Search results for: immunoglobulins

Immunoglobulins

Author : Gary Litman
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Since the discovery more than thirty years ago that antibody actlvlty could be localized to discrete plasma protein fractions, the study of immunoglobulin struc ture and function has dominated the field of immunochemistry. During this time, sources of homogeneous immunoglobulin molecules have been discovered, the subunit nature of the proteins has been defined, and the three-dimensional struc tures of the antigen-recognition portion of several antibody molecules have been elucidated. Insights into the complicated genetic control of these proteins are being gained rapidly through analysis of amino acid sequences of naturally occurring and induced homogeneous immunoglobulins. Immunoglobulins have been analyzed by protein chemists as models of complex multimeric systems, examined by geneticists studying serum protein polymorphisms, and employed by molecular biologists as highly selective probes capable of distinguishing minor features of molecular topog raphy. Clinical applications have ranged from the now routine quantitation of immunoglobulin levels to the use of antibodies to detect trace levels of a variety of natural products and drug metabolites. All these applications have depended ulti mately on a thorough understanding of the immunoglobulin and its antigen-combin ing site. To cover the entire field of immunoglobulin structure and function would require many volumes this size; therefore, subjects presented in this volume represent those which we felt contribute most to our current understanding of this protein family. The first chapters deal with the structure and function of the immunoglobulin molecule.

The Immunoglobulins

Author : Roald Nezlin
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This book provides comprehensive up-to-date information on the structure and function of immunoglobulins. It describes the basic features of these molecules, which assists the reader in understanding how they function as an integral part of the immune system. The Immunoglobulins describes the localization and structure of different binding sites of immunoglobulin molecules, including the antigen-binding site, on the basis of latest x-ray crystallography studies. It discusses recently developed biotechnological methods that allow scientists to obtain fully active antibody molecules in vitro even without immunization and to construct new variants of immunoglobulins and their fragments by fusing with various other active molecules. A survey of recent knowledge on immunoglobulin-binding molecules other than antigens and on flexibility of immunoglobulin molecules concludes the discussion of functional aspects of the problem. Describes recent reviews on the structure and function of immunoglobulin molecules of various species Summarizes in detail recent findings on the fine structure of the antigen-combining site Presents comparative data on the antigen-recognizing sites of other molecules such as MHC proteins and T-cell receptors Summarizes growing data on immunoglobulin binding sites responsible for the reaction of immunoglobulins with molecules other than antigens Explores the rapid advance of recent biotechnological methods used for the construction of antibody molecules and their fragments with new properties Presents extensive references and is lavishly illustrated

Immunoglobulins in Health and Disease

Author : M. French
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Rapid advances continue to be made in all areas of immunology, not least the biology of the immunoglobulins. This knowledge has resulted in a better understanding of antibody responses and helped to clarify pathogenic mechanisms in many diseases, particularly autoimmune and allergic diseases, as well as expand our comprehension of antibody deficiency diseases and mechanisms in therapeutic immunization. In addition, the recognition that diverse disease states may result in abnormalities of the amount of immunoglobulins in body fluids has resulted in the use of immunoglobulin assays for disease diagnosis and management. The aim of this book has been to condense both the established and recent aspects of this knowledge, particularly that pertaining to clinical immunology. The contributions of different authors hopefully provide a comprehensive review of their particular field of interest as well as a discussion of how this information can be applied to clinical medicine. Immunological terms and concepts have been explained where appropriate so that the book can be read by those with only a basic knowledge of immunology. In producing a book on this one area of immunology some duplication of information has been accepted so that topics can be considered in different contexts. I hope the book will be of value to those in training or already pursuing a career in clinical or laboratory medicine by providing a basic and short text on immunoglobulins. M.A.H.F.

Molecular Genetics of Immunoglobulin

Author : F. Calabi
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Our understanding of the molecular genetics of immunoglobulins has been enormously advanced by the application of recombinant DNA technology. This new volume in the popular series New Comprehensive Biochemistry contains eight chapters that draw together reviews summarising the research into immunoglobulins and the arrangement, rearrangement and expression of their gene structure. Molecular Genetics of Immunoglobulin will be of particular importance to those working in the areas of genetics and molecular biology, immunology, and cell biology.

