The Everything Soapmaking Book

Recipes and Techniques for Creating Colorful and Fragrant Soaps

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Author: Alicia Grosso

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1605502863

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 304

View: 8398

Home soapmaking is not only more economical than buying premade soaps - it's also a lot more fun! With The Everything Soapmaking Book, 2nd Edition, you will be making homemade soaps for yourself and your friends in no time! Completely revised and updated, The Everything Soapmaking Book, 2nd Edition is a complete guide to making all kinds of soap from simple bath soaps to beautiful, aromatic gifts, right in the comfort of your own home. Easy-to-follow steps lead you through the process of making soap, from buying the right kind of equipment to developing unique soap recipes. The Everything Soapmaking Book, 2nd Edition shows you how to: Find the right ingredients and equipment Experiment with different types of soap - from basic kitchen soap to the perfect facial soap Make and package soaps for holidays and special occasions Add special scents and colors to please the senses Master artistic techniques for unique shapes and sizes

Phenolic Resins Technology Handbook (2nd Revised Edition)

How to Start a Phenolic resin production Business, How to start a successful Phenolic resin business, How to Start Phenolic resin production Industry in India, Industrial production of phenol formaldehyde resin, Industrial production of phenol resin

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Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 9381039976

Category:

Page: 624

View: 4749

Phenolic resins, also known as phenol–formaldehyde resins, are synthetic polymers that are produced from the reaction of phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde at high temperatures. These are widely used in wood adhesives, molding compounds, and laminates. The resins are flame-retardant, demonstrate high heat resistance, high tensile strength, and low toxicity, and generate low smoke. In the report, the phenolic resins market is segmented on the basis of product type, application, and region. Phenolic Resin Market size estimated to reach at USD 19.13 billion in 2026. Alongside, the market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period. The global phenolic resins market has experienced a notable growth and it has been projected that the global market will see stable growth during the forecast period. The high mechanical strengths, low toxicity, heat resistance, low smoke and other several properties has made the phenolic resins to make their use in the applications such as in laminations, wood adhesives, molding compound, construction, automobile and others. Growing demand of these applications has increased the production of phenolic resins to meet the current market demand. Also, phenolic resins is used in flame retardant which is very crucial for automobiles and aircrafts. This book basically deals with general reaction of phenols with aldehydes, the resoles, curing stages of resoles, kinetics of a stage reaction, chemistry of curing reactions, kinetics of the curing reaction, the novolacs, decomposition products of resites, acid cured resites, composition of technical resites, mechanisms of rubber vulcanization with phenolic resins, thermosetting alloy adhesives, vinyl phenolic structural adhesives, nitrile phenolic structural adhesives, phenolic resins in contact adhesives, chloroprene phenolic contact adhesives, nitrile phenolic contact adhesives, phenolic resins in pressure sensitive adhesives, rubber reinforcing resins, resorcinol formaldehyde latex systems, phenolic resin chemistry, bio-based phenolic resins, flexibilization of phenolic resins, floral foam (Phenolic Foam) with resin manufacturing, lignin-based phenol formaldehyde (LPF) resins, phenol formaldehyde resin, alkaline phenol formaldehyde resin, furfuryl alcohol phenol urea formaldehyde resin, phenol formaldehyde resin (Shell Sand Resin), phenol formaldehyde resin (Cold Box Resin), effluent treatment plant, standards and legislation, marketing of thermoset resins, process flow sheet, sample plant layout and photographs of machinery with supplier’s contact details. A total guide of phenolic resins and entrepreneurial success in one of today's most lucrative resin industry. This book is one-stop guide to one of the fastest growing sectors, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This is the only complete handbook on Phenolic resins.

Profitable Small Scale Industries- Money making Business Ideas for Startup (when you don’t know what industry to start)-2nd Revised Edition

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Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 9381039925

Category:

Page: 520

View: 1508

Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) have been playing an important role in the overall economic development of a country like India, where millions of people are unemployed or underemployed. The economic development of any country primarily depends upon the establishment of industries. MSME sector comprises 95 per cent of the total industrial units in the country. The hunt for funding has been the bane of an entrepreneur’s existence from times of yore. Many abandon their dream to build, create, and innovate in the face of this difficult struggle without realising that a good business idea will eventually pool in the bounty-full once it has secured a place in the market. Your idea will bring you your company, your company will bring you the people, and the people will bring you the market. A good idea has no monetary value, just a whole lot of bursting potential. Today, the World's most successful entrepreneurs like Dhiru Bhai Ambani and Karsanbhai Patel – Man behind NIRMA may hold the possibility of building pyramids out of notes, but none of them started at the top of the ladder. Facebook was created out of a Harvard dorm room at minimal cost and Microsoft was formed two years after Gates decided to drop out of college. For an entrepreneur starting out, it makes good business sense to avoid ideas that require high capital investment in equipment, land, etc. Venturing into the manufacturing business requires to divide time and effort between making business plan, creating the product, and selling. It is best to venture into product areas that requires small to medium investment, which can be returned within few years. If one want to start off on his own, this book provides some manufacturing business ideas with small and medium investment. The major contents of the book are India Government Loan Schemes for Small Scale Businesses, Government Support for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in India, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, Packaging and Labeling, Products Packaging, Marketing, Onion Dehydration, Garlic Dehydration, Onion Pickle, Onion Chutney, Garlic Oil, Onion Powder, Ginger Oil, Ginger Powder, Ginger Paste, Tomato Pulp, Tomato Paste, Tomato Ketchup, Tomato Powder, Disposable Blood Bags, Disposable Masks, Disposable Surgical Catheters, Disposable Plastic Syringes, Plastic Cups, Disposable Banana Leaf Plate, Facial Tissue & Baby Wet Wipes, Urea Formaldehyde Resin Adhesive, Toothpaste Production, Gypsum Board, Surgical Absorbent Cotton, Glass Fibre, Complex Fertilizers, Activated Carbon from Wood, Biscuits, Candy, Chocolates, Milk Powder, Instant Noodles, Khakhra, Soft Drinks, Spices and Sample Plant Layouts. If you ever had an idea that you want to turn into a profitable business endeavor, this book will be a mile stone for you. Remember Dhirubhai Ambani said, “Ideas are no one’s monopoly Think big, think fast, think ahead.”

