Search results for: individuality-in-late-antiquity

Individuality in Late Antiquity

Author : Alexis Torrance
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Late antiquity is increasingly recognised as a period of important cultural transformation. One of its crucial aspects is the emergence of a new awareness of human individuality. In this book an interdisciplinary and international group of scholars documents and analyses this development. Authors assess the influence of seminal thinkers, including the Gnostics, Plotinus, and Augustine, but also of cultural and religious practices such as astrology and monasticism, as well as, more generally, the role played by intellectual disciplines such as grammar and Christian theology. Broad in both theme and scope, the volume serves as a comprehensive introduction to late antique understandings of human individuality.

Group Identity and Religious Individuality in Late Antiquity

Author : Eric Rebillard
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To understand the past, we necessarily group people together and, consequently, frequently assume that all of its members share the same attributes. In this ground-breaking volume, Eric Rebillard and Jörg Rüpke bring renowned scholars together to challenge this norm by seeking to rediscover the individual and to explore the dynamics between individuals and the groups to which they belong.

Reflections on Religious Individuality

Author : Jörg Rüpke
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Did ancient religions know religious individuality? How did it work in texts and practices related to texts? The creation of texts offered opportunities to express one’s own religious experience and shape one’s own religious personality – within the boundaries of what is acceptable. Greek and Latin, Jewish and Christian texts from the Hellenistic period down to Late Antiquity created exemplary individuals or condemned individual deviance. The volume presents exemplary cases and analyses, which open a new field for research in the history of religion, covering ritual and literary innovations.

The Past Before Us

Author : G. W. Bowersock
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This collection of papers from the conference "The World of Late Antiquity: The Challenge of New Historiographies" 1999 looks at the implications of modern historiography on the transformation of the classical world. While it is easy to recognise that the works of past historians are partly products of the world of the author - Edward Gibbon's The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire for example, is a reflection of the troubled times of the late British Empire - it is somewhat harder to understand the influences of our time on more recent works on Late Antiquity. The contributors reflect on the larger tradition of historical writing on the Classical period, and look at the development of their own work in relation to this.

The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean

Author : Jörg Rüpke
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Covering the Hellenistic and Imperial periods in both pagan polytheistic as well as Jewish monotheistic settings, this edited collection focuses on individuation in everyday religious practices across the ancient Mediterranean as identified in institutional developments and philosophical reflections on the self.

A History of Autobiography in Antiquity

Author : Georg Misch
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The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages

Author : Gervase Rosser
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Guilds and fraternities, voluntary associations of men and women, proliferated in medieval Europe. The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages explores the motives and experiences of the many thousands of men and women who joined together in these family-like societies. Rarely confined to a single craft, the diversity of guild membership was of its essence. Setting the English evidence in a European context, this study is not an institutional history, but instead is concerned with the material and non-material aims of the brothers and sisters of the guilds. Gervase Rosser addresses the subject of medieval guilds in the context of contemporary debates surrounding the identity and fulfilment of the individual, and the problematic question of his or her relationship to a larger society. Unlike previous studies, The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages does not focus on the guilds as institutions but on the social and moral processes which were catalysed by participation. These bodies founded schools, built bridges, managed almshouses, governed small towns, shaped religious ritual, and commemorated the dead, perceiving that association with a fraternity would be a potential catalyst of personal change. Participants cultivated the formation of new friendships between individuals, predicated on the understanding that human fulfilment depended upon a mutually transformative engagement with others. The peasants, artisans, and professionals who joined the guilds sought to change both their society and themselves. The study sheds light on the conception and construction of society in the Middle Ages, and suggests further that this evidence has implications for how we see ourselves.

Philoponus On Aristotle Categories 1 5 with Philoponus A Treatise Concerning the Whole and the Parts

Author : Riin Sirkel
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Philoponus' On Aristotle Categories 1-5 discusses the nature of universals, preserving the views of Philoponus' teacher Ammonius, as well as presenting a Neoplatonist interpretation of Aristotle's Categories. Philoponus treats universals as concepts in the human mind produced by abstracting a form or nature from the material individual in which it has its being. The work is important for its own philosophical discussion and for the insight it sheds on its sources. For considerable portions, On Aristotle Categories 1-5 resembles the wording of an earlier commentary which declares itself to be an anonymous record taken from the seminars of Ammonius. Unlike much of Philoponus' later writing, this commentary does not disagree with either Aristotle or Ammonius, and suggests the possibility that Philoponus either had access to this earlier record or wrote it himself. This edition explores these questions of provenance, alongside the context, meaning and implications of Philoponus' work. The English translation is accompanied by an introduction, comprehensive commentary notes, bibliography, glossary of translated terms and a subject index. The latest volume in the Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series, the edition makes this philosophical work accessible to a modern readership. Philoponus was a Christian writing in Greek in 6th century CE Alexandria, where some students of philosophy were bilingual in Syriac as well as Greek. In this Greek treatise translated from the surviving Syriac version, Philoponus discusses the logic of parts and wholes, and he illustrates the spread of the pagan and Christian philosophy of 6th century CE Greeks to other cultures, in this case to Syria. Philoponus, an expert on Aristotle's philosophy, had turned to theology and was applying his knowledge of Aristotle to disputes over the human and divine nature of Christ. Were there two natures and were they parts of a whole, as the Emperor Justinian proposed, or was there only one nature, as Philoponus claimed with the rebel minority, both human and divine? If there were two natures, were they parts like the ingredients in a chemical mixture? Philoponus attacks the idea. Such ingredients are not parts, because they each inter-penetrate the whole mixture. Moreover, he abandons his ingenious earlier attempts to support Aristotle's view of mixture by identifying ways in which such ingredients might be thought of as potentially preserved in a chemical mixture. Instead, Philoponus says that the ingredients are destroyed, unlike the human and divine in Christ. This English translation of Philoponus' treatise is the latest volume in the Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series and makes this philosophical work accessible to a modern readership. The translation in each volume is accompanied by an introduction, comprehensive commentary notes, bibliography, glossary of translated terms and a subject index.

