Encyclopedia of Identity

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Encyclopedia of Identity

Encyclopedia of Identity

  • Author: Ronald L. Jackson II
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412951534
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 953
  • View: 2843
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Alphabetically arranged entries offer a comprehensive overview of the definitions, politics, manifestations, concepts, and ideas related to identity.

Encyclopedia of Social Problems

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Encyclopedia of Social Problems

Encyclopedia of Social Problems

  • Author: Vincent N. Parrillo
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412941652
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 1045
  • View: 696
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From terrorism to social inequality and from health care to environmental issues, social problems affect us all. The Encyclopedia will offer an interdisciplinary perspective into these and many other social problems that are a continuing concern in our lives, whether we confront them on a personal, local, regional, national, or global level.

Encyclopedia of Adolescence

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Encyclopedia of Adolescence

Encyclopedia of Adolescence

  • Author: Roger J.R. Levesque
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441916954
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 3112
  • View: 2229
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The Encyclopedia of Adolescence breaks new ground as an important central resource for the study of adolescence. Comprehensive in breath and textbook in depth, the Encyclopedia of Adolescence – with entries presented in easy-to-access A to Z format – serves as a reference repository of knowledge in the field as well as a frequently updated conduit of new knowledge long before such information trickles down from research to standard textbooks. By making full use of Springer’s print and online flexibility, the Encyclopedia is at the forefront of efforts to advance the field by pushing and creating new boundaries and areas of study that further our understanding of adolescents and their place in society. Substantively, the Encyclopedia draws from four major areas of research relating to adolescence. The first broad area includes research relating to "Self, Identity and Development in Adolescence". This area covers research relating to identity, from early adolescence through emerging adulthood; basic aspects of development (e.g., biological, cognitive, social); and foundational developmental theories. In addition, this area focuses on various types of identity: gender, sexual, civic, moral, political, racial, spiritual, religious, and so forth. The second broad area centers on "Adolescents’ Social and Personal Relationships". This area of research examines the nature and influence of a variety of important relationships, including family, peer, friends, sexual and romantic as well as significant nonparental adults. The third area examines "Adolescents in Social Institutions". This area of research centers on the influence and nature of important institutions that serve as the socializing contexts for adolescents. These major institutions include schools, religious groups, justice systems, medical fields, cultural contexts, media, legal systems, economic structures, and youth organizations. "Adolescent Mental Health" constitutes the last major area of research. This broad area of research focuses on the wide variety of human thoughts, actions, and behaviors relating to mental health, from psychopathology to thriving. Major topic examples include deviance, violence, crime, pathology (DSM), normalcy, risk, victimization, disabilities, flow, and positive youth development.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

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Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

  • Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136908633
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 768
  • View: 1046
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Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics

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Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics

  • Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1483346587
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1216
  • View: 5444
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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

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Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

  • Author: Altamira Press,William H. Swatos
  • Publisher: Rowman Altamira
  • ISBN: 9780761989561
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 590
  • View: 7170
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As the new millennium approaches, the sacred and profane interface, conflict, and intermingle in novel ways. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Society provides a guide map for these developments. From succinct, brief notes to essay-length entries, it covers world religions, religious perspectives on political and social issues, and religious leaders and scholars -- present and past -- in the United States and the world. This comprehensive volume is an essential reference for studies in the anthropology, psychology, politics, and sociology of religion. Topics include: abortion, adolescence, African-American religious experience, anthropology of religion, Buddhism, commitment, conversion, definition of religion, ecology movement, Emile Durkheim, ethnicity, fundamentalism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, new religious movements, organization, parish, Talcott Parsons, racism, research methods, Roman Catholicism, sexism, Unification Church, Max Weber, and many others.

