Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Science of Team Science

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309316855

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 9950

The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in the scale and complexity of scientific research. The growing scale of science has been accompanied by a shift toward collaborative research, referred to as "team science." Scientific research is increasingly conducted by small teams and larger groups rather than individual investigators, but the challenges of collaboration can slow these teams' progress in achieving their scientific goals. How does a team-based approach work, and how can universities and research institutions support teams? Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science synthesizes and integrates the available research to provide guidance on assembling the science team; leadership, education and professional development for science teams and groups. It also examines institutional and organizational structures and policies to support science teams and identifies areas where further research is needed to help science teams and groups achieve their scientific and translational goals. This report offers major public policy recommendations for science research agencies and policymakers, as well as recommendations for individual scientists, disciplinary associations, and research universities. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science will be of interest to university research administrators, team science leaders, science faculty, and graduate and postdoctoral students.

The New ABCs of Research

Achieving Breakthrough Collaborations

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Author: Ben Shneiderman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191076643

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 8648

The problems we face in the 21st century require innovative thinking from all of us. Be it students, academics, business researchers of government policy makers. Hopes for improving our healthcare, food supply, community safety and environmental sustainability depend on the pervasive application of research solutions. The research heroes who take on the immense problems of our time face bigger than ever challenges, but if they adopt potent guiding principles and effective research lifecycle strategies, they can produce the advances that will enhance the lives of many people. These inspirational research leaders will break free from traditional thinking, disciplinary boundaries, and narrow aspirations. They will be bold innovators and engaged collaborators, who are ready to lead, yet open to new ideas, self-confident, yet empathetic to others. In this book, Ben Shneiderman recognizes the unbounded nature of human creativity, the multiplicative power of teamwork, and the catalytic effects of innovation. He reports on the growing number of initiatives to promote more integrated approaches to research so as to promote the expansion of these efforts. It is meant as a guide to students and junior researchers, as well as a manifesto for senior researchers and policy makers, challenging widely-held beliefs about how applied innovations evolve and how basic breakthroughs are made, and helping to plot the course towards tomorrow's great advancements.

Psychology of Science

Implicit and Explicit Processes

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Author: Robert W. Proctor,E.J. Capaldi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199753628

Category: Medical

Page: 523

View: 2819

Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.

Evaluation of Health Care Quality in Advanced Practice Nursing

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Author: Joanne V. Hickey, PhD, RN, FAAN, FCCM,Christine A. Brosnan, DrPH, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107672

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 6605

Named a 2013 Doody's Core Title! "This is a wonderful resource that fills a true gap in the literature. This is a topic that needs more exposure and more emphasis in the field of advanced practice nursing. The value of evaluation in healthcare quality will be seen in the outcomes of healthcare improvements." Score: 100, 5 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews High-level evaluation skills reflecting national standards and benchmarks are becoming increasingly important in our changing health care climate. This is the only nursing textbook to lay the foundation for APNs to achieve the highest possible competency in conducting systematic and in-depth evaluations of all aspects of health care. Comprehensive in scope, it distills current best practice information from numerous sources to create a thorough and reliable resource for APN and DNP graduates. The text addresses both the theoretical basis of evaluation and its application as an integral part of contemporary practice. It provides an overview of evaluation science and critically examines the characteristics, sources, and quality of the nature of evidence. Several frameworks are described to provide the reader with different evaluation models, including those of economic evaluation. The text covers in detail the evaluation of organizations, systems, and standards for practice, including information systems and patient care technology, the redesign of health care in accordance with patient-family centered models, and the challenges of the current trend toward electronic medical records. Also addressed is the evaluation of populations and health care teams, including characteristics, risk factors, and determinants, as well as the emphasis on interdisciplinary collaborative health teams. Additionally, the text covers translating outcomes from evaluation into health care policy, and opportunities for advocacy and leadership among APNs. Key Features: Provides comprehensive coverage of evaluation of patient, population, systems, health team, and health care information systems technology outcomes Presents best practices and evidence-based practices that stress use in practice Uses case studies to illustrate application of evaluation in each practice area Stresses the importance of clear terminology in evaluation and provides definitions of relevant terms

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Coaching and Mentoring

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Author: Jonathan Passmore,David Peterson,Teresa Freire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118326490