The Rise of the Imperial Self

Author : Ronald William Dworkin
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The Rise of the Imperial Self establishes a geneaology of aristocracy and places America firmly within an aristocratic tradition originally articulated by St. Augustine, but adapted to American society by Alexis de Tocqueville. Ronald W. Dworkin then traces the evolution of American culture from Tocqueville's America, when American aristocracy was defined by a love of something beyond the self to today's preoccupation with individuality, self-expression, autonomy, and self-esteem--the 'imperial self.'

The Physical World of Late Antiquity

Author : Samuel Sambursky
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Late Roman Art Industry

Author : Alois Riegl
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Religious Deviance in the Roman World

Author : Jörg Rüpke
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Religious individuality is not restricted to modernity. This book offers a new reading of the ancient sources in order to find indications for the spectrum of religious practices and intensified forms of such practices only occasionally denounced as 'superstition'. Authors from Cicero in the first century BC to the law codes of the fourth century AD share the assumption that authentic and binding communication between individuals and gods is possible and widespread, even if problematic in the case of divination or the confrontation with images of the divine. A change in practices and assumptions throughout the imperial period becomes visible. It might be characterised as 'individualisation' and informed the Roman law of religions. The basic constellation - to give freedom of religion and to regulate religion at the same time - resonates even into modern bodies of law and is important for juridical conflicts today.

Monotheism Between Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity

Author : Stephen Mitchell
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This volume studies how similarities between paganism and Christianity were obscured in the polemic that was waged by Christianity against paganism and in the pagan responses to it.

The Making of Late Antiquity

Author : Peter Brown
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This book explores the significant changes that took place in the classical world between the late second and early fourth centuries. A new elitism in religion had its parallel in society as a whole and a wide polarization of the wealthy and the poor developed, as unbridled ambition made the sharp distinction between the rulers and the ruled. --From publisher's description.

Causation and Creation in Late Antiquity

Author : Anna Marmodoro
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This book explores ancient thinking about causation and creation, considering the perspectives of key Christian and pagan thinkers.

Texts and Culture in Late Antiquity

Author : Anna Chahoud
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Late Antiquity has increasingly been viewed as a period of transformation and dynamic change, a process as evident in its literature as in the spheres of society and politics.

Coptic Perspectives on Late Antiquity

Author : Leslie S. B. MacCoull
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The transitions from Antiquity to the Middle Ages continue to demand explanation; in the case of Egypt there is the added question of why the Coptic language died out following the Arab conquests. In these studies Dr MacCoull draws on the extensive papyrological evidence, in both Coptic and Greek, to explore the Egypt of the 6th-8th centuries, its culture, religion and society. One group of articles focuses on the figure of the lawyer-poet Dioscorus of Aphrodito; in others she examines the adjustments made by Christian Egyptians as they became a minority under Muslim rule, as well as the methodologies of studying this society. Les differents passages de l'Antiquité au Moyen Age nécessitent encore un certain nombre d'explications; dans le cas de l'Egypte, s'ajoute la question de l'extinction de la langue copte à la suite des conquÃates arabes. Au cours de ces études, le Dr MacCoull s'appuie sur l'abondante documentation papyrologique, en langue grecque et copte, afin d'explorer l'Egypte du 6e au 8e siècle, sa culture, sa religion et sa société. Un groupe d'articles se concentre sur le personnage du poète juriste Dioscore d'Aphrodito; d'ailleurs, elle examine la façon dont les Chrétiens égyptiens se sont adaptés alors qu'ils devenaient une minorité sous l'empire des musulmans, ainsi que la méthodologie relative à l'étude de cette société.

Urban Centers and Rural Contexts in Late Antiquity

Author : Professor Thomas S Burns
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The essays in this volume reevaluate the cities and towns of the Empire as centers of habitation, rather than archaeological museums, and reconsider the evidence of continuous and pervasive cultural change across the countryside.

The Cambridge Ancient History Late antiquity empire and successors A D 425 600

Author : John Bagnell Bury
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Rome in Late Antiquity

Author : Bertrand Lancon
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This books captures Rome's fall and rebirth during this tumultous period. The author details the rise of Christianity and its effects on the city as well as the political and cultural atmosphere. Also inlcludes six maps.