Leibniz's Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles

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Leibniz's Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles

Leibniz's Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles

  • Author: Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191022764
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 240
  • View: 5480
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Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra presents an original study of the place and role of the Identity of Indiscernibles in Leibniz's philosophy. The Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles rules out numerically distinct but perfectly similar things; Leibniz derived it from more basic principles and used it to establish important philosophical theses. Rodriguez-Pereyra aims to establish what Leibniz meant by the Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles, what his arguments for and from it were, and to assess those arguments and Leibniz's claims about the Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles. He argues that Leibniz had a very strong version of the principle, according to which no possibilia (whether or not they belong to the same possible world) are intrinsically perfectly similar, where this excludes things that differ in magnitude alone. The book discusses Leibniz's arguments for the Identity of Indiscernibles in the Meditation on the Principle of the Individual, the Discourse on Metaphysics, Notationes Generales, Primary Truths, the letter to Casati of 1689, the correspondence with Clarke, as well as the use of the Identity of Indiscernibles in Leibniz's arguments against the Cartesian conception of the material world, atoms, absolute space and time, the Lockean conception of the mind as a tabula rasa, and freedom of indifference. Rodriguez-Pereyra argues that the Identity of Indiscernibles was a central but inessential principle of Leibniz's philosophy.

Encyclopedia of African American Education

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Encyclopedia of African American Education

Encyclopedia of African American Education

  • Author: Kofi Lomotey
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452261482
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 1152
  • View: 9137
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Each topic in this 2-volume encyclopedia is discussed as it relates to the education of African Americans. The entries provide a comprehensive overview of educational institutions at every level, from preschool through graduate and professional training, with special attention to historically and predominantly Black colleges and universities. The encyclopedia follows the struggle of African Americans to achieve equality in education—beginning among an enslaved population and evolving into the present—as the efforts of many remarkable individuals furthered this cause through court decisions and legislation. A unique appendix, "The Complete Bibliography of the Journal of Negro Education, 1932-2008," includes listings of the tables of contents and reprinted articles on segregation, desegregation, and equality. Key Features Highlights individuals, organizations, and publications that have had a significant impact on African American education Incorporates discussions of curriculum, concepts, theories, and alternative models of education that facilitate the learning process Addresses the topics of gender and sexual orientation, religion, and the media Key Themes Alternative educational models Associations and organizations Biographies Collegiate education Curriculum Economics Gender Graduate and professional education Historically Black colleges and universities Legal cases Precollegiate Education Psychology and human development Public policy Publications Religious institutions Segregation/Desegregation The encyclopedia is valuable resource for students, educators, and scholars of education—and all readers who seek an understanding of African American education, both historically and in the 21st century.

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

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Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

  • Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452266379
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1224
  • View: 1398
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial In many ways, the two fields of victimology and crime prevention have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and others. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention brings together in one authoritative resource the dispersed information and knowledge on both victimology and crime prevention. With nearly 375 entries, this two-volume set moves victimology and crime prevention one step further into recognized scholarly fields whose research informs practice and whose practice informs research. Key Features Provides users with the most authoritative and comprehensive coverage available on victimology and crime prevention Presents victimology and crime prevention as their own separate, justifiable disciplines rather than subfields within more established disciplines Discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system, as well as topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs Offers "anchor essays" written by leading scholars in their respective fields to provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics Key Themes Business Prevention Actions Civil Justice System Correlates of Victimization Courts: Alternative Remedies Courts: Law and Justice Crime Prevention Crime Prevention Partnerships Criminal Justice System Fear of Crime Individual Protection Actions Interventions and Intervention Programs for Victim and Offender Intrafamilial Offenses Legislation and Statutes Media and Crime Prevention Methodology Offenses, Special Topics Official Crime Data Personal Offenses Property Offenses Psychological, Mental, and Physical Health Issues Residential Community Crime Prevention School and Workplace Offenses School-Based Crime Prevention Services and Treatment for Victims Theory Victimization Scales and Surveys Victimology Youth-Focused Crime Prevention The victimology–crime prevention nexus provides the foundation for a comprehensive and, hopefully, long-lasting approach to addressing the public's risk of being victimized and aids individuals who are targeted by a criminal act. This is a welcome addition to any academic library. The availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.

Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology

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Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology

Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology

  • Author: Alan Barnard,Jonathan Spencer,Professor of the Anthropology of South Asia Jonathan Spencer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135236410
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 896
  • View: 2285
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Written by leading scholars in the field, this comprehensive and readable resource gives anthropology students a unique guide to the ideas, arguments and history of the discipline. The fully revised and expanded second edition reflects major changes in anthropology in the past decade.