Search results for: handbook-of-infrared-detection-technologies

Handbook of Infrared Detection Technologies

Author : M. Henini
File Size : 73.50 MB
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Introduction -- Comparison of Photon and Thermal Detectors Performance -- GaAs/AIGaAs Based Quantum Well Intra-red Photodetector Focal Plane Arrays -- GaInAs(P) Based Qwips on GaAs, InP and Si Substrates for Focal Plane Arrays -- InAs/(Galn)Sb Superlattices: A Promising Material System for Infra-red Detection -- GaSb/InAs Superlattices for Infra-red FPAs -- MCT Properties, Growth Methods and Characterization -- HgCdTe 2D Arrays -- Technology and Performance Limits -- Status of HgCdTe MBE Technology -- Silicon Infra-red Focal Plane Arrays -- PolySiGe Uncooled Microbolometers for Thermal Infra-red Detection -- Infra-red Silicon/Germanium Detectors -- Fundamentals of Spin Filtering in Ferromagnetic Metals with Application to Spin Sensors.

Uncooled Thermal Imaging

Author : Paul W. Kruse
File Size : 53.4 MB
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This introduction to uncooled infrared focal plane arrays and their applications is aimed at professionals, students, and end users. Topics include principal uncooled thermal detection mechanisms; fundamental performance limits and theoretical performance; the state of the art; and applications, technical trends, and systems employing uncooled arrays.

Narrow gap Semiconductor Photodiodes

Author : Antoni Rogalski
File Size : 69.48 MB
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In this monograph, investigations of the performance of narrow-gap semiconductor photodiodes are presented, and recent progress in different IR photodiode technologies is discussed: HgCdTe photodiodes, InSb photodiodes, alternatives to HgCdTe III-V and II-VI ternary alloy photodiodes, lead chalcogenide photodiodes, and a new class of photodiodes based on two-dimensional solids. Investigations of the performance of photodiodes operated in different spectral regions are presented.

Handbook of Surveillance Technologies Third Edition

Author : J.K. Petersen
File Size : 32.89 MB
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From officially sanctioned, high-tech operations to budget spy cameras and cell phone video, this updated and expanded edition of a bestselling handbook reflects the rapid and significant growth of the surveillance industry. The Handbook of Surveillance Technologies, Third Edition is the only comprehensive work to chronicle the background and current applications of the full-range of surveillance technologies—offering the latest in surveillance and privacy issues. Cutting-Edge—updates its bestselling predecessor with discussions on social media, GPS circuits in cell phones and PDAs, new GIS systems, Google street-viewing technology, satellite surveillance, sonar and biometric surveillance systems, and emerging developments Comprehensive—from sonar and biometric surveillance systems to satellites, it describes spy devices, legislation, and privacy issues—from their historical origins to current applications—including recent controversies and changes in the structure of the intelligence community at home and abroad Modular—chapters can be read in any order—browse as a professional reference on an as-needed basis—or use as a text forSurveillance Studies courses Using a narrative style and more than 950 illustrations, this handbook will help journalists/newscasters, privacy organizations, and civic planners grasp technical aspects while also providing professional-level information for surveillance studies, sociology and political science educators, law enforcement personnel, and forensic trainees. It includes extensive resource information for further study at the end of each chapter. Covers the full spectrum of surveillance systems, including: Radar • Sonar • RF/ID • Satellite • Ultraviolet • Infrared • Biometric • Genetic • Animal • Biochemical • Computer • Wiretapping • Audio • Cryptologic • Chemical • Biological • X-Ray • Magnetic

Infrared Detectors

Author : Antonio Rogalski
File Size : 38.74 MB
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Infrared Detectors provides comprehensive coverage of this important aspect of infrared technology, including details of recent research efforts directed toward improving the performance of single element devices, large electronically scanned arrays, and higher operating temperatures. Discussions include HgCdTe detectors, Schottky barrier photoemissive devices, silicon, germanium, and InSb detectors, and quantum well infrared photodetectors. The author also considers IR thermal detectors, including details on phyroelectric detectors, micromachined silicon bolometers, and high Tc superconductor detectors.

Handbook of Sensor Networking

Author : John R. Vacca
File Size : 50.92 MB
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The Most Complete and Up-to-Date Account of Advanced Sensor Networking TechnologiesHandbook of Sensor Networking: Advanced Technologies and Applications provides a complete professional reference and practitioner's guide to today's advanced sensor networking technologies. The handbook focuses on both established and recent sensor networking theory,

Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications Laser design and laser systems

Author : Colin E. Webb
File Size : 54.40 MB
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Principles of Infrared Technology

Author : John Lester Miller
File Size : 53.23 MB
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This book is about general infrared (IR) engineering, technology, practices, and principles as they apply to modem imaging systems. An alternative title to this book with appeal to managers and marketing personnel might be "Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Infrared Sensors, but Couldn't Get Answers on from Engineers." This book is not meant to be a comprehensive compendium of IR (like the Infrared and Electro Optical Systems Handbook). Rather, it is intend ed to complement such texts by providing up to date information and pragmatic knowledge that is difficult to locate outside of periodicals. The information contained in this book is critical in the day-to-day life of en gineering practitioners, proposal writers, and those on the periphery of an IR pro gram. It serves as a guide for engineers wishing to "catch up," engineers new to the field, managers, students, administrators, and technicians. It is also useful for seasoned IR engineers who want to review recent technological developments.

