Search results for: innovation-and-liability-in-biotechnology

Innovation and Liability in Biotechnology

Author : Stuart J. Smyth
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`If only one thing could be said about this book is that it comes at the perfect time and fills a great void on the subject it addresses. Genetically Modified Organisms are innovative-so have to be the answers to the legal questions raised by their development: What should be the definition of damage? Who should be held liable? Where should claims be brought? The Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety have been discussing these issues for many years and are now ready to give some answers by means of a new multilateral environmental treaty. The comprehensive analysis and comparative data put forth by the authors contribute enormously to the current debate and provide detailed insights into the nuances of international liability in a manner previously unaddressed.'---Jimena Nieto Carrasco, University of the Andes, El Rosario University, Externado University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia Innovation and Liability in Biotechnology introduces and articulates an innovative framework, the Liability Analysis Framework (LAF), which offers a new perspective from which stakeholders and society can assess, manage and communicate about liability in relation to innovation. This path-breaking book provides a detailed description of the relationship between risk and liability. Risk and liability are not synonymous and the fact that, at times, the terms have been used in very close proximity has resulted in confusion and misunderstandings. The book begins with an overview of risk and the development of the Risk Analysis Framework, describing how it has evolved from initial concepts to present day form. It highlights the need for a LAF and provides a diverse examination of the LAF as a means to stimulate further debate. The authors conclude that risk is concerned with hypothetical probabilities whereas liability relates to actual marketplace externalities. Offering a new conceptualization for the analysis of liability, this book will appeal to academics involved in the fields of law, innovation and business, as well as federal regulators and industry representatives. Agricultural organizations and their lawyers who are attempting to understand the legal liability issues involved in growing and marking transgenic crops and their products will also find this book of great interest.

Regulating the Liabilities of Agricultural Biotechnology

Author : Stuart Smyth
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This book examines how government, industry and society interact to reach a level of regulation that is deemed satisfactory for the newly-emerged transformative technology that is agricultural biotechnology. It considers issues of risk and trust surrounding genetically-modified plants for the production of food and pharmaceuticals. It describes how regulations have been produced to manage, or in some cases ignore, the risks from GM products. The scope is international and the book makes a significant contribution to the literature in this growing field of interest.

The Regulation of Agricultural Biotechnology

Author : Robert E. Evenson
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The regulatory systems in place prior to the development and expansion of agricultural biotechnology are still responding to this new form of technology. Such systems include trade law, intellectual property law, contract law, environmental regulations and biosafety regulations.This book reviews these regulatory changes and consists of 24 chapters developed from papers presented at a conference of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in July 2002. It primarily considers the relationship between these changes and innovation, market development and international trade.

Financial Inclusion Innovation and Investments

Author : Ralph D Christy
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This book is a state-of-the-art discussion of what has succeeded (and failed) in the design and implementation of projects and institutions to assist the poor in developing country economies. In Africa especially, far too many people are still living under conditions of extreme poverty. The goal of the book is twofold: (1) to identify and assess the key processes through which markets affect the livelihoods of the rural poor; and (2) to propose micro- and macro-level policies and innovations to address the problems of inclusion that arise. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and professionals in the field, this volume is timely to all those involved in designing innovative institutions that transfer capital and technologies to low-income countries facing the challenges of poverty alleviation and economic development. Contents:How Can Financial Markets and Biotechnology Help the Rural Poor? (Ralph D Christy, Mark Wenner, Emelly Mutambatsere and Willene Johnson)Financial Markets and the Poor:Financial Development and Growth: What Role Can Foreign Capital Play? (Eswar Prasad, Ayhan Kose, Kenneth Rogoff and Shang-Jin Wei)The Securitization of Microloans (Vicki L Bogan)A Vision for Scaling Microfinance: More than Dollars and Smarts (Deborah Burand, Esq.)Innovations in Index Insurance for the Poor in Low-Income Countries (Jerry Skees)Biotechnology and the Poor:Overcoming Poverty Through Improved Agricultural Technology (Robert W Herdt)Agricultural Biotechnology in Latin America: Economic Benefits, Regional Capacity, and Policy Options (Greg Traxler)Biotechnology, Agriculture, and Food Security in Southern Africa: Strategic Policy Challenges and Opportunities (Steven Were Omamo and Klaus von Grebmer)Developing Country Options under TRIPS: Choices to Maximize Biotech Transfer (William Lesser and Deepthi Kolady)Foreign Direct Investment:What Matters to African Firms? The Relevance of Perceptions Data (Alan Gelb, Vijaya Ramachandran, Manju Kedia Shah and Ginger Turner)Making the Most out of FDI in Africa (Norbert L W Wilson and Malick Diarrasouba) Readership: Students, researchers and academics in development economics; practitioners involved in poverty alleviation strategies and in transforming developing country economies. Keywords:Financial Markets;Biotechnology;PovertyKey Features:Highlights innovative institutions and strategies of improving access to capital and biotechnology for the poor, with a special focus on AfricaAddresses the global problem of poverty and economic development, and the role the market and technology can play in providing solutions to the problemIncludes contributions from leading academics and practitioners in the field

