Search results for: drones-as-cyber-physical-systems

Drones as Cyber Physical Systems

Author : Jung-Sup Um
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This book introduces the concept of using drones as a teaching tool to explore the fundamental principles, technology and applications of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). A short introduction sets CPS in the context of the 4th industrial revolution, and describes various CPS technologies including self-driving cars, commercial intelligent drones and mobile robots, in which artificial intelligence routinely supports smarter decision-making. The core of the book then focuses on commercially available drones, the only available system offering the advantage of cyber-physical bridging through 3D autonomous dynamic flying in classroom conditions. Chapters describe drone technology, including location sensors and imaging systems. CPS theory is explained through typical drone flying procedures and do-it-yourself (DIY) aerial photography in which communication between sensors, actuators and controllers occurs through cyber-physical bi-directional bridging. This book opens new possibilities in fostering 4th industrial revolution literacy, introducing relevant examples from readily available equipment, making core elements of cyber-physical bridging accessible. It is aimed primarily at those students who have an interest in CPS, drones and those from disciplines that are concerned with spatial information.

Big Data Analytics for Cyber Physical System in Smart City

Author : Mohammed Atiquzzaman
File Size : 78.42 MB
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Multilayer Control of Networked Cyber Physical Systems

Author : Sabato Manfredi
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This book faces the interdisciplinary challenge of formulating performance-assessing design approaches for networked cyber-physical systems (NCPSs). Its novel distributed multilayer cooperative control deals simultaneously with communication-network and control performance required for the network and application layers of an NCPS respectively. Practically, it distributes the computational burden among different devices, which act cooperatively to achieve NCPS goals. The approach can be applied to NCPSs based on both wired and wireless technologies and so is suitable for future network infrastructures in which different protocols and technologies coexist. The book reports realistic results from performance evaluation of the new approach, when applied in different operative scenarios. Readers of this book will benefit by: learning a general, technology-independent methodology for the design and implementation of cooperative distributed algorithms for flow control at the network layer of an NCPS that gives algorithm-parameter-tuning guidelines for assessing the desired quality of service performance; learning a general methodology for the design and implementation of consensus-based algorithms at the application layer that allows monitoring and control of distributed physical systems and gives algorithm-parameter-tuning guidelines for assessing the desired control system performance; understanding the main network simulators needed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed multilayer control approach in different realistic network operation scenarios; and practising with a cooperative multilayer control project that assesses acceptable NCPS performance in networked monitoring and robot systems, autonomous and queuing networks, and other critical human relief applications. Researchers, graduate students and practitioners working in automation, engineering, sensor networks, mobile robotics and computer networks will find this book instructive. It will also be helpful to network administrators and technicians implementing application-layer and network-layer solutions or installing, configuring or troubleshooting network and control system components of NCPSs.

Cyber Physical Systems Security

Author : Çetin Kaya Koç
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The chapters in this book present the work of researchers, scientists, engineers, and teachers engaged with developing unified foundations, principles, and technologies for cyber-physical security. They adopt a multidisciplinary approach to solving related problems in next-generation systems, representing views from academia, government bodies, and industrial partners, and their contributions discuss current work on modeling, analyzing, and understanding cyber-physical systems.

