Computability and Randomness

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Author: André Nies

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627887

Category: Philosophy

Page: 456

View: 5415

The interplay between computability and randomness has been an active area of research in recent years, reflected by ample funding in the USA, numerous workshops, and publications on the subject. The complexity and the randomness aspect of a set of natural numbers are closely related. Traditionally, computability theory is concerned with the complexity aspect. However, computability theoretic tools can also be used to introduce mathematical counterparts for the intuitive notion of randomness of a set. Recent research shows that, conversely, concepts and methods originating from randomness enrich computability theory. The book covers topics such as lowness and highness properties, Kolmogorov complexity, betting strategies and higher computability. Both the basics and recent research results are desribed, providing a very readable introduction to the exciting interface of computability and randomness for graduates and researchers in computability theory, theoretical computer science, and measure theory.

Proceedings Of The 14th And 15th Asian Logic Conferences

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Author: Kim Byunghan,Brendle Jorg,Lee Gyesik,Liu Fenrong,Ramanujam R,Srivastava Shashi M,Tsuboi Akito,Yu Liang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813237562

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 2710

The Asian Logic Conference (ALC) is a major international event in mathematical logic. It features the latest scientific developments in the fields of mathematical logic and its applications, logic in computer science, and philosophical logic. The ALC series also aims to promote mathematical logic in the Asia-Pacific region and to bring logicians together both from within Asia and elsewhere for an exchange of information and ideas. This combined proceedings volume represents works presented or arising from the 14th and 15th ALCs.

Computability Theory

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Author: Rebecca Weber

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082187392X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 203

View: 1560

What can we compute--even with unlimited resources? Is everything within reach? Or are computations necessarily drastically limited, not just in practice, but theoretically? These questions are at the heart of computability theory. The goal of this book is to give the reader a firm grounding in the fundamentals of computability theory and an overview of currently active areas of research, such as reverse mathematics and algorithmic randomness. Turing machines and partial recursive functions are explored in detail, and vital tools and concepts including coding, uniformity, and diagonalization are described explicitly. From there the material continues with universal machines, the halting problem, parametrization and the recursion theorem, and thence to computability for sets, enumerability, and Turing reduction and degrees. A few more advanced topics round out the book before the chapter on areas of research. The text is designed to be self-contained, with an entire chapter of preliminary material including relations, recursion, induction, and logical and set notation and operators. That background, along with ample explanation, examples, exercises, and suggestions for further reading, make this book ideal for independent study or courses with few prerequisites.

Probability And Random Number: A First Guide To Randomness

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Author: Sugita Hiroshi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981322827X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 140

View: 5735

This is a book of elementary probability theory that includes a chapter on algorithmic randomness. It rigorously presents definitions and theorems in computation theory, and explains the meanings of the theorems by comparing them with mechanisms of the computer, which is very effective in the current computer age. Random number topics have not been treated by any books on probability theory, only some books on computation theory. However, the notion of random number is necessary for understanding the essential relation between probability and randomness. The field of probability has changed very much, thus this book will make and leave a big impact even to expert probabilists. Readers from applied sciences will benefit from this book because it presents a very proper foundation of the Monte Carlo method with practical solutions, keeping the technical level no higher than 1st year university calculus. Contents: Mathematics of Coin TossingMathematical ModelRandom NumberLimit TheoremMonte Carlo MethodInfinite coin TossesRandom Number: Recursive FunctionKolmogorov Complexity and Random NumberLimit Theorem: Bernoulli's TheoremLaw of Large NumbersDe Moivre–Laplace's TheoremCentral Limit TheoremMathematical StatisticsMonte Carlo Method: Monte Carlo Method as GamblingPseudorandom GeneratorMonte Carlo IntegrationFrom the Viewpoint of Mathematical StatisticsAppendices: Symbols and TermsBinary Numeral SystemLimit of Sequence and FunctionLimits of Exponential Function and LogarithmC Language Program Readership: First year university students to professionals. Keywords: Probability;Probability Theory;Randomness;Random Number;Pseudorandom Number;Monte Carlo Method;Monte Carlo IntegrationReview: Key Features: This is the first book that presents both probability theory and algorithmic randomness for from 1st year university students to experts. It is technically easy but worth reading for experts as wellThis book presents basic limit theorems with proofs that are not seen in usual probability textbooks; for readers should learn that a good solution is not always uniqueThis book rigorously treats the Monte Carlo method. In particular, it presents the random Weyl sampling, which produces pseudorandom numbers for the Monte Carlo integration that act complete substitutes for random numbers

Evolving Computability

11th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2015, Bucharest, Romania, June 29-July 3, 2015. Proceedings

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Author: Arnold Beckmann,Victor Mitrana,Mariya Soskova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319200283

Category: Computers

Page: 363

View: 5642

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2015, held in Bucharest, Romania, in June/July 2015. The 26 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions and included together with 10 invited papers in this proceedings. The conference CiE 2015 has six special sessions: two sessions, Representing Streams and Reverse Mathematics, were introduced for the first time in the conference series. In addition to this, new developments in areas frequently covered in the CiE conference series were addressed in the further special sessions on Automata, Logic and Infinite Games; Bio-inspired Computation; Classical Computability Theory; as well as History and Philosophy of Computing.

Israel Journal of Mathematics

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Author: Moʻatsah ha-leʼumit le-meḥḳar ule-fituaḥ (Israel)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6498

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1644