Opportunities And Limitations For Biotechnology Innovation in Brazil

Author : Luiz A.B. de Castro
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Brazil has emerged as a significant financial and industrial power in recent times. Brazil is poised to become a significant player in the field of biotechnology, internationally, by taking advantage of circumstances not available in other countries, particularly its native biodiversity. This will, in turn, have an effect on commercial and entrepreneurial opportunities in the region. Topics covered in this text include adjustments that must be made in the regulatory framework to assure the success of business investment. This investment is crucial for training R&D scientists and developing new technologies. The book also covers a debate on transgenic plants which had political ramifications in the region and slowed the adoption rate of genetically modified organisms by almost a decade. The opportunities for commercialization of recombinant DNA technologies in the country are also presented. Opportunities and Limitations For Biotechnology Innovation In Brazil presents a concise overview of the biotechnology industry in Brazil and will be of great interest to a wide range of readers including researchers, biotechnology graduates, as well as both local and international investors.

Hearing on Product Liability Laws and Their Impact on Small Business Innovation and Competitiveness

Author : United States
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The Business of Healthcare Innovation

Author : Lawton R. Burns
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The first wide-ranging analysis of business trends in the manufacturing segment of the health care industry.

Intellectual Property Rights in Agricultural Biotechnology

Author : Frederic H. Erbisch
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During the past twenty-five years, biotechnology has revolutionized agricultural research. The enormous potential, together with a landmark decision by the US Supreme Court to allow the patenting of genetically-engineered organisms has encouraged private sector companies to invest in research programmes. This book (first edition in 1998) is now fully revised and updated, with five completely new chapters. It presents definitive information on intellectual property law in a simplified form.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Author : Allan Eaglesham
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Product Liability and the Economics of Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices

Author : Steven Garber
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This study examined the economic effects of product liability on firms producing drugs and medical devices. The study found that the liability system enhances the economic contributions of the industries in some ways.

The Frankenfood Myth

Author : Henry I. Miller
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Few topics have inspired as much international furor and misinformation as the development and distribution of genetically altered foods. For thousands of years, farmers have bred crops for their resistance to disease, productivity, and nutritional value; but only since the 1970s have advances in biotechnology (or gene-splicing to be more precise) upped the ante, with the promise of dramatically improved agricultural products--and public resistance far out of synch with the potential risks. In this provocative and meticulously researched book, Henry Miller and Gregory Conko trace the origins of gene-splicing, its applications, and the backlash from consumer groups and government agencies against so-called "Frankenfoods"--from America to Zimbabwe. They explain how a "happy conspiracy" of anti-technology activism, bureaucratic over-reach, and business lobbying has resulted in a regulatory framework in which there is an inverse relationship between the degree of product risk and degree of regulatory scrutiny. The net result is a combination of public confusion, political manipulation, ill-conceived regulation, and ultimately, the obstruction of one of the safest and most promising technologies ever developed. The authors go on to suggest a way to emerge from this morass, proposing a variety of business and policy reforms that can unlock the potential of this cutting-edge science, while ensuring appropriate safeguards and moving environmentally friendly products into the hands of farmers and consumers around the world.

