Search results for: emulating-natural-forest-landscape-disturbances

Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances

Author : Ajith H. Perera
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This comprehensive collection of provocative papers provides a scientific foundation for justifying the use of and a solid framework for examining the ambiguities inherent in emulating natural forest landscape disturbance. Contributors range from policymakers and forestry professionals to academics and conservationists, offering a balanced view of the promises and challenges of the forest management paradigm in sustaining forest landscapes. The book opens with an overview of foundational concepts, a detailed discussion of emerging forest management paradigms and their global context, and an examination of the ecological premise for emulating natural disturbance. This section also explores the current understanding of natural disturbance regimes, including the two most prevalent in North America: fire and insects. The volume then uses several geographically diverse case studies to address the characterization of natural disturbances and the development of applied templates for their emulation through forest management. The emphasis on fire regimes reflects the greater focus that has traditionally been placed on understanding and managing fire, compared with other forms of disturbance, and utilizes several viewpoints to address the lessons learned from historical disturbance patterns. Reflecting current developments in the field, immediate challenges, and potential directions, this collection concludes with a penetrating look at practical applications, exploring the expectations for and feasibility of emulating natural disturbance through forest management.

Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances

Author : Ontario Forest Research Institute
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This publication is a compendium of summaries of presentations from a symposium that discussed the concepts, challenges, and potential consequences of implementing emulation of natural forest landscape disturbances at the landscape level in forest management. The first set of presentations covers such topics as predicting natural forest disturbances, predicting fire regimes and forest insect disturbance regimes, silvicultural concepts, the ecological basis for emulation, boreal forest management, and the economics of emulation forestry. The second set presents case studies from across northern & central North America to illustrate some practical applications of the concepts behind emulation of natural forest landscape disturbances.

Simulation Modeling of Forest Landscape Disturbances

Author : Ajith H. Perera
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Forest landscape disturbances are a global phenomenon. Simulation models are an important tool in understanding these broad scale processes and exploring their effects on forest ecosystems. This book contains a collection of insights from a group of ecologists who address a variety of processes: physical disturbances such as drought, wind, and fire; biological disturbances such as defoliating insects and bark beetles; anthropogenic influences; interactions among disturbances; effects of climate change on disturbances; and the recovery of forest landscapes from disturbances—all from a simulation modeling perspective. These discussions and examples offer a broad synopsis of the state of this rapidly evolving subject.

Forest Landscapes and Global Change

Author : João C. Azevedo
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Climate change, urban sprawl, abandonment of agriculture, intensification of forestry and agriculture, changes in energy generation and use, expansion of infrastructure networks, habitat destruction and degradation, and other drivers of change occur at increasing rates. They affect patterns and processes in forest landscapes, and modify ecosystem services derived from those ecosystems. Consequently, rapidly changing landscapes present many new challenges to scientists and managers. While it is not uncommon to encounter the terms “global change” and “landscape” together in the ecological literature, a global analyses of drivers of change in forest landscapes, and their ecological consequences have not been addressed adequately. That is the goal of this volume: an exploration of the state of knowledge of global changes in forested landscapes with emphasis on causes and effects, and challenges faced by researchers and land managers. Initial chapters identify and describe major agents of landscape change: climate, fire, and human activities. The next series of chapters address implications of changes on ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation and carbon flux. A chapter that describes methodologies of detecting and monitoring landscape changes is presented followed by chapter that highlights the many challenges forest landscape managers face amidst of global change. Finally, we present a summary and a synthesis of the main points presented in the book. Each chapter will contain the individual research experiences of chapter authors, augmented by review and synthesis of global scientific literature on relevant topics, as well as critical input from multiple peer reviewers.

Forest Landscape Restoration

Author : John Stanturf
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Restoration ecology, as a scientific discipline, developed from practitioners’ efforts to restore degraded land, with interest also coming from applied ecologists attracted by the potential for restoration projects to apply and/or test developing theories on ecosystem development. Since then, forest landscape restoration (FLR) has emerged as a practical approach to forest restoration particularly in developing countries, where an approach which is both large-scale and focuses on meeting human needs is required. Yet despite increased investigation into both the biological and social aspects of FLR, there has so far been little success in systematically integrating these two complementary strands. Bringing experts in landscape studies, natural resource management and forest restoration, together with those experienced in conflict management, environmental economics and urban studies, this book bridges that gap to define the nature and potential of FLR as a truly multidisciplinary approach to a global environmental problem. The book will provide a valuable reference to graduate students and researchers interested in ecological restoration, forest ecology and management, as well as to professionals in environmental restoration, natural resource management, conservation, and environmental policy.

