Hard at Play

Leisure in America, 1840-1940


Author: Kathryn Grover

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9780870237928

Category: Art

Page: 262

View: 9688

In American society, the concepts of "leisure" and "play" usually have been defined in opposition to the idea of "work." Yet as Dutch historian Johan Huizinga argued in his pathbreaking study Homo Ludens, the relationship between work and play is more complicated than this simple dichotomy suggests. Understood as a state of mind rather than as an activity, play can make the most challenging task relaxing, even joyful. At the same time, the pursuit of leisure can be serious business indeed. Hard at Play is a collection of original essays that examine the role of leisure in American culture from the antebellum period to World War II. Encompassing a variety of disciplinary approaches, the pieces cover a wide range of topics, from roller skating and riflery to photography and "free play." Some of the essays explore how the upper and middle classes established boundaries around "appropriate" forms of recreation in order to distance themselves from the working class. Others demonstrate how gender and ethnicity circumscribed leisure pursuits. Still other essays document the transition of both individuals and families from a posed and formal social life to a more relaxed, candid, and intimate domestic world. The book includes more than 100 illustrations, as well as a glossary of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century games and pastimes.

Hard at Play

His/Her Preschool Day


Author: Indra Prem

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780648458968


Page: N.A

View: 3479

Hard At Play - Her Preschool Day, gives readers access to the sparkling mind of a busy preschooler. Indra Prem's rhyming message to parents everywhere is that we are so easily caught in our adult routines and misconceptions that we no longer empathise. The poem invites us to take a refreshing break from daily chores, listen actively to our children and try walking in their shoes, for a change.

Children at Play

An American History


Author: Howard P. Chudacoff

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814716644

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 816

Filled with intriguing stories and rich insights, Children at Play provides a chronological history of play in the U.S. from the viewpoint of children themselves. Focusing on youngsters between the ages of about six and twelve, it highlights the transformation of "child's play," paying attention not only to the activities of the cultural elite but to those of working-class children, of slaves, and of Native Americans. In addition, the author considers the findings, observations, and theories of numerous social scientists along with those of fellow historians. One of his most profound conclusions is that the ability of American children to play independently has diminished over time, with unfortunate consequences for children, for the adults they become, and for our society at large. By examining the play-time pursuits of youngsters whom marketers today call "tweens" - no longer toddlers but not yet teenagers - Children at Play adds fresh historical depth to current discussions about topics like childhood obesity, delinquency, learning disability, and the many ways that children spend their time when adults aren't looking.

A History of Children's Play and Play Environments

Toward a Contemporary Child-Saving Movement


Author: Joe L. Frost

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135251673

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 5003

Children’s play throughout history has been free, spontaneous, and intertwined with work, set in the playgrounds of the fields, streams, and barnyards. Children in cities enjoyed similar forms of play but their playgrounds were the vacant lands and parks. Today, children have become increasingly inactive, abandoning traditional outdoor play for sedentary, indoor cyber play and poor diets. The consequences of play deprivation, the elimination and diminution of recess, and the abandonment of outdoor play are fundamental issues in a growing crisis that threatens the health, development, and welfare of children. This valuable book traces the history of children’s play and play environments from their roots in ancient Greece and Rome to the present time in the high stakes testing environment. Through this exploration, scholar Dr. Joe Frost shows how this history informs where we are today and why we need to re-establish play as a priority. Ultimately, the author proposes active solutions to play deprivation. This book is a must-read for scholars, researchers, and students in the fields of early childhood education and child development.

