces and connectivity. Completely revised and updated, this second edition of a bestseller is a rare introductory-level guide to texture analysis. It illustrates approaches to orientation measurement and interpretation and elucidates the fundamental principles on which measurements are based. This book is an ideal tool to help you develop a working understanding of the practice and applications of texture.

Quantitative Rietveld Texture Analysis of Geological Materials

Author : Jenny Marie Pehl
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Texture Analysis in Machine Vision

Author : M K Pietikäinen
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Texture analysis is an important generic research area of machine vision. The potential areas of application include biomedical image analysis, industrial inspection, analysis of satellite or aerial imagery, content-based retrieval from image databases, document analysis, biometric person authentication, scene analysis for robot navigation, texture synthesis for computer graphics and animation, and image coding. Texture analysis has been a topic of intensive research for over three decades, but the progress has been very slow. A workshop on “Texture Analysis in Machine Vision” was held at the University of Oulu, Finland, in 1999, providing a forum for presenting recent research results and for discussing how to make progress in order to increase the usefulness of texture in practical applications. This book contains extended and revised versions of the papers presented at the workshop. The first part of the book deals with texture analysis methodology, while the second part covers various applications. The book gives a unique view of different approaches and applications of texture analysis. It should be of great interest both to researchers of machine vision and to practitioners in various application areas. Contents:Nonparametric Texture Analysis with Complementary Spatial Operators (M Pietikäinen & T Ojala)Multi-Resolution Clustering of Texture Images (S Battiato & G Gallo)Robustness of Local Binary Pattern (LBP) Operators to Tilt-Compensated Textures (M Soriano et al.)Using Texture in Image Similarity and Retrieval (S Aksoy & R M Haralick)Tongue Texture Analysis Using Gabor Wavelet Opponent Colour Features for Tongue Diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (P C Yuen et al.)Feature Evaluation of Texture Test Objects for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (A Materka et al.)Automatic Detection of Errors on Textures Using Invariant Grey-Scale Features and Polynomial Classifiers (M Schael & H Burkhardt)Combining Analysis and Synthesis of Textures for the Animation Industry (M Ollila et al.)and other papers Readership: Researchers, graduate students and industrialists in the field of machine vision. Keywords:Computer Vision;Image Analysis;Pattern Recognition;Feature Extraction;Classification;Segmentation;Texture Synthesis;Surface Properties;Color Texture;Applications

Texture Analysis Using a Markov Model

Author : Xiao Gong
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Biomedical Texture Analysis

Author : Adrien Depeursinge
File Size : 77.89 MB
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Biomedical Texture Analysis: Fundamentals, Applications, Tools and Challenges describes the fundamentals and applications of biomedical texture analysis (BTA) for precision medicine. It defines what biomedical textures (BTs) are and why they require specific image analysis design approaches when compared to more classical computer vision applications. The fundamental properties of BTs are given to highlight key aspects of texture operator design, providing a foundation for biomedical engineers to build the next generation of biomedical texture operators. Examples of novel texture operators are described and their ability to characterize BTs are demonstrated in a variety of applications in radiology and digital histopathology. Recent open-source software frameworks which enable the extraction, exploration and analysis of 2D and 3D texture-based imaging biomarkers are also presented. This book provides a thorough background on texture analysis for graduate students, and biomedical engineers from both industry and academia who have basic image processing knowledge. Medical doctors and biologists with no background in image processing will also find available methods and software tools for analyzing textures in medical images. •Defines biomedical texture precisely and describe how it is different from general texture information considered in computer vision •Define the general problem to translate 2D and 3D texture patterns from biomedical images to visually and biologically relevant measurements •Describes, using intuitive concepts, how the most popular biomedical texture analysis approaches (e.g., gray-level matrices, fractals, wavelets, deep convolutional neural networks) work, what they have in common, and how they are different •Identifies the strengths, weaknesses, and current challenges of existing methods including both handcrafted and learned representations, as well as deep learning. The goal is to establish foundations for building the next generation of biomedical texture operators •Showcases applications where biomedical texture analysis has succeeded and failed •Provides details on existing, freely available texture analysis software, helping experts in medicine or biology develop and test precise research hypothesis

Quantitative Texture Analysis Using Time of flight Neutron Diffraction and Electron Back Scatter Diffraction

Author : Yanxia Xie
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Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Author : Armin Iske
File Size : 68.16 MB
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Hydrocarbon exploration and production incorporate great technology challenges for the oil and gas industry. In order to meet the world's future demand for oil and gas, further technological advance is needed, which in turn requires research across multiple disciplines, including mathematics, geophysics, geology, petroleum engineering, signal processing, and computer science. This book addresses important aspects and fundamental concepts in hydrocarbon exploration and production. Moreover, new developments and recent advances in the relevant research areas are discussed, whereby special emphasis is placed on mathematical methods and modelling. The book reflects the multi-disciplinary character of the hydrocarbon production workflow, ranging from seismic data imaging, seismic analysis and interpretation and geological model building, to numerical reservoir simulation. Various challenges concerning the production workflow are discussed in detail. The thirteen chapters of this joint work, authored by international experts from academic and industrial institutions, include survey papers of expository character as well as original research articles. Large parts of the material presented in this book were developed between November 2000 and April 2004 through the European research and training network NetAGES, "Network for Automated Geometry Extraction from Seismic". The new methods described here are currently being implemented as software tools at Schlumberger Stavanger Research, one of the world's largest service providers to the oil industry.

