Search results for: colonial-palimpsest

Colonial Palimpsest

Author : Troy A. Storfjell
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"This dissertation is a colonial discourse analysis of the construction of Sápmi (Sámiland) as colonized territory and the Sámi as colonized subjects, and an exploration of some oppositional responses to that construction. Beginning with classical representations of the wilderness beyond the civilized space of the polis - and subsequently of the empire - and of the inhabitants with which the ancient Greek, Roman, and Hebrew imaginations populated this space, the analysis goes on to trace the incorporation of the Sámi into world views that constructed the uncivilized as mirrors to reflect the image of the civilized gazing subject back to himself. From Tacitus' Germania and later Roman and post-Roman Mediterranean texts, through the medieval and early modern periods, the examination follows the pre-colonial textual production of tropes of wildness, magic, and remoteness that form the basis of colonial discursive treatment of the Sámi. Colonial discourse emerges with the beginning of colonial expropriation of Sápmi and the Sámi in the sixteenth century. This dissertation follows the development of that discourse, and examines its transformations as it legitimizes and accommodates colonization into the twentieth century. Successively informed by and incorporated within various metropolitan European discourses, including those of the Enlightenment, the Noble Savage, and Social Darwinism, colonial discourse marginalizes and objectifies the Sámi while it inscribes them and their territory within the modern states of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The examination of colonial discourse culminates with the extreme marginalization of the Sámi in Knut Hamsun' s novel 'Markens grøde.' In its final section this dissertation examines the challenges facing oppositional texts, situated as they are within the traditions of colonial discourse's systems of representational containment and appropriation. One of the primary difficulties faced by both Sámi and non-Sámi authors in their counter-hegemonic endeavors is avoiding the essentialisms and binary oppositions posited by colonial discourse. This dissertation examines several different approaches to liberatory writing on the Sami, ending with Aagot Vinterbo-Hohr's 'Palimpsest' and Laila Stien's 'Vekselsang, ' two novels that undermine the essentialist constructions of colonial discourse and open a discursive space for multiple and diverse articulations of Sámi resistance and identity"--Leaves ix-x.

The Colonial Palimpsest in Taiwanese Literature

Author : Wei-Ting Liou
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Kunapipi

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Palimpsests in Ethnic and Postcolonial Literature and Culture

Author : Yiorgos D. Kalogeras
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This volume explores ways in which the literary trope of the palimpsest can be applied to ethnic and postcolonial literary and cultural studies. Based on contemporary theories of the palimpsest, the innovative chapters reveal hidden histories and uncover relationships across disciplines and seemingly unconnected texts. The contributors focus on diverse forms of the palimpsest: the incarceration of Native Americans in military forts and their response to the elimination of their cultures; mnemonic novels that rework the politics and poetics of the Black Atlantic; the urban palimpsests of Rio de Janeiro, Marseille, Johannesburg, and Los Angeles that reveal layers of humanity with disparities in origin, class, religion, and chronology; and the palimpsestic configurations of mythologies and religions that resist strict cultural distinctions and argue against cultural relativism.

The Palimpsest

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The African Palimpsest

Author : Chantal J. Zabus
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Uniting a sense of the political dimensions of language appropriation with a serious, yet accessible linguistic terminology, The African Palimpsest examines the strategies of `indigenization? whereby West African writers have made their literary English or French distinctively `African'. Through the apt metaphor of the palimpsest ? a surface that has been written on, written over, partially erased and written over again ? the book examines such well-known West African writers as Achebe, Armah, Ekwensi, Kourouma, Okara, Saro?Wiwa, Soyinka and Tutuola as well as lesser-known writers from francophone and anglophone Africa. Providing a great variety of case-studies in Nigerian Pidgin, Akan, Igbo, Maninka, Yoruba, Wolof and other African languages, the book also clarifies the vital interface between Europhone African writing and the new outlets for African artistic expression in (auto-)translation, broadcast television, radio and film.Hailed as a classic in the 1990s, The African Palimpsest is here reprinted in a completely revised edition, with a new Introduction, updated data and bibliography, and with due consideration of more recent theoretical approaches.'A very valuable book ? a detailed exploration in its concern with language change as demonstrated in post-colonial African literatures? Bill Ashcroft, University of New South Wales ?Apart from its great documentary value, The African Palimpsest provides many theoretical concepts that will be useful to scholars of African literatures, linguists in general ? as well as comparatists who want to gain fresh insights into the processes by which Vulgar Latin once gave birth to the Romance languages.' Ahmed Sheikh Bangura, University of California, Santa Barbara ?As Zabus? book suggests, it is the area where the various languages of a community meet and cross-over ? that is likely to provide the most productive site for the generation of a new literature that is true to the real linguistic situation that pertains in so much of contemporary urban Africa.' Stewart Brown, University of Birmingham

