Emperor and Ancestor

State and Lineage in South China

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Author: David Faure

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804767934

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 9071

This book summarizes twenty years of the author's work in historical anthropology and documents his argument that in China, ritual provided the social glue that law provided in the West. The book offers a readable history of the special lineage institutions for which south China has been noted and argues that these institutions fostered the mechanisms that enabled south China to be absorbed into the imperial Chinese state—first, by introducing rituals that were acceptable to the state, and second, by providing mechanisms that made group ownership of property feasible and hence made it possible to pool capital for land reclamation projects important to the state. Just as taxation, defense, and recognition came together with the emergence of powerful lineages in the sixteenth century, their disintegration in the late nineteenth century signaled the beginnings of a new Chinese state.

Early Chinese Religion

The Period of Division (220-589 Ad)

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Author: John Lagerwey,Pengzhi Lü

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004175857

Category: Social Science

Page: 1

View: 4211

After the Warring States, treated in Part One of this set, there is no more fecund era in Chinese religious and cultural history than the period of division (220-589 AD). During it, Buddhism conquered China, Daoism grew into a mature religion with independent institutions, and, together with Confucianism, these three teachings, having each won its share of state recognition and support, formed a united front against shamanism. While all four religions are covered, Buddhism and Daoism receive special attention in a series of parallel chapters on their pantheons, rituals, sacred geography, community organization, canon formation, impact on literature, and recent archaeological discoveries. This multi-disciplinary approach, without ignoring philosophical and theological issues, brings into sharp focus the social and historical matrices of Chinese religion.

Ancestors

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Author: William H. Newell

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110805316

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 5636

Ancestor Worship & Japanese Law

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Author: Hozumi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136892451

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 2799

First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Judge Bao and the Rule of Law

Eight Ballad-stories from the Period 1250-1450

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Author: Wilt L. Idema

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814277010

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 417

View: 4630

Pure, orthodox and incorruptible, Judge Bao has been serving as the preeminent embodiment of justice in China for almost a thousand years, so much so his court case have been adapted as stories, novels and plays over the centuries. Now, for the very first time a series of eight ballad-stories on Judge Bao, dating from the period 1250ndash;1450, are offered in a complete and annotated translation. These texts will provide the reader a complete reflection of the legend of Judge Bao in its earliest phase of development, with an extended introduction placing the ballad-stories in context with the development of the Judge Bao legend. These ballad-stories, in contrast to past plays dating from the same period, present abuse of power and corruption as endemic in the courts and bureaucratic service, and show Judge Bao imposing the rule of law even on the emperor.

Hulk

Planet Hulk

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Author: Greg Pak

Publisher: Marvel Entertainment

ISBN: 0785170626

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 416

View: 9628

Savage alien planet! Oppressed barbarian tribes! Corrupt emperor! Deadly woman warrior! Gladiators and slaves! Battle axes and hand blasters! Monsters and heroes... and the Incredible Hulk! Let the smashing commence! Collects Incredible Hulk (1999) #92-105.

Chinese Sculpture

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Author: Angela Falco Howard

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300100655

Category: Art

Page: 521

View: 7525

Spanning some 7000 years, 'Chinese Sculpture' explores a beautiful and diverse world of objects, many of which have only come to light in the later half of the 20th century. The authors analyse and present, mostly in colour, some 500 examples of Chinese sculpture.

Introducing World Religions

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Author: Victoria Kennick Urubshurow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415772693

Category: Religion

Page: 388

View: 997

Introducing World Religions offers an exciting new approach to the study of the world's religions. Taking its inspiration from performance studies and using an innovative dramatic metaphor, it enables students to explore religious ideas and culture in terms of the players (key figures), the script (foundational texts) and performance (religious practices). The discussion of key players treats human and non-human figures on the world stage, including the principle (God, Dharma, Dao), imaginal figures (angels, baals, bodhisattvas), exceptional persons (founders, prophets, gurus), and historical persons (significant players in the drama of religions). The discussion of the foundational texts includes materials that balance or challenge mainstream texts with an alternative perspective. The section on performance explores non-verbal religious activities such as pilgrimage, icon painting, dance, divination, and meditation. Those concerned with introducing "post-colonial" discourse to students without losing the classic category of "the sacred" should find this textbook to be balanced and evocative. It presents workable concepts from the camps of both "religionists" and "reductionists" and students are challenged to move between "inside" and "outside" positions as they survey what have been called (controversially) "world religions". Specially designed to assist learning it includes: chapter timelines showing key persons, events and dates themed boxes to encourage methodological enquiry key-point chapter summaries to support understanding and review study questions to assist classroom discussion maps, charts and photographs glossary of key terms and concepts key reading, a comprehensive bibliography and index. Ideal for one-semester or modular introductory survey courses on the world's religions, Introducing World Religions will be essential reading for any student of religions, worldwide. The accompanying website to this book can be found at http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415772709.

Ancestral Memory in Early China

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Author: K. E. Brashier

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674056077

Category: History

Page: 470

View: 3772

Ancestral ritual in early China was an orchestrated dance between what was present (the offerings and the living) and what was absent (the ancestors). The interconnections among the tangible elements of the sacrifice were overt and almost mechanical, but extending those connections to the invisible guests required a medium that was itself invisible. Thus in early China, ancestral sacrifice was associated with focused thinking about the ancestors, with a structured mental effort by the living to reach out to the absent forebears and to give them shape and existence. Thinking about the ancestors—about those who had become distant—required active deliberation and meditation, qualities that had to be nurtured and learned. This study is a history of the early Chinese ancestral cult, particularly its cognitive aspects. Its goals are to excavate the cult’s color and vitality and to quell assumptions that it was no more than a simplistic and uninspired exchange of food for longevity, of prayers for prosperity. Ancestor worship was not, the author contends, merely mechanical and thoughtless. Rather, it was an idea system that aroused serious debates about the nature of postmortem existence, served as the religious backbone to Confucianism, and may even have been the forerunner of Daoist and Buddhist meditation practices.