Raising Consumers

Children and the American Mass Market in the Early Twentieth Century


Author: Lisa Jacobson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509243

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1344

In the present electronic torrent of MTV and teen flicks, Nintendo and Air Jordan advertisements, consumer culture is an unmistakably important—and controversial—dimension of modern childhood. Historians and social commentators have typically assumed that the child consumer became significant during the postwar television age. But the child consumer was already an important phenomenon in the early twentieth century. The family, traditionally the primary institution of child socialization, began to face an array of new competitors who sought to put their own imprint on children's acculturation to consumer capitalism. Advertisers, children's magazine publishers, public schools, child experts, and children's peer groups alternately collaborated with, and competed against, the family in their quest to define children's identities. At stake in these conflicts and collaborations was no less than the direction of American consumer society—would children's consumer training rein in hedonistic excesses or contribute to the spread of hollow, commercial values? Not simply a new player in the economy, the child consumer became a lightning rod for broader concerns about the sanctity of the family and the authority of the market in modern capitalist culture. Lisa Jacobson reveals how changing conceptions of masculinity and femininity shaped the ways Americans understood the virtues and vices of boy and girl consumers—and why boys in particular emerged as the heroes of the new consumer age. She also analyzes how children's own behavior, peer culture, and emotional investment in goods influenced the dynamics of the new consumer culture. Raising Consumers is a provocative examination of the social, economic, and cultural forces that produced and ultimately legitimized a distinctive children's consumer culture in the early twentieth century.

Raising Racists

The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South


Author: Kristina DuRocher

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813139848

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6704

White southerners recognized that the perpetuation of segregation required whites of all ages to uphold a strict social order -- especially the young members of the next generation. White children rested at the core of the system of segregation between 1890 and 1939 because their participation was crucial to ensuring the future of white supremacy. Their socialization in the segregated South offers an examination of white supremacy from the inside, showcasing the culture's efforts to preserve itself by teaching its beliefs to the next generation. In Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South, author Kristina DuRocher reveals how white adults in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries continually reinforced race and gender roles to maintain white supremacy. DuRocher examines the practices, mores, and traditions that trained white children to fear, dehumanize, and disdain their black neighbors. Raising Racists combines an analysis of the remembered experiences of a racist society, how that society influenced children, and, most important, how racial violence and brutality shaped growing up in the early-twentieth-century South.

Black Star Girl


Author: Marva Woods Stith,Woods Stith Marva Woods Stith

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1440195811

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 252

View: 5763

"Things will change, and you must be ready for different opportunities," John W. Woods Jr. told his children. Author Marva Woods Stith followed her father's sound advice and later became a professional black woman in corporate America. In this memoir, she shares the remarkable story of her father, her family, and her challenges and successes. Black Star Girl provides a poignant account of Stith's life journey as an African American woman beginning in the 1940s with stories of family, most particularly the influence of a beloved, strong, entrepreneurial father who was her role model. The story continues with her account of her tenacious rise through the ranks and how she joined the vanguard of professional African American women in the 1950s and 1960s while facing the challenges of discrimination in the corporate world. A vivid and personal portrait with photographs included, Black Star Girl addresses an array of themes-African American and women's studies, the South of the '40s and '50s, black entrepreneurship, the racial divide, and black women in corporate America. This inspirational memoir not only serves as a family legacy but provides an insightful socialhistorical documentary.

Saving the Dream


Author: Vanessa D. Gilmore

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 146912694X

Category: Fiction

Page: 315

View: 4701

Saving the dream is a fiction novel which tells the story of a young woman and her decision to have her baby or give it up for adoption. The book alternately explores the life that her son lived with his birth mother and the life he might have lived with his adoptive mother. Ultimately, it asks readers to consider how each mothers dream impacts her life, the life of her son and the lives of other people he meets on his life journey.

Bedside Manners

George Clooney and ER


Author: Sam Keenleyside

Publisher: ECW Press

ISBN: 1550223364

Category: ER (Television program)

Page: 224

View: 1799

A biography of the actor known for his work on the television series ER and his various movie roles includes a viewers guide to ER and a section of "Cloonyisms"

Visualizing Modern China

Image, History, and Memory, 1750–Present


Author: James A. Cook,Joshua Goldstein,Matthew D. Johnson,Sigrid Schmalzer

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 073919044X

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 3430

Visualizing Modern China: Image, History, and Memory, 1750–Present offers a sophisticated yet accessible interpretation of modern Chinese history through visual imagery. With rich illustrations and a companion website, it is an ideal textbook for college-level courses on modern Chinese history and on modern visual culture. The introduction provides a methodological framework and historical overview, while the chronologically arranged chapters use engaging case studies to explore important themes. Topics include: Qing court ritual, rebellion and war, urban/rural relations, art and architecture, sports, the Chinese diaspora, state politics, film propaganda and censorship, youth in the Cultural Revolution, environmentalism, and Internet culture. http://visualizingmodernchina.org