Dry Mouth

A Clinical Guide on Causes, Effects and Treatments

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Author: Guy Carpenter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642551548

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 2488

This wide-ranging guide to dry mouth, or xerostomia, is intended to meet the needs of dentists by providing information on all clinically relevant aspects. After introductory discussion of salivary secretion and function, the potential causes of dry mouth, including diseases affecting saliva production, drugs and irradiation, are examined. Symptoms and signs such as altered taste, bacterial changes and infection are discussed and impacts on quality of life, described. Diagnostic issues are fully explored, covering the use of clinical scoring scales, difficulties in assessment, detection of early signs and the role of salivary biomarkers. The full range of treatment options and preventive measures is then described, including the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy to spare salivary function, the value of artificial salivas and the beneficial effects of regular chewing. The book closes by considering future treatment avenues and the potential for salivary gland regeneration.

Oral Infections and General Health

From Molecule to Chairside

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Author: Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319250914

Category: Medical

Page: 149

View: 1862

​This book provides a wide-ranging update on the associations between oral infections and general health. Detailed consideration is given to the underlying mechanisms or pathways linking oral infections to general health, including metastatic spread of infection from the oral cavity as a result of transient bacteremia, metastatic injury from the effects of circulating oral microbial toxins, and metastatic inflammation caused by immunological dysfunction induced by oral microorganisms. The book also reviews the complex structure and development of oral biofilms in health and disease, and the molecular tools that are currently available for their analysis. The advantages and limitations of such techniques, as well as their impact on the future of diagnostics, prevention and patient management, are discussed.

Dry Mouth, The Malevolent Symptom

A Clinical Guide

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Author: Leo M. Sreebny,Arjan Vissink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780813820972

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 2137

Xerostomia, more commonly called dry mouth, affects anestimated 20 percent of adults worldwide and can severelydiminish one’s quality of life. Dry Mouth, theMalevolent Symptom: A Clinical Guide relies on evidence-basedresearch to provide an introductory primer on oral dryness and themodalities available to treat it. The book describes thevaried etiology of the disease, but emphasizes clinicalprotocols and step-by-step procedures for diagnosis and treatmentplanning. Dry Mouth is a user-friendly manual guiding cliniciansthrough identifying and managing this common condition. Causesincluding radiotherapy, chemotherapy, systemic diseases,polypharmacy, and the natural progression of aging are discussed inconjunction with the clinical symptoms and signs associated witheach one. Multiple avenues for treatment are presented,highlighting salivary stimulation and supplementation techniques,pharmacologic aids, and critically required oral therapy. Althoughintended primarily for the professionals that treat those affectedby xerostomia, Dry Mouth may also be of interest tosufferers of this condition.

Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders

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Author: Michael B. First,Allan Tasman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470745207

Category: Medical

Page: 529

View: 8707

Two key challenges face mental health practitioners: making the correct psychiatric diagnosis and choosing the most appropriate treatment option. This book aims to help with both. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders – Second Edition combines clinically–relevant information about each of theDSM–IV–TR diagnoses with clear, detailed information on treatment options, giving full clinical management advice. Once again, the editors, both leading psychiatrists, have condensed the chapters on Disorders from Tasman et al s acclaimed two volume textbook of Psychiatry (now in its Third Edition), retaining only the content they deem particularly relevant to the clinician for ease of use. Each disorder is discussed under the headings of Diagnosis (including Assessment Issues, Comorbidity, Course, and Differential Diagnosis, giving diagnostic decision trees where relevant) and Treatment (listing all therapeutic options, giving practical advice for patient management, summarising treatment specifics with tables and treatment flowcharts). The original edition established itself as the first point of reference for any clinician or mental health practitioner needing expert advice on therapeutic options for any psychiatric disorder. This edition features an additional chapter on the psychiatric interview and assessment of mental status to increase its utility. It echoes the progress in psychiatry regarding the establishment of an evidenced–based model of taxonomy, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Indeed, from a psychologist′s perspective, the equal consideration provided to empirically supported psychosocial treatments versus somatic treatment is a significant development in the field of psychiatry. Jonathan Weinand in PsycCritiques, the American Psychological Association Review of Books

A Clinical Guide to Epileptic Syndromes and their Treatment

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Author: C. P. Panayiotopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846286438

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 8210

Affecting 4 percent of children and 1-2 percent of the general population, epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. The 1st edition of this guide proved to be the only one of its kind, covering many important aspects of diagnosis and treatment. Due to the continued advances being made in the subject, and building on the sell-out success of the 1st edition this thorough revision reflects the latest report of the ILAE classification core group and the significant progress made in the diagnosis, classification and treatment of the epilepsies.