Texture Analysis for Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Milan Hájek
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Analytical Characterization of Aluminum Steel and Superalloys

Author : D. Scott MacKenzie
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This one-of-a-kind reference examines conventional and advanced methodologies for the quantitative evaluation of properties and characterization of microstructures in metals. It presents methods for uncovering valuable information including precipitate mechanisms, kinetics, stability, crystallographic orientation, the effects of thermo-mechanical processing, and residual stress. The editors of Analytical Characterization of Aluminum, Steel, and Superalloys enlist top industry researchers and practitioners from around the world to analyze the methodologies presented in their areas of expertise. Following traditional metallography methods, the book features an atlas of microstructures for aluminum, steel, and superalloys. The text also examines several material characterization methods rarely covered in other references, provides the framework for using advanced laboratory techniques, and discusses component failure identification methods and other measurements that are crucial to components manufacturing. Enabling the evolution of stronger and more function-specific compositions, Analytical Characterization of Aluminum, Steel, and Superalloys offers engineers, researchers, and materials scientists an invaluable reference of many advanced laboratory techniques in the context of characterization and property evaluation methodologies for metals and alloys.

Quantitative Texture Analysis

Author : Hans Joachim Bunge
File Size : 32.97 MB
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Textures of Geological Materials

Author : Hans Joachim Bunge
File Size : 83.29 MB
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Texture Analysis and Cartographic Feature Extraction

Author : Robert S. Rand
File Size : 47.36 MB
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Statistical Issues in Texture Analysis

Author : Elizaveta Levina
File Size : 22.38 MB
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Texture Development and Anisotropic Properties from High Temperature Forming Operations in Metals and Intermetallics

Author : Bimal Kumar Kad
File Size : 42.58 MB
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Computer Texture Analysis and Segmentation

Author : Richard Lyle Vistnes
File Size : 59.78 MB
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Combined Analysis

Author : Daniel Chateigner
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This book introduces and details the key facets of Combined Analysis - an x-ray and/or neutron scattering methodology which combines structural, textural, stress, microstructural, phase, layer, or other relevant variable or property analyses in a single approach. The text starts with basic theories related to diffraction by polycrystals and some of the most common combined analysis instrumental set-ups are detailed. Also discussed are microstructures of powder diffraction profiles; quantitative phase analysis from the Rietveld analysis; residual stress analysis for isotropic and anisotropic materials; specular x-ray reflectivity, and the various associated models.

Texture Analysis of Carbohydrate based Fat Replacers in a Model System

Author : Lanette Marie Shaffer
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Preferred Orientation in Deformed Metal and Rocks

Author : Hans Rudolf Wenk
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This volume provides an introduction to the texture analysis of deformed materials and explores methods of determining and interpreting the preferred orientation of crystals in deformed polycrystalline aggregates.**The book reviews: 1) the techniques, procedures, and theoretical basis for the accumulation and analysis of orientation data; 2)the processes by which polycrystals deform and the microstructural mechanisms responsible for the development of the preferred orientation; 3) the textures in specific systems and application of principles to the solution of specific problems.**With a combination of metallurgic and geologic applications, Preferred Orientation in Deformed Metals and Rocks: An Introduction to Modern Texture Analysis will be an important source book for students and researchers in materials science, solid state physics, structural geology, and geophysics.**FROM THE PREFACE: Determination and interpretation of the preferred orientation of crystals in deformed polycrystalline aggregates (in this volume also referred to as texture) has been of longstanding concern to both materials scientists and geologists. A similar theoretical background--such as the dislocation theory of crystal plasticity--has been the basis of understanding flow in metals and rocks; and similar determinative techniques--including microscopy and x-ray diffraction--have been used to study textures and microstructures. Whereas many of the fundamental principles have been established early this century by scientists such as Jeffery, Sachs, Sander, Schmid, Schmidt, and Taylor, only in recent years has knowledge reached a level that provides a quantitative framework which has replaced a largely phenomenological approach. This is expressed in the sudden new emphasis on textural studies, as documented by the large number of recent publications.**This volume contains material to serve as an introduction for those who wish to enter this field as well as reviews for those who are already engaged in advanced research....**The book is divided into three parts. The first (Chapters 2*b17) deals with techniques, procedures, and theoretical bases for the accumulation and analysis of orientation data. The second (Chapters 8*b112) introduces processes by which polycrystals deform and the microstructural mechanisms responsible for the development of the preferred orientation. All those chapters emphasize basic principles and apply to metals as well as to minerals. The third part (Chapters 13*b126) illustrates textures in specific systems and the application of the principles set out in the earlier chapters to the solution of specific problems. Readers of these chapters will quickly become aware that metals have been more exhaustively studied than minerals; but they will also realize that, because of their structural symmetry, metals are in general much simpler than rocks and that the intepretation of metal textures is less involved. An extensive list of relevant references provides access to much of the original literature on textures....

Texture Analysis in Materials Science

Author : H.-J. Bunge
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Texture Analysis in Materials Science Mathematical Methods focuses on the methodologies, processes, techniques, and mathematical aids in the orientation distribution of crystallites. The manuscript first offers information on the orientation of individual crystallites and orientation distributions. Topics include properties and representations of rotations, orientation distance, and ambiguity of rotation as a consequence of crystal and specimen symmetry. The book also takes a look at expansion of orientation distribution functions in series of generalized spherical harmonics, fiber textures, and methods not based on the series expansion. The publication reviews special distribution functions, texture transformation, and system of programs for the texture analysis of sheets of cubic materials. The text also ponders on the estimation of errors, texture analysis, and physical properties of polycrystalline materials. Topics include comparison of experimental and recalculated pole figures; indetermination error for incomplete pole figures; and determination of the texture coefficients from anisotropie polycrystal properties. The manuscript is a dependable reference for readers interested in the use of mathematical aids in the orientation distribution of crystallites.