Search results for: cybernetics-and-systems-88

Cybernetics and Systems 90

Author : Robert Trappl
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Contents:How Many "Demons" Do We Need? Endophysical Self-Creation of Material Structures and the Exophysical Mystery of Universal Libraries (G Kampis & O E Rössler)Some Implications of Re-Interpretation of the Turing Test for Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence (G Werner)Why Economic Forecasts will be Overtaken by the Facts (J D M Kruisinga)Simulation Methods in Peace and Conflict Research (F Breitenecker et al)Software Development Paradigms: A Unifying Concept (G Chroust)Hybrid Hierarchies: A Love-Hate Relationship Between ISA and SUPERC (D Castelfranchi & D D'Aloisi)AI for Social Citizenship: Towards an Anthropocentric Technology (K S Gill)Organizational Cybernetics and Large Scale Social Reforms in the Context of Ongoing Developments (E Bekjarov & A Athanassov)China's Economic Reform and its Obstacles: Challenges to a Large-Scale Social Experiment (J Hu & X Sun)Comparing Conceptual Systems: A Strategy for Changing Values as well as Institutions (S A Umpleby)and others Readership: Researchers in the fields of cybernetics and systems, artificial intelligence, economics and mathematicians.

Cybernetics and Applied Systems

Author : Constantin Virgil Negoita
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In light of the enormous interest in building intelligent systems, this volume blends theory, applications, and methodology of cybernetics taking it out of the realm of the abstract and explaining how cybernetics can contribute to an improved understanding of intelligence. Among the topics of the 17

Author : 国立国会図書館 (Japan)
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Advances in Systems Research and Cybernetics

Author : International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics
File Size : 75.90 MB
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Advances in Systems Research and Cybernetics Advances in computer science

Author : International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics
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Neurocomputers and Attention Neurobiology synchronisation and chaos

Author : Arun V. Holden
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Organization Structure Cybernetic Systems Foundation

Author : Yasuhiko Takahara
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Organization Structure: Cybernetic Systems Foundation utilizes a cybernetic systems framework for the study of organizations using GST (General Systems Theory) and presents a comprehensive formal view of organizations assessing regulation, coordination and adaptation managements. The use of GST in this book is in sharp contrast to previous attempts. It addresses structural problems totally based on qualitative, non-numerical mathematics. The book lays a framework for initial efforts to investigate the potential of using formal GST to address organizational dilemmas. The text has been tested in several graduate courses. It can serve as an excellent textbook or reference for graduate level research in this field, as well as a reference for researchers in related fields.

Computer Aided Systems Theory EUROCAST 89

Author : Franz Pichler
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Computer aided systems theory is urgently needed for the design of software for CAD. New generation workstations together with the methods and tools of artificial intelligence allow the implementation of the powerful user-driven interactive systems required for CAST. Implementation of CAST software requires a sound meth- odology from systems theory, user functions tailored to specific applications, and a man-machine interface designed using latest results from cognition research and AI. Most of the papers in this volume are based on talks delivered at EUROCAST '89 held in the Canary Islands in February/March 1989.

Computer Aided Systems Theory EUROCAST 89

Author : Franz Pichler (Ing., Dr. phil.)
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Systems Science and Cybernetics Volume III

