Search results for: commerce-and-monetary-systems-in-the-ancient-world

Commerce and Monetary Systems in the Ancient World

Author : Kordula Schnegg
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This volume forms the proceedings of the Fifth Annual Symposium of the Assyrian and Babylonian Intellectual Heritage Project held in Innsbruck in 2002. Twenty-nine specialist contributions focus on the economic aspects of the `diffusion and transformation of the cultural heritage of the ancient Near East'. Eight thematic sections discuss: Near Eastern economic theory; Mesopotamia in the third millenium BC; Mesopotamia and the Levant in the first half of the first millennium BC; Levant, Egypt and the Aegean world during the same time span; Greece and Achaemenids, Parthians, Sasanians and Rome; social aspects of this exchange, including its affects on religion, borders, education and cosmology. The scope of the papers is wide, with subjects including Babylonian twin towns and ethnic minorities, archaic Greek aristocrats, the Phoenicians and the birth of a Mediterranean society, slavery, Iron Age Cyprus, Seleucid coins, the `Silk Route', and Greek images of the Assyrian and Babylonian kingdoms. Sixteen papers in English, the rest in German.

Introducing Money

Author : Mark Peacock
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This book provides a theoretical and historical examination of the evolution of money. It is distinct from the majority of ‘economic’ approaches, for it does not see money as an outgrowth of market exchange via barter. Instead, the social, political, legal and religious origins of money are examined. The methodological and theoretical underpinning of the work is that the study of money be historically informed, and that there exists a ‘state theory of money’ that provides an alternative framework to the ‘orthodox’ view of money’s origins. The contexts for analysing the introduction of money at various historical junctures include ancient Greece, British colonial dependencies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, and local communities which introduce ‘alternative’ currencies. The book argues that, although money is not primarily an ‘economic’ phenomenon (associated with market exchange), it has profound implications (amongst others, economic implications) for societies and habits of human thought and action.

A Companion to Greeks Across the Ancient World

Author : Franco De Angelis
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An innovative, up-to-date treatment of ancient Greek mobility and migration from 1000 BCE to 30 BCE A Companion to Greeks Across the Ancient World explores the mobility and migration of Greeks who left their homelands in the ten centuries between the Early Iron Age and the Hellenistic period. While most academic literature centers on the Greeks of the Aegean basin area, this unique volume provides a systematic examination of the history of the other half of the ancient Greek world. Contributions from leading scholars and historians discuss where migrants settled, their new communities, and their connections and interactions with both Aegean Greeks and non-Greeks. Divided into three parts, the book first covers ancient and modern approaches and the study of the ancient Greeks outside their homelands, including various intellectual, national, and linguistic traditions. Regional case studies form the core of the text, taking a microhistory approach to examine Greeks in the Near Eastern Empires, Greek-Celtic interactions in Central Europe, Greek-established states in Central Asia, and many others throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia. The closing section of the text discusses wider themes such as the relations between the Greek homeland and the edges of Greek civilization. Reflecting contemporary research and fresh perspectives on ancient Greek culture contact, this volume: Discusses the development and intersection of mobility, migration, and diaspora studies Examines the various forms of ancient Greek mobility and their outcomes Highlights contributions to cultural development in the Greek and non-Greek world Examines wider themes and the various forms of ancient Greek mobility and their outcomes Includes an overview of ancient terminology and concepts, modern translations, numerous maps, and full references A Companion to Greeks Across the Ancient World is a valuable resource for students, instructors, and researchers of Classical antiquity, as well as non-specialists with interest in ancient Greek mobilities, migrations, and diasporas.

