Search results for: concussion

The Heads up on Sport Concussion

Author : Gary S. Solomon, Ph.D.
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Concussions happen at all levels of sport, from the earliest levels through the professional ranks. Potentially catastrophic if not detected early, concussions have ended the careers of many notable professional players--and it's estimated that in high school football alone, about 1 in 5 players suffers a concussion. The Heads-Up on Sport Concussion is a concise introductory book on sport concussion for professionals who work with athletes. It provides a comprehensive review of current literature on sport concussion, and it guides professionals in communicating with athletes, parents, and coaches regarding assessment, treatment, and other issues surrounding sport concussion. In The Heads-Up on Sport Concussion, the authors detail -what happens when the brain is injured; -appropriate assessment and evaluation tools; -sport-specific issues; -how medical organizations are addressing the issue of sport concussion; -medical and nonmedical treatment and rehabilitation strategies; -recent research on a variety of topics in sport concussion; and -essential information for coaches, athletes, and parents. This book is focused and authoritative in its treatment of a poorly understood medical problem. Providing clear clinical management strategies for sport concussion injuries, the text compiles the best available information from different resources and synthesizes the information with summaries and conclusions for easy comprehension. The material is enhanced further with photos and illustrations depicting MRI scans and brain images showing chemical reactions in the brain after an injury. In addition, the text identifies particular sports and sport activities that have the greatest incidence of sport-related concussions, and it reports on and critiques those strategies that are currently in place to combat sport concussion across different sport groups. In The Heads-Up on Sport Concussion, professionals in sports medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, and neuropsychology offer strategies for recognizing and treating sport concussion. The text provides appropriate research resources without getting bogged down by lengthy research critiques. Many chapters include a Research Digest section that identifies critical research data used in developing recommendations and conclusions. Additionally, an educational poster is available for download via the Internet for trainers, physicians, coaches, and sports medicine professionals to use to educate athletes and their families about the signs, symptoms, and treatment of concussion. The poster is available at HumanKinetics.com. The Heads-Up on Sport Concussion provides a current understanding of terminology, assessment, treatment, and criteria for return to play for a range of readers. Researchers, medical professionals, and health care specialists will have a more thorough grasp of the various aspects of sport concussion and thus be able to provide better care and education to athletes who sustain concussions. Its complete treatment of a critical topic makes this a must-read for anyone involved in the care and training of athletes.

Kids Sports and Concussion A Guide for Coaches and Parents

Author : William Paul Meehan III
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This comprehensive, reader-friendly book written by a top physician in the field explains to coaches and parents how to understand, cope with, and prevent sport-related concussions among children and teenagers. • A foreword from Lyle Micheli, MD, past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and author of The Sports Medicine Bible for Young Athletes, commenting on the significance of sport-related concussion in pediatric and adolescent sports • A glossary • A bibliography referencing key investigations in the scientific literature for readers seeking a more in-depth, scientific analysis

Concussion Care Manual

Author : David L. Brody
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This is a practical manual for clinicians who take care of patients with concussions. The long-term effects of concussions are an increasingly recognized problem in the medical community and by the general public. Most people recover well from concussions, but a substantial minority does not. However, most clinicians do not have specific training in how to evaluate and treat concussion patients who do not make a rapid and complete recovery. This manual, based on the experience of the director of the concussion clinic at Washington University in St Louis, provides specific step-by-step guidance for managing a variety of problems related to complex concussions: making an accurate diagnosis, general treatment strategies, headaches, sleep disruption, attention deficit, mood instability, anxiety and depression, post-traumatic stress, personality change, balance problems, dizziness, fatigue etc. Furthermore, there are specific sections on return to work, return to driving, return to school and return to contact sports. Finally, the manual includes information on special topics, such as concussion in adolescents, children, contact sport athletes, military personnel, and patients involved in medico-legal matters. The manual is written for clinicians with a broad range of backgrounds: primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, physician's assistants, athletic trainers, emergency medicine doctors, neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and rehabilitation medicine physicians should all be able to use the manual effectively. There is information on how to set up a specialty concussion clinic, and an extensive list of internet-based resources related to concussion. A list of other publications is provided to point to additional detailed information beyond what a pocket-sized 'on-the-fly' manual can provide.

The Concussion Crisis

Author : Linda Carroll
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A cautionary assessment of the rising frequency of brain injuries among young athletes counsels parents on the risks associated with head trauma while identifying factors that contribute to missed diagnoses and brain damage, in a reference that is complemented by illustrative true stories.

