Search results for: enthymemes-and-topoi-in-dialogue

Enthymemes and Topoi in Dialogue

Author : Ellen Breitholtz
File Size : 70.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 167
Read : 635
Download »
"In Enthymemes and Topoi in Dialogue, Ellen Breitholtz presents a novel and precise account of reasoning from an interactional perspective. The account draws on the concepts of enthymemes and topoi, originating in Aristotelian rhetoric and dialectic, and integrates these in a formal dialogue semantic account using TTR, a type theory with records. Argumentation analysis and formal approaches to reasoning often focus the logical validity of arguments on inferences made in discourse from a god's-eye perspective. In contrast, Breitholtz's account emphasises the individual perspectives of interlocutors and the function and acceptability of their reasoning in context. This provides an analysis of interactions where interlocutors have access to different topoi and therefore make different inferences"--

In coherence of Discourse

Author : Maxime Amblard
File Size : 41.12 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 172
Read : 1127
Download »
This present book explores recent advances in modeling discourse processes, in particular, new approaches aimed at understanding pathological language behavior specific to schizophrenia. The contributors examine the modeling paradigm of formal semantics, which falls within the scope of both linguistics and logic while providing overlapping links with other fields such as philosophy of language and cognitive psychology. This book is based on results presented during the series of workshops on (In)Coherence and Discourse organized by SLAM (Schizophrenia and Language: Analysis and Modeling), a project developed to systemize the study of pathological language processing by taking an overarching interdisciplinary approach combining psychology, linguistics, computer science and philosophy. The principle focus is on conversations produced by people with psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and autism. The contributions come from young and experienced researchers, and invited speakers. The book appeals to likeminded students and researchers.

Modern Perspectives in Type Theoretical Semantics

Author : Stergios Chatzikyriakidis
File Size : 81.29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 668
Read : 1068
Download »
This book is a collective volume that reports the state of the art in the applications of type theory to linguistic semantics. The volume fills a 20 year gap from the last published book on the issue and aspires to bring researchers closer to cutting edge alternatives in formal semantics research. It consists of unpublished work by some key researchers on various issues related to the type theoretical study of formal semantics and further exemplifies the advantages of using modern type theoretical approaches to linguistic semantics. Themes that are covered include modern developments of type theories in formal semantics, foundational issues in linguistic semantics like anaphora, modality and plurals, innovational interdisciplinary research like the introduction of probability theory to type theories as well as computational implementations of type theoretical approaches. This volume will be of great interest to formal semanticists that are looking for alternative ways to study linguistic semantics, but will also be of interest to theoretical computer scientists and mathematicians that are interested in the applications of type theory.

The Art of Dialectic Between Dialogue and Rhetoric

Author : Marta Spranzi
File Size : 61.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 471
Read : 511
Download »
This book reconstructs the tradition of dialectic from Aristotle's "Topics," its founding text, up to its "renaissance" in 16th century Italy, and focuses on the role of dialectic in the production of knowledge. Aristotle defines dialectic as a structured exchange of questions and answers and thus links it to dialogue and disputation, while Cicero develops a mildly skeptical version of dialectic, identifies it with reasoning "in utramque partem" and connects it closely to rhetoric. These two interpretations constitute the backbone of the living tradition of dialectic and are variously developed in the Renaissance against the Medieval background. The book scrutinizes three separate contexts in which these developments occur: Rudolph Agricola's attempt to develop a new dialectic in close connection with rhetoric, Agostino Nifo's thoroughly Aristotelian approach and its use of the newly translated commentaries of Alexander of Aphrodisias and Averroes, and Carlo Sigonio's literary theory of the dialogue form, which is centered around Aristotle's "Topics." Today, Aristotelian dialectic enjoys a new life within argumentation theory: the final chapter of the book briefly revisits these contemporary developments and draws some general epistemological conclusions linking the tradition of dialectic to a fallibilist view of knowledge.

Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy Philosophiegeschichte und Logische Analyse Antike Philosophie Ancient Philosophy

Author : Uwe Meixner
File Size : 51.23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 537
Read : 1159
Download »
Mit Beiträgen von: Wolfgang Künne, Franz von Kutschera, Uwe Meixner, Albert Newen, Ulrich Nortmann, Graham Priest, Jay F. Rosenberg, Paul Thom, Hermann Weidemann, Jan Woleøski, Michael Wolff.