The Economy of Ancient Judah in Its Historical Context

Author : Marvin Lloyd Miller
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The dynamics of ancient Judah’s economy are among the most important, but also neglected and least understood, aspects of ancient Israel’s history. The essays in this volume address this gap from a multidisciplinary perspective, involving archeology, biblical studies, economics, epigraphy, ancient history, Jewish studies, and theology. The essays focus on particular issues in the economy of ancient Judah and its neighbors during the late monarchy and the Neo-Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic periods. Some of them evaluate the theoretical models used to understand the inner workings of ancient agrarian economies, while others explore rural economies, the forces of regeneration and degeneration in particular regions, the settlement histories of different areas, and the exploitation of depopulated land in Judah and Idumea. Essays in the volume also address population growth, urbanization, the role of diverse temple towns (such as Babylon and Jerusalem) in regional market economies, the literary portrayal of patron–client relationships, symmetrical and asymmetrical relations in international trade, and the views of urban elites toward agrarian economic developments. Yet others discuss family economics—policies of reproduction, gender roles, family size, and household hierarchies—in Judah and ancient Persia. Many of the essays appearing in this volume were originally delivered as papers in special sessions devoted to these topics at annual meetings of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies and the European Association of Biblical Studies. The scholars participating in this international project conduct their research at institutions in Canada, Germany, Israel, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States.

Antike Lebenswelten

Author : Christoph Ulf
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Beinahe sechzig Wissenschaftler der (Alt-) Historie, Altorientalistik, Archaologie, Klassischen Philologie, der Sportwissenschaft, Rechtswissenschaft und der Soziologie aus elf Landern folgen in diesem Band den Spuren des renommierten Grazer Historikers Ingomar Weiler. Sie prasentieren wesentliche und lesenswerte Beitrage zu wichtigen Feldern historischer Analyse, aber auch zu gegenwartig aktuellen Fragestellungen aus dem Blick der Vergangenheit oder in systematischer Absicht. In ihnen kommen der Sport und seine Faszination in Antike und Gegenwart, Genderperspektive und Frauengeschichte, Demographie, soziale Gruppen und Alltagswelten, rechtliche Fragen und Aspekte der Politikgeschichte ins Blickfeld. Daruber hinaus wird uber Geschichte als Gegenstand reflektiert und ihre Wirkungsmacht von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart an mehreren Beispielen dargestellt.

Getrennte Wege

Author : Robert Rollinger
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Includes papers from two sections of the 45th Deutscher Historikertag held in Sept. 2004 in Kiel, Germany, and from an international colloquium held in June 2005 in Innsbruck, Austria.

Economics in Persian Period Biblical Texts

Author : Peter Altmann
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Large-scale economic change such as the rise of coinage occurred during the Persian-dominated centuries (6th-4th centuries BCE) in the Eastern Mediterranean and ancient Near East. How do the biblical texts of the time respond to such developments? In this study, Peter Altmann lays out foundational economic conceptions from the ancient Near East and earlier biblical traditions in order to show how Persian-period biblical texts build on these traditions to address the challenges of their day. Economic issues are central for how Ezra and Nehemiah approach the topics of temple building and of Judean self-understanding, and economics are also important for other Persian-period texts. Following significant interaction with the material culture and extra-biblical texts, the author devotes special attention to the ascendancy of economics and its theological and identity implications as structuring metaphors for divine action and human community in the Persian period.

Thinking Recording and Writing History in the Ancient World

Author : Kurt A. Raaflaub
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Thinking, Recording, and Writing History in the Ancient World presents a cross-cultural comparison of the ways in which ancient civilizations thought about the past and recorded their own histories. Written by an international group of scholars working in many disciplines Truly cross-cultural, covering historical thinking and writing in ancient or early cultures across in East, South, and West Asia, the Mediterranean, and the Americas Includes historiography shaped by religious perspectives, including Judaism, early Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism

