Search results for: evolution-of-the-learning-brain

Evolution of the Learning Brain

Author : Paul Howard-Jones
File Size : 34.77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 745
Read : 850
Download »
How does learning transform us biologically? What learning processes do we share with bacteria, jellyfish and monkeys? Is technology impacting on our evolution and what might the future hold for the learning brain? These are just some of the questions Paul Howard-Jones explores on a fascinating journey through 3.5 billion years of brain evolution, and discovers what it all means for how we learn today. Along the way, we discover how the E. coli in our stomachs learn to find food why a little nap can help bees find their way home the many ways that action, emotion and social interaction have shaped our ability to learn the central role of learning in our rise to top predator. An accessible writing style and numerous illustrations make Evolution of the Learning Brain an enthralling combination of biology, neuroscience and educational insight. Howard-Jones provides a fresh perspective on the nature of human learning that is exhaustively researched, exploring the implications of our most distant past for twenty-first-century education.

Evolution of the Learning Brain

Author : Paul Howard-Jones
File Size : 30.22 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 803
Read : 696
Download »
How does learning transform us biologically? What learning processes do we share with bacteria, jellyfish and monkeys? Is technology impacting on our evolution and what might the future hold for the learning brain? These are just some of the questions Paul Howard-Jones explores on a fascinating journey through 3.5 billion years of brain evolution, and discovers what it all means for how we learn today. Along the way, we discover how the E. coliin our stomachs learn to find food why a little nap can help bees find their way home the many ways that action, emotion and social interaction have shaped our ability to learn the central role of learning in our rise to top predator. An accessible writing style and numerous illustrations make Evolution of the Learning Brain an enthralling combination of biology, neuroscience and educational insight. Howard-Jones provides a fresh perspective on the nature of human learning that is exhaustively researched, exploring the implications of our most distant past for twenty-first-century education.

The Long Evolution of Brains and Minds

Author : Gerhard Roth
File Size : 74.15 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 504
Read : 447
Download »
The main topic of the book is a reconstruction of the evolution of nervous systems and brains as well as of mental-cognitive abilities, in short “intelligence” from simplest organisms to humans. It investigates to which extent the two are correlated. One central topic is the alleged uniqueness of the human brain and human intelligence and mind. It is discussed which neural features make certain animals and humans intelligent and creative: Is it absolute or relative brain size or the size of “intelligence centers” inside the brains, the number of nerve cells inside the brain in total or in such “intelligence centers” decisive for the degree of intelligence, of mind and eventually consciousness? And which are the driving forces behind these processes? Finally, it is asked what all this means for the classical problem of mind-brain relationship and for a naturalistic theory of mind.

Brain Development in Learning Environments

Author : Flavia Santoianni
File Size : 75.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 711
Read : 155
Download »
This volume is the most recent outcome in the field of bioeducational research, an emergent entanglement of study – opened by the main Author – encouraging the dialogue between education, psychology, neuroscience and biological sciences. The volume focuses on biodynamic perspectives, analysing the following themes: learning environments and brain development, embodiment and adaptive cognition, perceptual systems and sensorial knowledge. The links are highlighted between neural, social, evolutive and contextual basis of cognition, body schemata representations, embodied cognition, cognitive modifiability and educability, perceptual intelligence and neural modelling for educational design and brain development in learning environments.

Evolution of Brain and Behavior in Vertebrates

Author : R.B. Masterton
File Size : 87.53 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 143
Read : 1222
Download »
Originally published in 1976, the object of this volume was to present a relatively up-to-date overview of what was known, what was suspected, and what remained to be discovered concerning the general question of the evolution of the vertebrate brain and behaviour, and to present a list of references for those who wanted to delve deeper into one or another aspect of the problem. Accordingly, it contains chapters by palaeontologists, sensory morphologists and physiologists, comparative neurologists and comparative psychologists. The chapters are arranged in a sequence loosely approximating the order in which the various animals, brain structures, or behaviour first appeared. Therefore, the chapters fall naturally into sections, each section directed to a group of vertebrates, beginning with those which have very remote common ancestry and progressing to those with more recent common ancestry with mankind.

Global Brain

Author : Howard Bloom
File Size : 75.71 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 892
Read : 421
Download »
Introduces the controversial theory of "group selection" in which all life on earth is portrayed as a macro-community of symbiotic organisms working together for the benefit of all. By the author of The Lucifer Principle.