Author : Francisco Parra-Luna
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The subject “Systems sciences and cybernetics” is the outcome of the convergence of a number of trends in a larger current of thought devoted to the growing complexity of (primarily social) objects and arising in response to the need for globalized treatment of such objects. This has been magnified by the proliferation and publication of all manner of quantitative scientific data on such objects, advances in the theories on their inter-relations, the enormous computational capacity provided by IT hardware and software and the critical revisiting of subject-object interaction, not to mention the urgent need to control the efficiency of complex systems, where “efficiency” is understood to mean the ability to find a solution to many social problems, including those posed on a planetary scale. The result has been the forging of a new, academically consolidated scientific trend going by the name of Systems Theory and Cybernetics, with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary focus and therefore apt for understanding realities still regarded to be inescapably chaotic. This subject entry is subdivided into four sections. The first, an introduction to systemic theories, addresses the historic development of the most commonly used systemic approaches, from new concepts such as the so-called “geometry of thinking” or the systemic treatment of “non-systemic identities” to the taxonomic, entropic, axiological and ethical problems deriving from a general “systemic-cybernetic” conceit. Hence, the focus in this section is on the historic and philosophical aspects of the subject. Moreover, it may be asserted today that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, problems, in particular problems deriving from human interaction but in general any problem regardless of its nature, must be posed from a systemic perspective, for otherwise the obstacles to their solution are insurmountable. Reaching such a perspective requires taking at least the following well-known steps: a) statement of the problem from the determinant variables or phenomena; b) adoption of theoretical models showing the interrelationships among such variables; c) use of the maximum amount of – wherever possible quantitative – information available on each; d) placement of the set of variables in an environment that inevitably pre-determines the problem. That epistemology would explain the substantial development of the systemic-cybernetic approach in recent decades. The articles in the second section deal in particular with the different methodological approaches developed when confronting real problems, from issues that affect humanity as a whole to minor but specific questions arising in human organizations. Certain sub-themes are discussed by the various authors – always from a didactic vantage –, including: problem discovery and diagnosis and development of the respective critical theory; the design of ad hoc strategies and methodologies; the implementation of both qualitative (soft system methodologies) and formal and quantitative (such as the “General System Problem Solver” or the “axiological-operational” perspective) approaches; cross-disciplinary integration; and suitable methods for broaching psychological, cultural and socio-political dynamisms. The third section is devoted to cybernetics in the present dual meaning of the term: on the one hand, control of the effectiveness of communication and actions, and on the other, the processes of self-production of knowledge through reflection and the relationship between the observing subject and the observed object when the latter is also observer and the former observed. Known as “second order cybernetics”, this provides an avenue for rethinking the validity of knowledge, such as for instance when viewed through what is known as “bipolar feedback”: processes through which interactions create novelty, complexity and diversity. Finally, the fourth section centres around artificial and computational intelligence, addressing sub-themes such as “neural networks”, the “simulated annealing” that ranges from statistical thermodynamics to combinatory problem-solving, such as in the explanation of the role of adaptive systems, or when discussing the relationship between biological and computational intelligence.

Index of Conference Proceedings

Author : British Library. Document Supply Centre
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Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists

Author : Adrian A. Hopgood
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The third edition of this bestseller examines the principles of artificial intelligence and their application to engineering and science, as well as techniques for developing intelligent systems to solve practical problems. Covering the full spectrum of intelligent systems techniques, it incorporates knowledge-based systems, computational intelligence, and their hybrids. Using clear and concise language, Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists, Third Edition features updates and improvements throughout all chapters. It includes expanded and separated chapters on genetic algorithms and single-candidate optimization techniques, while the chapter on neural networks now covers spiking networks and a range of recurrent networks. The book also provides extended coverage of fuzzy logic, including type-2 and fuzzy control systems. Example programs using rules and uncertainty are presented in an industry-standard format, so that you can run them yourself. The first part of the book describes key techniques of artificial intelligence—including rule-based systems, Bayesian updating, certainty theory, fuzzy logic (types 1 and 2), frames, objects, agents, symbolic learning, case-based reasoning, genetic algorithms, optimization algorithms, neural networks, hybrids, and the Lisp and Prolog languages. The second part describes a wide range of practical applications in interpretation and diagnosis, design and selection, planning, and control. The author provides sufficient detail to help you develop your own intelligent systems for real applications. Whether you are building intelligent systems or you simply want to know more about them, this book provides you with detailed and up-to-date guidance. Check out the significantly expanded set of free web-based resources that support the book at: http://www.adrianhopgood.com/aitoolkit/

Advances in AI and Simulation

Author : Ranjeet J. Uttamsingh
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Critical Issues in Systems Theory and Practice

Author : K. Ellis
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The systems movement, now 40 years old, is made up of many associations of systems thinkers from different disciplines all over the world. The United Kingdom Systems Society (UKSS) was formed in 1978. Today it has over 300 members and is committed to the development and promotion of "systems" philosophy, theory, concepts and methodolo gies for improving decision making for the benefit of organizations and wider society. The first UKSS International Conference was held at the University of Hull in July ofHuddersfield 1989. Since then we have held International Conferences at the Universities (1991) and Paisley (1993). The UKSS International Conferences are now an established biannual event and this, our fourth international conference, will be jointly hosted by the Universities of Hull and Humberside. Systems science is considered to be a trans-discipline which promotes critical and effective intervention in complex organisational and social problem situations. As such it traverses "hard", through "soft" to "critical" systems thinking and methodologies. Yet, despite the currently robust state of the UKSS the systems movement cannot be described as an international movement: different subdisciplines are at different stages of development and are often engaged in pursuing their own particular interests and themes with little "conversation" between the subdisciplines despite their common interest in systems.

Proceedings

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Continuous Heuristics

Author : A. M. Andrew
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Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.

Directory of Published Proceedings

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Managing Knowledge for Design Planning and Decision Making

Author : W. F. Schut
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Current Research in Britain

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Fuzzy Systems

Author : Constantin Virgil Negoiță
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