Towards Cloud based Vehicular Cyber Physical Systems

Author : Kazi Masudul Alam
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We are living in the age of information technology, where we are fully occupied with the revolutionary innovations of the last few decades such as the Internet, mobile devices, wireless communications, social networks, wearables, cloud computing, etc. While these technologies have become integral part of our daily life, we are now anxiously waiting to embrace Internet-of-Things (IoT), intelligent digital assistants, driver-less cars, drone deliveries, virtual reality, and smart city applications. Recently, research community is demonstrating increasing interests about Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) that resides in the cross-section of embedded systems, network communications, and scalable distributed infrastructures. The main responsibility of a CPS is to collect sensory data about the physical world and to inform the computation module using communication technologies that processes the data, identifies important insights and notifies back using a feedback loop. These notifications can however be control commands to reconfigure the physical world. Such a setup is a useful method to deploy smart city applications. In this dissertation, we keep our focus onto the smart transport objective using vehicular CPS (VCPS) based systems organization. We have compiled this dissertation with our research contributions in this growing field of VCPS. One of our key contributions in this field is an architecture reference model for the cloud-based CPS, C2PS, where we analytically describe the key properties of a CPS: computation, communication and control, while integrating cloud features to it. We have identified various types of computation and interaction modes of this paradigm as well as describe Bayesian network and fuzzy logic based smart connection to select a mode at any time. It is considered that the true adoption of CPS is only possible through the deployment of the IoT systems. Thus, it is important to have IoT as a foundation in the CPS architectures. Our next contribution is to leverage existing Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET) technologies and map them with the standard IoT-Architecture reference model to design the VCPS, Social Internet-of-Vehicles (SIoV). In this process, we have identified the social structures and system interactions among the subsystems involved in the SIoV. We also present a message structure to facilitate different types of SIoV interactions. The ability of dynamic reconfiguration in a C2PS is very appealing. We capture this feature in the VCPS by designing a model-based reconfiguration scheme for the SIoV, where we measure the data workloads of distinct subsystems involved in various types of SIoV interactions. We further use these models to design dynamic adaptation schemes for the subsystems involved in VCPS interactions. Our final contribution is an application development platform based on C2PS design technique that uses server-client based system communications. In this platform, server side is built using JAVA, client side uses Android, message communication uses JSON and every component has its own MySQL database to store the interactions. We use this platform to emulate and deploy SIoV related applications and scenarios. Such a platform is necessary to continue C2PS related research and developments in the laboratory environment.

Securing Cyber Physical Systems

Author : Al-Sakib Khan Pathan
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Think about someone taking control of your car while you're driving. Or, someone hacking into a drone and taking control. Both of these things have been done, and both are attacks against cyber-physical systems (CPS). Securing Cyber-Physical Systems explores the cybersecurity needed for CPS, with a focus on results of research and real-world deployment experiences. It addresses CPS across multiple sectors of industry. CPS emerged from traditional engineered systems in the areas of power and energy, automotive, healthcare, and aerospace. By introducing pervasive communication support in those systems, CPS made the systems more flexible, high-performing, and responsive. In general, these systems are mission-critical—their availability and correct operation is essential. This book focuses on the security of such mission-critical systems. Securing Cyber-Physical Systems brings together engineering and IT experts who have been dealing separately with these issues. The contributed chapters in this book cover a broad range of CPS security topics, including: Securing modern electrical power systems Using moving target defense (MTD) techniques to secure CPS Securing wireless sensor networks (WSNs) used for critical infrastructures Mechanisms to improve cybersecurity and privacy in transportation CPS Anticipated cyberattacks and defense approaches for next-generation autonomous vehicles Security issues, vulnerabilities, and challenges in the Internet of Things Machine-to-machine (M2M) communication security Security of industrial control systems Designing "trojan-resilient" integrated circuits While CPS security techniques are constantly evolving, this book captures the latest advancements from many different fields. It should be a valuable resource for both professionals and students working in network, web, computer, or embedded system security.

Cyber Physical Attacks

Author : George Loukas
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Cyber-Physical Attacks: A Growing Invisible Threat presents the growing list of harmful uses of computers and their ability to disable cameras, turn off a building’s lights, make a car veer off the road, or a drone land in enemy hands. In essence, it details the ways cyber-physical attacks are replacing physical attacks in crime, warfare, and terrorism. The book explores how attacks using computers affect the physical world in ways that were previously only possible through physical means. Perpetrators can now cause damage without the same risk, and without the political, social, or moral outrage that would follow a more overt physical attack. Readers will learn about all aspects of this brave new world of cyber-physical attacks, along with tactics on how to defend against them. The book provides an accessible introduction to the variety of cyber-physical attacks that have already been employed or are likely to be employed in the near future. Demonstrates how to identify and protect against cyber-physical threats Written for undergraduate students and non-experts, especially physical security professionals without computer science background Suitable for training police and security professionals Provides a strong understanding of the different ways in which a cyber-attack can affect physical security in a broad range of sectors Includes online resources for those teaching security management

Emerging Technologies for Disaster Resilience

Author : Mihoko Sakurai
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Exploring Cyber physical Systems