Brain Behavior and Evolution

Author :
File Size : 77.24 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 166
Read : 1287
Download »

Evolve Your Brain

Author : Joe Dispenza
File Size : 55.90 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 916
Read : 360
Download »
Why do we keep getting the same jobs, taking on the same relationships, and finding ourselves in the same emotional traps? Dr. Joe Dispenza not only teaches why people tend to repeat the same negative behaviors, he shows how readers can release themselves from these patterns of disappointment. With the dynamic combination of science and accessible how-to, Dispenza teaches how to use the most important tool in ones body and life—the brain. Featured in the underground smash hit of 2004, "What the Bleep Do We Know!?," Dispenza touched upon the brain's ability to become addicted to negative emotions. Now, in his empowering book Evolve Your Brain he explains how new thinking and new beliefs can literally rewire one's brain to change behavior, emotional reactions, and habit forming patterns. Most people are unaware of how addicted they are to their emotions, and how the brain perpetuates those addictions automatically. In short, we become slaves to our emotional addictions without even realizing it. By observing our patterns of thought, and learning how to 're-wire the brain' with new thought patterns, we can break the cycles that keep us trapped and open ourselves to new possibilities for growth, happiness and emotional satisfaction. Key Features A radical approach to changing addictive patterns and bad habits. Based on more than twenty years of research. Bridges the gap between science, spirituality and self-help—a formula that has proven success. Easy to understand and written for the average reader.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Birdsong

Author : Harris Philip Zeigler
File Size : 59.27 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 704
Read : 573
Download »
An overview of findings in the bird song system that have had a major impact on neuroscience research, and have fundamentally altered our concepts of brain function. The 32 papers constitute the proceedings of a conference on The Behavioural Neurobiology of Bird Song, held in New York in 2002.

Evolution Brain and Behavior

Author : R. B. Masterton
File Size : 25.83 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 410
Read : 1039
Download »
First published in 1976. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Brain Evolution and Cognition

Author : Professor of Zoology/Director of Brain Research Institute Gerhard Roth
File Size : 78.86 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 522
Read : 349
Download »
Publisher Description

Evolution and Learning

Author : Bruce H. Weber
File Size : 37.72 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 506
Read : 988
Download »
Essays on the contributions to historical and contemporary evolutionary theory of the Baldwin effect, which postulates the effects of learned behaviors on evolutionary change.

Development and Evolution of Brain Size

Author : Martine Hahn
File Size : 30.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 957
Read : 510
Download »
Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications contains the proceedings of a symposium entitled ""Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications,"" held at William Paterson College in Wayne, New Jersey, in April 1978. The papers explore the relationship between evolution and development and its implications for brain size and behavior. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an overview of the brain-behavior relationship, with emphasis on the importance of brain size for behavior; the effects of genetic selection for brain size on brain substructures and behavior; and whether genetic and environmental manipulations of brain size have similar consequences. The next two chapters explain evolutionary theory and the evolution of the human brain as well as diversity in brain size. A general model for brain evolution that offers some synthetic possibilities for approaching the questions of brain evolution, size, allometry, and reorganization is then described. The correlation between cerebral indices and behavioral differences is also discussed, along with biochemical correlates of selective breeding for brain size. The results of an experiment that assessed the effects of early undernutrition on brain and behavior of developing mice are presented. This monograph should be of interest to students and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and clinical psychology.

The Intersubjective Mirror in Infant Learning and Evolution of Speech

Author : Stein Bråten
File Size : 44.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 891
Read : 557
Download »
"The Intersubjective Mirror in Infant Learning and Evolution of Speech" illustrates how recent findings about primary intersubjectivity, participant perception and mirror neurons afford a new understanding of children s nature, dialogue and language. Based on recent infancy research and the mirror neurons discovery, studies of early speech perception, comparative primate studies and computer simulations of language evolution, this book offers replies to questions as: When and how may spoken language have emerged? How is it that infants so soon after birth become so efficient in their speech perception? What enables 11-month-olds to afford and reciprocate care? What are the steps from infant imitation and simulation of body movements to simulation of mind in conversation partners? Stein Braten is founder and chair of the Theory Forum network with some of the world s leading infancy, primate and brain researchers who have contributed to his edited volumes for Cambridge University Press (1998) and John Benjamins Publishing Company (2007). (Series B)"

Co Optimization of a Robot s Body and Brain Via Evolution and Reinforcement Learning

Author : Jack Michael Felag
File Size : 35.22 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 351
Read : 1130
Download »
Agents are often trained to perform a task via optimization algorithms. One class of algorithms used is evolution, which is "survival of the fitness" used to pick the best agents for the objective, and slowly changing the best over time to find a good solution. Evolution, or evolutionary algorithms, have been commonly used to automatically select for a better body of the agent, which can outperform hand-designed models. Another class of algorithms used is reinforcement learning. Through this strategy, agents learn from prior experiences in order to maximize some reward. Generally, this reward is how close the objective is to being complete, or otherwise some stepping stone towards its completion. Evolution and reinforcement learning can both train agents to the point where a task can be successfully completed, or an objective met. In this thesis, we outline a framework for combining evolution and reinforcement learning, and outline experimental designs to test this method against traditional reinforcement learning. Finally, we show preliminary results as a proof of concept for the methods described.

