Search results for: connectionist-language-generator

A Connectionist Language Generator

Author : Nigel Ward
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Based on the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California at Berkeley.

A Fully Connectionist Model Generator for Covered

Author : Sebastian Bader
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Connectionism and Meaning

Author : Stuart A. Jackson
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This book is a theoretical investigation into meaning - computationally driven, philosophically inspired and psychologically motivated. Concepts from formal and psychological semantics, the philosophy of mind and computational theory are examined and combined within the burgeoning new framework of connectionist cognitive science.

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences

Author : John D. McDonald
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The Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, comprising of seven volumes, now in its fourth edition, compiles the contributions of major researchers and practitioners and explores the cultural institutions of more than 30 countries. This major reference presents over 550 entries extensively reviewed for accuracy in seven print volumes or online. The new fourth edition, which includes 55 new entires and 60 revised entries, continues to reflect the growing convergence among the disciplines that influence information and the cultural record, with coverage of the latest topics as well as classic articles of historical and theoretical importance.

Connectionist Natural Language Processing

Author : Noel Sharkey
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Connection science is a new information-processing paradigm which attempts to imitate the architecture and process of the brain, and brings together researchers from disciplines as diverse as computer science, physics, psychology, philosophy, linguistics, biology, engineering, neuroscience and AI. Work in Connectionist Natural Language Processing (CNLP) is now expanding rapidly, yet much of the work is still only available in journals, some of them quite obscure. To make this research more accessible this book brings together an important and comprehensive set of articles from the journal CONNECTION SCIENCE which represent the state of the art in Connectionist natural language processing; from speech recognition to discourse comprehension. While it is quintessentially Connectionist, it also deals with hybrid systems, and will be of interest to both theoreticians as well as computer modellers. Range of topics covered: Connectionism and Cognitive Linguistics Motion, Chomsky's Government-binding Theory Syntactic Transformations on Distributed Representations Syntactic Neural Networks A Hybrid Symbolic/Connectionist Model for Understanding of Nouns Connectionism and Determinism in a Syntactic Parser Context Free Grammar Recognition Script Recognition with Hierarchical Feature Maps Attention Mechanisms in Language Script-Based Story Processing A Connectionist Account of Similarity in Vowel Harmony Learning Distributed Representations Connectionist Language Users Representation and Recognition of Temporal Patterns A Hybrid Model of Script Generation Networks that Learn about Phonological Features Pronunciation in Text-to-Speech Systems

Connectionist Models of Development

Author : Philip T. Quinlan
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Connectionist Models of Development is an edited collection of essays on the current work concerning connectionist or neural network models of human development. The brain comprises millions of nerve cells that share myriad connections, and this book looks at how human development in these systems is typically characterised as adaptive changes to the strengths of these connections. The traditional accounts of connectionist learning, based on adaptive changes to weighted connections, are explored alongside the dynamic accounts in which networks generate their own structures as learning proceeds. Unlike most connectionist accounts of psychological processes which deal with the fully-mature system, this text brings to the fore a discussion of developmental processes. To investigate human cognitive and perceptual development, connectionist models of learning and representation are adopted alongside various aspects of language and knowledge acquisition. There are sections on artificial intelligence and how computer programs have been designed to mimic the development processes, as well as chapters which describe what is currently known about how real brains develop. This book is a much-needed addition to the existing literature on connectionist development as it includes up-to-date examples of research on current controversies in the field as well as new features such as genetic connectionism and biological theories of the brain. It will be invaluable to academic researchers, post-graduates and undergraduates in developmental psychology and those researching connectionist/neural networks as well as those in related fields such as psycholinguistics.

Encyclopedia of Information Systems and Technology Two Volume Set

Author : Phillip A. Laplante
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Spanning the multi-disciplinary scope of information technology, the Encyclopedia of Information Systems and Technology draws together comprehensive coverage of the inter-related aspects of information systems and technology. The topics covered in this encyclopedia encompass internationally recognized bodies of knowledge, including those of The IT BOK, the Chartered Information Technology Professionals Program, the International IT Professional Practice Program (British Computer Society), the Core Body of Knowledge for IT Professionals (Australian Computer Society), the International Computer Driving License Foundation (European Computer Driving License Foundation), and the Guide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge. Using the universally recognized definitions of IT and information systems from these recognized bodies of knowledge, the encyclopedia brings together the information that students, practicing professionals, researchers, and academicians need to keep their knowledge up to date. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including:  Citation tracking and alerts  Active reference linking  Saved searches and marked lists  HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Issues in Applying SLA Theories toward Reflective and Effective Teaching

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"A reflective teacher as a growth-minded person seeks opportunities to continue professional development. Reflection not only ignites a teacher's desire for improvement, but also inspires continuous learning. Through accurate grasp of self-assessment, confidence, self-appraisal, a reflective practitioner can plant the seeds of effective teaching. This book aims to guide EFL teachers to teach language reflectively and effectively. It includes two parts, the first focuses on the SLA theories and their impact on language teaching and the second centers on the reflective and effective teaching of language components and skills. The editors hope this book could contribute to those who wish to become effective teachers since this results in nurturing learners' cravings to learn in a safe and supportive environment"--

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science Second Edition

Author : Miriam Drake
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A revitalized version of the popular classic, the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Second Edition targets new and dynamic movements in the distribution, acquisition, and development of print and online media-compiling articles from more than 450 information specialists on topics including program planning in the digital era, recruitment, information management, advances in digital technology and encoding, intellectual property, and hardware, software, database selection and design, competitive intelligence, electronic records preservation, decision support systems, ethical issues in information, online library instruction, telecommuting, and digital library projects.