Author : Misbah Uddin Mohammed
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The advances in IOT, Computer Vision, AI and Machine Learning have made these technologies ubiquitous to our daily lives. From Smart Phones to Connected Vehicles, Cyber Physical systems have been interspersed into everything we interact in today's world. The aim or this thesis was to explore these advances in Cyber Physical Systems and analyze the different sectors they were affecting. We then hand-picked certain domains and explored further by carrying out practical projects using some of the latest software and hardware resources available. Technologies like Amazon Alexa services, NVIDIA Jetson boards, TensorFlow, OpenCV, NodeJS were heavily employed in our various projects throughout this thesis.This research is commenced by developing a rail track obstruction monitoring system. Which had an onboard camera focusing on the rail tracks. The images were processed to detect any type of obstruction like sand or snow deposited on the tracks that would hinder the safe operation of railway. These obstruction levels were then sent to a remote server who was responsible to alert the concerned officials whenever obstruction reached beyond a threshold value. The next project in this research was a collaborated network of IP cameras which were programmed to detect and track a common moving object in a given space. The cameras were governed by a central network system which would process the images from each of the cameras and instruct them to change their pan and tilt in accordance to track an identified moving object. The collaborated network camera project was then superseded by an Amazon Alexa based text reader which was designed to help the visually impaired. A Raspberry Pi based camera system that could extract a written text from an image was utilized which could process these texts and send it to the Amazon's Alexa system, which allowed Alexa to read the text for the reader.Next came the Microsoft Hololens based virtual communication system. This system used the hologram feature of the Microsoft Hololens to project a person's image onto a virtual environment. This process was realized in real-time using a Python based flask server. This based the foundation of a virtual communication system using holograms.The thesis then developed systems using machine learning to develop a search and rescue based project using a drone and ground vehicles. The system designed utilized the Google's TensorFlow machine learning library to train and develop image recognition systems to guide the drone in an unknown indoor environment autonomously. The drone was trained to detect a given object in space and translate the information on the location of the object to the ground vehicles. The ground vehicles would then move towards the object using graph search algorithms like A*. With this research and practical implementation, this thesis presents some of the latest technologies and services available for one to develop and implement modern age Cyber Physical Systems. It brings one in contact with the different tools and services that are made available for someone to explore and develop cyber-physical systems.

Behavior Based Analytics for Securing Cyber physical Systems

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Unmanned Aerial Systems

Author : Anis Koubaa
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Unmanned Aerial Systems: Theoretical Foundation and Applications presents some of the latest innovative approaches to drones from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis, optimization, control, communications, 3D-mapping, search and rescue, surveillance, farmland and construction monitoring, and more. With the emergence of low-cost UAS, a vast array of research works in academia and products in the industrial sectors have evolved. The book covers the safe operation of UAS, including, but not limited to, fundamental design, mission and path planning, control theory, computer vision, artificial intelligence, applications requirements, and more. This book provides a unique reference of the state-of-the-art research and development of unmanned aerial systems, making it an essential resource for researchers, instructors and practitioners. Covers some of the most innovative approaches to drones Provides the latest state-of-the-art research and development surrounding unmanned aerial systems Presents a comprehensive reference on unmanned aerial systems, with a focus on cutting-edge technologies and recent research trends in the area

The Construction Industry in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Author : Clinton Aigbavboa
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This book gathers papers from the 11th Construction Industry Development Board (cidb) Postgraduate Research Conference, held on 28–30 July 2019 in Johannesburg, South Africa. The conference provided an essential forum for reviewing and generating knowledge on Construction 4.0 and, consequently, highlighted processes and practices that allow us to deliver and operate built environment assets more effectively and efficiently by focusing on physical-to-digital and digital-to-physical transformation. The event addressed three broad themes: Industrial production (prefabrication, 3-D printing and assembly, offsite and advanced manufacturing); Cyber-physical systems (actuators, sensors, IoT, robots and cobots for repetitive and dangerous tasks, and drones for mapping, progress monitoring, safety and quality inspections, lifting, moving and positioning); and Technologies (digital ecosystems, digital platforms, BIM, video and laser scanning, AI and cloud computing, big data and data analytics, reality capture, blockchain, simulation, virtual and augmented reality, data standards and interoperability, and vertical and horizontal integration). Given its scope, the book will be of interest to all construction industry and architectural professionals who want to learn about cutting-edge technologies applied to construction

