Developments in Crime and Crime Control Research

German Studies on Victims, Offenders, and the Public

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Author: Klaus Sessar,Hans-Jürgen Kerner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461229901

Category: Psychology

Page: 193

View: 9565

"One of the central features of modern German criminology in revealing the 'true nature of crime' follows the tradition of enlightment" instead of accommodating the approach of the criminal justice system. This contention is made by the editors of Developments in Crime and Crime Control Research, Drs. Sessar and Kerner, as they continue to bridge the traditional gap between Anglo-American scholars in criminology and their German counterparts. The language barrier has long been another contributing circumstance to the division of philosophy among countries, but recently, substantial attempts are being undertaken to examine more closely the differences among specific criminological schools of thinking. Drs. Sessar and Kerner point out that, although crime has its universality, a clear understanding of the various approaches to the problem of crime will prove of benefit to those in the field in all countries.

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

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Author: Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470743212

Category: Psychology

Page: 468

View: 6564

In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors’ own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.

Crime and Criminal Policy in Japan

Analysis and Evaluation of the Showa Era, 1926–1988

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Author: Minoru Shikita,Shinichi Tsuchiya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461228166

Category: Psychology

Page: 415

View: 8520

The Showa Era in Japan commenced in December 1926, when Emperor Showa ascended the Throne, and came to an end in January 1989, when His Majesty passed away, ushering in the new Heisei Era. The Showa Era was marked by drastic changes in the economy, society, and political and legal sys tems, which brought about an ebb and flow in criminality and precipitated various criminal policies. From an economical, political, and criminological perspective, the Showa Era stands out as a remarkable period in Japanese his tory. The Research and Training Institute of the Ministry of Justice, which has annually published the White Paper on Crime in Japan since 1960, received Cabinet approval to introduce a special topic section, "Criminal Policy in Sho wa" in the White Paper for 1989, which was published in October the same year. This White Paper is the first comprehensive publication that deals not only with the crime situation but also with the various activities of the criminal justice system, including the police, public prosecutors' offices, courts, correctional institutions, and probation and parole supervision organisations for 63 years.

Urban Crime, Criminals, and Victims

The Swedish Experience in an Anglo-American Comparative Perspective

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Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146139077X

Category: Psychology

Page: 271

View: 1990

Crime is largely an urban phenomenon, but the specifically urban and area dimen sions of the social processes that are connected with crime have been seriously understated in much recent criminological work ... Such a claim could not have been made forty years ago. (Baldwin & Bottoms, 1976, p. 1). The above statement by Baldwin and Bottoms about the neglect in crimi nology of the urban dimension of crime was made in the mid-1970s. However, in the last decade there has been a significant upswing in theory and research on crime in the urban environment. Also, new areas oftheory and research into urban crime have come into focus. (For overviews see Brantingham & Brantingham, 1984; Davidson, 1981.) One very good example of the increasing interest in urban crime is the recent volume of Crime and Justice entitled "Communities and Crime" (Reiss & Tonry, 1986), in which Reiss makes a strong argument for the importance of the study of crime in urban communities and for the linking of the ecological and individual traditions in theory and research on crime. A review of the literature on crime in urban environments shows, not unexpectedly, that Anglo-American research heavily dominates the scene (Wikstrom, 1982; 1987b). Hence, much of the experience we have on urban crime is based on North American and British research and theory.

Crime and Criminal Justice

Criminological Research in the 2nd Decade at the Max Planck Institute in Freiburg

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Author: Günther Kaiser,Isolde Geissler-Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 436

View: 3072