Portuguese Studies Review

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Translation and Transnationalism in American Regional Literature

Author : Veronica Kirk-Clausen
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Dissertation Abstracts International

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After Captain Cook

Author : Rodney Harrison
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The papers collected in this volume address the historical archaeology of Aboriginal Australia & its application in researching the shared history of Aboriginal & settler Australians.

The Aztec Palimpsest

Author : Daniel Cooper Alarc—n
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Mexico is more than a country; it is a concept that is the product of a complex network of discourses as disparate as the rhetoric of Chicano nationalism, English-language literature about Mexico, and Mexican tourist propaganda. The idea of "Mexicanness," says Daniel Cooper Alarc—n, "has arisen through a process of erasure and superimposition as these discourses have produced contentious and sometimes contradictory descriptions of their subject." By considering Mexicanness as a palimpsest of these competing yet interwoven narratives, Cooper offers a paradigm through which the construction and representation of cultural identity can be studied. He shows how the Chicano myth of Aztlan was constructed upon earlier Mesoamerican myths, discusses representations of Mexico in texts by nineteenth- and twentieth-century writers, and analyzes the content of tourist literature, thereby revealing the economic, social, and political interests that drive the production of Mexicanness today. This original linking of seemingly incongruous discourses corrects the misconception that Mexicanness is produced only by hegemonic groups. Cooper shows how Mexico has been defined and represented, by both Mexicans and non-Mexicans, as more than a political or geographic entity, and he particularly reveals how Mexicanness has been exploited by Mexicans themselves through the promotion of tourism as a form of neocolonialism. Cooper's work is valuable both for identifying attempts to revise and control Mexican myth, history, and culture and for defining the intricate relationship between history, historiography, and cultural nationalism. The Aztec Palimpsest extends existing analyses of Mexicanness into new theoretical realms and provides a fresh perspective on the relationship between the United States and Mexico at a time when these two nations are becoming more intimately linked.

Post colonial Studies

Author : Gareth Griffiths & Helen Tiffin Bill Ashcroft
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An essential guide to understanding the issues which characterize post-colonialism. A comprehensive glossary has extensive cross-referencing, a bibliography of essential writings and an easy-to-use A-Z format.

The African Palimpsest

Author : Chantal Zabus
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Uniting a sense of the political dimensions of language appropriation with a serious, yet accessible linguistic terminology, The African Palimpsest examines the strategies of ‘indigenization’ whereby West African writers have made their literary English or French distinctively ‘African’. Through the apt metaphor of the palimpsest – a surface that has been written on, written over, partially erased and written over again – the book examines such well-known West African writers as Achebe, Armah, Ekwensi, Kourouma, Okara, Saro–Wiwa, Soyinka and Tutuola as well as lesser-known writers from francophone and anglophone Africa. Providing a great variety of case-studies in Nigerian Pidgin, Akan, Igbo, Maninka, Yoruba, Wolof and other African languages, the book also clarifies the vital interface between Europhone African writing and the new outlets for African artistic expression in (auto-)translation, broadcast television, radio and film.