The Construction Industry in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Author : Clinton Aigbavboa
File Size : 23.75 MB
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This book gathers papers from the 11th Construction Industry Development Board (cidb) Postgraduate Research Conference, held on 28–30 July 2019 in Johannesburg, South Africa. The conference provided an essential forum for reviewing and generating knowledge on Construction 4.0 and, consequently, highlighted processes and practices that allow us to deliver and operate built environment assets more effectively and efficiently by focusing on physical-to-digital and digital-to-physical transformation. The event addressed three broad themes: Industrial production (prefabrication, 3-D printing and assembly, offsite and advanced manufacturing); Cyber-physical systems (actuators, sensors, IoT, robots and cobots for repetitive and dangerous tasks, and drones for mapping, progress monitoring, safety and quality inspections, lifting, moving and positioning); and Technologies (digital ecosystems, digital platforms, BIM, video and laser scanning, AI and cloud computing, big data and data analytics, reality capture, blockchain, simulation, virtual and augmented reality, data standards and interoperability, and vertical and horizontal integration). Given its scope, the book will be of interest to all construction industry and architectural professionals who want to learn about cutting-edge technologies applied to construction

Embedded Systems A Hardware Software Co Design Approach

Author : Bashir I Morshed
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This textbook introduces the concept of embedded systems with exercises using Arduino Uno. It is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering programs. It contains a balanced discussion on both hardware and software related to embedded systems, with a focus on co-design aspects. Embedded systems have applications in Internet-of-Things (IoT), wearables, self-driving cars, smart devices, cyberphysical systems, drones, and robotics. The hardware chapter discusses various microcontrollers (including popular microcontroller hardware examples), sensors, amplifiers, filters, actuators, wired and wireless communication topologies, schematic and PCB designs, and much more. The software chapter describes OS-less programming, bitmath, polling, interrupt, timer, sleep modes, direct memory access, shared memory, mutex, and smart algorithms, with lots of C-code examples for Arduino Uno. Other topics discussed are prototyping, testing, verification, reliability, optimization, and regulations. Appropriate for courses on embedded systems, microcontrollers, and instrumentation, this textbook teaches budding embedded system programmers practical skills with fun projects to prepare them for industry products. Introduces embedded systems for wearables, Internet-of-Things (IoT), robotics, and other smart devices; Offers a balanced focus on both hardware and software co-design of embedded systems; Includes exercises, tutorials, and assignments.

Computer Safety Reliability and Security

Author : Stefano Tonetta
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of five workshops co-located with SAFECOMP 2017, the 36th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, held in Trento, Italy, in September 2017. The 38 revised full papers presented together with 5 introductory papers to each workshop, and three invited papers, were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. This year's workshops are: ASSURE 2017 – Assurance Cases for Software-Intensive Systems; DECSoS 2017 – ERCIM/EWICS/ARTEMIS Dependable Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems and Systems-of-Systems; SASSUR 2017 – Next Generation of System Assurance Approaches for Safety-Critical Systems; TIPS 2017 – Timing Performance in Safety Engineering; TELERISE 2017 Technical and legal Aspects of Data Privacy and Security.

Vulnerability Trends in IoT Devices and New Sensor assisted Security Protections

Author : Junia da Rocha Valente
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Internet of Things (IoT) devices are found everywhere: in our houses as voice-assistant devices, home automation smart devices, or smart appliances. As our lives become more dependent on these systems, their security has become an important growing concern. To systematically study the security and privacy issues in IoT devices, we obtained over 40 IoT devices in our Cyber-Physical Systems Security Laboratory at UTD. These devices represent a wide range of consumer products including smart children toys, consumer drones, surveillance systems, smart home devices, and voice-enabled personal assistant devices. The first part of the dissertation summarizes security and privacy practices in these devices, deployment patterns that emerge among them, and vulnerabilities we found on them including: (1) encryption problems on smart toys; (2) filesystem misconfigurations on consumer drones; and (3) hard-coded passwords on network video recorders (NVR) firmware. We show that voice-enabled toys–targeting young children–pose new unanticipated threats. An attacker can inject malicious voice content and insult or ask young children to do unsafe things. Also, an attacker can obtain private-sensitive data (when the toy is lost or resold). Further, we tested a variety of attacks in a new family of drones (U818A) released in 2016. We conclude our discussions with considerations that vendors should take when designing their products. We also share our experience in reporting the security vulnerabilities to CERT/CC and to affected vendors following a responsible disclosure approach. Our contributions include vulnerability disclosures published at the National Vulnerability Database (NVD) maintained by NIST: CVE-2015-8287 (on Swann NVW-470 surveillance systems); CVE-2017-3209 (on Discovery U818A consumer drones); and CVE-2017-8865, CVE-2017-8866, and CVE-2017-8867 (on CogniToys Dino smart toys). The second part of the dissertation focuses on how IoT devices can be secured by fundamentally new security paradigms. In particular, we focus on the security of camera surveillance systems and propose a new way to verify the integrity and freshness of the video feed by sending visual challenges to the area the camera monitors. Our work illustrates the unique cyber-physical properties that sensor devices can leverage in their cyber-security defenses. At a high-level, our research is motivated by attestation and challenge-response protocols. While these traditional mechanisms exchange digital challenges between devices authenticating each other, our work instead proposes challenges that manifest physically in the field-of-view of the device. Our physical (visual challenge) and cyber (verification) mechanism can help protect systems even when the sensors (cameras) and actuators (digital signage displaying physical challenges or multi-color light bulbs that change the environment lighting color) are compromised. Our implementation results show that visual challenges are an effective method to add defense-in-depth mechanisms to improve the trustworthiness of security cameras deployed in sensitive settings.