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

Author : John A. Wiens
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In North America, concepts of Historical Range of Variability are being employed in land-management planning for properties of private organizations and multiple government agencies. The National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy all include elements of historical ecology in their planning processes. Similar approaches are part of land management and conservation in Europe and Australia. Each of these user groups must struggle with the added complication of rapid climate change, rapid land-use change, and technical issues in order to employ historical ecology effectively. Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management explores the utility of historical ecology in a management and conservation context and the development of concepts related to understanding future ranges of variability. It provides guidance and insights to all those entrusted with managing and conserving natural resources: land-use planners, ecologists, fire scientists, natural resource policy makers, conservation biologists, refuge and preserve managers, and field practitioners. The book will be particularly timely as science-based management is once again emphasized in United States federal land management and as an understanding of the potential effects of climate change becomes more widespread among resource managers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/wiens/historicalenvironmentalvariation.

Multiaged Silviculture

Author : Kevin O'Hara
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This book presents the latest scientific and management information on multiaged silviculture, an emerging strategy for managing forestry systems worldwide. Over recent decades, forest science and management have tended to emphasize plantation silviculture. Whilst this clearly meets our wood production needs, many of the world's forests need to be managed far less intensively and more flexibly in order to maintain their natural ecosystem functions together with the values inherent in those processes. Developing multiaged management strategies for these complex forest ecosystems represents a global challenge to successfully integrate available science with sustainable management practices. Multiaged Silviculture covers the ecology and dynamics of multiaged stands, the management operations associated with regeneration, tending, and stocking control, and the implications of this strategy on production, genetic diversity, and stand health. It is primarily aimed at graduate level students and researchers in the fields of forestry and silviculture, but will also be of relevance and use to all professional foresters and silviculturists.

Multiple Scale Research Studies on Boreal Forest Fires Regimes to Inform Ontario s Policies for Emulating Natural Forest Disturbances

Author : Ajith H. Perera
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This prospectus presents a broad framework for a series of research studies to investigate Ontario boreal forest fire regime at multiple scales. The broad research goal is to reduce uncertainties in knowledge about boreal forest fire regimes related to policy directions in Ministry of Natural Resources' Forest management guide for natural disturbance pattern emulation. The research studies are grouped into three categories: reviews and syntheses of published literature; determining the characteristics of the broad-scale fire regime in boreal Ontario; and spatial mapping and monitoring.

Forest Research Information Paper

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Ontario Forest Research Institute Publications 2001 2005

Author : Lisa Jean Buse
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"This bibliography compiles all publications written, co-authored, or commissioned by OFRI staff between 2001 and 2005. During this period over 200 publications were produced including 3 books, 87 journal articles, 26 reports, 11 technical notes, 5 newsletters, 47 papers/summaries in conference/workshop proceedings. Topics covered are diverse: understanding natural disturbance regimes and landscape dynamics, carbon budgets and effects of climate change on forests, results of 1998 ice storm research, silviculture studies covering everything from site preparation, tree improvement, stock production, planting, and vegetation management, to stand growth and yield, thinning, disease management and harvesting for conifer, mixedwood, and hardwood forests in the boreal and Great Lakes region of Ontario. Author and subject indexes are provided."--Document.

An Analysis of Literature on Natural Fire Disturbances in Relation to Ontario s Forest Management Guide for Natural Disturbance Pattern Emulation

Author : Lisa J. Buse
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Ontario's "Forest management guide for natural disturbance pattern emulation" provides direction for emulating natural fire disturbances in forest management planning. This report examines the North American scientific literature on natural fire disturbances in relation to the directions in this guide for: landscape harvest size patterns; landscape harvest patch separation; residual stands; and residual trees & downed woody debris. Gaps in the published knowledge are identified. An annotated bibliography of the literature reviewed for the report is included.