Maternofoetal Transmission of Immunoglobulins

Author : W. A. Hemmings
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Immunoglobulins Extending the Horizon

Author : M.D. Kazatchkine
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This is a high-level technical reference text on new and developing uses of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), virological safety and other treatment issues, and active areas of relevant clinical and basic investigation. Volume editor Kazatchkine explains the importance of this work in his Foreword: IVIg therapy represents the first-line treatment in humoral immunodeficiencies. It also stands as an alternative or complementary approach to targeted immunointervention for immunomodulation of hypersensitivity states and autoimmune diseases. Thus, normal circulating immunoglobulins are now known to play an important role in the selection of immune repertoires and regulation of immune homeostasis, in addition to their role in host defense against infection.

Immunoglobulins

Author : Gary Litman
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Since the discovery more than thirty years ago that antibody actlvlty could be localized to discrete plasma protein fractions, the study of immunoglobulin struc ture and function has dominated the field of immunochemistry. During this time, sources of homogeneous immunoglobulin molecules have been discovered, the subunit nature of the proteins has been defined, and the three-dimensional struc tures of the antigen-recognition portion of several antibody molecules have been elucidated. Insights into the complicated genetic control of these proteins are being gained rapidly through analysis of amino acid sequences of naturally occurring and induced homogeneous immunoglobulins. Immunoglobulins have been analyzed by protein chemists as models of complex multimeric systems, examined by geneticists studying serum protein polymorphisms, and employed by molecular biologists as highly selective probes capable of distinguishing minor features of molecular topog raphy. Clinical applications have ranged from the now routine quantitation of immunoglobulin levels to the use of antibodies to detect trace levels of a variety of natural products and drug metabolites. All these applications have depended ulti mately on a thorough understanding of the immunoglobulin and its antigen-combin ing site. To cover the entire field of immunoglobulin structure and function would require many volumes this size; therefore, subjects presented in this volume represent those which we felt contribute most to our current understanding of this protein family. The first chapters deal with the structure and function of the immunoglobulin molecule.

Immunoglobulins

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The Genetic Markers of Human Immunoglobulins

Author : Rune E. Grubb
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It has long been known that every individual has a large number of antibodies of different specificities. Antibodies are gammaglobulins, and protein structure in cells is genetically determined. The extreme multiplicity of structure of the combining sites of antibodies relative to the degree of multiplicity generated by ordinary genetic mechanisms is a fascinating problem of bio-medical importance. The functional heterogeneity of reactions mediated by immunoglobulins-is remarkable, ranging from protection against life-threatening toxins and microbes to the production of laryngeal edema leading to suffocation and death from anaphylaxis. An approach to the understanding of immunoglobulin polymorphism based upon "a knowledge of genetic markers of immunoglobulin structure is not biased by the question of whether or not this polymorphism is related to combining site diversity. Though several recent reviews of the multifacetted problems related to immuno globulins are available, it was decided to publish this survey in the belief that know ledge of the genetic markers of immunoglobulins prqvides such information about immunoglobulin differentiation and its control as cannot be obtained from other sources. Several of the human genetic im~unoglobulin markers are well understood at the molecular level. The Gm system may serv~ as a model for other immuno genetic systems. The published data on the human immunoglobulin factors are widely scattered in journals of different perspectives. There is a need for a systematic presentation of these data and for their critical evaluation.

Intravenous Immunoglobulins in Dermatology

Author : Stephen Jolles
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This is the first book to bring together the developments in this area. With full colour throughout, each chapter focuses on clinical differentiation and pathophysiology and provides key laboratory and clinical observations. In addition, there is a brief summary of current treatment options.

