Humanitarian Imperialism

Using Human Rights to Sell War

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Author: Jean Bricmont

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583674888

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 3220

Since the end of the Cold War, the idea of human rights has been made into a justification for intervention by the world's leading economic and military powers—above all, the United States—in countries that are vulnerable to their attacks. The criteria for such intervention have become more arbitrary and self-serving, and their form more destructive, from Yugoslavia to Afghanistan to Iraq. Until the U.S. invasion of Iraq, the large parts of the left was often complicit in this ideology of intervention—discovering new “Hitlers” as the need arose, and denouncing antiwar arguments as appeasement on the model of Munich in 1938. Jean Bricmont’s Humanitarian Imperialism is both a historical account of this development and a powerful political and moral critique. It seeks to restore the critique of imperialism to its rightful place in the defense of human rights. It describes the leading role of the United States in initiating military and other interventions, but also on the obvious support given to it by European powers and NATO. It outlines an alternative approach to the question of human rights, based on the genuine recognition of the equal rights of people in poor and wealthy countries. Timely, topical, and rigorously argued, Jean Bricmont’s book establishes a firm basis for resistance to global war with no end in sight.

Domesticating Human Rights

A Reappraisal of their Cultural-Political Critiques and their Imperialistic Use

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Author: Fidèle Ingiyimbere

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319576216

Category: Philosophy

Page: 315

View: 8692

This book develops a philosophical conception of human rights that responds satisfactorily to the challenges raised by cultural and political critics of human rights, who contend that the contemporary human rights movement is promoting an imperialist ideology, and that the humanitarian intervention for protecting human rights is a neo-colonialism. These claims affect the normativity and effectiveness of human rights; that is why they have to be taken seriously. At the same time, the same philosophical account dismisses the imperialist crusaders who support the imperialistic use of human rights by the West to advance liberal culture. Thus, after elaborating and exposing these criticisms, the book confronts them to the human rights theories of John Rawls and Jürgen Habermas, in order to see whether they can be addressed. Unfortunately, they are not. Therefore, having shown that these two philosophical accounts of human rights do not respond convincingly to those the postcolonial challenges, the book provides an alternative conception that draws the understanding of human rights from local practices. It is a multilayer conception which is not centered on state, but rather integrates it in a larger web of actors involved in shaping the practice and meaning of human rights. Confronted to the challenges, this new conception offers a promising way for addressing them satisfactorily, and it even sheds new light to the classical questions of universality of human rights, as well as the tension between universalism and relativism.

Kosovo and the Collateral Effects of Humanitarian Intervention

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Author: Jaume Castan Pinos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351374761

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 725

Humanitarian intervention is rising ever higher in international relations discourse, with many publications exploring the nature, legality and success of these interventions. However, less attention is given to what happens after an intervention. This book looks in particular at the implications for territorial and border relations, exploring the case of Kosovo, which in many ways can be seen as a turning point in post-cold war international humanitarian intervention. The 1999 intervention has had significant consequences for Kosovo in terms of political transformations, territorial alterations and enclavisation, none of which was officially intended or foreseen when NATO intervened. Two decades after NATO’s intervention and a decade after unilaterally declaring independence, Kosovo continues to be confronted with daunting existential challenges that inevitably affect the stability of the region, border relations, and the credibility of the organisations operating within Kosovo, namely the UN, the EU and NATO. The book claims that not only is the political and territorial conflict far from being settled, but that the implications have gone beyond Kosovo, creating shock waves which have galvanised conflicts elsewhere. In effect, Kosovo has been used as a pretext, as a legitimation and as an inspiration for those who aspire to challenge the border status quo. The book is primarily aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students of International Relations and Political Science and as well as Border Studies scholars, but will also appeal to researchers focusing on state-building, peace-building, humanitarian studies, nationalism/secessionism and Balkan studies.

Third Sector Research

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Author: Rupert Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441957078

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 6574

To mark the 20th Anniversary of Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations the editor has compiled a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates in third sector scholarship, comprised of all original research by leaders in the field. The volume will offer a critical review of the central and innovative themes that have come to form the core of third sector debate and research with an international focus. The first global compendium of third sector research, this volume provides a international, multi-disciplinary, and state-of-the-art overview of the field. The contributions not only examine and review the existing scholarship, but introduce new perspectives and thinking on the third sector—especially in terms of future implications around the world. Topics covered include: -History and Development of the Field -New Trends in Volunteering and Philanthropy -Volunteering and Participation in Developing Countries -Leadership and Governance -Corporate Responsibility -Social Capital -Global Civil Society This seminal volume provides a broad and comprehensive look at the field of Third Sector Research, of primary interest to researchers in political science, sociology, development studies, and nonprofit leadership programs.

Australia as US Client State

The Geopolitics of De-Democratisation and Insecurity

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Author: E. Paul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469358

Category: Political Science

Page: 116

View: 1147

This book explores Australia's role as a US client state and the subsequent consequences for Australian democracy. Examining whether neoliberal and neoconservative interests have hijacked democracy in Australia, Paul questions whether further de-democratisation will advance US economic and military interests.

Rethinking Human Rights

Critical Approaches to International Politics

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Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333977163

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 999

The development and enforcement of human rights norms has become a central feature of the foreign policy of leading governments and international institutions. This collection brings together fields as diverse as political theory, peace studies, development policy, international law and media studies, to present an original and tightly argued critique of current trends. Dealing with a range of issues concerning the implication of human rights approaches for humanitarian aid, state sovereignty, international law, democracy and political autonomy, Rethinking Human Rights questions whether human rights approaches satisfy the progressive claims to be made on their behalf.

The Liberal Defence of Murder

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Author: Richard Seymour

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 9648

Searching examination of the influence of the pro-war Left on US foreign policy.

Neoliberal Australia and US Imperialism in East Asia

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Author: E. Paul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137272783

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 3628

A critical analysis of Australia's neoliberal state and role in the American imperial project in Asia. In exposing the causal mechanisms for violence and prospects for more wars it argues for emancipatory alternatives to the existing dominant and anti-democratic neoliberal governmentality.

The Myth of the Good War

America in the Second World War

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Author: Jacques R. Pauwels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780850365368

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 288

View: 1393

Historian Jacques Pauwels attacks the widely held belief that World War II was the war in which America led the forces of democracy and freedom to victory over fascist dictatorship. He argues that the role of the USA in this war was determined not by idealism, but by the interests of America's corporations.