Biotechnology and the Law

Author : Hugh B. Wellons
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The book is written to help lawyers faced with the challenge of identifying the legal issues and processes that must be faced by their clients in building, marketing, and protecting a biotech business. The contributors are experts in this specialized area and provide thorough, yet accessible, overviews of biotech subspecialties with an eye to practical application. A biotech legal practice involves specialized subject matter and regulatory schemes that, generally, are not part of the business lawyer's repertoire and which can present many hazards for the uninitiated. Because of the expansion in biotech practice beyond the traditional organizations and their representatives, this guide was written to help lawyers find their way through the biotech maze.

The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe

Author : Eric Montpetit
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The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe provides analysts with a perspective on policy-making in scientifically advanced countries that integrate the insights of several approaches and that display a particular sensitivity to the complexity of policy-making conjectures.

Innovation in Agro biotechnology

Author : J. Coombs
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Handbook of Bioentrepreneurship

Author : Holger Patzelt
File Size : 59.29 MB
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Providing an important and timely overview of research on the exciting area of entrepreneurship in biotechnology, The Handbook of Bioentrepreneurship examines one of the most promising industries of the 21st century. While genetically engineered food and biopharmaceuticals have made biotechnology part of our everyday life, starting a bioventure is among the most complex and risky entrepreneurial tasks given long development cycles, high technological and market uncertainty, and high capital intensity. Providing unparalleled in-depth and detailed analysis, this Handbook sheds light on business models and strategies, financing, cooperation networks between firms and universities, among other issues. With new developments in biotechnology increasingly in the news, this is an important source for readers interested in public policy, entrepreneurship, and business in the 21st century.

Innovation in Medical Technology

Author : Margaret L. Eaton
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This thought-provoking study examines the ethical, legal, and social problems that arise with cutting-edge medical technology. Using as examples four powerful and largely unregulated technologies—off-label use of drugs, innovative surgery, assisted reproduction, and neuroimaging—Margaret L. Eaton and Donald Kennedy illustrate the difficult challenges faced by clinicians, researchers, and policy makers who seek to advance the frontiers of medicine safely and responsibly. Supported by medical history and case studies and drawing on reports from dozens of experts, the authors address important practical, ethical, and policy issues. They consider topics such as the responsible introduction of new medical products and services, the importance of patient consent, the extent of the duty to mitigate harm, and the responsibility to facilitate access to new medical therapies. This work's insights into the nature and consequences of medical innovation contribute to the national debate on how best to protect patients while fostering innovation and securing benefits.

Knowledge Creation Diffusion and Use in Innovation Networks and Knowledge Clusters

Author : Elias G. Carayannis
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Explores the key elements and issues of knowledge management in both a conceptual and an applied manner.

The Architecture of Innovation

Author : Joshua Lerner
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Find the right innovation model Innovation is a much-used buzzword these days, but when it comes to creating and implementing a new idea, many companies miss the mark—plans backfire, consumer preferences shift, or tried-and-true practices fail to work in a new context. So is innovation just a low-odds crapshoot? In The Architecture of Innovation, Harvard Business School professor Josh Lerner—one of the foremost experts on how innovation works—says innovation can be understood and managed. The key to success? Incentives. Fortunately, new research has shed light on the role incentives can play in promoting new ideas, but these findings have been absent from innovation literature—until now. By using the principles of organizational economics, Lerner explains how companies can set the right incentives and time horizons for investments and create a robust innovation infrastructure in the process. Drawing from years of experience studying and advising companies, venture capital firms, and an assortment of governments around the globe, Lerner looks to corporate labs and start-ups, and argues that the best elements of both can be found in hybrid models for innovation. While doing so, he uses a wide range of industry-rich examples to show how these models work and how you can put them into practice in your own organization. Practical and thought-provoking, The Architecture of Innovation is the missing blueprint for any company looking to strengthen its innovation competence.

Risk and Innovation

Author : National Academy of Engineering
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Smaller, technically-oriented companies often assume types of risk (and an amount of risk) that is not often tolerated by large companies. In the United States both consumers and companies depend on smaller, high-tech companies to explore the commercial application of technology in potential, emerging, and small markets. This book, through comparison of six industries in which small companies play a critical role, explores the principal economic function of small, high-tech companies--to probe, explore, and sometimes develop the frontiers of the U.S. economy in search of unrecognized or otherwise ignored opportunities for economic growth and development.

Dissertation Abstracts International

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