Compact Clinical Guide to Critical Care, Trauma, and Emergency Pain Management

An Evidence-Based Approach for Nurses

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Author: Yvonne M D'Arcy, MS, CRNP, CNS

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108083

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 2744

"This is an excellent resource for nurses practicing in critical care units, emergency departments, and trauma units, as well as for midlevel providers who manage these patients.--Doody's Medical Reviews "Compact ClinicalGuide to Critical Care,Trauma, and EmergencyPain Management is aconcise, easy-to-readresource for nurses whowant to reinforce theirfoundational knowledgein this area."--Critical Care Nurse This addition to Springer Publishingís Compact Clinical Guide to Pain Management Series presents evidence-based national guidelines and treatment algorithms for managing pain in patients in the critical care, trauma, and emergency room settings. Such patients often present with co-morbid and complex conditions which often make accurate pain assessment and treatment a challenge. In an easy-to-use, bulleted format, the book provides the most current information on assessing and managing pain in a variety of critical conditions. Both pharmacological management therapies and non-pharmacologic interventions are included along with information about pain assessment screening tools for special populations. Topics covered include the basics of pain physiology in critical, emergency, and operative care patients, assessing pain in the critically ill, medications and advanced pain management techniques useful with this population, and commonly occurring conditions in the various care environments. Also addressed are the management of particularly challenging patients (elderly, obese) and conditions (chronic pain, renal failure, chemically dependent patients, and burn patients). The book contains tables that efficiently summarize information and figures to illustrate key concepts. Pain rating scales and a helpful equi-analgesic conversion table are included in the Appendix. Key Features: Provides evidence-based information on treating pain in critical care, trauma, and emergency room patients for all practice levels Organized for quick access to pertinent clinical information on treatment options and pain types Provides cross-referenced indexing and easy-to-use assessment and screening tools Includes information for treating especially challenging and difficult to manage patient pain scenarios

Mental Health Nursing E-Book

An Evidence Based Approach

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Author: Rob Newell,Kevin Gournay

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040797

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5944

This new edition of Mental Health Nursing: an evidence-based approach has been fully updated to include the latest research-based guidance. A wide variety of client problems is covered with , so that students are assured that what they learn is underpinned by a sound evidence base for treatment, and qualified mental health nurses can be confident that their practice is informed by the most up-to-date research. Skills acquisition is emphasised and experiential exercises encourage connections between theory and practice. Based on up-to-date, evidence-based information Emphasises skills acquisition Puts the nurse's role central to mental health care Contributors and editors are national and international experts in their fields Uses experiential exercises to reinforce learning and encourage connections from theory to practice

Advancing Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition E-Book

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Author: Anne Payne,Helen M. Barker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455725242

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 3603

This book provides a comprehensive account of the relevant physiology, pathophysiology, nutritional therapy and dietetic application for each specialist dietetic area. All major specialist areas involved in the the treatment of adults are covered. The first section deals with clinical governance, for example patient-centred care, clinical decision-making and developing evidence-based practice. The second section on advanced clinical practice describes 18 clinical conditions or dietetic areas in detail. There is detailed coverage of 18 clinical conditions or dietetic areas: The control of food intake and absorption of nutrients Drug nutrient interactions Food allergy – allergy and intolerance Irritable bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer Short bowel syndrome Enteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition Thermal injury Nutrition and liver disease HIV Palliative care Renal disease Diabetes Obesity Cardiovascular disease Stroke Neurological conditions Mental health. Each chapter concludes with a section on possible future developments in the specialty, providing insight into 'hot topics', making this an essential text for all working in the field of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition. Each clinical chapter follows a standard structure: Learning objectives Key points summarise important aspects Case studies with questions and answers help link theory to practice References and further reading suggestions encourage wider research.

The Complete Guide to Medications During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Everything You Need to Know to Make the Best Choices for You and Your Baby

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Author: Carl P. Weiner, MD,Kate Rope

Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin

ISBN: 1250037204

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 576

View: 2811

From a renowned obstetrician and expert in maternal-fetal medicine comes the only comprehensive pharmaceutical guide available to help you make informed decisions while pregnant and nursing Sometimes even physicians disagree or appear confused about what medications are appropriate choices for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Tylenol? Ambien? Sudafed? A prescription medication for a chronic condition? How much is OK and when? Incomplete or misinformation, an out-dated FDA classification system, and fear all stand in the way. Which means taking care of your health during this important time of your life can feel scarier than it should. The Complete Guide to Medications During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding cuts through the confusion so that you can feel good about taking care of yourself and your baby. This essential reference combines authority and empathy with an A-to-Z directory of more than six hundred drugs to help you make the best possible decisions for you and your baby.

Depression, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics - E-Book

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Author: David Mintz

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455743100

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 6249

This issue discusses the diagnosis and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other depressive disorders, with an emphasis on the psychosocial aspects of depression: how it affects societies, how it is affected by culture, and what the true meaning of recovery is for those suffering from MDD. The issue is divided into three section: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. Authors address the evidence where biology and subjectivity meet. They discuss what is adaptive and what is pathologic and discuss population-based solutions that take into account the specificity of the individual. Authors also take into account combination treatments of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy and weigh the treatment choices against specific patient subtypes.