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials

Author : Safa Kasap
File Size : 64.7 MB
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Contributions from well known and respected researchers throughout the world Thorough coverage of electronic and opto-electronic materials that today's electrical engineers, material scientists and physicists need Interdisciplinary approach encompasses research in disciplines such as materials science, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, physics and chemistry

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics

Author : Mohamed Henini
File Size : 27.8 MB
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The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Mercury Cadmium Telluride

Author : Peter Capper
File Size : 52.62 MB
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Mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) is the third most well-regarded semiconductor after silicon and gallium arsenide and is the material of choice for use in infrared sensing and imaging. The reason for this is that MCT can be ‘tuned’ to the desired IR wavelength by varying the cadmium concentration. Mercury Cadmium Telluride: Growth, Properties and Applications provides both an introduction for newcomers, and a comprehensive review of this fascinating material. Part One discusses the history and current status of both bulk and epitaxial growth techniques, Part Two is concerned with the wide range of properties of MCT, and Part Three covers the various device types that have been developed using MCT. Each chapter opens with some historical background and theory before presenting current research. Coverage includes: Bulk growth and properties of MCT and CdZnTe for MCT epitaxial growth Liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) growth Metal-organic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) Alternative substrates Mechanical, thermal and optical properties of MCT Defects, diffusion, doping and annealing Dry device processing Photoconductive and photovoltaic detectors Avalanche photodiode detectors Room-temperature IR detectors

The Infrared and Electro optical Systems Handbook Passive electro optical systems

Author : J. S. Accetta
File Size : 86.74 MB
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This eight-volume set is an authoritative collection presenting state-of-the-art information on infrared and electro-optical systems. The handbook has been completely revised and updated, featuring 45 chapters written by 80 experts in IR/EO technology.

Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis Third Edition

Author : Donald A. Burns
File Size : 34.74 MB
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Fast, inexpensive, and easy-to-use, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy can be used to analyze small samples of virtually any composition. The Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis, Third Edition explains how to perform accurate as well as time- and cost-effective analyses across a growing spectrum of disciplines. Presenting nearly 50% new and revised material, this thoroughly updated edition incorporates the latest advances in instrumentation, computerization, calibration, and method development in NIR spectroscopy. The book underscores current trends in sample preparation, calibration transfer, process control, data analysis, and commercial NIR instrumentation. New chapters highlight novel applications including the analysis of agro-forestry products, polymers, blood, and control serum. They also cover NIR spectra, process analytical technologies (PAT), quantitative and qualitative analyses for nutraceuticals, NIR photography uses in medicine, and counterfeit detection methods for pharmaceuticals and currency. Offering the most complete single-source guide of its kind, the Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis, Third Edition continues to offer practicing chemists and spectroscopists an unparalleled combination of theoretical foundations, cutting-edge applications, and practical experience provided firsthand by more than 60 experts in the field.

Handbook of Terahertz Technology

Author : Neil Sellers
File Size : 23.1 MB
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Terahertz radiation - also known as submillimeter radiation, terahertz waves, tremendously high frequency (THF), T-rays, T-waves, T-light, T-lux or THz - consists of electromagnetic waves within the ITU-designated band of frequencies from 0.3 to 3 terahertz. Wavelengths of radiation in the terahertz band correspondingly range from 1 mm to 0.1 mm. Because terahertz radiation begins at a wavelength of one millimeter and proceeds into shorter wavelengths, it is sometimes known as the submillimeter band, and its radiation as submillimeter waves, especially in astronomy. The book presents information about Terahertz science, Terahertz photodetectors and Terahertz Lasers. A special emphasis is given to room temperature operation of long wavelength photodetectors based on novel quantum dots. Moreover, a complete analysis of systems based on Quantum Cascade structures to detect far infrared wavelengths is provided. Finally, the book presents Terahertz laser principles considering multi-color lasers in this range of wavelengths. It is written as a background for graduate students in the Optics field.

Handbook of Research on Ubiquitous Computing Technology for Real Time Enterprises

Author : Mhlh„user, Max
File Size : 26.38 MB
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"This book combines the fundamental methods, algorithms, and concepts of pervasive computing with current innovations and solutions to emerging challenges. It systemically covers such topics as network and application scalability, wireless network connectivity, adaptability and "context-aware" computing, information technology security and liability, and human-computer interaction"--Provided by publisher.

