Search results for: community-based-urban-development

Community Based Urban Development

Author : Im Sik Cho
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The book compares different approaches to urban development in Singapore and Seoul over the past decades, by focusing on community participation in the transformation of neighbourhoods and its impact on the built environment and communal life. Singapore and Seoul are known for their rapid economic growth and urbanisation under a strong control of developmental state in the past. However, these cities are at a critical crossroads of societal transformation, where participatory and community-based urban development is gaining importance. This new approach can be seen as a result of a changing relationship between the state and civil society, where an emerging partnership between both aims to overcome the limitations of earlier urban development. The book draws attention to the possibilities and challenges that these cities face while moving towards a more inclusive and socially sustainable post-developmental urbanisation. By applying a comparative perspective to understand the evolving urban paradigms in Singapore and Seoul, this unique and timely book offers insights for scholars, professionals and students interested in contemporary Asian urbanisation and its future trajectories.

Social Sustainability Climate Resilience and Community Based Urban Development

Author : Cathy Baldwin
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Urban communities around the world face increased stress from natural disasters linked to climate change, and other urban pressures. They need to grow rapidly stronger in order to cope, adapt and flourish. Strong social networks and social cohesion can be more important for a community’s resilience than the actual physical structures of a city. But how can urban planning and design support these critical collective social strengths? This book offers blue sky thinking from the applied social and behavioural sciences, and urban planning. It looks at case studies from 14 countries around the world – including India, the USA, South Africa, Indonesia, the UK and New Zealand – focusing on initiatives for housing, public space and transport stops, and also natural disasters such as flooding and earthquakes. Building on these insights, the authors propose a 'gold standard': a socially aware planning process and policy recommendation for those drawing up city sustainability and climate change resilience strategies, and urban developers looking to build climate-proof infrastructure and spaces. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of urban studies, resilience studies and climate change policy, as well as policymakers and practitioners working in related fields.

Bottom up Community Based Development

Author :
File Size : 32.89 MB
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UDAG urban Development Action Grant Payback Money

Author : Neighhorhood Revitalization Project (U.S.)
File Size : 45.64 MB
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Urban Land Use

Author : Kimberly Etingoff
File Size : 32.61 MB
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This compendium volume, Urban Land Use: Community-Based Planning, covers a range of land use planning and community engagement issues. Part I explores the connections between land use decisions and consequences for urban residents, particularly in the areas of health and health equity. The chapters in Part II provide a closer look at community land use planning practice in several case studies. Part III offers several practical and innovative tools for integrating community decisions into land use planning. Land use decisions are often an invisible part of urban communities across the globe. However, their effects are anything but invisible. Urban land use patterns directly impact residents, and do so unequally across segments of the population based on income and race. Fortunately, land use planners are increasingly recognizing the need for meaningful and skillful community engagement strategies in order to rectify the consequences of historical land use decisions, and to build healthier, stronger future communities through responsive land use planning. The editor carefully selected each chapter individually to provide a nuanced look at community-based urban land use planning. The chapters included cover a wide variety of issues, including the relationship between land use decisions, resulting environmental conditions, and unequal health consequences for residents the substantial co-benefits of land designed for physical activity, including physical and mental health, social benefits, safety, sustainability, and economics urban health equity indicators to identify problems with the built environment and move cities toward better management of resources to create healthy communities how new media forms allow citizens to engage with and affect the built form of their communities. ways in which community organizations in low-income neighborhoods can be effective in working with city planning services that have few resources a GIS-based collaborative decision tool to make land use decisions regarding vacant land redevelopment interactive community planning that incorporates multiple stakeholders with the goal of economically stimulating, conserving ecosystems, and meeting social needs community land trusts as a way to democratically determine land use Taken as a whole, these chapters are a basis for furthering effective community input processes in urban planning. Together, planners and community members can make cities work better for all residents.

