Search results for: interventions-in-learning-disabilities

Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities

Author : Thomas E. Scruggs
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Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities is based on proceedings of the Symposium on Intervention Research sponsored by the Division for Learning Disabilities (DLD) of the Council for Exceptional Children and held at Purdue University, November 14-16, 1988. It presents a wide range of critical issues and insights, both theoretical and practical, related to research with learning disabled individuals. The book is divided into four broad sections: issues in intervention research, academic interventions, social and behavioral interventions, and postsecondary interventions. It considers both present and future directions of such research. Topics explored include variance and verities in learning disability interventions, instruction derived from the strategy deficit model, enhancement of academic performance with mnemonic instruction, the content enhancement model for promoting content acquisition, interactive teaching and learning, social skills training (and an alternative approach to social skills training), the use of schema in research on the problem solving of learning disabled adolescents, and intervention effectiveness at the postsecondary level.

Contemporary Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities

Author : Bernice Y.L. Wong
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Recently, in the area of learning disabilities, a subarea of special educa tion, an interesting development has become discernible. This develop ment centers on the increasing focus of learning disabilities professionals on theory building and empirical research, and it is reflected in the spate of books currently being published. With their clear emphasis on con ceptual and methodological issues along with directions for future re search, these newly published books differ essentially from the bulk of learning disabilities textbooks. They include S. Vaughn and C. Bos (Eds. ), Research in Learning Disabilities: Issues and Future Directions, published in 1987 by College-Hill; T. E. Scruggs and B. Y. L. Wong (Eds. ), Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities, published in 1990 by Springer-Verlag; and L. Swanson (Ed. ), Learning Disabilities: Theore tical and Research Issues, published in 1991 by Lawrence Erlbaum Asso ciates. As reflected in these three books, the discipline began with a service orientation and has evolved beyond that to come of age with aspirations of becoming a scientific discipline. These books can be taken to voice the concerted efforts ,of learning disabilities professionals to promote theory building and empirical research. Undeniably these books provide valuable information on conceptual issues and research in learning disabilities. Nevertheless, they appear to have one drawback, namely, they focus exclusively on learning disabilities research in North America.

Interventions in Learning Disabilities

Author : Rachel Schiff
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This book reviews systematic training programs that are designed to enhance the language, reading, literacy and cognitive skills of individuals with Learning Disabilities in various disciplines. Most titles on Learning Disabilities intervention often focus on the linguistic area of the disability, while there are many more areas of difficulty. Students with learning disabilities struggle with such as math, cognitive abilities, and organizational skills. Adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book encompasses a wide variety of remedial treatments and therapies developed by expert researchers and scholars in the Learning Disabilities area.

Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities

Author : H. Lee Swanson
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The first comprehensive quantitative analysis of intervention research in the learning disabilities field, this volume synthesizes the results of 272 scientifically credible group and single-subject studies in an effort to identify what works best for learning disabled children. The book examines pertinent findings on all academic, cognitive, and behavioral domains. Intervention outcomes are evaluated across instructional domains, sample characteristics, intervention parameters, methodological procedures, and article characteristics. Addressing such questions as the merits of inclusion settings and the relative benefits of direct and strategy instruction, Swanson offers timely recommendations for instructional design, assessment, and policy.

Learning Disabilities

Author : Bob Gates
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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is the authoritative textbook for students of learning disabilities covering a wide variety of topics. It is relevant not only for nursing courses, but also for care workers, OTs, and other professional and non-professional carers. The new edition has been completely updated and includes the latest evidence for practice. There are new chapters which means the book provides comprehensive coverage of learning disablities throughout a person's life. There are also new contributors, including people with learning disabilities. Each chapter is supported by information on further reading and other resources.

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and the Workforce. Subcommittee on Education Reform
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Research Issues in Learning Disabilities

Author : Sharon Vaughn
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In this chapter, we described issues in conducting intervention research with students with learning disabilities on the secondary level. We main tained that interventions should be well-grounded in theories of learning as well as characterizations of learning disabilities (Pressley, Scruggs, & Mastropieri, 1989); that they should first be conducted in a series of highly controlled, laboratory-like experiments to carefully assess the potential utility of the intervention; and that, if the intervention is suc cessful in highly controlled settings, it should then be evaluated in class room applications. We maintained that research designs should evolve as the research questions become more applied, and that the results of laboratory research should be used to support the findings of classroom applications. Finally, we described several research designs that we have found useful in conducting classroom intervention research. There is a great deal more to conducting intervention research, of course, than experimental or quasi-experimental design. Intervention strategies likely to be effective must be identified, relevant literature must be reviewed, experimental materials must be developed, and cooperative schools, teachers, parents, and students must be located. Nevertheless, inadequate research designs can invalidate the best and most successful efforts in all of these areas, while effective and practical research designs can do much to document the best practices and advance our knowledge of effective interventions with students with learning disabilities. References Brigham, F. J. , Scruggs, T. E. , & Mastropieri, M. A. (1992).

Handbook of Learning Disabilities Methods and interventions

Author : Kenneth A. Kavale
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Psychological Relationship of Learning Disabilities and Interventions in Children

Author : Shambhavi G
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INTRODUCTION In the present modern society mastery of basic academic skills-reading, writing and arithmetic is a necessary pre-requisite for success in both school and employment setting and in society at large. A large percentage of children suffer from learning disabilities or learning difficulties and therefore do not master or partially master-these required academic skills. Not surprisingly, each one learns differently. Most of us have our own ―learning difficulty‖, to cope with. Some people don't do well with numbers, others have difficulty in writing. Some people feel they have to discuss a new idea before they understand it; others need to mull it over in privacy. Learning difficulties and learning problems are often the first descriptive terms used when a child begins to have trouble in school. In some countries, it is used as a synonym for learning disabilities. However, learning difficulties and learning disabilities are usually distinguished with learning difficulties being a broader term. Not all difficulties are learning disabilities. Children develop at different rates and sometimes what seems to be a learning disability may resolve as the child matures. Importantly children who are language learners are sometimes misidentified as having learning disability, as these children are from impoverished backgrounds or with severe problems at home that impact their preparation for school or their behaviour. The term 'learning difficulty' has been applied to those children who have significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of their age. They are unable to make use of the education facilities available in schools. People with learning difficulties can have problems with many every day learning activities. Reading, spelling and numeracy skills are basic to school achievement. Children with specific learning difficulties may show problems in all three areas or only one or two. Reading and spelling are closely associated skills and it is rare to find reading - disabled children who are not at all handicapped in spelling. Most children are likely to be behind in all three areas, although there are occasional reports of subgroups showing rather more of one or the other deficit. Learning disability(LD) is a neurologically-based processing problem. Children withthis disability are a heterogeneous group of individuals, exhibiting,

Viewpoints on Interventions for Learners with Disabilities

Author : Festus E. Obiakor
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This volume focuses on divergent perspectives and innovative interventions known to maximize the fullest potential of people with exceptionalities. Emphasizing that intervention strategy objectives must always be to meet individual learners unique needs, contributions reflect where we are and where we are going in the field of special education.