Search results for: dimensions-of-l2-performance-and-proficiency

Dimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency

Author : Alex Housen
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Research into complexity, accuracy and fluency (CAF) as basic dimensions of second language performance, proficiency and development has received increased attention in SLA. However, the larger picture in this field of research is often obscured by the breadth of scope, multiple objectives and lack of clarity as to how complexity, accuracy and fluency should be defined, operationalized and measured. The present volume showcases current research on CAF by bringing together eleven contributions from renowned international researchers in the field. These contributions not only add to the body of empirical knowledge about L2 use and L2 development by bringing new research findings to light but they also address fundamental theoretical and methodological issues by responding to questions about the nature, manifestation, development and assessment of CAF as multifaceted constructs. Collectively, the chapters in this book illustrate the converging and sometimes diverging approaches that different disciplines bring to CAF research.

Dimensions of L2 performance and proficiency complexity accuracy and fluency in SLA

Author : Alex Housen
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AlexHousen FolkertKuiken and InekeVedder eds 2012 Dimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency Complexity Accuracy and Fluency in SLA Amsterdam Philadelphia John Benjamins Xii 305 Pages ISBN 978 90 272 1306 8 paperback

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The Handbook of Advanced Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition

Author : Paul A. Malovrh
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A comprehensive, current review of the research and approaches to advanced proficiency in second language acquisition The Handbook of Advanced Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition offers an overview of the most recent and scientific-based research concerning higher proficiency in second language acquisition (SLA). With contributions from an international team of experts in the field, the Handbook presents several theoretical approaches to SLA and offers an examination of advanced proficiency from the viewpoint of various contexts and dimensions of second language performance. The authors also review linguistic phenomena among advanced learners through the lens of phonology and grammar development. Comprehensive in scope, this book provides an overview of advanced proficiency grounded in socially-relevant domains of second language acquisition including discourse, reading, genre-based writing, and pragmatic competence. The authoritative volume brings together the theoretical accounts of advanced language use combined with solid empirical research. Includes contributions from an international collection of noted scholars in the field of second language acquisition Offers a variety of theoretical approaches to SLA Contains information on the most recent empirical research that contributes to an understanding of SLA Describes performance phenomena according to multiple approaches to SLA Written for scholars, students and linguists, The Handbook of Advanced Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition is a comprehensive text that offers the most recent developments in the study of advanced proficiency in the acquisition of a second language.

Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences

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Applied psycholinguistics

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Gesture as a Communication Strategy in Second Language Discourse

Author : Marianne Gullberg
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Second Language Reading of Bilingual Children

Author : Susan Frances Peregoy
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Applied linguistics

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FLuL

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Bilingual Performance in Reading and Writing

Author : Alister H. Cumming
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This volume brings together eleven articles, which appeared over the past five years in separate issues of Language Learning.

Second Language Instruction acquisition Abstracts

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Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

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Current Issues in Bilingual Education

Author : James E. Alatis
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The Multicultural Classroom

Author : Patricia A. Richard-Amato
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This sourcebook is essential reading for teachers in multicultural classrooms. Focusing on the needs of language minority students, it presents selections from the works of experienced teachers and researchers such as Cummins, H. D. Brown, Heath, Banks, McGroarty, Scarcella, Chamot, and O Malley.

Language and Literacy Learning in Multicultural Classrooms

Author : Leslie W. Crawford
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Understanding Indochinese Students

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Issues in Language Testing

Author : J. Charles Alderson
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A symposium focusing on problems in the assessment of foreign or second language learning brought seven applied linguists together to discuss three areas of debate: communicative language testing, testing of English for specific purposes, and general language proficiency assessment. In each of these areas, the participants reviewed selected papers on the topic, reacted to them on paper, and discussed them as a group. The collected papers, reactions, and discussion reports on communicative language testing include the following: "Communicative Language Testing: Revolution or Evolution" (Keith Morrow) and responses by Cyril J. Weir, Alan Moller, and J. Charles Alderson. The next section, on testing of English for specific purposes, includes: "Specifications for an English Language Testing Service" (Brendan J. Carroll) and responses by Caroline M. Clapham, Clive Criper, and Ian Seaton. The final section, on general language proficiency, includes: "Basic Concerns in Test Validation" (Adrian S. Palmer and Lyle F. Bachman) and "Why Are We Interested in General Language Proficiency'?" (Helmut J. Vollmer), reactions of Arthur Hughes and Alan Davies, and the subsequent response of Helmut J. Vollmer. (MSE)

ITL

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The Role of Metalinguistic Awareness and of L2 Proficiency in Positive Lexical Transfer from English L2 to German L3 by French speaking Quebeckers

Author : Nina Woll
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It has been posited that experienced language learners develop higher levels of metalinguistic awareness (MLA), which, in turn, appears to facilitate the acquisition of subsequent languages (e.g., Singleton & Aronin, 2007). Moreover, researchers in the field of Third Language Acquisition (TLA) emphasize the positive influences of previously acquired languages in foreign language classrooms (e.g., Cenoz & Gorter, 2015), in contrast to the traditional focus on interference-based learner errors in the study of language transfer. Typological similarity and source language proficiency are known to influence transfer processes of any kind (e.g., Ringbom, 1987, 2007). However, it remains a methodological challenge both to identify the felicitous use of a target language feature as an effect of cross-linguistic influence (e.g., Falk & Bardel, 2010) and to clearly determine the role of MLA for the conscious activation of related words or constructions across languages. The present study aimed at meeting this double challenge by using think-aloud protocols (TAPs) to investigate positive lexical transfer from English (L2) to German (L3) by French-speaking Quebeckers (N = 66) after five weeks of formal L3 instruction. Participants completed a translation task consisting of 42 items selected on the basis of similarity and imageability ratings as well as word frequencies (Friel & Kennison, 2001). Participants were asked to think aloud while attempting to translate these largely unknown words from German (L3) into French (L1). Positive transfer was operationalized by correct translations that were related to an English cognate. Levels of MLA were measured by means of the THAM (Test d'habiletés métalinguistiques) (Pinto & El Euch, 2015) and complemented by the analysis of the TAPs. Proficiency levels in English were established by means of the Michigan Test (Corrigan et al., 1979), whereas exposure to the different languages as well as interest in the German language and culture were addressed in a background questionnaire. A fine-grained analysis of the TAPs revealed inter- and intra-individual variability in the conscious activation of related L2 vocabulary while allowing for an identification of distinct levels of awareness. Two independent models of logistic regressions revealed that both dimensions of MLA significantly predicted positive transfer. The first model, which featured the THAM as the exclusive measure of MLA, identified this reflexive dimension as the strongest predictor, followed by English language proficiency, whereas none of the other independent variables predicted positive transfer from English. In the second model, which included both the THAM and the TAPs as complementary measures of MLA, the applied dimension of MLA, as measured by the TAPs, was by far the strongest predictor, followed by the reflexive dimension, measured by the THAM, while English proficiency was no longer a significant predictor. Despite the fact that verbalization may have influenced overall performance to a certain extent, our observations point to the invaluable contribution of introspective data to complement findings based on language-inherent characteristics of crosslinguistic influence. Our analyses highlight the complexity of metalinguistic processes and individual strategies related to learner and context variables, in line with a dynamic view of multilingualism (e.g., Jessner, 2008a).