Concussion

Author : A. Niranjan
File Size : 62.77 MB
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The increasing recognition of concussion and its associated consequences has focused international attention on mild traumatic brain injury. The need for early diagnosis, evaluation, and management has expanded dramatically. This volume includes the experience of leading experts who describe the recent advances in the pathophysiology, biomechanics, imaging definition, and management of concussion. Advanced imaging and electrophysiological techniques are being used to help delineate the underlying metabolic and ultrastructural effects of concussive injuries. Papers in this volume review the role of emerging techniques including fMRI, SPECT, PET, DTI, MRS, and MEG, as well as report on multimodality concussion management programs which offer guidelines for selecting relevant team members, assessing community needs, and implementing management strategies that align with current practice standards. This publication provides neurosurgeons, neurologists, trauma and sports medicine specialists, physiatrists, neuropsychologists, and neuroscientists with a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the causes of mild traumatic brain injury or concussion, newer methods to evaluate it, and current and evolving multimodality management strategies.

Coping with Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Diane Roberts Stoler Ed.D.
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A comprehensive guide for improving memory, focus, and quality of life in the aftermath of a concussion. Often presenting itself after a head trauma, concussion— or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)— can cause chronic migraines, depression, memory, and sleep problems that can last for years, referred to as post concussion syndrome (PCS). Neuropsychologist and concussion survivor Dr. Diane Roberts Stoler is the authority on all aspects of the recovery process. Coping with Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury is a lifeline for patients, parents, and other caregivers.

Concussion in Sports An Issue of Clinics in Sports Medicine E Book

Author : William P. Meehan
File Size : 68.78 MB
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This issue of Clinics in Sports Medicine will explore all aspects of sports-related concussion, such as the biomechanics and epidemiology of concussions,as well as special considerations for female and pediatric athletes. The issue will also include articles on return-to-play and retiring decisions after sports-related concussions.

Post Concussion Syndrome

Author : William D. Boyd
File Size : 62.83 MB
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This book surveys the research on this disorder. Most people recover completely following concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury, but some continue to have post-concussion syndrome symptoms for months or even years after the injury. This book explores the definition, genesis, assessment, diagnosis, recovery, and treatment of post-concussion syndrome.

Concussion Inc

Author : Irvin Muchnick
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Inside the most controversial issue in sports Traumatic brain injury in football is not incidental, but an inevitable and central aspect of the sport. Starting in high school, through college, and into the NFL, young players face repeated head trauma, and those sustained injuries create lifelong cognitive and functional difficulties. Muchnick's Concussion Inc. blog exposed the decades-long cover-up of scientific research into sports concussions and the ongoing denial to radically reform football in North America. This compilation from Muchnick's no-holds-barred investigative website reveals the complete head injury story as it developed, from the doctor who played fast and loose with the facts about the efficacy of the state-mandated concussion management system for high school football players, to highly touted solutions that are more self-serving cottage industry than of any genuine benefit. Known for extensive reporting on the tragic story of the Chris Benoit murder-suicide, Muchnick turns his investigative analysis to traumatic brain injury and probes deep into the corporate, government, and media corruption that has enabled the $10-billion-a-year National Football League to trigger a public health crisis.

Pediatric and Adolescent Concussion

Author : Jennifer Niskala Apps
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Between the growing numbers of children and adolescents playing sports and the increased attention to head injuries by the larger sports community and the general public, pediatric concussions are emerging as a major concern. And as practitioners are seeing more young clients with head injuries, questions arise about age-appropriate assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and return to activity. Pediatric and Adolescent Concussion: Diagnosis, Management, and Outcomes offers evidence-based guidelines where few previously existed. This comprehensive volume clearly explains the effects of traumatic injury on the developing brain in sports- and non-sports-related contexts, and establishes a framework for immediate and long-term management, especially the crucial first 24 hours. Chapters provide a basic grounding in its subject with a history of concussion as a medical entity and a review of definitional and classification issues, take the reader through the steps of a neuropsychological evaluation, pinpoint post-injury issues, and offer strategies for the prevention of further or future injury. Pediatric and Adolescent Concussion: Diagnosis, Management, and Outcomes serves as both educational resource and practical framework for a wide array of professionals, including neuropsychologists, sports medicine physicians, child psychologists and psychiatrists, pediatric and family physicians, athletic trainers, social workers, and educators.

Concussions and Our Kids

Author : Robert C. Cantu
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An expert on the head trauma crisis in sports provides a guide to concussions in youth sports -- what they are, how to treat them and how to protect young athletes. 30,000 first printing.