Mesopotamia in the Ancient World

Author : Robert Rollinger
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The Melammu Project, founded in 1998, organized five successive conferences and a sixth in 2008. Melammu Symposia 7 now represents a new dawn for the project publishing the contributions of the meeting in Obergurgl in November 2013. This time it will not be an isolated event: Further conferences have already taken place and been planned (Kiel 2014, Helsinki and Tartu 2015, Kassel 2016, and Beirut 2017), the project board has been renewed, reinvigorated and rejuvenated, and plans are underway for a thorough reworking and updating of the project database. Its focus (now slightly reworded to be somewhat wider) is to investigate "the continuity, transformation and diffusion of Mesopotamian and Ancient Near Eastern culture from the third millennium BCE through the ancient world until Islamic times" (quoted from the Melammu Project website). Of course, Mesopotamia was not the source of all culture; but it was an important area in ancient history, that without doubt deserves such a project, dedicated to the study of its cultural impact and heritage. This volume assembles 42 contributions devoted to the topics "Prayers and Incantations", "Foreign Reception of Mesopotamian Objects", "The Use of Literary Figures of Speech", "Mesopotamia and the World", "The World of Politics", "Iran and Early Islam", and "Representations of Power".

Truth and History in the Ancient World

Author : Lisa Hau
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This collection of essays investigates histories in the ancient world and the extent to which the producers and consumers of those histories believed them to be true. Ancient Greek historiographers repeatedly stressed the importance of truth to history; yet they also purported to believe in myth, distorted facts for nationalistic or moralizing purposes, and omitted events that modern audiences might consider crucial to a truthful account of the past. Truth and History in the Ancient World explores a pluralistic concept of truth – one in which different versions of the same historical event can all be true – or different kinds of truths and modes of belief are contingent on culture. Beginning with comparisons between historiography and aspects of belief in Greek tragedy, chapters include discussions of historiography through the works of Herodotus, Xenophon, and Ktesias, as well as Hellenistic and later historiography, material culture in Vitruvius, and Lucian’s satire. Rather than investigate whether historiography incorporates elements of poetic, rhetorical, or narrative techniques to shape historical accounts, or whether cultural memory is flexible or manipulated, this volume examines pluralities of truth and belief within the ancient world – and consequences for our understanding of culture, ancient or otherwise.

Wealth Commerce and Philosophy

Author : Eugene Heath
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The moral dimensions of how we conduct business affect all of our lives in ways big and small, from the prevention of environmental devastation to the policing of unfair trading practices, from arguments over minimum wage rates to those over how government contracts are handed out. Yet for as deep and complex a field as business ethics is, it has remained relatively isolated from the larger, global history of moral philosophy. This book aims to bridge that gap, reaching deep into the past and traveling the globe to reinvigorate and deepen the basis of business ethics. Spanning the history of western philosophy as well as looking toward classical Chinese thought and medieval Islamic philosophy, this volume provides business ethicists a unified source of clear, accurate, and compelling accounts of how the ideas of foundational thinkers—from Aristotle to Friedrich Hayek to Amartya Sen—relate to wealth, commerce, and markets. The essays illuminate perspectives that have often been ignored or forgotten, informing discussion in fresh and often unexpected ways. In doing so, the authors not only throw into relief common misunderstandings and misappropriations often endemic to business ethics but also set forth rich moments of contention as well as novel ways of approaching complex ethical problems. Ultimately, this volume provides a bedrock of moral thought that will move business ethics beyond the ever-changing opinions of headline-driven debate.

Commerce and Colonization in the Ancient Near East

Author : Maria Eugenia Aubet
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"In this analysis, the roots of the Phoenician colonial system are traced and the metropolis of Tyre is established as the final link in a chain of experiences in the ancient Near East"--

