Search results for: how-jesus-became-god

How Jesus Became God

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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New York Times bestselling author and Bible expert Bart Ehrman reveals how Jesus’s divinity became dogma in the first few centuries of the early church. The claim at the heart of the Christian faith is that Jesus of Nazareth was, and is, God. But this is not what the original disciples believed during Jesus’s lifetime—and it is not what Jesus claimed about himself. How Jesus Became God tells the story of an idea that shaped Christianity, and of the evolution of a belief that looked very different in the fourth century than it did in the first. A master explainer of Christian history, texts, and traditions, Ehrman reveals how an apocalyptic prophet from the backwaters of rural Galilee crucified for crimes against the state came to be thought of as equal with the one God Almighty, Creator of all things. But how did he move from being a Jewish prophet to being God? In a book that took eight years to research and write, Ehrman sketches Jesus’s transformation from a human prophet to the Son of God exalted to divine status at his resurrection. Only when some of Jesus’s followers had visions of him after his death—alive again—did anyone come to think that he, the prophet from Galilee, had become God. And what they meant by that was not at all what people mean today. Written for secular historians of religion and believers alike, How Jesus Became God will engage anyone interested in the historical developments that led to the affirmation at the heart of Christianity: Jesus was, and is, God.

How Jesus Became God

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What exactly happened, such that Jesus came to be considered God? To ask this question is to delve into a fascinating, multilayered historical puzzle - one that offers a richly illuminating look into the origins of the Western worldview and the theological underpinnings of our civilization. Explore the process by which the divinity of Jesus was first conceived by his followers.

How Jesus Became God

Author : Conrad Henry Moehlman
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How God Became Jesus

Author : Michael F. Bird
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In his recent book How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher From Galilee historian Bart Ehrman explores a claim that resides at the heart of the Christian faith— that Jesus of Nazareth was, and is, God. According to Ehrman, though, this is not what the earliest disciples believed, nor what Jesus claimed about himself. The first response book to this latest challenge to Christianity from Ehrman, How God Became Jesus features the work of five internationally recognized biblical scholars. While subjecting his claims to critical scrutiny, they offer a better, historically informed account of why the Galilean preacher from Nazareth came to be hailed as “the Lord Jesus Christ.” Namely, they contend, the exalted place of Jesus in belief and worship is clearly evident in the earliest Christian sources, shortly following his death, and was not simply the invention of the church centuries later.

When Jesus Became God

Author : Richard E. Rubenstein
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“[A] panoramic view of early Christianity as it developed against the backdrop of the Roman Empire of the fourth century” (Publishers Weekly). The story of Jesus is well known, as is the story of Christian persecutions during the Roman Empire. The history of fervent debate, civil strife, and bloody riots within the Christian community as it was coming into being, however, is a side of ancient history rarely described. Richard E. Rubenstein takes the reader to the streets of the Roman Empire during the fourth century, when a fateful debate over the divinity of Jesus Christ is being fought. Ruled by a Christian emperor, followers of Jesus no longer fear for the survival of their monotheistic faith. But soon, they break into two camps regarding the direction of their worship: Is Jesus the son of God and therefore not the same as God? Or is Jesus precisely God on earth and therefore equal to Him? The vicious debate is led by two charismatic priests. Arius, an Alexandrian priest and poet, preaches that Jesus, though holy, is less than God. Athanasius, a brilliant and violent bishop, sees any diminution of Jesus’s godhead as the work of the devil. Between them stands Alexander, the powerful Bishop of Alexandria, who must find a resolution that will keep the empire united and the Christian faith alive. With thorough historical, religious, and social research, Rubenstein vividly recreates one of the most critical moments in the history of religion. “A splendidly dramatic story . . . Rubenstein has turned one of the great fights of history into an engrossing story.” —Jack Miles, The Boston Globe; author of God: A Biography