Journal of Greco Roman Christianity and Judaism Volume 15

Author : Stanley E. Porter
File Size : 25.23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 371
Read : 1147
Download »
Volume 15 2019 This is the fifteenth volume of the hard-copy edition of a journal that has been published online (www.jgrchj.net) since 2000. As they appear, the hard-copy editions replace the online materials. The scope of JGRChJ is the texts, language and cultures of the Greco-Roman world of early Christianity and Judaism. The papers published in JGRChJ are designed to pay special attention to the larger picture of politics, culture, religion and language, engaging as well with modern theoretical approaches.

Enthymemes in the Letters of Paul

Author : Marc Debanne
File Size : 30.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 445
Read : 153
Download »
Provides a study to Paul's use of enthymemes as a rhetorical and argumentative tool and evaluates what this reveals about his thought, his teaching, and his social world. This study begins with a discussion of the problem of enthymeme definition, followed by a clarification of criteria for identifying enthymemes in texts.

The Genres of Rhetorical Speeches in Greek and Roman Antiquity

Author : Cristina Pepe
File Size : 89.62 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 886
Read : 343
Download »
In The Genres of Rhetorical Speeches in Greek and Roman Antiquity Cristina Pepe offers a complete overview of the concept of speech genre in Greek and Roman rhetoric.

Philosophy and Rhetoric in Dialogue

Author : Gerard A. Hauser
File Size : 55.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 356
Read : 1040
Download »

Teaching Composition

Author : Gary Tate
File Size : 31.2 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 738
Read : 269
Download »

The Enthymeme

Author : James Fredal
File Size : 46.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 672
Read : 1167
Download »
Central to rhetorical theory, the enthymeme is most often defined as a truncated syllogism. Suppressing a premise that the audience already knows, this rhetorical device relies on the audience to fill in the missing information, thereby making the argument more persuasive. James Fredal argues that this view of the enthymeme is wrong. Presenting a new exegesis of Aristotle and classic texts of Attic oratory, Fredal shows that the standard reading of Aristotle’s enthymeme is inaccurate—and that Aristotle himself distorts what enthymemes are and how they work. From close analysis of the Rhetoric, Topics, and Analytics, Fredal finds that Aristotle’s enthymeme is, in fact, not syllogistic and is different from the enthymeme as it was used by Attic orators such as Lysias and Isaeus. Fredal argues that the enthymeme, as it was originally understood and used, is a technique of storytelling, primarily forensic storytelling, aimed at eliciting from the audience an inference about a narrative. According to Fredal, narrative rather than formal logic is the seedbed of the enthymeme and of rhetoric more broadly. The Enthymeme reassesses a fundamental doctrine of rhetorical instruction, clarifies the viewpoints of the tradition, and presents a new form of rhetoric for further study and use. This groundbreaking book will be welcomed by scholars and students of classical rhetoric, the history of rhetoric, and rhetorical theory as well as communications studies, classical studies, and classical philosophy.

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics

Author : Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer
File Size : 23.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 782
Read : 864
Download »
In this book, experts from the fields of law and philosophy explore the works of Aristotle to illuminate the much-debated and fascinating relationship between emotions and justice. Emotions matter in connection with democracy and equity – they are relevant to the judicial enforcement of rights, legal argumentation, and decision-making processes in legislative bodies and courts. The decisive role that emotions, feelings and passions play in these processes cannot be ignored – not even by those who believe that emotions have no legitimate place in the public sphere. A growing body of literature on these topics recognizes the seminal insights contributed by Aristotle. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of his thinking in this context, as well as proposals for inspiring dialogues between his works and those written by a selection of modern and contemporary thinkers. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for students of law, philosophy, rhetoric, politics, ethics and history, but also for readers interested in the ongoing debate about legal positivism and the relevance of emotions for legal and political life in today’s world.

Aristotle s Theory of Rhetorical Argumentation

Author : Eugene E. Ryan
File Size : 87.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 663
Read : 1259
Download »

A Synoptic History of Classical Rhetoric

Author : James J. Murphy
File Size : 29.77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 837
Read : 311
Download »
Continuing its tradition of providing students with a thorough review of ancient Greek and Roman rhetorical theory and practices, A Synoptic History of Classical Rhetoric is the premier text for undergraduate courses and graduate seminars in the history of rhetoric. Offering vivid examples of each classical rhetor, rhetorical period, and source text, students are led to understand rhetoric's role in the exchange of knowledge and ideas. Completley updated throughout, Part I of this new edition integrates new research and expanded footnotes and bibliographies for students to develop their own scholarship. Part II offers eight classical texts for reading, study, and criticism, and includes discussion questions and keys to the text in Part I.

