Search results for: ibn-taymiyyas-theological-ethics

Ibn Taymiyya s Theological Ethics

Author : Sophia Vasalou
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Ibn Taymiyya is a thinker often associated with dogmatism, but who also valued moderation and considered himself a defender of the harmony between human reason and religious faith. By closely examining the tenets of his ethical thought, Sophia Vasalou sheds fresh light on Taymiyya's intellectual identity.

A Muslim Theologian s Response to Christianity

Author : Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-Halim Ibn Taymiyah
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Translation of Jawab al-sahih li-man baddal din al-masih [The correct answer to those who replaced the religion of Christ], a work whose length & scope have never been equalled in Muslim critiques of the Christian religion & whose depth of insight into the issues that separate Christianity & Islam sets it among the masterpieces of Muslim polemic against Christianity.

A Christian View of Islam

Author : Thomas F. Michel
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A collection of essays on Christian-Muslim relations by one of the world's leading experts.

Ibn Taymiyyah s Ethics

Author : Victor E. Makari
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Ibn Taymiyya s Theodicy of Perpetual Optimism

Author : Jon Hoover
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This comprehensive study of Muslim jurist Ibn Taymiyya's (d. 1328) theodicy of perpetual optimism exposits and analyses his writings on God's justice and wise purpose, divine determination and human agency, the problem of evil, and juristic method in theological doctrine.

Reason and Politics in Medieval Islamic Thought

Author : Ovamir Anjum
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Ibn Taymiyya

Author : Jon Hoover
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Ibn Taymiyya (1263–1328) of Damascus was one of the most prominent and controversial religious scholars of medieval Islam. He called for jihad against the Mongol invaders of Syria, appealed to the foundational sources of Islam for reform, and battled against religious innovation. Today, he inspires such diverse movements as Global Salafism, Islamic revivalism and modernism, and violent jihadism. This volume synthesizes the latest research, discusses many little-known aspects of Ibn Taymiyya’s thought, and highlights the religious utilitarianism that pervades his activism, ethics, and theology. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 EARLY CAREER AND THE MONGOL INVASIONS The Formative Years Appearance, Character, and Personal Relationships Early Engagements with Religious Law Early Engagements with Theology The Mongol Invasion of 1299–1300 The Mongol Invasions of 1300–1301 and 1303 Christians in the Wake of the Mongols 2 LATER CAREER AND MAJOR TRIALS Conflicts with Sufis The 1306 Damascus Trials over Theology Imprisonments in Egypt over Theology and Sufism 1306–1310 Final Years in Egypt 1310–1313 Back in Damascus Teaching and Writing The 1318 Nusayri Revolt Trials over Divorce Oaths Final Imprisonment over Grave Visitation 1326–1328 3 THE PRIORITY OF WORSHIP Worship and the Human Natural Constitution A Spirituality of Love Divinity and Lordship Command and Creation Sainthood 4 WORSHIP, LAW, AND INNOVATION Worship and the Law Worship Rituals: Lawful and Innovated Spiritual Concert and Annihilation Benefit and the Law Innovated Festivals and the Prophet’s Birthday Grave Visitation and Intercession Ibn Taymiyya and Sufism 5 JURISTIC AUTHORITY AND DERIVING GOD’S LAW The Sunni Law School System Back to the Qur’an and the Sunna Forbidding Chess Invalidating Triple Divorce 6 UTILITARIAN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ETHICS Social Ethics The Caliphate Public Authority and the Law Law-Guided Public Policy Trusts of public office and public wealth Justice: the limits and rights of God and humans Jihad 7 GOD AND CREATION Kalam Theology Esotericism Non-cognitivism Apologetic Interpretativism God is Sitting Over the Throne The Timelessly Eternal God of Philosophy and Kalam God Wills for Wise Purposes and Creates from Eternity 8 GOD AND HUMANITY Justice, Evil, and the Human Act God’s Protection of Prophets The Signs of a True Prophet Christianity: An Object Lesson in Innovated Religion The Ultimate Destiny of Unbelievers 9 EPILOGUE Bibliography Index

The Teleological Ethics of Fakhr al Din al Razi

Author : A. Shihadeh
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The Measure of Greatness

Author : Sophia Vasalou
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Magnanimity is a virtue that has led many lives. Foregrounded early on by Plato as a philosophical virtue par excellence, it became one of the crown jewels in Aristotle's account of human excellence and was accorded equally salient place by other ancient thinkers. It is one of the most distinctive elements of the ancient tradition to filter into the medieval Islamic and Christian worlds. It sparked important intellectual engagements and went on to carve deep tracks through several of the later philosophies to inherit from this tradition. Under changing names and reworked forms, it would continue to breathe in the thought of Descartes and Hume, Kant, and Nietzsche. Its many lives have been joined by important continuities, yet they have also been fragmented by discontinuities — discontinuities reflecting larger shifts in ethical perspectives and competing answers to questions about the nature of the good life, the moral nature of human beings, and their relationship to the social and natural world they inhabit. They have also been punctuated by moments of intense controversy in which the vision of human greatness has itself been called into doubt. The aim of this volume is to provide an insight into the complex trajectory of a virtue whose glitter has at times been as dazzling as it has been divisive. By exploring the many lives it has lived, we will be in a better position to evaluate whether this is a virtue we still want to make central to our own ethical lives, and why.

Sufism and Theology

Author : Ayman Shihadeh
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Explores the relationship between the Sufi and theological currents in Islamic history, underscoring aspects of tension and interaction between them.

Piety and Power

Author : Lamin O. Sanneh
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Providing a unique perspective on historical patterns of religious interaction in West Africa and their meaning for world Christianity and Islam today, this book places the inner-faith issues firmly in an African social setting. Sanneh explores the impact of Islam, Christianity and European mission and colonialism in terms of African adaptations and expressions.

The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences

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Journal of Dharma

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Virtues of Greatness in the Arabic Tradition

Author : Sophia Vasalou
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There are few ideals of character as distinctive and divisive as the ancient virtue of 'greatness of soul'. A larger-than-life virtue embodying nothing less than a vision of human greatness, it has often been seen as a relic of the Homeric world and its honour-loving heroes. In philosophy, it found its most celebrated expression in Aristotle's ethics, and it has lived on in the minds of philosophers and theologians in different forms ever since. Yet among the many lives this virtue has led in intellectual history, one remains conspicuously unwritten. This is the life it led in the Arabic tradition. A virtue of Greek warriors and their democratic epigones -- what happened when this splendid virtue made landfall in the Islamic world? This world, too, had its native heroes, who bequeathed their conception of extraordinary virtue to posterity. Heroic virtue is above all expressed in a boundless aspiration to what is greatest. Could we admire such virtue enough to want it as our own? What can we learn from the Arabic tradition of the virtues? In answering these questions, Sophia Vasalou elucidates a larger family of virtues that are united by their preoccupation with all things great: the 'virtues of greatness'. An important constituent of the character ideals expounded within the Islamic world, this type of virtue tells us as much about the content of these ideals as about their kaleidoscopic genealogies.

Dissertation Abstracts International

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The Decisive Criterion Between the Friends of Allah the Friends of Shay n

Author : Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm Ibn Taymīyah
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Essays in Islamic Philosophy Theology and Mysticism

Author : Global Scholarly Publications
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Masters Abstracts International

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Islamic Theology

Author : Binyamin Abrahamov
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Assessing materials from the 3rd/9th century to the 10th/16th century, Professor Abrahamov focuses on the foundations of both traditionalism and rationalism, the arguments which the two tendencies used against each other and the compromises reached.

The Quarterly Index Islamicus

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A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.