Trends in Natural Language Generation An Artificial Intelligence Perspective

Author : Italy) EWNLG '93 (1993 : Pisa
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This proceedings volume gives an up-to-date overview of the most recent results in the field of plant molecular response to environmental constraints, especially heat, cold, water/drought, salt or light. It centers on molecular approaches in understanding the bases of plant tolerance to physical stresses, links among different environmental stresses, and the manipulation of gene expression by recombinant DNA technology to obtain tolerant transgenic plants.

Computational Architectures Integrating Neural and Symbolic Processes

Author : Ron Sun
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Computational Architectures Integrating Neural and Symbolic Processes: A Perspective on the State of the Art focuses on a currently emerging body of research. With the reemergence of neural networks in the 1980s with their emphasis on overcoming some of the limitations of symbolic AI, there is clearly a need to support some form of high-level symbolic processing in connectionist networks. As argued by many researchers, on both the symbolic AI and connectionist sides, many cognitive tasks, e.g. language understanding and common sense reasoning, seem to require high-level symbolic capabilities. How these capabilities are realized in connectionist networks is a difficult question and it constitutes the focus of this book. Computational Architectures Integrating Neural and Symbolic Processes addresses the underlying architectural aspects of the integration of neural and symbolic processes. In order to provide a basis for a deeper understanding of existing divergent approaches and provide insight for further developments in this field, this book presents: (1) an examination of specific architectures (grouped together according to their approaches), their strengths and weaknesses, why they work, and what they predict, and (2) a critique/comparison of these approaches. Computational Architectures Integrating Neural and Symbolic Processes is of interest to researchers, graduate students, and interested laymen, in areas such as cognitive science, artificial intelligence, computer science, cognitive psychology, and neurocomputing, in keeping up-to-date with the newest research trends. It is a comprehensive, in-depth introduction to this new emerging field.

Connectionist Models of Behaviour and Cognition II

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New Technical Books

Author : New York Public Library
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Connectionist Statistical and Symbolic Approaches to Learning for Natural Language Processing

Author : Stefan Wermter
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This book is based on the workshop on New Approaches to Learning for Natural Language Processing, held in conjunction with the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI'95, in Montreal, Canada in August 1995. Most of the 32 papers included in the book are revised selected workshop presentations; some papers were individually solicited from members of the workshop program committee to give the book an overall completeness. Also included, and written with the novice reader in mind, is a comprehensive introductory survey by the volume editors. The volume presents the state of the art in the most promising current approaches to learning for NLP and is thus compulsory reading for researchers in the field or for anyone applying the new techniques to challenging real-world NLP problems.

The Turing Test and the Frame Problem

Author : Larry Crockett
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A Compendium of Machine Learning

Author : Garry Briscoe
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Machine learning is a relatively new branch of artificial intelligence. The field has undergone a significant period of growth in the 1990s, with many new areas of research and development being explored.

Connectionist Approaches To Clinical Problems in Speech and Language

Author : Raymond G. Daniloff
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Connectionist accounts of language acquisition, processing, and dissolution proliferate despite attacks from some linguists, cognitive scientists, and engineers. Although the networks of exquisitely interconnected perceptrons postulated by PDP theorists may not be anatomically homologous with actual brain anatomy, a growing body of research suggests that the posited network functions can support many human behaviors. This volume brings together contributors with a variety of backgrounds and perspectives to explore, for the first time, the clinical implications of whole-language connectionist models. Demonstrating that these models are powerful and have explained many phenomena of language acquisition, language therapy, and speech processing, especially at the engineering level, they focus specifically on applications of connectionist theory to delayed language, aphasia, phonological acquisition, and speech perception. Connectionist models, they conclude, offer a new interpretive framework for the discussion of information processing in humans and other animals that will be of great utility to all those who study language and seek to intervene in language disorders.

Connectionist Psycholinguistics

Author : Morten H. Christiansen
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Presents a survey on Connectionist Psycholinguists by leading researchers in this fast-developing field.

Connectionist Approaches to Language Learning

Author : David Touretzky
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arise automatically as a result of the recursive structure of the task and the continuous nature of the SRN's state space. Elman also introduces a new graphical technique for study ing network behavior based on principal components analysis. He shows that sentences with multiple levels of embedding produce state space trajectories with an intriguing self similar structure. The development and shape of a recurrent network's state space is the subject of Pollack's paper, the most provocative in this collection. Pollack looks more closely at a connectionist network as a continuous dynamical system. He describes a new type of machine learning phenomenon: induction by phase transition. He then shows that under certain conditions, the state space created by these machines can have a fractal or chaotic structure, with a potentially infinite number of states. This is graphically illustrated using a higher-order recurrent network trained to recognize various regular languages over binary strings. Finally, Pollack suggests that it might be possible to exploit the fractal dynamics of these systems to achieve a generative capacity beyond that of finite-state machines.

Connectionist Models Of Memory And Language

Author : Joseph Levy
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Connectionist modelling and applications have become a major feature of debate in cognitive psychology. In this book, leading connectionists shed light on current approaches to memory and language modelling.