Manufacturing of Petroleum Products (Petroleum Waxes, Greases and Solid Lubricants, Solid Fuels, Gaseous Fuels, Gasoline, Diesel Fuel Oils, Automotive, Diesel and Aviation Fuels, Lubricating Oils and Lubricating Greases)

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Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 8193733908

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 8425

The petroleum waxes are semi refined or fully refined products obtained during the processing of crude oil. According to their structure they are divided into macrocrystalline waxes (paraffin waxes) and microcrystalline waxes (ceresine, petrolatum, others). Grease, thick, oily lubricant consisting of inedible lard, the rendered fat of waste animal parts, or a petroleum-derived or synthetic oil containing a thickening agent. Greases of mineral or synthetic origin consist of a thickening agent dispersed in a liquid lubricant such as petroleum oil or a synthetic fluid. Diesel fuel, also called diesel oil, combustible liquid used as fuel for diesel engines, ordinarily obtained from fractions of crude oil that are less volatile than the fractions used in gasoline. Lubricating oil, sometimes simply called lubricant/lube, is a class of oils used to reduce the friction, heat, and wear between mechanical components that are in contact with each other. Lubricating oil is used in motorized vehicles, where it is known specifically as motor oil and transmission fluid. The global wax market was valued at around USD 9 billion in 2017 and is expected to reach approximately USD 12 billion in 2024, growing at a CAGR of slightly above 3.5% between 2018 and 2024.The India lubricant market is expected to register a CAGR of 4.64%, during the forecast period, 2018-2023. The major factors driving the growth of the market are the increasing vehicular production along with the growing industrial sector. The global market for lubricants is expected to reach USD 70.32 billion by 2020. The global grease market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 2.13% during the forecast period, 2018 - 2023.Aviation fuel market size will grow by over USD 34 billion during 2018-2022 Some of the fundamentals of the book are composition of the petroleum waxes, solvent extraction, greases and solid lubricants, solid fuels, other significant tests or properties, gaseous fuels, properties of waxes, gasoline, diesel fuel oils, automotive, diesel and aviation fuels, special processes for motor-fuel blending components, crude distillation, lubricating oils, lubricating greases, nature of lubricating oils, photographs of machinery with suppliers contact details A total guide to manufacturing and entrepreneurial success in one of todayÕs most lucrative petroleum industry. This book is one-stop guide to one of the fastest growing sectors of the petroleum industry, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This is the only complete handbook on the commercial production of petroleum products. It serves up a feast of how-to information, from concept to purchasing equipment.

Soaps, Detergents and Disinfectants Technology Handbook- 2nd Revised edition (Washing Soap, Laundry Soap, Handmade Soap, Detergent Soap, Liquid Soap , Hand Wash, Liquid Detergent, Detergent Powder , Bar, Phenyl, Floor Cleaner, Toilet Cleaner, Mosquito Coils, Naphthalene Balls, Air Freshener, Hand Sanitizer and Aerosols Insecticide)

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Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 9381039933

Category:

Page: 464

View: 9327

Soaps are cleaning agents that are usually made by reacting alkali (e.g., sodium hydroxide) with naturally occurring fat or fatty acids. A soap is a salt of a compound known as a fatty acid. A soap molecule consists of a long hydrocarbon chain (composed of carbons and hydrogens) with a carboxylic acid group on one end which is ionic bonded to a metalion, usually a sodium or potassium. The hydrocarbon end is nonpolar and is soluble in nonpolar substances (such as fats and oils), and the ionic end (the salt of a carboxylic acid) is soluble in water. Soap is made by combining tallow (or other hard animal fat) or vegetable or fish oil with an alkaline solution. The two most important alkalis in use are caustic soda and caustic potash. A detergent is an effective cleaning product because it contains one or more surfactants. Because of their chemical makeup, the surfactants used in detergents can be engineered to perform well under a variety of conditions. Such surfactants are less sensitive than soap to the hardness minerals in water and most will not form a film. Disinfectants are chemical agents applied to non-living objects in order to destroy bacteria, viruses, fungi, mold or mildews living on the objects. Disinfectants are chemical substances used to destroy viruses and microbes (germs), such as bacteria and fungi, as opposed to an antiseptic which can prevent the growth and reproduction of various microorganisms, but does not destroy them. The ideal disinfectant would offer complete sterilization, without harming other forms of life, be inexpensive, and non-corrosive. The global soap and detergent market is expected to reach USD 207.56 billion by 2025. The industrial soaps & detergents are extensively used by the commercial laundries, hotels, restaurants, and healthcare providers. Increasing demand from healthcare and food industries will continue to drive the market. Aerosol and liquid products are the common disinfectants used in hospitals, although growing number of healthcare facilities are implementing ultraviolet disinfection systems as further measure. Increasing demand for disinfectants from water treatment and healthcare industries is fuelling growth of the global disinfectants market. The major contents of the book are Liquid Soaps and Hand Wash, Liquid Soap and Detergents, Washing Soap: Laundry Soap Formulation, Antiseptic and Germicidal Liquid Soap, Manufacturing Process And Formulations Of Various Soaps, Handmade Soap, Detergent Soap, Liquid Detergent, Detergent Powder, Application and Formulae Of Detergents, Detergent Bar, Detergents Of Various Types, Formulating Liquid Detergents, Phenyl, Floor Cleaner, Toilet Cleaner, Mosquito Coils, Naphthalene Balls, Air Freshener (Odonil Type), Liquid Hand Wash and Soaps, Hand Sanitizer, Aerosols–Water and Oil Based Insecticide (Flies, Mosquitoes Insect and Cockroach Killer Spray), Ecomark Criteria for Soaps & Detergents, Plant Layout, Process Flow Chart and Diagram, Raw Material Suppliers List and Photographs of Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details. This book will be a mile stone for its readers who are new to this sector, will also find useful for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area.

Soap Book

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Author: Sandy Maine

Publisher: Interweave

ISBN: 9781883010140

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 96

View: 6137

Fire Light, Forest Garden, Gentlemen Farmer, Lemon Verbena, Oat and Wheat Bran--this is but a sampling of the thirty wonderful recipes you'll find in this guide to making soap. History, chemistry, equipment, plants, and oils--everything you need to know to create your own all-natural, handcrafted, herbal, aromatherapy, and floral soaps.

Making Transparent Soap

The Art of Crafting, Molding, Scenting & Coloring

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Author: Catherine Failor

Publisher: Storey Publishing

ISBN: 9781580172448

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 133

View: 7534

Contrary to popular belief, making beautiful see-through soap doesn't require loads of special equipment, supplies, or overly complex preparation methods....

Campbell-Walsh Urology 10th Edition Review E-Book

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Author: W. Scott McDougal,Alan J. Wein,Louis R. Kavoussi,Andrew C. Novick,Alan W. Partin,Craig A. Peters,Parvati Ramchandani

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455723177

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 4508

Master the full range of colorectal procedures performed today with Atlas of Surgical Techniques for the Colon, Rectum, and Anus. In this volume in the Surgical Techniques Atlas Series, top authorities provide expert, step-by-step guidance on surgery of the large bowel, rectum, and anus - including both open and closed approaches for many procedures - to help you expand your repertoire and hone your clinical skills. Rely on definitive, expert guidance from the same respected authorities that made Campbell-Walsh Urology the most trusted clinical reference source in the field. Assess and deepen your understanding of key information with answers and rationales for more than 2,800 board-style multiple-choice study questions. Over 2,800 board-style multiple-choice questions provide a realistic simulation of the actual board experience. Deepen your grasp of critical concepts by studying supporting pathology and radiologic images and understanding their correlation to key points. Benefit from the consistency of all questions, answers, and rationales re-written by a single author. Measure your proficiency with interactive self-assessment questions online. Get the most from your board prep by pairing this review with its parent text, Campbell-Walsh Urology, for detailed explanations and an enhanced learning experience.

Perfumes, Cosmetics and Soaps

Volume II The Production, Manufacture and Application of Perfumes

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Author: W.A. Poucher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412273506

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 983

During the past decade there have been many changes in the perfumery industry which are not so much due to the discovery and application of new raw materials, but rather to the astronomic increase in the cost of labour required to produce them. This is reflected more particularly in the flower industry, where the cost of collecting the blossoms delivered to the factories has gone up year after year, so much so that most flowers with the possible exception of Mimosa, have reached a cost price which has compelled the perfumer to either reduce his purchases of absolutes and concretes, or alternatively to substitute them from a cheaper source, or even to discontinue their use. This development raises an important and almost insoluble problem for the perfumer, who is faced with the necessity of trying to keep unchanged the bouquet of his fragrances, and moreover, to ensure no loss of strength and diffusiveness. Of course, this problem applies more especially to the adjustment of formulae for established perfumes, because in every new creation the present high cost of raw materials receives imperative con sideration before the formula is approved.