r n ud An r n

Author : Carsten Binder
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Lange Zeit hat man das iranische Reich der Sasaniden (3.-7. Jh.) nahezu ausschliealich als militarischen Gegenspieler von Romern und Byzantinern wahrgenommen. Der Tagungsband macht dagegen die Vielfalt der politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Kontakte zwischen Ost und West in ihrer Zeit sowie der romischen Iran- und der iranischen Rombilder ebenso deutlich wie die Spezifika des ostlichen Reiches. Aus dem Inhalt Josef Wiesehofer: Statt einer Einleitung: eRandkulturae oder eNabel der Weltae? Das Sasanidenreich und der Westen. Anmerkungen eines Althistorikers Janine Balty: Mosaiques romaines, mosaiques sassanides: jeux d'influences reciproques Jan Willem Drijvers: Ammianus Marcellinus' Image of Sasanian Society Philippe Gignoux: Prolegomenes pour une histoire des idees de l'Iran sassanide: convergences et divergences Rika Gyselen: Note de glyptique sassanide. 6. Le phenomene des motifs iconographiques communs a l'Iran sassanide et au bassin mediterraneen Udo Hartmann: Mareades - ein sasanidischer Quisling? Matthaus Heil: Perser im spatromischen Dienst Philip Huyse: Die sasanidische Konigstitulatur: Eine Gegenuberstellung der Quellen Andreas Luther: Roms mesopotamische Provinzen nach der Gefangennahme Valerians (260) Antonio Panaino: Women and Kingship. Some remarks about the enthronisation of Queen Boran and her sister *Azarmigduxt Rolf Michael Schneider: Orientalism in Late Antiquity. The Oriental in Imperial and Christian Imagery Ursula Weber: Ankundigung eines prosopographischen Projektes .

Maritime Networks in the Ancient Mediterranean World

Author : Justin Leidwanger
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This book uses network ideas to explore how the sea connected communities across the ancient Mediterranean. We look at the complexity of cultural interaction, and the diverse modes of maritime mobility through which people and objects moved. It will be of interest to Mediterranean specialists, ancient historians, and maritime archaeologists.

Money Credit and Crises

Author : Nektarios Michail
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Opening the Tablet Box

Author : Sarah Melville
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With topics ranging from social and economic history to literature, language, and to art history and archaeology, the essays in his book reflect the broad spectrum of interests of its honoree, Benjamin R. Foster.

Iconographic Exegesis and Third Isaiah

Author : Izaak Jozias Hulster
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Although scholars employ pictorial material in biblical exegesis, the question of how images from the Ancient Near East can contribute to a better understanding of the Bible has been left unanswered. This is the first monograph to outline a historical method for iconographic exegesis. The methodological study includes both responses to important theoretical questions such as What is an image? and What is culture? and an interdisciplinary exploration of issues of history, art history, archaeology and cultural anthropology. The three-stage method proposed is embedded in hermeneutical and exegetical reflections. The application of iconographical exegesis to the interpretation of metaphors is also considered. In demonstrating the method and its application, Izaak J. de Hulster focuses on Third Isaiah and develops three iconographical exegetical studies on yad in Isaiah 56:5, light in Isaiah 60 and grape processing in Isaiah 63.

Grenzen und Entgrenzungen

Author : Beate Burtscher-Bechter
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Dynamics of Production in the Ancient Near East

Author : Juan Carlos Moreno Garcia
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The transition between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC was an era of deep economic changes in the ancient Near East. An increasing monetization of transactions, a broader use of silver, the management of the resources of temples through “entrepreneurs”, the development of new trade circuits and an expanding private, small-scale economy, transformed the role previously played by institutions such as temples and royal palaces. The 17 essays collected here analyze the economic transformations which affected the old dominant powers of the Late Bronze Age, their adaptation to a new economic environment, the emergence of new economic actors and the impact of these changes on very different social sectors and geographic areas, from small communities in the oases of the Egyptian Western Desert to densely populated urban areas in Mesopotamia. Egypt was not an exception. Traditionally considered as a conservative and highly hierarchical and bureaucratic society, Egypt shared nevertheless many of these characteristics and tried to adapt its economic organization to the challenges of a new era. In the end, the emergence of imperial super-powers (Assyria, Babylonia, Persia and, to a lesser extent, Kushite and Saite Egypt) can be interpreted as the answer of former palatial organizations to the economic and geopolitical conditions of the early Iron Age. A new order where competition for the control of flows of wealth and of strategic trading areas appears crucial.

Strategies of Persuasion in Herodotus Histories and Genesis Kings

Author : Eva Tyrell
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Strategies of Persuasion is the first comparative study of narrative means of persuasion in Herodotus’ Histories and Genesis–Kings in the Hebrew Bible. Eva Tyrell perceives rhetorical techniques of persuasion as a window into ancient historical thought.