Sports Concussion and Neck Trauma

Author : Dr. Kelly J. Roush
File Size : 50.18 MB
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SPORTS CONCUSSION AND NECK TRAUMA: Preventing Injury for Future Generations is a must read for everyone involved in athletics! This book educates coaches, athletes, parents, and physicians on the danger of continuing to play with a probable head/neck injury and how to do their part to prevent futher injury. This book includes personal interviews of a mother of a football player whom died of Second Impact Syndrome, a Dad whose son was riding his bicycle without a helmet and suffered several skull fractures and head trauma. It also includes an interview of The United States Olympic committee Director of sports Medicine, an interview with one of the leaders in the market of football reconditioning and equipment fitting and an interview with a fomrer NFL football player whom sustained a cervical injury. This book provides education on specific clinical history to look for on the pre sports physical exam, provides objective tools to help healthcare providers make better return to play decisions and includes step by step guidelines of how to care for an athlete with a suspected head/neck trauma on the field. This book provides education on the long term effects of repetitive concussions and provides the latest research , rules/regulations and equipment considerations for sports concussion and neck trauma. It also gives parents and athletes a view of what type of evaluation and treatment they should expect when they go to ER /Sports Physician for a head/neck injury and answers questions most commonly asked regarding concussion.

Concussion

Author : Jesse Russel
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Concussion, from the Latin concutere ("to shake violently") or the Latin concussus ("action of striking together"), is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. The terms mild brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), mild head injury (MHI), minor head trauma, and concussion may be used interchangeably, although the latter is often treated as a narrower category. The term "concussion" has been used for centuries and is still commonly used in sports medicine, while "MTBI" is a technical term used more commonly nowadays in general medical contexts. Frequently defined as a head injury with a temporary loss of brain function, concussion can cause a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms.

Influence of Concussion History on the Performance of the Attention Network Task ANT I in Female Varsity Athletes

Author : Alma Rahimi
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Objective: Although the vast majority of athletes who sustain a concussion recover within approximately 30 days, some may have neuropsychological sequelae that continue for months post-injury. More specifically, some individuals with mild traumatic brain injury or concussion have difficulties in sustained visual attention and slower choice decision making. The objective of the current study was to investigate the association between concussion history and performance on a computerized test of attention and executive functioning (i.e., the attention network test; ANT-I). Method: Collegiate female varsity athletes completed a health history questionnaire, the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-5 (SCAT-5), and the ANT-I during pre-season testing. Only participants with a 90% accuracy rate on the 288 trials of the ANT-I were included in the study. The final sample included 31 female varsity athletes divided into two categories; 16 females with a history of concussion (range of 1-6 previous concussions) and 15 females without a history of concussion. Participants ranged from 18 u2013 25 years of age (M= 19.90, SD= 1.72) and engaged in a variety of sports (e.g. field and ice hockey, volleyball, basketball, soccer). Mean reaction times were calculated for separate attention networks (i.e. alerting, orienting, and executive) and intra-individual variability was measured by calculating the individual standard deviations (ISD) to examine the stability of performance across the trials. Mann-Whitney U-Tests were conducted to compare between groups with concussion history (with and without a concussion history) as the dependent variable and ISD, mean reaction time, alerting score, orienting score, executive score, and SCAT-5 scores entered as the independent variables. Results: Female athletes who had a history of one or more concussions had lower orienting network scores than female athletes with no history of concussion (p=.05; Cohenu2019s d=0.68). When examining performance in athletes with a history of two or more concussions, female athletes had lower orienting network scores (p=.04; Cohenu2019s d=0.66) and more errors on balance testing (i.e., the Modified Balance Error Scoring System; M-BESS from SCAT-5, p=.04; Cohenu2019s d=0.15). Discussion: The ability to select and attend to specific spatial information using visual cues (orienting) may be negatively impacted by a history of one or multiple concussions in female varsity athletes. Future research needs to be conducted in larger samples to better understand the influence of the level of contact, gender differences, and concussion severity on this relationship.

Concussion

Author : Jeanne Marie Laskas
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The unlikely story of Dr. Bennet Omalu, the pathologist who made one of the most significant medical discoveries of the twenty-first century, a discovery that challenges the existence of America's favorite sport and puts him in the crosshairs of football's most powerful corporation: the NFL.

Sports Related Concussion

Author : Brian Sindelar
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This new edition reflects the explosion of knowledge in basic science and clinical care for athletes with mild traumatic brain injury or concussion. Interest in management and methodology for making diagnoses and improving the clinical outcomes have changed dramatically. All U.S. states have laws dictating how sports concussion patients are cared for and require return to play decisions be coordinated with best practice methods. Epidemiology, classification, and biology of sports concussion, as well as, brain imaging, assessment tests, neuropsychological measures, and management strategies are covered. Illustrative clinical cases, correlative examples, and historical insights are featured.