Language Evolution and the Brain

Author : James W. MINETTinett
File Size : 88.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 832
Read : 184
Download »
A number of research groups around the world have begun to study how the brain acquires and processes language, but we still know comparatively little about it. Many such groups work on very specific, often narrow, problems. This approach is certainly necessary, but a broad perspective can be helpful, if not essential, too. This volume consists of an important collection of papers presented at the Seminar on Language, Evolution, and the Brain (SLEB), hosted by the International Institute for Advanced Studies in Kyoto, Japan, bringing together distinguished researchers with background in cognitive science, anthropology, linguistics, robotics, physics, etc. Major topics discussed here include: Creoles and pidgins, and their implications regarding language evolution. Quantitative analysis and modeling of various aspects of language evolution, including the evolution of lexical items and color terms, the emergence of linguistics categories, and the dynamics of language competition. The evolution of the human brain, and how that relates to language evolution. The evolution and the role of mirror neurons in both humans and non-humans. Evidence that the influence of language on color perception (an example of the Whorf Effect) is stronger for the right visual field than the left. This volume provides a multi-faceted discussion of how language evolves and shapes the brain that may entice university students and researchers to delve into this field with more background and curiosity.

Brain Structure and Its Origins

Author : Gerald E. Schneider
File Size : 33.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 608
Read : 717
Download »
An introduction to the brain's anatomical organization and functions with explanations in terms of evolutionary adaptations and development. This introduction to the structure of the central nervous system demonstrates that the best way to learn how the brain is put together is to understand something about why. It explains why the brain is put together as it is by describing basic functions and key aspects of its evolution and development. This approach makes the structure of the brain and spinal cord more comprehensible as well as more interesting and memorable. The book offers a detailed outline of the neuroanatomy of vertebrates, especially mammals, that equips students for further explorations of the field. Gaining familiarity with neuroanatomy requires multiple exposures to the material with many incremental additions and reviews. Thus the early chapters of this book tell the story of the brain's origins in a first run-through of the entire system; this is followed by other such surveys in succeeding chapters, each from a different angle. The book proceeds from basic aspects of nerve cells and their physiology to the evolutionary beginnings of the nervous system to differentiation and development, motor and sensory systems, and the structure and function of the main parts of the brain. Along the way, it makes enlightening connections to evolutionary history and individual development. Brain Structure and Its Origins can be used for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate classes in neuroscience, biology, psychology, and related fields, or as a reference for researchers and others who want to know more about the brain.

Evolutionary Neuropsychology

Author : Frederick L. Coolidge
File Size : 20.72 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 998
Read : 780
Download »
"This book is designed to introduce the evolutionary origins of the human brain's present structures and functions. Evolutionary neuropsychology is a new multidisciplinary science that embraces and uses empirical findings from the fields of evolution, neuroscience, cognitive sciences, psychology, anthropology, and archaeology. This book is designed for the intellectually curious, but styled especially for academics at any level and psychologists focusing on various aspects of human behavior. The bedrock foundation of evolutionary neuropsychology is the assumption that functionally-specialized brain regions are adaptations naturally selected in response to various environmental challenges over the course of billions of years of evolution. These adaptations and their brain regions and circuitry may now serve new functions, which are called exaptations, and they are particularly involved in higher cognitive functions"--

A Brain for Speech

Author : Francisco Aboitiz
File Size : 20.57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 141
Read : 772
Download »
This book discusses evolution of the human brain, the origin of speech and language. It covers past and present perspectives on the contentious issue of the acquisition of the language capacity. Divided into two parts, this insightful work covers several characteristics of the human brain including the language-specific network, the size of the human brain, its lateralization of functions and interhemispheric integration, in particular the phonological loop. Aboitiz argues that it is the phonological loop that allowed us to increase our vocal memory capacity and to generate a shared semantic space that gave rise to modern language. The second part examines the neuroanatomy of the monkey brain, vocal learning birds like parrots, emergent evidence of vocal learning capacities in mammals, mirror neurons, and the ecological and social context in which speech evolved in our early ancestors. This book's interdisciplinary topic will appeal to scholars of psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, biology and history.

Evolution of the Human Brain Through Runaway Sexual Selection

Author : Geoffrey Miller
File Size : 44.33 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 259
Read : 942
Download »