Urban Planning For Dummies

Author : Jordan Yin
File Size : 64.59 MB
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How to create the world's new urban future With the majority of the world's population shifting to urbancentres, urban planning—the practice of land-use andtransportation planning to help shape cities structurally,economically, and socially—has become an increasingly vitalprofession. In Urban Planning For Dummies, readers will geta practical overview of this fascinating field, including studyingcommunity demographics, determining the best uses for land,planning economic and transportation development, and implementingplans. Following an introductory course on urban planning, thisbook is key reading for any urban planning student or anyoneinvolved in urban development. With new studies conclusively demonstrating the dramatic impactof urban design on public psychological and physical health, theimpact of the urban planner on a community is immense. And with awide range of positions for urban planners in the public,nonprofit, and private sectors—including law firms, utilitycompanies, and real estate development firms—having afundamental understanding of urban planning is key to anyone evenconsidering entry into this field. This book provides a usefulintroduction and lays the groundwork for serious study. Helps readers understand the essentials of this complexprofession Written by a certified practicing urban planner, with extensivepractical and community-outreach experience For anyone interested in being in the vanguard of building,designing, and shaping tomorrow's sustainable city, UrbanPlanning For Dummies offers an informative, entirely accessibleintroduction on learning how.

Neighborhood Planning and Community Based Development

Author : William Peterman
File Size : 59.12 MB
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"This book explores the promise and limits of bottom-up, grass-roots strategies of community organizing, development, and planning as blueprints for successful revitalization and maintenance of urban neighborhoods. Peterman proposes conditions that need to be met for bottom-up strategies to succeed. Successful neighborhood development depends not only on local actions, but also on the ability of local groups to marshal resources and political will at levels above that of the neighborhood itself. While he supports community-based initiatives, he argues that there are limits to what can be accomplished exclusively at the grassroots level, where most efforts fail"--Back cover.

A Guidebook for Community based Strategic Planning for Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Communities

Author :
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Community Action and Planning

Author : Gallent, Nick
File Size : 85.71 MB
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Analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille.

The Socio spatial Design of Community and Governance

Author : Sam Jacoby
File Size : 75.88 MB
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This book proposes a new interdisciplinary understanding of urban design in China based on a study of the transformative effects of socio-spatial design and planning on communities and their governance. This is framed by an examination of the social projects, spaces, and realities that have shaped three contexts critical to the understanding of urban design problems in China: the histories of “collective forms” and “collective spaces”, such as that of the urban danwei (work-unit), which inform current community building and planning; socio-spatial changes in urban and rural development; and disparate practices of “spatialised governmentality”. These contexts and an attendant transformation from planning to design and from government to governance, define the current urban design challenges found in the dominant urban xiaoqu (small district) and shequ (community) development model. Examining the histories, transformations, and practices that have shaped socio-spatial epistemologies and experiences in China – including a specific sense of community and place that is rather based on a concrete “collective” than abstract “public” space and underpinned by socialised governance – this book brings together a diverse range of observations, thoughts, analyses, and projects by urban researchers and practitioners. Thereby discussing emerging interdisciplinary urban design practices in China, this book offers a valuable resource for all academics, practitioners, and stakeholders with an interest in socio-spatial design and development.

Innovative Measures of Community Based Monitoring as an Instrument for Inclusive Urban Development

Author : Peter Herrle
File Size : 70.27 MB
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Community initiated Movement to Support Sustainable Urban Development in Indonesia