What is Baseline

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Abstract Concussion symptoms are nonspecific and may be related to other causes. Symptom scores and timeline of return to activity at many institutions are based on having no symptoms at baseline with the current measurement tools. This assumption in the diagnosis and treatment of concussions may lead to prolonged return to activity, compounded concussion symptoms, and unintended psychological and social sequelae. More baseline data is needed, especially in military academies, according to the CARE Consortium Study. During the high-stress initial training period at one mid-Atlantic military college a no-symptom baseline is unlikely for first-year students. The potential overlap of concussion and typical baseline symptoms make diagnosis and release to activity a challenge for providers. A baseline survey of first-year, non-concussed students using a standard concussion scoring tool showed that 95 % of participants were symptomatic at baseline. Stakeholders were presented the results and a policy analysis using Bardach's Eight-fold Path was performed comparing three other policy options. The policy analysis found that a narrower or less descriptive baseline description could have unintended negative impacts on clinical outcomes and provider liability. It also found that preseason baseline testing should be included for all students at the mid-Atlantic military college. Colleges, especially those in high-stress settings, should consider reevaluating baseline descriptions and testing recommendations in concussion policy to accommodate normal variations in symptomatology and provide freedom in clinical judgement.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Connie Goldsmith
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Two soccer players collide on the field. A soldier in Afghanistan is thrown to the ground during a bomb explosion. A teen has an accident while riding her bike--and she isn't wearing her helmet. Each of these incidents can produce a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Of the 1.7 million Americans officially diagnosed with TBI each year, 52,000 die from their injuries. And that doesn't count all the unreported TBIs, which experts estimate range from abouttwo to four million more incidents.TBIs range from concussions to penetrating head injuries to life-threatening brain swelling and coma. And they have countless causes: war, sports, car and motorcycle accidents, falls, and physical violence. The aftereffects can be devastating, including compromised memory and concentration, loss of hearing, physical disabilities, depression, brain disorders, and, in the worst-case scenario, death.Find out about the different types of TBIs, what causes them, and how they are diagnosed and treated. Along the way, you'll learn about National Hockey League player Derek Boogaard and U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords, both of whom sustained TBIs, with dramatically different outcomes. You'll also meet teens and young adults living with TBIs and the doctors who treat them. And you'll learn about amazing medical technologies that help victims recover and promise hope for the future.

Back in the Game

Author : Jeffrey S. Kutcher
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The word concussion was unheard of in youth sports a decade ago. The injury was indeed occurring, but youth athletes were often told to "shake it off" after "getting their bell rung". Science and increased awareness about concussion and brain health have transformed the way youth parents, coaches, and players pursue athletics. Fear of incurring concussions, as well as incomplete or incorrect information, is leading some parents to keep their children out of contact sports, such as football and soccer, where concussion is more prevalent. Back in the Game: Why Concussion Doesn't Have to End Your Athletic Career does not dwell on perpetuating fears but, rather, provides the most up-to-date understanding of the condition. This is a real-world discussion of what science and medicine know, what parents and coaches need to understand about concussion, evaluation and treatment, and what possible post-concussive issues exist. The expertise and experiences of noted sports neurologist Jeffrey S. Kutcher, MD, along with reporting and interviews by award-winning sports journalist Joanne C. Gerstner, make this book a timely, relevant, and real discussion about concussions in youth sports. Athletes and professional coaches who have participated in the formation of this book include two-time Olympic gold medalist soccer player Kate Markgraf, former NHL/Team Canada head coach Andy Murray, champion X-Games snowboarder Ellery Hollingsworth, along with an array of youth parents, coaches, and athletes from across the country.

Understanding and Reducing Concussion related Risk in Collegiate Football Programs

Author : Heidi A. Wayment
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Concussions present a significant health risk to athletes in contact sports. Despite the increased availability of concussion education, football players remain reluctant to report potential concussion symptoms, largely due to cultural norms that are evident in football programs such as football players should "play through pain" and accept big hits as a normal part of the game. Our research program was developed in response to a national call by the National Collegiate Athletic Association and Department of Defense for applied scientific research to improve understanding of how to prompt cultural change (i.e., increase individuals' willingness to report potential concussion symptoms) in target communities. Our interdisciplinary research team was funded to work with four collegiate football programs over the course of 3 years. We used a modified community-based participatory research approach to work closely with football program stakeholders to (a) understand the football program values and culture that supported and interfered with concussion-reporting behavior, (b) share that information with program stakeholders, and on the basis of that understanding (c) co-design and implement tailored strategies that strengthen those aspects of the program culture that support concussion-reporting behavior and minimize those that did not. This case study describes the successes and challenges we experienced conducting this interdisciplinary research in an applied, real-world setting, including the use of multiple data collection methods (observational, qualitative, quantitative) and designs (correlational, experimental, descriptive) and in the context of diverse theoretical and applied research perspectives (health psychology, organizational psychology, public health, clinical athletic training).