Search results for: copper


Author : Richard Beatty
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Explores the history of the useful metal copper and explains its chemistry, its uses, and its importance in our lives.


Author : Paula Johanson
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Explains the characteristics of copper, where it is found, how it is used by humans, and its relationship to other elements found in the periodic table.


Author : Günter Joseph
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This book provides an overview of the technical and commercial considerations regarding the viability of copper for engineering applications. Further, this work presents representative numerical data selected from the scientific literature as well as data collected from industrial sources from around the world.

Copper and Copper Alloys

Author : Joseph R. Davis
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This handbook is a comprehensive guide to the selection and applications of copper and copper alloys, which constitute one of the largest and most diverse families of engineering materials. The handbook includes all of the essential information contained in the ASM Handbook series, as well as important reference information and data from a wide variety of ASM publications and industry sources.

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Author : William G. Davenport
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This new edition has been extensively revised and updated since the 3rd edition published in 1994. It contains an even greater depth of industrial information, focussing on how copper metal is extracted from ore and scrap, and how this extraction could be made more efficient. Modern high intensity smelting processes are presented in detail, specifically flash, Contop, Isasmelt, Noranda, Teniente and direct-to-blister smelting. Considerable attention is paid to the control of SO2 emissions and manufacture of H2SO4. Recent developments in electrorefining, particularly stainless steel cathode technology are examined. Leaching, solvent extraction and electrowinning are evaluated together with their impact upon optimizing mineral resource utilization. The book demonstrates how recycling of copper and copper alloy scrap is an important source of copper and copper alloys. Copper quality control is also discussed and the book incorporates an important section on extraction economics. Each chapter is followed by a summary of concepts previously described and offers suggested further reading and references.

Copper Sun

Author : Sharon M. Draper
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Two fifteen-year-old girls--one a slave and the other an indentured servant--escape their Carolina plantation and try to make their way to Fort Moses, Florida, a Spanish colony that gives sanctuary to slaves.


Author : Salvatore Tocci
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Describes the uses, properties, and mining sources of copper, and includes interesting facts about copper, such as its ability to conduct electricity.

Sampling and Analysis of Copper Cathodes

Author : W. M. Tuddenham
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Copper Leaching Solvent Extraction and Electrowinning Technology

Author : Gerald V. Jergensen
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This volume recognizes the growing role of solvent extraction and electrowinning technology in the world copper business. This well-established, remarkable hydrometallurgical achievement fills an important role in our technical ability to extract copper in an efficient and cost-effective way. This proceedings documents the present status of the SX-EW business. It represents a substantial body of historical, scientific, engineering, and commercial information regarding the growth and application of the technology. Sections include: The Business and Technology of SX-EW, Theory and Practice of Copper Leaching, Theory and Practice of Tankhouse Operations, and Theory and Practice of Solvent Extraction.

Handbook of Copper Compounds and Applications

Author : H. Wayne Richardson
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Emphasizing the utility of copper-related compounds, this text illustrates the numerous current and potential uses from agricultural bactericides and wood preservatives to colourants and solar cells. It discusses the properties and behaviour of the copper ion, copper compounds' employment in organic polymerization and isomerization reactions, the enhancement of feed efficiencies and additives in plant and animal nutrition, and more.


Author : Nnamdi Anyadike
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A report examining the supply and demand outlook for copper across its key producers and end-users. It provides a detailed analysis of likely growth and demand trends in the computer, transport, telecommunications and construction sectors, considering both the opportunities and threats to copper in each of its key applications. A clear and detailed analysis of the industry and its major markets A survey of trends in mining, refining, processing, end-use and consumption Unique industry and market forecasts

Copper Interconnect Technology

Author : Tapan Gupta
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Since overall circuit performance has depended primarily on transistor properties, previous efforts to enhance circuit and system speed were focused on transistors as well. During the last decade, however, the parasitic resistance, capacitance, and inductance associated with interconnections began to influence circuit performance and will be the primary factors in the evolution of nanoscale ULSI technology. Because metallic conductivity and resistance to electromigration of bulk copper (Cu) are better than aluminum, use of copper and low-k materials is now prevalent in the international microelectronics industry. As the feature size of the Cu-lines forming interconnects is scaled, resistivity of the lines increases. At the same time electromigration and stress-induced voids due to increased current density become significant reliability issues. Although copper/low-k technology has become fairly mature, there is no single book available on the promise and challenges of these next-generation technologies. In this book, a leader in the field describes advanced laser systems with lower radiation wavelengths, photolithography materials, and mathematical modeling approaches to address the challenges of Cu-interconnect technology.