A Reader s Guide to Bart Ehrman s How Jesus Became God

Author : Patrick Goggins
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Two stories emerge when discussing How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher from Galilee by Bart D. Ehrman (New York: HarperOne, 2014). One is the rather dry academic exercise of historical Christology, which is the actual subject of the book, the other is the publisher's anticipation of controversy surrounding a new Ehrman book, simultaneously publishing a separate refutation. Please note that both books, Ehrman's How Jesus Became God, and the refutation, How God Became Jesus, are reviewed in this reader's guide.The first story, historical Christology, is Ehrman's roughly chronological presentation of how the man named Jesus of Nazareth came to be known as God almighty. Christology is the field of theology concerning the Person of the Christ. It recounts the philosophical gymnastics required when, based on the assumption of the physical resurrection, this very real flesh and blood man came to be known as God eternal. Ehrman takes us from the "lower" exaltation Christologies, where Jesus was raised to divinity by God, to the "higher" incarnation Christologies, where Jesus was God himself. This story is complicated by the early schism between the Jews and the Christians, doctrinal differences among Christians, and internal politics of the Roman Empire. While Ehrman's focus is on the intra-Christian debate, his book would have benefitted from a closer analysis of the Jewish-Christian schism and the broader socio-political context in which this debate took place. The second story is how HarperCollins, anticipating controversy, gave a group of orthodox Christian academics advance copies of How Jesus Became God, and with it an opportunity to publish a refutation simultaneously with the publication of Ehrman's book. Is this a publisher who wished to avoid the political controversy that Random House experienced (profitably) with the 2013 publication of Reza Aslan's Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth? Perhaps. More practically, it may be a publisher who wished to turn one sale into two. The refutation is reviewed in this guide, and can be purchased here. How God Became Jesus: The Real Origins of Belief in Jesus' Divine Nature---A Response to Bart D. Ehrman by Michael Bird, Craig Evans, Simon Gathercole, Charles Hill, and Chris Tilling (Zondervan 2014).This guide has three parts. Part I is a detailed discussion of How Jesus Became God, Part II is a survey of some of the early criticism of the book, including How God Became Jesus, and Part III is an independent criticism and discussion.SPOILER ALERT! This guide discusses many of Ehrman's observations and conclusions. If you are reading or intend to read How Jesus Became God, do yourself a favor, close this window, open a second tab, and purchase the book here. This reader's guide is meant to assist in reading How Jesus Became God critically, not as a substitute for reading the book. This reader's guide will not make sense unless you read it along with, or after reading, How Jesus Became God.Bible citations are to the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV).Patrick Goggins is the author of the best-selling Reader's Guide to Reza Aslan's Zealot, available here, and the Reader's Guide to Bill O'Reilly's Killing Jesus, available here.

How on Earth Did Jesus Become a God

Author : Larry W. Hurtado
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In How on Earth Did Jesus Become a God? Larry Hurtado investigates the intense devotion to Jesus that emerged with surprising speed after his death. Reverence for Jesus among early Christians, notes Hurtado, included both grand claims about Jesus' significance and a pattern of devotional practices that effectively treated him as divine. This book argues that whatever one makes of such devotion to Jesus, the subject deserves serious historical consideration. Mapping out the lively current debate about Jesus, Hurtado explains the evidence, issues, and positions at stake. He goes on to treat the opposition to -- and severe costs of -- worshiping Jesus, the history of incorporating such devotion into Jewish monotheism, and the role of religious experience in Christianity's development out of Judaism. The follow-up to Hurtado's award-winningLord Jesus Christ (2003), this book provides compelling answers to queries about the development of the church's belief in the divinity of Jesus.