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 7897

A state-of-the-art reference, drawing on key contemporary research to provide an in-depth, international, and competencies-based approach to the psychology of coaching and mentoring. Puts cutting-edge evidence at the fingertips of organizational psychology practitioners who need it most, but who do not always have the time or resources to keep up with scholarly research Thematic chapters cover theoretical models, efficacy, ethics, training, the influence of emerging fields such as neuroscience and mindfulness, virtual coaching and mentoring and more Contributors include Anthony Grant, David Clutterbuck, Susan David, Robert Garvey, Stephen Palmer, Reinhard Stelter, Robert Lee, David Lane, Tatiana Bachkirova and Carol Kauffman With a Foreword by Sir John Whitmore

Effective Teamwork

Practical Lessons from Organizational Research

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Author: Michael A. West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355341

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 9569

Updated to reflect the latest research evidence, the third edition of Effective Teamwork provides business managers with the necessary guidance and tools to build and maintain effective teamwork strategies. A new edition of a bestselling book on teamwork from an acknowledged leader in the field Offers a unique integration of rigorous research with practical guidance to develop effective leadership teams Features new chapters on virtual teams and top management teams, plus contemporary themes of ethics and values Utilizes research based on positive psychology techniques

Organizational Psychology

A Scientist-Practitioner Approach

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Author: Steve M. Jex,Thomas W. Britt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118724453

Category: Psychology

Page: 720

View: 5693

The foundation of organizational psychology, updated to reflectthe changing workplace Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach,Third Edition provides students with a thorough overview ofboth the science and practice of organizational psychology.Reflecting changes in the global workplace, the third editionexpands coverage of the effects of technology on processes andpersonnel, the generalizability of theories across cultures,including organizational climate, and employee health andwell-being. The new edition retains the hallmark features of thetext and Expanded coverage of the pervasive effects of technology on thesocial environment of work, including virtual work and the impactof social media. More graphics, including tables and charts, to help studentsunderstand and remember various related concepts and theories. Includes a unique full chapter on research methods and the useof statistics in understanding organizations. New chapter on the work/non-work interface, includingconsideration of both employees' life stages and changes over theircareers. Provides Instructors with comprehensive presentation andtesting materials. More on ethics, in light of relatively recent scandals incorporations and in politics. Expanded coverage throughout on cross-cultural issues anddiversity in organizations. Additional readings facilitate in-depth learning. Industrial and organizational psychologists contribute to thesuccess of an organization by improving the performance,satisfaction, and well-being of employees. By identifying howbehaviors and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices,training programs, and feedback and management systems, I/Opsychologists also help organizations transition during periods ofchange and development. Organizational Psychology: AScientist-Practitioner Approach, Third Edition is acomprehensive guide to the theory and application of behavioralscience in the workplace.

Group Work Leadership

An Introduction for Helpers

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Author: Robert K. Conyne

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483320812

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 9929

Group Work Leadership: An Introduction for Helpers presents an evidence-based approach to the theory and practice of group work. Renowned counselor, psychologist, and group work fellow Dr. Robert K. Conyne advances this unique and evolving service in a three-part, comprehensive overview of the skills necessary for trainees of counseling and other helping professionals to succeed in group settings. Section I covers the breadth and foundations of group work; best practice and ethical considerations; dynamics and processes in group work; and how groups tend to develop over time. Section II explores group work leadership styles, methods, techniques, and strategies, as well as both traditional and innovative group work theories. Section III examines the role of reflection in group practice, as well as selecting effective intervention strategies in various settings.

The Encyclopedia of Human Resource Management, Volume 1

Short Entries

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Author: William J. Rothwell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118189671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 3812

The three volumes in The Encyclopedia of Human Resource Management offer a comprehensive review of the essential issues and most important information available on the topic. Each volume in the encyclopedia contains contributions from some of the most celebrated names in the field of human resource management (HRM) and addresses the myriad challenges faced by today's human resource professionals. Volume 1 puts the focus on the definition of terms and practices that are most relevant to today's human resource management (HRM) professionals. The contributors bring an up-to-date perspective of HRM definitions and practices and for ease of access, the terms are presented in alphabetical order. Each contributor includes the most recent research on a particular topic and summarizes a new and progressive definition of these important terms. The book begins with an enlightening discussion of the evolving practice of talent management and contains the following topics: Affirmative Action, Assessment, Business Ethics, Campus Recruitment, Career Development, Compensation, Drug Tests, Employee Relations, Flexible Benefits, Glass Ceiling, HR Metrics and Analytics, Mergers and Acquisitions, National Labor Relations Act, Quality Circles, Recruitment and Selection, Self-Directed Work Teams, Social Responsibility, Strategic Human Resource Management, Training Needs Analysis, Work Family Balance, and more. The Encyclopedia of Human Resource Management gives human resource professionals the knowledge, information, and tools needed to implement the best practices in the field.