Electronic Properties of Doped Semiconductors

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Electronic Properties of Doped Semiconductors

Electronic Properties of Doped Semiconductors

  • Author: B.I. Shklovskii,A.L. Efros
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662024039
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 388
  • View: 9194
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First-generation semiconductors could not be properly termed "doped- they were simply very impure. Uncontrolled impurities hindered the discovery of physical laws, baffling researchers and evoking pessimism and derision in advocates of the burgeoning "pure" physical disciplines. The eventual banish ment of the "dirt" heralded a new era in semiconductor physics, an era that had "purity" as its motto. It was this era that yielded the successes of the 1950s and brought about a new technology of "semiconductor electronics". Experiments with pure crystals provided a powerful stimulus to the develop ment of semiconductor theory. New methods and theories were developed and tested: the effective-mass method for complex bands, the theory of impurity states, and the theory of kinetic phenomena. These developments constitute what is now known as semiconductor phys ics. In the last fifteen years, however, there has been a noticeable shift towards impure semiconductors - a shift which came about because it is precisely the impurities that are essential to a number of major semiconductor devices. Technology needs impure semiconductors, which unlike the first-generation items, are termed "doped" rather than "impure" to indicate that the impurity levels can now be controlled to a certain extent.

Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers

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Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers

Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers

  • Author: Hotan Shalibeik
  • Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
  • ISBN: 3867274673
  • Category:
  • Page: 181
  • View: 974
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Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, Revised and Expanded

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Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, Revised and Expanded

Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, Revised and Expanded

  • Author: Michel J.F. Digonnet
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0824741641
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 798
  • View: 7755
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A discussion of the theories, operating characteristics, and current technology of main fiber laser and amplifier devices based on rare-earth-doped silica and fluorozirconate fibers. It describes the principles, designs, and properties of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier and its role as the cornerstone component in optical communication systems. This second edition contains new and revised material reflecting major developments in academia and industry.

Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers

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Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers

Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers

Fundamentals and Technology

  • Author: Philippe M. Becker,Anders A. Olsson,Jay R. Simpson
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080505848
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 460
  • View: 2748
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Erbium Fiber Amplifiers is a comprehensive introduction to the increasingly important topic of optical amplification. Written by three Bell Labs pioneers, the book stresses the importance of the interrelation of materials properties, optical properties, and systems aspects of optical fiber amplifiers. All disc-based content for this title is now available on the Web. Key Features * Explains the theory of noise in optically amplified systems in an intuitive way * The book contains a discussion of components used in amplifier fabrication and of the attendant technologies used in real systems * The book provides basic tools for amplifier design as well as systems engineering, including the latest developments in WDM and soliton systems * The book discusses the fundamentals of rare earth ions for the reader desiring more depth in the topic * The book is for either the novice of experienced reader * The chapter have links between them to allow the reader to understand the relationship between the amplifier characteristics, noise, and systems applications * The book contains extensive references

Rare-Earth Doped III-Nitrides for Optoelectronic and Spintronic Applications

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Rare-Earth Doped III-Nitrides for Optoelectronic and Spintronic Applications

Rare-Earth Doped III-Nitrides for Optoelectronic and Spintronic Applications

  • Author: Kevin Peter O'Donnell,Volkmar Dierolf
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048128778
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 355
  • View: 5344
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This book summarises recent progress in the science and technology of rare-earth doped nitrides, providing a snapshot of the field at a critical point in its development. It is the first book on rare-earth doped III-Nitrides and semiconductors.

Development of Thulium-Doped Fluoride Fiber Amplifiers

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Development of Thulium-Doped Fluoride Fiber Amplifiers

Development of Thulium-Doped Fluoride Fiber Amplifiers

  • Author: Marcin Michał Kożak
  • Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
  • ISBN: 3865377343
  • Category:
  • Page: 165
  • View: 9174
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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

From Fundamentals to Bioapplications

  • Author: Xueyuan Chen,Yongsheng Liu,Datao Tu
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642403646
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1832
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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the subject. Xueyuan Chen is a Professor at Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), Chinese Academy of Sciences. Yongsheng Liu is a Research Associate Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Datao Tu is a Research Assistant Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Self-Doped Conducting Polymers

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Self-Doped Conducting Polymers

Self-Doped Conducting Polymers

  • Author: Michael S. Freund,Bhavana A. Deore
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470061731
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 338
  • View: 3015
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Self-Doped Conducting Polymers provides an introduction to conducting polymers in general and self-doped conducting polymers in particular. This is followed by an in depth exploration of the synthesis, properties and utilization of several types of self-doped polymers. Optimization of self-doped polymers is also discussed.

Rare Earth-doped Alkali-lead-halide Laser Crystals of Low-phonon Energy

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Rare Earth-doped Alkali-lead-halide Laser Crystals of Low-phonon Energy

Rare Earth-doped Alkali-lead-halide Laser Crystals of Low-phonon Energy

  • Author: Katja Rademaker
  • Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
  • ISBN: 3865376525
  • Category:
  • Page: 115
  • View: 9528
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Delta-doping of Semiconductors

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Delta-doping of Semiconductors

Delta-doping of Semiconductors

  • Author: E. F. Schubert
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521482882
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 604
  • View: 2037
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A comprehensive review of the theory and application of delta-doping of semiconductors.