Canadian Journal of Forest Research

Author :
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Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes

Author : Raffaele Lafortezza
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Increasing evidence suggests that the composition and spatial configuration – the pattern – of forest landscapes affect many ecological processes, including the movement and persistence of particular species, the susceptibility and spread of disturbances such as fires or pest outbreaks, and the redistribution of matter and nutrients. Understanding these issues is key to the successful management of complex, multifunctional forest landscapes, and landscape ecology, based on a foundation of island bio-geography and meta-population dynamic theories, provides the rationale to deal with this pattern-to-process interaction at different spatial and temporal scales. This carefully edited volume represents a stimulating addition to the international literature on landscape ecology and resource management. It provides key insights into some of the applicable landscape ecological theories that underlie forest management, with a specific focus on how forest management can benefit from landscape ecology, and how landscape ecology can be advanced by tackling challenging problems in forest (landscape) management. It also presents a series of case studies from Europe, Asia, North America, Africa and Australia exploring the issues of disturbance, diversity, management, and scale, and with a specific focus on how human intervention affects forest landscapes and, in turn, how landscapes influence humans and their culture. An important reference for advanced students and researchers in landscape ecology, conservation biology, forest ecology, natural resource management and ecology across multiple scales, the book will also appeal to researchers and practitioners in reserve design, ecological restoration, forest management, landscape planning and landscape architecture.

What Happens to Tree Residuals in Boreal Forest Fires and what Causes the Changes

Author : Ajith Perera
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This report details a study where temporal changes in tree and snags residuals were monitored annually following four boreal fires in Ontario using 50 sample plots. The goal was to examine the changes in residual trees and snags during the immediate post fire period in the boreal forest, where natural fire disturbances are common.--Document.

BFOLDS 1 0

Author : Ajith Perera
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"Boreal forest landscape dynamics simulator (BFOLDS) is a fire regime-succession simulation model that can be used to explore long-term forest cover changes at large spatial extents. This report documents BFOLDS' structure, components, assumptions, functionality, and applications."--Document.

Recent Forest Insect Outbreaks and Fire Risk in Colorado Forests

Author :
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coscience

Author :
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Size Class Distribution and Spatial Proximity of Fires in a Simulated Boreal Forest Fire Regime in Relation to Ontario s Policy Directions for Emulating Natural Disturbance

Author : Ajith Perera
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In the other three ecoregions, it underestimated fire size distribution under all simulation scenarios. The guide’s direction for spatial proximity was not congruent with results from any simulated scenario in any ecoregion. However, the probability of spatial proximity was low in all but one ecoregion. In addition to the assessment of NDPE guide’s direction, this study demonstrates that fire size distributions appear to be unique to ecoregions, and that these can vary further if the fire weather conditions change."--Abstract.

Ontario Forest Research Institute Publications 2006 2010

Author :
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"This bibliography includes a list and descriptions of the content of publications written or co-authored by staff of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources' Ontario Forest Research Institute between 2006 and 2010. During this five-year period, over 150 publications were produced by the institute's 14 research scientists, including a book, 83 journal articles, 31 reports, 10 technical notes, 5 newsletters, and 11 papers/summaries in conference/ workshop proceedings. The overall focus of the publications is forest resource management-related research and practice. Topical areas and scales of investigation are diverse and include natural disturbance regimes and landscape dynamics; carbon budgets and effects of climate change on forests; and silviculture studies on site preparation, tree improvement, vegetation management, growth and yield, disease management, and harvesting in conifer, mixedwood, and hardwood forests. Author and subject indexes are provided."--Document.

Using BFOLDS to Characterize Fire Regimes

Author : Wenbin Cui
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Forest fires are the result of complex interactions of weather and vegetation and are highly probabilistic. Characterizing forest fire regimes, the synoptic properties of spatio-temporal variability of individual fires, is important for many forest and fire management purposes. BFOLDS 1.0 (Boreal Forest Landscape Dynamics Simulator) simulates forest fires and forest succession for large areas over long periods. Resulting fire regime simulations are emergent properties of many stochastic and spatially explicit model processes as well as user assumptions and input data. Here the authors demonstrate the use of BFOLDS in characterizing a forest fire regime, using a large boreal ecoregion as an example and readily available forest cover and spatial weather data as primary input.--Document.