Author : H.S. Sudarmo
File Size : 30.62 MB
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Community-based approaches have become an attention to development and environment world since it is considered as a solution of global environmental problem. Community-based development in urban area therefore appears as a reaction of the urgency to overcome urban sustainability problems. Many researches are discussing about community-based development projects which mostly conducted by the government and non-governmental organization. Nevertheless, particularly in Indonesia, it is still lack study about development initiated by the communities themselves. Therefore, to contribute to the community-based development study, this research aims to examine the development process of the community-initiated movement in supporting sustainable urban development in Indonesia. The research employs the use of literatures and a qualitative analysis of a case study by open-ended interviews. The literatures selected in this research provide a better understanding about community-initiated movement; the elements of social capital such as networks, trust, communication, collective action, and social cohesion; and the relation of community-initiated movement with sustainable urban development. The main research questions and sub-research questions are answered after literature review and the findings from open-ended interviews. The case study selected in this research is Jakarta Berkebun Community, an urban gardening community in Jakarta. The site in Kemayoran, where gardening activity is conducted was investigated furthermore. The primary informants are the initiator and the core members of this movement. The initiator and the core members of this movement are the netizens (internet citizen) who incorporated in a community. In the discussion, the findings from the case study were compared and were linked to literature review. There are three main findings that can be highlighted from the result: the role of the elite; the importance of social networking; and the provision of social incentives and collective identity to cope with problems in collective action. In conclusion, there was a shifting in community member’s objectives after they join the community. The community activities allow people to obtain more benefit such as social relationships in the process development of the community. Therefore, the objectives then shifted from result-oriented to process-oriented. Consequently, people want to be the part of the process rather than the outcomes. To activate people, it appeared to be important for community-initiated movement to involve key people to gain more trustworthiness and credibility. Involving media is also important to gain acknowledgement from a wider society and to develop networks. It is also essential for local government to improve democracy and participatory practice in community-based development project by put more trust to the community to run its own project and providing more efficient and effective communication; provide resources and networks; and be more aware to the existence of communities.

Community based Development in Urban Areas

Author : Stephan Michelson
File Size : 35.69 MB
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Planning for Community based Disaster Resilience Worldwide

Author : Adenrele Awotona
File Size : 71.89 MB
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We are witnessing an ever-increasing level and intensity of disasters from Ecuador to Ethiopia and beyond, devastating millions of ordinary lives and causing long-term misery for vulnerable populations. Bringing together 26 case studies from six continents, this volume provides a unique resource that discusses, in considerable depth, the multifaceted matrix of natural and human-made disasters. It examines their bearing on the loss of human and productive capital; the conduct of national policies and the setting of national development priorities; and on the nature of international aid and bilateral assistance strategies and programs of donor countries. In order to ensure the efficacy and appropriateness of their support for disaster survivors, international agencies, humanitarian and disaster relief organizations, scholars, non-governmental organizations, and members of the global emergency management community need to have insight into best practices and lessons learned from various disasters across national and cultural boundaries. The evidence obtained from the numerous case studies in this volume serves to build a worldwide community that is better informed about the cultural and traditional contexts of such disasters and better enabled to prepare for, respond to, and finally rebuild sustainable communities after disasters in different environments. The main themes of the case studies include: • the need for community planning and emergency management to unite in order to achieve the mutual aim of creating a sustainable disaster-resilient community, coupled with the necessity to enact and implement appropriate laws, policies, and development regulations for disaster risk reduction; • the need to develop a clear set of urban planning and urban design principles for improving the built environment’s capacities for disaster risk management through the integration of disaster risk reduction education into the curricula of colleges and universities; • the need to engage the whole community to build inclusive governance structures as prerequisites for addressing climate change vulnerability and fostering resilience and sustainability. Furthermore, the case studies explore the need to link the existence and value of scientific knowledge accumulated in various countries with decision-making in disaster risk management; and the relevance and transferability from one cultural context to another of the lessons learned in building institutional frameworks for whole community partnerships.

Building Together

Author : Roger Katan
File Size : 41.94 MB
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"To transform their good intentions into tangible results in neighborhoods jittery over gentrification, the mayor and his planners should read Building Together: Case Studies in Participatory Planning and Community Building." - Sam Roberts, The New York TimesWith case studies of neighborhood developments from North and South America, Europe, and Africa that span forty years, Building Together offers a seminal treatise on the community-based design practices of participatory planning and advocacy architecture. The authors describe the challenges, opportunities, and rewards of grassroots collaboration through vivid personal accounts chosen for their practical lessons. Their case studies range in scale from regional urban planning to smaller architectural projects, and geographically from Harlem, Greenpoint, and the greater New York Metropolitan region to sites in coastal Colombia, southern France, and Burkina Faso, Africa. Building Together is designed to appeal to a diverse audience of community development specialists, faculty and students of planning, architecture, community health, and the social sciences, practicing professionals and decisionmakers in economic development, and community-based organizations. About the Authors: Roger Katan has been an indispensable figure in urban planning as an advocate of participatory democracy. Ron Shiffman is a legend in New York, advocating for equity and socially responsible design. Together they have written the book on how to build a more humane and healthy city. ? Michael Kimmelman, author, columnist, and architecture critic for the New York Times Roger Katan: Roger Katan is a French American architect, artist, and educator known as a proponent of the community-based design practices of participatory architecture and advocacy planning. He has been a university instructor, international consultant, lecturer, activist, and author on the subject. Ron Shiffman: Ron Shiffman is the former director of the Pratt Center for Community Development, which he cofounded in 1964. He is emeritus professor at Pratt's Graduate Center for Planning and the Environment.

