Search results for: from-commune-to-capitalism

From Commune to Capitalism

Author : Zhun Xu
File Size : 76.2 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 571
Read : 603
Download »
In the early 1980s, China undertook a massive reform that dismantled its socialist rural collectives and divided the land among millions of small peasant families. Known as the decollectivization campaign, it is one of the most significant reforms in China's transition to a market economy. From the beginning, the official Chinese accounts, and many academic writings, uncritically portray this campaign as a huge success, both for the peasants and the economy as a whole. This mainstream history argues that the rural communes, suffering from inefficiency, greatly improved agricultural productivity under the decollectivization reform. It also describes how the peasants, due to their dissatisfaction with the rural regime, spontaneously organized and collectively dismantled the collective system. A closer examination suggests a much different and more nuanced story. By combining historical archives, field work, and critical statistical examinations, From Commune to Capitalism argues that the decollectivization campaign was neither a bottom-up, spontaneous peasant movement, nor necessarily efficiency-improving. On the contrary, the reform was mainly a top-down, coercive campaign, and most of the efficiency gains came from simply increasing the usage of inputs, such as land and labor, rather than institutional changes. The book also asks an important question: Why did most of the peasants peacefully accept this reform? Zhun Xu answers that the problems of the communes contributed to the passiveness of the peasantry; that decollectivization, by depoliticizing the peasantry and freeing massive rural labor to compete with the urban workers, served as both the political and economic basis for consequent Chinese neoliberal reforms and a massive increase in all forms of economic, political, and social inequality. Decollectivization was, indeed, a huge success, although far from the sort suggested by mainstream accounts.

Capitalism and Communism

Author : John Calvin Learned
File Size : 34.76 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 208
Read : 367
Download »

The Genesis of Capitalism and the Origins of Modernity

Author : Luciano Pellicani
File Size : 75.58 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 749
Read : 577
Download »

Union Research Service

Author :
File Size : 38.93 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 975
Read : 1054
Download »

Selig Perlman s Lectures on Capitalism and Socialism

Author : Selig Perlman
File Size : 50.3 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 395
Read : 398
Download »

Marxism and the Agrarian Question

Author : Athar Hussain
File Size : 89.89 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 735
Read : 350
Download »

Marxism and the Agrarian Question Russian Marxism and the Peasantry 1861 1930

Author : Athar Hussain
File Size : 59.87 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 654
Read : 1047
Download »

The Undevelopment of Capitalism

Author : Rebecca Emigh
File Size : 20.80 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 261
Read : 550
Download »
In The Undevelopment of Capitalism, Emigh argues that the expansion of the Florentine economic market in the fifteenth century helped to undo the development of markets of other economies--especially the rural economy of Tuscany. As this highly developed urban market penetrated rural regions, it actually erased rural market institutions that rural inhabitants had used to organize agricultural production and family life. Thus, an advanced economy at the time of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance "undeveloped" over time. The economic development of this region in Italy was delayed as it failed to keep pace with the rest of Europe. Using a negative case methodology to show how urban and rural markets change, Emigh employs methods of historical sociology and sectoral theories to examine how markets can prosper and suffer at the same time. She shows how sectoral relations are crucial to transitions to capitalism and how capitalist development can also contract markets.

challengers to capitalism

Author : john h. gurley
File Size : 46.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 444
Read : 468
Download »

China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism

Author : Ho-fung Hung
File Size : 61.88 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 659
Read : 922
Download »
This volume explains China's economic rise and liberalization and assesses how this growth is reshaping the structure and dynamics of global capitalism in the twenty-first century. China has historically been the center of Asian trade, economic, and financial networks, and its global influence continues to expand in the twenty-first century. In exploring the causes for and effects of China's re surging power, this volume takes a broad, long-term view that reaches well beyond economics for answers. Contributors explore the vast web of complex issues raised by China's ascendancy. The first three chapters discuss the global and historical origins of China's shift to a market economy and that transformation's impact on the international market system. Subsequent essays explore the ability of large Chinese manufacturers to counter the might of transnational retailers, the effect of China's rise on world income distribution and labor, and the consequences of a stronger China for its two most powerful neighbors, Russia and Japan. The concluding chapter questions whether China's growth is sustainable and if it will ultimately shift the center of global capitalism from the West to the East.

Pure Capitalism Or Communism

Author : Xuejia Zheng
File Size : 27.53 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 326
Read : 941
Download »

The Controversy Over Capitalism

Author : Andrzej Walicki
File Size : 62.59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 747
Read : 1182
Download »

Capitalism State Formation and Marxist Theory

Author : Philip Richard D. Corrigan
File Size : 83.5 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 885
Read : 809
Download »

Views on the Russian Peasant Commune in the Liberal Russian Journal Vestnik Evropy 1889 1904

Author : David K. Ross
File Size : 43.69 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 174
Read : 1173
Download »

The Paris Commune

Author : Donny Gluckstein
File Size : 88.74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 124
Read : 446
Download »
In 1871, the workers of Paris took control of the city. When they established the world's first workers' democracy, they found no blueprints or precedents for how to run their city without princes or politicians. As they built new institutions of collective power to overturn social and economic inequality, their former rulers sought to thwart their efforts. By noting the historic problems of the Commune, debates over its implications and the glimpse of a better world it provided, Gluckstein reveals its enduring lessons and inspiration for today's struggles.

Survey of China Mainland Press

Author : United States. Consulate General (Hong Kong)
File Size : 47.32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 717
Read : 438
Download »

The Rajneesh Bible

Author : Osho
File Size : 67.1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 294
Read : 1212
Download »

Daily Report

Author : United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
File Size : 79.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 265
Read : 406
Download »

Survey of China mainland press

Author : United States. Consulate General (Hong Kong, China)
File Size : 52.56 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 221
Read : 754
Download »

The Restoration of Capitalism in the Soviet Union

Author : Willi Dickhut
File Size : 65.10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 371
Read : 325
Download »