Environmental Geology Workbook


Author: Jack W. Travis

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478639148

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 8315

Environmental geologists use a wide range of geologic data to solve environmental problems and conflicts. Professionals and academics in this field need to know how to gather information on such diverse conditions as soil type, rock structure, and groundwater flow and then utilize it to understand geological site conditions. Field surveys, maps, well logs, bore holes, ground-penetrating radar, aerial photos, geologic literature, and more help to reveal potential natural hazards in an area or how to remediate contaminated sites. This new workbook presents accessible activities designed to highlight key concepts in environmental geology and give students an idea of what they need to know to join the workforce as an environmental geologist, engineering geologist, geological engineer, or geotechnical engineer. Exercises cover: • Preparation, data collection, and data analysis • Descriptive and engineering properties of earth materials • Basic tools used in conjunction with geoenvironmental investigations • Forces operating on earth materials within the earth • Inanimate forces operating on earth materials at the surface of the earth • Human activities operating on earth materials Each activity encourages students to think critically and develop deeper knowledge of environmental geology.

Geographic Information


Author: Jenny Marie Johnson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781573563925

Category: Reference

Page: 216

View: 7397

Explores geographic information available through several sources including the Internet and satellite technology, covering such topics as map basics, geographic information systems, and geographical standards.

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies


Author: Robert Maxwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483223078

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 4710

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures deals with the preparation of geological maps using topographic contours such as hills, valleys, rock outcrop patterns, faults, veins, rivers, lakes, cliffs, and coasts. A geological formation is a three-dimensional body with a particular shape. Two factors determine the accuracy of boundaries on a geological map: 1) boundaries can only be drawn where there is a sharp contact between adjacent formations; and 2) the ability to follow geological boundaries in the field depends on the degree of exposure, from which the solid rocks tend to be hidden under a cover of soil and superficial deposits. If economic interests are involved, geological maps are very detailed: subsurface information obtained from bore holes and mine workings can be added to surface mapping. The book also describes the construction of a tectonic map, usually drawn on a larger scale, which shows the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units also in very large scales. The book notes that no systematic methodology has yet been developed for the construction of tectonic maps. The book is suitable for geologists, students, or scientists involved in hydrology, meteorology and with general earth sciences.

Geological maps: An Introduction


Author: Alex Maltman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468466623

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 184

View: 4581

A recent national survey of geology students indicated that, In a subject so fundamental and yet so varied, every although they saw the need for a basic training in map geologist will have his own views on geological maps - the work, the three-dimensional aspects involved formed the matters needing emphasis, the best methods of interpreta single most difficult part of an introductory geology tion, good examples of maps, and so on. Instructors may course, and that it was generally taught in a way both ab therefore urge in their taught courses different priorities stract and dull. At the same time, there was no book which from those given here, and, although a wide range of maps puzzled students could turn to for explanations; no book and map exercises is included, will prefer to continue to which told them more about real geological maps. This use their own 'pet' examples. But this is meant primarily to book is an attempt to fill that need. It is based on the view be a book for the student - to turn to for clarification, for that in these days of increasing specialisation the geological further information, and simply to learn a little more about map remains the vital coordinating document, and that the geological maps.

Cartographic Grounds

Projecting the Landscape Imaginary


Author: Charles Waldheim,Jil Desimini

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 1616895144

Category: Design

Page: 272

View: 2730

Mapping has been one of the most fertile areas of exploration for architecture and landscape in the past few decades. While documenting this shift in representation from the material and physical description toward the depiction of the unseen and often immaterial, Cartographic Grounds takes a critical view toward the current use of data mapping and visualization and calls for a return to traditional cartographic techniques to reimagine the manifestation and manipulation of the ground itself. Each of the ten chapters focuses on a single cartographic technique—sounding/spot elevation, isobath/contour, hachure/hatch, shaded relief, land classification, figure-ground, stratigraphic column, cross-section, line symbol, conventional sign—and illustrates it through beautiful maps and plans from notable designers and cartographers throughout history, from Leonardo da Vinci to James Corner Field Operations. Mohsen Mostafavi, dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design, introduces the book.

Geological Maps

An Introduction


Author: Alex Maltman

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited


Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 6173

Geological maps remain a fundamental tool in earth science. They provide an essential link as geology continues to expand and diversify; computer methods are adding further to their power and versatility. Hence it is more important than ever that students of the Earth are familiar with the principles of working with geological maps. This book introduces geological maps in a clear, readable and practical way. Abstract and idealistic examples (so common in other treatments of the subject) have been avoided and almost all the illustrations used are taken from real maps and real situations around the world. This new edition has been substantially revised and provides worked solutions to the numerous map exercises. Extensive use of three dimensional diagrams and eight colour maps coupled with the up-to-date and lively text will ensure that this book remains the standard reference for students of earth science. New chapters on wider uses of geological maps, such as in environmental planning and in understanding the landscape around us, will also make the book indispensable for environmental scientists and geographers, and of interest to amateur geologists. Contents * Some Fundamentals of Geological Maps * The Nature of Geological Maps: The 'Ten Mile' Map of the UK and the 1:2500000 Map of the USA * The Three-Dimensional Aspect: Structure Contours * Measurements in Three-Dimensions: Strike and Dip, Formation Thickness and Depth * Geological Cross Sections * Visual Assessment of Outcrop Patterns: Horizontal and Dipping Formations * Unconformities * Folds * Faults * Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks: Mineral and Superficial Deposits * Geological History from Maps * Maps in Environmental Geology * Wider Uses of Geological Maps: Understanding the Landscape * The Heritage of Geological Maps * The Production of Geological Maps

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Science and technology


Author: Albert John Walford,Library Association

Publisher: London : Library Association Pub.


Category: Reference

Page: 687

View: 9837

A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: mathematics; astronomy and surveying; physics; chemistry; earth sciences; palaeontology; anthropology; biology; natural history; botany; zoology; patents and interventions; medicine; engineering; transport vehicles; agriculture and livestock; household management; communication; chemical industry; manufactures; industries, trades and crafts; and the building industry.

Geology for Civil Engineers, Second Edition


Author: C. Gribble,A. McLean

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203362152

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 5693

This seasoned textbook introduces geology for civil engineering students. It covers minerals and rocks, superficial deposits and the distribution of rocks at or below the surface. It then looks at groundwater and gives guidance on the exploration of a site before looking at the civil engineering implications of rocks and the main geological factors which affect typical engineering projects.