Equity Opportunity and Education in Postcolonial Southeast Asia

Author : Cynthia Joseph
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Equity, Opportunity and Education in Postcolonial Southeast Asia addresses the ways in which colonial histories, nationalist impulses and forces of globalization shape equity and access to education in Southeast Asia. Although increasingly identified as a regional grouping (ASEAN), Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines are known for their vastly different state structures, political regimes, political economies and ethnocultural and religious demography. The expert contributors to this volume investigate educational access and equity for citizens, ethnic and religious minorities, and indigenous people within these countries. The subject of education is framed within the broader national and local challenges of achieving equity and social justice. This book examines the dimensions of (post)colonialism, nationalism, and globalisation as played out within different international educational contexts. Chapters include: Understanding the Cultural Politics of Southeast Asian Education through Postcolonial Theory Downplaying Difference: Representations of Diversity in Contemporary Burmese Schools and Educational Equity Learner Centered Pedagogy in Post-Conflict Timor-Leste: For the Benefit of the Learner or the Learned Technology of Dominance, Technology of Liberation: Education in Colonial and Postcolonial Cambodia Change and Continuity in the History of Vietnamese Higher Education Colonization by Stealth: The Case of Thailand Education Politics in Postcolonial Malaysia: Ethnicity, Difference and Inequalities The Singapore Education Journey: From Colonialism to Globalism

State Society

Author : Gilbert Shang Ndi
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In this remarkably meticulous work, Gilbert Shang Ndi succeeds in bringing together the aesthetic and political dimensions of the texts and in broadening interpretative perspectives in very convincing analyses. Each author is handled in his peculiarity and the theoretical ambitions of the project contribute to fruitful and innovative readings of major African literature texts by Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Ahmadou Kourouma, Ayi Kwei Armah and Sony Labou Tansi. --Prof. Xavier Garnier, U. de Paris-Sorbonne III **This title is based on a Dissertation. (Series: Contributions in African Research / Beitr�¤ge zur Afrikaforschung, Vol. 77) [Subject: African Studies, Literary Criticism]

Volume 1 Community and Society

Author : Brian Doucet
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Reflects not only on the challenges but also the opportunities facing cities in the wake of COVID-19 and showcases how the pandemic (and its economic fallout) have created new inequalities while exacerbated existing ones. Our experiences of the city are dependent on our gender, race, class, age, ability and sexual orientation. It was already clear before the pandemic that cities around the world were divided and becoming increasingly unequal. The pandemic has torn back the curtain on many of these pre-existing inequalities. Contributions to this volume engage directly with different urban communities around the world. They give voice to those who experience poverty, discrimination and marginalisation in order to put them in the front and centre of planning, policy and political debates that make and shape cities. Offering crucial insights for reforming cities to be more resilient to future crises, this is an invaluable resource for scholars and policy makers alike.

Post Colonial Studies The Key Concepts

Author : Bill Ashcroft
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This hugely popular A-Z guide provides a comprehensive overview of the issues which characterize post-colonialism: explaining what it is, where it is encountered and the crucial part it plays in debates about race, gender, politics, language and identity. For this third edition over thirty new entries have been added including: Cosmopolitanism Development Fundamentalism Nostalgia Post-colonial cinema Sustainability Trafficking World Englishes. Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts remains an essential guide for anyone studying this vibrant field.

Frontiers

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Palimpsestic Memory

Author : Max Silverman
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The interconnections between histories and memories of the Holocaust, colonialism and extreme violence in post-war French and Francophone fiction and film provide the central focus of this book. It proposes a new model of 'palimpsestic memory', which the author defines as the condensation of different spatio-temporal traces, to describe these interconnections and defines the poetics and the politics of this composite form. In doing so it is argued that a poetics dependent on tropes and techniques, such as metaphor, allegory and montage, establishes connections across space and time which oblige us to perceive cultural memory not in terms of its singular attachment to a particular event or bound to specific ethno-cultural or national communities but as a dynamic process of transfer between different moments of racialized violence and between different cultural communities. The structure of the book allows for both the theoretical elaboration of this paradigm for cultural memory and individual case-studies of novels and films.

Postcolonial Poetics

Author : Patrick Crowley
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Responding to calls to focus on postcolonial literature's literary qualities instead of merely its political content, this volume investigates the idiosyncrasies of postcolonial poetics. However, rather than privileging the literary at the expense of the political, the essays collected here analyze how texts use genre and form to offer multiple and distinct ways of responding to political and historical questions. By probing how different kinds of literary writing can blur with other discourses, the contributors offer key insights into postcolonial literature's power to imagine alternative identities and societies.