How Jesus Became Christian

Author : Barrie Wilson
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How the early Christians rewrote history, turning a Jewish teacher and messiah into a 'Christian' man-deity, bringing eternal life to all who believe We often forget the undeniable fact that Jesus was Jewish. He lived and died a Jew, teaching the religion of his forbears and living by the Torah. After his death there was a 'Jesus movement' led by Jesus' brother James in Jerusalem and a 'Christ movement' led by Paul (who never met Jesus) in the Diaspora. The Christ movement deliberately sought to replace and destroy the Jesus movement. The battles of the Jewish community against the Romans, and the chaos after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in AD 70, helped Paul and his party to seduce Jesus' followers away from the strictures of Judaism. Having killed off the historical Jesus, the new Christians turned the religion away from a traditional emphasis on behaviour into the most successful personality cult in recorded history.

Once Jesus Became God

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Conclude by considering the historical ramifications of the Nicean affirmation that Jesus was God. Learn about the growing Christian faith's effects on paganism and the advent of anti-Jewish thought and action. Observe how the theological debates continued, and review Jesus's path to becoming the object of faith for billions today.

How Jesus Christ Became White

Author : Aylmer Von Fleischer
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[Dedicated to the One and only God from whom all blessings flow]. There is more than enough evidence to prove that the historical Jesus was a Black man. Today Jesus Christ is widely portrayed as a White man. This eBook explains how and why Jesus Christ metamorphosed from Black to White.

Is God a Reality

Author : Carmel Paul Attard
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Why is there something rather than nothing? Was there a beginning to our universe, or was it always there? Everything around us winds down; was the universe wound up? Is there evidence of design in our universe, or was it the result of dumb luck? Are there other universes besides ours? Is life common in our universe? Did life on earth start spontaneously from inanimate matter? Is there evidence of intelligence in the living cell? Is there enough evidence for evolution? Did all life have a universal common ancestor? Does thinking emerge from brain complexity? Does the self exist, or is it just an illusion? Can science explain our consciousness? Can the soul or self be separated from the body? Is there any evidence for an afterlife? Is there any positive evidence for the existence of God, or is it all inferred? Is proposing the existence of a creator pseudoscience? Does survival of the fittest imply a malevolent creator? Why all this pain and suffering in life? Is there any meaning to life? Do heaven, hell, and purgatory exist; where are they? Is God a Reality? is a lifetime study of these questions by a scientist.

Did Jesus Exist

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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In Did Jesus Exist? historian and Bible expert Bart Ehrman confronts the question, "Did Jesus exist at all?" Ehrman vigorously defends the historical Jesus, identifies the most historically reliable sources for best understanding Jesus’ mission and message, and offers a compelling portrait of the person at the heart of the Christian tradition. Known as a master explainer with deep knowledge of the field, Bart Ehrman methodically demolishes both the scholarly and popular “mythicist” arguments against the existence of Jesus. Marshaling evidence from within the Bible and the wider historical record of the ancient world, Ehrman tackles the key issues that surround the mythologies associated with Jesus and the early Christian movement. In Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth, Ehrman establishes the criterion for any genuine historical investigation and provides a robust defense of the methods required to discover the Jesus of history.

Heaven and Hell

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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A New York Times bestselling historian of early Christianity takes on two of the most gripping questions of human existence: where did the ideas of heaven and hell come from and why do they endure? What happens when we die? A recent Pew Research poll showed that 72% of Americans believe in a literal heaven and 58% believe in a literal hell. Most people who hold these beliefs are Christian and assume they are the age-old teachings of the Bible. But eternal rewards and punishments are found nowhere in the Old Testament and are not what Jesus or his disciples taught. So where did these ideas come from? In this “eloquent understanding of how death is viewed through many spiritual traditions” (Publishers Weekly, starred review), Bart Ehrman recounts the long history of the afterlife, ranging from The Epic of Gilgamesh up to the writings of Augustine, focusing especially on the teachings of Jesus and his early followers. He discusses ancient guided tours of heaven and hell, in which a living person observes the sublime blessings of heaven for those who are saved and the horrifying torments of hell for those who are damned. Some of these accounts take the form of near death experiences, the oldest on record, with intriguing similarities to those reported today. One of Ehrman’s startling conclusions is that there never was a single Greek, Jewish, or Christian understanding of the afterlife, but numerous competing views. Moreover, these views did not come from nowhere; they were intimately connected with the social, cultural, and historical worlds out of which they emerged. Only later, in the early Christian centuries, did they develop into notions of eternal bliss or damnation widely accepted today. In this “elegant history” (The New Yorker), Ehrman helps us reflect on where our ideas of the afterlife come from. With his “richly layered-narrative” (The Boston Globe) he assures us that even if there may be something to hope for when we die, there certainly is nothing to fear.