Colleges Communities

Author :
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Sustainability Policy Planning and Gentrification in Cities

Author : Susannah Bunce
File Size : 54.44 MB
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Sustainability Policy, Planning and Gentrification in Cities explores the growing convergences between urban sustainability policy, planning practices and gentrification in cities. Via a study of governmental policy and planning initiatives and informal, community-based forms of sustainability planning, the book examines the assemblages of actors and interests that are involved in the production of sustainability policy and planning and their connection with neighbourhood-level and wider processes of environmental gentrification. Drawing from international urban examples, policy and planning strategies that guide both the implementation of urban intensification and the planning of new sustainable communities are considered. Such strategies include the production of urban green spaces and other environmental amenities through public and private sector and civil society involvement. The resulting production of exclusionary spaces and displacement in cities is problematic and underlines the paradoxical associations between sustainability and gentrified urban development. Contemporary examples of sustainability policy and planning initiatives are identified as ways by which environmental practices increasingly factor into both official and informal rationales and enactments of social exclusion, eviction and displacement. The book further considers the capacity for progressive sustainability policy and planning practices, via community-based efforts, to dismantle exclusion and displacement and encourage social and environmental equity and justice in urban sustainability approaches. This is a timely book for researchers and students in urban studies, environmental studies and geography with a particular interest in the growing presence of environmental gentrification in cities.

Building Communities

Author :
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Participatory Design and Self building in Shared Urban Open Spaces

Author : Carolin Mees
File Size : 79.57 MB
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The book investigates the development of community gardens with self-built structures, which have existed as a shared public open space land use form in New York City’s low-come neighborhoods like the South Bronx since the 1970s. These gardens have continued to be part of the urban landscape until today, despite conflicting land use interests, changing residents groups and contradictory city planning. Both community gardens and self-built structures are created in a participatory design and self-built effort by urban residents and are an expression of the individual gardeners’ preferences, their cultural background and the decisions made by the managing residents’ group in regards to the needs of their neighborhood. Ultimately community gardens with self-built structures are an expression of the people’s will to commonly use this land for open and enclosed structures next to their homes in the city and need to be included in future urban planning.

Healthy Cities

Author : Evelyne de Leeuw
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This forward-looking resource recasts the concept of healthy cities as not only a safe, pleasant, and green built environment, but also one that creates and sustains health by addressing social, economic, and political conditions. It describes collaborations between city planning and public health creating a contemporary concept of urban governance—a democratically-informed process that embraces values like equity. Models, critiques, and global examples illustrate institutional change, community input, targeted assessment, and other means of addressing longstanding sources of urban health challenges. In these ambitious pages, healthy cities are rooted firmly in the worldwide movement toward balanced and sustainable urbanization, developed not to disguise or displace entrenched health and social problems, but to encourage and foster solutions. Included in the coverage: Towards healthy urban governance in the century of the city“/li> Healthy cities emerge: Toronto, Ottawa, Copenhagen The role of policy coalitions in understanding community participation in healthy cities projects Health impact assessment at the local level The logic of method for evaluating healthy cities Plus: extended reports on healthy cities and communities in North and Latin America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East Healthy Cities will interest and inspire community leaders, activists, politicians, and entrepreneurs working to improve health and well-being at the local level, as well as public health and urban development scholars and professionals.