Communication Strategies for Engaging Climate Skeptics

Author : Emma Frances Bloomfield
File Size : 55.19 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 990
Read : 1157
Download »
Communication Strategies for Engaging Climate Skeptics examines the intersection of climate skepticism and Christianity and proposes strategies for engaging climate skeptics in productive conversations. Despite the scientifically established threats of climate change, there remains a segment of the American population that is skeptical of the scientific consensus on climate change and the urgent need for action. One of the most important stakeholders and conversants in environmental conversations is the religious community. While existing studies have discussed environmentalism as a factor within the religious community, this book positions religion as an important factor in environmentalism and focuses on how identities play a role in environmental conversation. Rather than thinking of religious skeptics as a single unified group, Emma Frances Bloomfield argues that it is essential to recognize there are different types of skeptics so that we can better tailor our communication strategies to engage with them on issues of the environment and climate change. To do so, this work breaks skeptics down into three main types: "separators," "bargainers," and "harmonizers." The book questions monolithic understandings of climate skepticism and considers how competing narratives such as religion, economics, and politics play a large role in climate communication. Considering recent political moves to remove climate change from official records and withdraw from international environmental agreements, it is imperative now more than ever to offer practical solutions to academics, practitioners, and the public to change the conversation. To address these concerns, this book provides both a theoretical examination of the rhetoric of religious climate skeptics and concrete strategies for engaging the religious community in conversations about the environment. This book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and practitioners of climate change science, environmental communication, environmental policy, and religion.

International Review Of Biblical Studies 2003 2004

Author : Bernhard Lang
File Size : 85.61 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 974
Read : 652
Download »
Formerly known by its subtitle "Internationale Zeitschriftenschau fur Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete," the "International Review of Biblical Studies" has served the scholarly community ever since its inception in the early 1950's. Each annual volume includes approximately 2,000 abstracts and summaries of articles and books that deal with the Bible and related literature, including the Dead Sea Scrolls, Pseudepigrapha, Non-canonical gospels, and ancient Near Eastern writings. The abstracts - which may be in English, German, or French - are arranged thematically under headings such as e.g. "Genesis," "Matthew," "Greek language," "text and textual criticism," "exegetical methods and approaches," "biblical theology," "social and religious institutions," "biblical personalities," "history of Israel and early Judaism," and so on. The articles and books that are abstracted and reviewed are collected annually by an international team of collaborators from over 300 of the most important periodicals and book series in the fields covered.

Dialogue Science and Academic Writing

Author : Zohar Livnat
File Size : 87.43 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 475
Read : 1177
Download »
This book investigates the dialogic nature of research articles from the perspective of discourse analysis, based on theories of dialogicity. It proposes a theoretical and applied framework for the understanding and exploration of scientific dialogicity. Focusing on some dialogic components, among them citations, concession, inclusive we and interrogatives, a combined model of scientific dialogicity is proposed, that reflects the place and role of various linguistic structures against the background of various theoretical approaches to dialogicity. Taking this combined model as a basis, the analysis demonstrates how scientific dialogicity is realized in an actual scientific dispute and how a scientific project is constructed step by step by means of a dialogue with its readers and discourse community. A number of different patterns of scientific dialogicity are offered, characterized by the different levels of the polemic held with the research world and other specific researchers – from the “classic”, moderate and polite dialogicity to a direct and personal confrontation between scientists.

Papers from the Parasession on Language and Behavior

Author : Chicago Linguistic Society
File Size : 52.2 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 245
Read : 989
Download »

Inference in Argumentation

Author : Eddo Rigotti
File Size : 67.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 571
Read : 224
Download »
This book investigates the role of inference in argumentation, considering how arguments support standpoints on the basis of different loci. The authors propose and illustrate a model for the analysis of the standpoint-argument connection, called Argumentum Model of Topics (AMT). A prominent feature of the AMT is that it distinguishes, within each and every single argumentation, between an inferential-procedural component, on which the reasoning process is based; and a material-contextual component, which anchors the argument in the interlocutors’ cultural and factual common ground. The AMT explains how these components differ and how they are intertwined within each single argument. This model is introduced in Part II of the book, following a careful reconstruction of the enormously rich tradition of studies on inference in argumentation, from the antiquity to contemporary authors, without neglecting medieval and post-medieval contributions. The AMT is a contemporary model grounded in a dialogue with such tradition, whose crucial aspects are illuminated in this book.

Handbook of Public Relations

Author : Robert L. Heath
File Size : 81.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 492
Read : 412
Download »
This is a comprehensive and detailed examination of the field, which reviews current scholarly literature. This contributed volume stresses the role PR plays in building relationships between organizations, markets, audiences and the public.