Handbook of Optical Fibre Sensing Technology

Author : José Miguel López-Higuera
File Size : 53.24 MB
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The pursuit of more efficient telecommunications has resulted in a major research push towards communication systems that are lighter, faster, more reliable and cheaper. This has given rise to great advances in devices and in fibre optics. A spin off of this research is the development of optical sensors, which use photonic materials and concepts. Optical sensors have wide-ranging applications in various fields including telecommunications, civil engineering, chemical industry, biomedical applications and the electrical power industry. This comprehensive handbook, written by a wide spectrum of leading international researchers, offers a clear understanding of the theory as well as focusing on the many practical applications throughout the industry. The book is organised into four main sections: - * Preliminary: Offers an overview of Fiber Optic Sensing Technology, the applications where it can be used successfully and also serves as an overall introduction to the handbook. This section also analyses current publications in the field. * Fundamentals of Photonics and Components for Sensing: Describes the photonic concepts and components needed in order to carried out the understanding, the design, and to realise photonic sensor systems. * Principles and Techniques for Sensing: Provides the principles and techniques in which the photonic sensing technology is based in order to understand how sensors work and how sensors can be made. * Applications: An ample overview of the developments which are successfully taking place in laboratory and field trials, as well as the available sensors in the current market and the future trends in this field. Applications are featured throughout the text, and this section focuses primarily on niche applications. This handbook would prove to be a valuable reference resource for researchers, engineers and postgraduate students in fibre optical sensing, as well as practising engineers in optical communications and electronic engineering, civil engineering, aerospace industry, biomedicine and robotics.

Handbook of Polymer Science and Technology

Author : Cheremisinoff
File Size : 31.44 MB
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This handbook focuses on physical, structural, and compositional properties of elastomeric materials and plastics. It provides a broad overview of the physical and physicochemical properties of synthetic rubbers that are used in conventional cured applications.

Technology of Quantum Devices

Author : Manijeh Razeghi
File Size : 68.50 MB
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Technology of Quantum Devices offers a multi-disciplinary overview of solid state physics, photonics and semiconductor growth and fabrication. Readers will find up-to-date coverage of compound semiconductors, crystal growth techniques, silicon and compound semiconductor device technology, in addition to intersubband and semiconductor lasers. Recent findings in quantum tunneling transport, quantum well intersubband photodetectors (QWIP) and quantum dot photodetectors (QWDIP) are described, along with a thorough set of sample problems.

Detection of Optical and Infrared Radiation

Author : R. H. Kingston
File Size : 86.15 MB
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This text treats the fundamentals of optical and infrared detection in terms of the behavior of the radiation field, the physical properties of the detector, and the statistical behavior of the detector output. Both incoherent and coherent detection are treated in a unified manner, after which selected applications are analyzed, following an analysis of atmospheric effects and signal statistics. The material was developed during a one-semester course at M.I.T. in 1975, revised and presented again in 1976 at Lincoln Laboratory, and rewritten for publication in 1977. Chapter 1 reviews the derivation of Planck's thermal radiation law and also presents several fundamental concepts used throughout the text. These include the three thermal distribution laws (Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, Bose Einstein), spontaneous and stimulated emission, and the definition and counting of electromagnetic modes of space. Chapter 2 defines and analyzes the perfect photon detector and calculates the ultimate sensitivity in the presence of thermal radiation. In Chapter 3, we turn from incoherent or power detection to coherent or heterodyne detection and use the concept of orthogonal spatial modes to explain the antenna theorem and the mixing theorem. Chapters 4 through 6 then present a detailed analysis of the sensitivity of vacuum and semiconductor detectors, including the effects of amplifier noise.

Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components Volume 3 Optical Components and Volume 4 Fiber and Electro Optical Components

Author : Kai Chang
File Size : 47.38 MB
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An engineer’s guide to solving practical problems in high-frequency and optical spectra "Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components deserves shelf space in all microwave engineers’ libraries and in the libraries of those engineers who wish to understand the capabilities and limitations of optical components in microwave systems and devices." –Microwave Journal In the past two decades, scientists have witnessed a rapid development in high-frequency spectra above the microwave frequency. The Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components is the first resource to provide a compendium of principles and design data, based on these developments, for practicing microwave and optical engineers. Throughout the Handbook, editor Kai Chang and his expert contributors emphasize the practical application of research in constructing components and subsystems. Theoretical discussions and mathematical formulations are given only where necessary; instead, the book focuses on essential principles, methods, design information, and references to help solve problems in high-frequency and optical spectra. Volume Three: Optical Components includes chapters on the following: Optical wave propagation Infrared techniques Optical lenses and resonators Spatial filters and Fourier optics Semiconductor, solid-state, liquid, and gas lasers Among other subjects, Volume Four: Fiber and Electro-Optical Components addresses: Optical fiber transmission technology Optical channel waveguides and waveguide couplers Planar optical waveguides and waveguide lenses Optical modulation: electro-optical, acousto-optical, and magneto-optical devices Optical detectors Liquid crystals As with the first two volumes (devoted to microwave components), microwave and optical engineers, researchers, and graduate students will find the Handbook of Microwave and Optical Components: Volumes 3 and 4 to be an instructive guide to their work and studies.