The Genetic Markers of Human Immunoglobulins

Author : Rune E. Grubb
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It has long been known that every individual has a large number of antibodies of different specificities. Antibodies are gammaglobulins, and protein structure in cells is genetically determined. The extreme multiplicity of structure of the combining sites of antibodies relative to the degree of multiplicity generated by ordinary genetic mechanisms is a fascinating problem of bio-medical importance. The functional heterogeneity of reactions mediated by immunoglobulins-is remarkable, ranging from protection against life-threatening toxins and microbes to the production of laryngeal edema leading to suffocation and death from anaphylaxis. An approach to the understanding of immunoglobulin polymorphism based upon "a knowledge of genetic markers of immunoglobulin structure is not biased by the question of whether or not this polymorphism is related to combining site diversity. Though several recent reviews of the multifacetted problems related to immuno globulins are available, it was decided to publish this survey in the belief that know ledge of the genetic markers of immunoglobulins prqvides such information about immunoglobulin differentiation and its control as cannot be obtained from other sources. Several of the human genetic im~unoglobulin markers are well understood at the molecular level. The Gm system may serv~ as a model for other immuno genetic systems. The published data on the human immunoglobulin factors are widely scattered in journals of different perspectives. There is a need for a systematic presentation of these data and for their critical evaluation.

Cell Mediated Effects of Immunoglobulins

Author : Wolf H. Fridman
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Interaction of antigen-antibody complexes with cells via specific immunoglobulin Fc receptors (FcR) triggers major immunological reactions such as efficient uptake of antigen, phagocytosis of microorganisms, cytotoxicity towards tumor or virus infected cells, mast cell degranulation and inflammation, etc. This book reviews the FcR for the different immunoglobulin isotypes, focusing on the structural bases of their biological functions, and on the regulation of their expression in physiology and pathology.

Structure Isotypes Targets and Post Translational Modifications of Immunoglobulins and Their Role in Infection Inflammation and Autoimmunity

Author : Sylvie Hermouet
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Immunoglobulins Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

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Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Immunoglobulin Subunits. The editors have built Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Immunoglobulin Subunits in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Intravenous Immunoglobulins Clinical Benefits and Future Prospects

Author : M.D. Kazatchkine
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This is a high-level clinical reference text on new developments in therapeutic immunomodulation. It describes the mechanisms of action and clinical use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), including its effectiveness in clinical conditions. The book also contains three chapters on the safety of IVIg, an overview chapter on IVIg therapy today and tomorrow, and a selected bibliography compiled primarily for practicing physicians. The contributing authors are IVIg experts from the USA, UK, Europe, and Australia.

Immunoglobulins

Author : Marcel Delire
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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Immunoglobulins Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition

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Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Immunoglobulins. The editors have built Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Immunoglobulins in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Immunoglobulins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Intravenous Immunoglobulins New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2011 Edition

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Intravenous Immunoglobulins: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Intravenous Immunoglobulins in a compact format. The editors have built Intravenous Immunoglobulins: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Intravenous Immunoglobulins in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Intravenous Immunoglobulins: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Immunoglobulins Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

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Immunoglobulins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Immunoglobulins. The editors have built Immunoglobulins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Immunoglobulins in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Immunoglobulins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Systemic Amyloidosis due to Monoclonal Immunoglobulins An Issue of Hematology Oncology Clinics of North America E Book

Author : Raymond L. Comenzo
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This issue of Hematology/Oncology Clinics, Guest Edited by Dr. Raymond L. Comenzo, is devoted to Systemic Amyloidosis due to Monoclonal Immunoglobulins. This issue is one of six selected each year by our series Consulting Editors, George P. Canellos and Edward J. Benz. Topics discussed in this important issue include: The Spectrum of Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Diseases, Systemic Amyloidosis due to Clonal Plasma Cell Diseases, Systemic Amyloidosis due to Low-grade Lymphomas, The Process of Amyloid Formation due to Monoclonal Immunoglobulins, Cardiac Involvement, Renal Involvement, Liver and Gastrointestinal Involvement, Peripheral Nervous System Involvement, Options for Chemotherapy, Stem-cell Mobilization and Autologous Transplant, Monoclonal Antibody Therapies, Solid Organ Transplant, Supportive Care, Patient Voices, and Future Perspectives.