Jesus and the Juanbie Fangirls

Author : JuanBie Prayer Warriors
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God wanting to reign in showbusiness, and to express His great love for His children here, particularly JuanBie and JuanBielandia. God is truly going out of His way to woe us and to be with us and especially, to guide us in the chaotic fangirling world. It is about a God so overly concerned I with all the itsy bitsy details of our lives. Psalms 37:23 says it aptly – “The LORD directs the steps of the godly. He delights in every detail of their lives.”(NLT) Why in Juanbielandia? Because we are JuanBies, fangirls of JuanBie. As for the rest of the fangroups, its their own journey to tell. This is ours. www.juanbieprayerwarriors.com

Misquoting Jesus

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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The author of Lost Christianities reveals how ancient scribes erroneously or deliberately changed New Testament stories in the face of period cultural, theological, and political disputes, explaining how numerous Christian beliefs are based on altered texts. 50,000 first printing.

Can We Trust the Bible on the Historical Jesus

Author : Bart D Ehrman
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This book features a learned and fascinating debate between two great Bible scholars about the New Testament as a reliable source on the historical Jesus. Bart Ehrman, an agnostic New Testament scholar, debates Craig Evans, an evangelical New Testament scholar, about the historical Jesus and what constitutes "history." Their interaction includes such compelling questions as: What are sound methods of historical investigation? What are reliable criteria for determining the authenticity of an ancient text? What roles do reason and inference play? And, of course, interpretation? Readers of this debate--regardless of their interpretive inclinations and biases--are sure to find some confirmation of their existing beliefs, but they will surely also find an honest and well-informed challenge to the way they think about the historical Jesus. The result? A more open, better informed, and questioning mind, which is better prepared for discovering both truth and contrivance. The debate between Ehrman and Evans along with Stewart's introductory framework make this book an excellent primer to the study of the historical Jesus, and readers will come away with a deeper appreciation for the ongoing quest for the historical Jesus.

The Man Who Became God

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Jesus Before the Gospels

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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The bestselling author of Misquoting Jesus, one of the most renowned and controversial Bible scholars in the world today examines oral tradition and its role in shaping the stories about Jesus we encounter in the New Testament—and ultimately in our understanding of Christianity. Throughout much of human history, our most important stories were passed down orally—including the stories about Jesus before they became written down in the Gospels. In this fascinating and deeply researched work, leading Bible scholar Bart D. Ehrman investigates the role oral history has played in the New Testament—how the telling of these stories not only spread Jesus’ message but helped shape it. A master explainer of Christian history, texts, and traditions, Ehrman draws on a range of disciplines, including psychology and anthropology, to examine the role of memory in the creation of the Gospels. Explaining how oral tradition evolves based on the latest scientific research, he demonstrates how the act of telling and retelling impacts the story, the storyteller, and the listener—crucial insights that challenge our typical historical understanding of the silent period between when Jesus lived and died and when his stories began to be written down. As he did in his previous books on religious scholarship, debates on New Testament authorship, and the existence of Jesus of Nazareth, Ehrman combines his deep knowledge and meticulous scholarship in a compelling and eye-opening narrative that will change the way we read and think about these sacred texts.

God s Problem

Author : Bart D. Ehrman
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One Bible, Many Answers In God's Problem, the New York Times bestselling author of Misquoting Jesus challenges the contradictory biblical explanations for why an all-powerful God allows us to suffer.

God s One Universal Rule of Life and Happiness and the True Spiritual Church

Author : Horatio Goodday
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