Industry 4 0 Interoperability Analytics Security and Case Studies

Author : G. Rajesh
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All over the world, vast research is in progress on the domain of Industry 4.0 and related techniques. Industry 4.0 is expected to have a very high impact on labor markets, global value chains, education, health, environment, and many social economic aspects. Industry 4.0 Interoperability, Analytics, Security, and Case Studies provides a deeper understanding of the drivers and enablers of Industry 4.0. It includes real case studies of various applications related to different fields, such as cyber physical systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, machine learning, virtualization, decentralization, blockchain, fog computing, and many other related areas. Also discussed are interoperability, design, and implementation challenges. Researchers, academicians, and those working in industry around the globe will find this book of interest. FEATURES Provides an understanding of the drivers and enablers of Industry 4.0 Includes real case studies of various applications for different fields Discusses technologies such as cyber physical systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, machine learning, virtualization, decentralization, blockchain, fog computing, and many other related areas Covers design, implementation challenges, and interoperability Offers detailed knowledge on Industry 4.0 and its underlying technologies, research challenges, solutions, and case studies

Computer Safety Reliability and Security

Author : Barbara Gallina
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of five workshops co-located with SAFECOMP 2018, the 37th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, held in Västerås, Sweden, in September 2018. The 28 revised full papers and 21 short papers presented together with 5 introductory papers to each workshop were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 submissions. This year's workshops are: ASSURE 2018 – Assurance Cases for Software-Intensive Systems; DECSoS 2018 – ERCIM/EWICS/ARTEMIS Dependable Smart Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems and Systems-of-Systems; SASSUR 2018 – Next Generation of System Assurance Approaches for Safety-Critical Systems; STRIVE 2018 – Safety, securiTy, and pRivacy In automotiVe systEms; and WAISE 2018 – Artificial Intelligence Safety Engineering.

Software Engineering and Formal Methods

Author : Antonio Cerone
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This book constitutes revised selected papers from the five workshops collocated with the 15th International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods, SEFM 2017. The 38 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 55 submissions. They stem from the following workshops: DataMod 2017 -- 6th International Symposium “From Data to Models and Back"; FAACS 2017 -- 1st Workshop on Formal Approaches for Advanced Computing Systems; MSE 2017 -- 1st Workshop on Microservices: Science and Engineering; CoSim-CPS 2017 -- 1st Workshop on Formal Co-Simulation of Cyber-Physical Systems; FOCLASA 2017 -- 15th International Workshop on Foundations Of Coordination Languages and Self-Adaptive Systems​.

Unmanned Aerial Systems

Author : Anis Koubaa
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Unmanned Aerial Systems: Theoretical Foundation and Applications presents some of the latest innovative approaches to drones from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis, optimization, control, communications, 3D-mapping, search and rescue, surveillance, farmland and construction monitoring, and more. With the emergence of low-cost UAS, a vast array of research works in academia and products in the industrial sectors have evolved. The book covers the safe operation of UAS, including, but not limited to, fundamental design, mission and path planning, control theory, computer vision, artificial intelligence, applications requirements, and more. This book provides a unique reference of the state-of-the-art research and development of unmanned aerial systems, making it an essential resource for researchers, instructors and practitioners. Covers some of the most innovative approaches to drones Provides the latest state-of-the-art research and development surrounding unmanned aerial systems Presents a comprehensive reference on unmanned aerial systems, with a focus on cutting-edge technologies and recent research trends in the area