Copper Transport and Its Disorders

Author : Arturo Leone
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This book is a compilation of presentations at the first meeting devoted to the mo lecular and cellular biology of copper transport. When we first considered the possible program for the meeting, we felt that a forum to integrate the recent advances in molecular understanding of copper transport with the older knowledge of copper metabolism was needed. In addition we wished to have a strong emphasis on the diseases of copper includ ing the genetic diseases, Menkes and Wilson, and other possible health aspects of this met al seen from a molecular perspective. Overall we were very happy with the success of the meeting, and most participants were very enthusiastic. Unfortunately we were not able to obtain manuscripts from every contributor, but the selection in this book covers most of the topics discussed. The history of biological research into copper dates from the latter half of the last century when the presence of copper as a component of living systems was first noted, but it was not until the 1920s that the essential role of copper was first recognized. l. S. McHargue found that plants and animals needed copper for optimal growth and health and proposed that copper was needed for life (McHargue, 1925). Other groups soon confirmed these observations in plants. In animals the requirement of copper for hematopoiesis was discovered in 1928 (Hart et aI.

Copper in Drinking Water

Author : National Research Council
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The safety of the nation's drinking water must be maintained to ensure the health of the public. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for regulating the levels of substances in the drinking water supply. Copper can leach into drinking water from the pipes in the distribution system, and the allowable levels are regulated by the EPA. The regulation of copper, however, is complicated by the fact that it is both necessary to the normal functioning of the body and toxic to the body at too high a level. The National Research Council was requested to form a committee to review the scientific validity of the EPA's maximum contaminant level goal for copper in drinking water. Copper in Drinking Water outlines the findings of the committee's review. The book provides a review of the toxicity of copper as well as a discussion of the essential nature of this metal. The risks posed by both short-term and long-term exposure to copper are characterized, and the implications for public health are discussed. This book is a valuable reference for individuals involved in the regulation of water supplies and individuals interested in issues surrounding this metal.

Copper Interconnects New Contact Metallurgies structures and Low k Interlevel Dielectrics

Author : G. S. Mathad
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Copper technology competitiveness

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Copper and Zinc in Inflammatory and Degenerative Diseases

Author : K. D. Rainsford
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Abnormal metabolism and distribution of both copper and zinc occurs in many inflammatory and degenerative diseases. The pattern of these changes varies at different stages of these diseases and with differing types of conditions. The corollary to this situation is the possibility of using drugs or metal complexes to modify both the perturbed status of copper and zinc and thus the disease states. This book comprehensively reviews the clinical and experimental data on the changes in copper and zinc status in different diseases and the use of various complexes of these metals or drugs to treat a diversity of inflammatory and degenerative conditions.


Author : Kazu Kibuishi
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Copper and his dog Fred enjoy a series of imaginative adventures, from soaring through marvelous worlds to sailing, surfing and shrimp racing, in a collection of new and previously web-posted comics from the creator of the Amulet series. Simultaneous.

Copper Chorus

Author : Dennis L. Swibold
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This is the first book devoted to Montana's long history of industrial newspaper ownership and the consequences for democracy. The work also reveals the costs paid by owners and their journalists, whose credibility eroded as their increasingly constricted newspapers lapsed into ambivalence and indifference. The story offers a timeless study of the conflict between commerce and the notion of a free and independent press.

Copper Containing Molecules

Author : Joan S. Valentine
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A wide range of researchers are currently investigating different properties and applications for copper-containing proteins. Biochemists researching metal metabolism in organisms ranging from bacteria to plants to animals are working in a completely different area of discovery than scientists studying the transportation and regulation of minerals and small molecule nutrients. They are both working with copper-containing proteins, but in very different ways and with differing anticipated outcomes.